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8 limbs of Ashtanga yoga

1. yama
2. niyama
3. asana
4. pranyama
5. pratyahara
6. dhyana
8. samadhi

who summarized the eightfold path?

pantajali

what lineage is the eightfold path attributed to?

Ashtanga Yoga

which are the first limbs symbolic of?

exernal cleansing practices
moral codes
to control
to contain
do nots

which are the second set of limbs symbolic of?

internal cleansing practices
shoulds
dos

yama

control

five rules of yama

1. ahimsa
2. satya
3. asteya
4. brahmacharya
5. aparigraha

ahimsa

non violence
non harming

satya

non lying
honesty

asteya

non stealing
freeing the self from desire

brahmacharya

non sensuality
right use of energy

aparigraha

non greed
non attachment

five rules of niyama

1. saucha
2. santosa
3. tapasya
4. swadhyaya
5. isvara pranidhana

saucha

cleanliness
purity of bady
purity of mind

santosa

contentment

tapasya

austerity
being present
commitment

swadhyaya

self study
introspection
evolvement

isvara prandihana

devotion to the Supreme Lord
letting go of the ego

six poisons surrounding the spiritual heart

1. karma
2. krodha
3. moha
4. lobha
5. matsarya
6. mada

karma

desire

krodha

anger

moha

delusion

lobha

greed

matsarya

sloth

mada

envy

yamas main purpose

to prevent yogis from misdirecting energies and to channel them all toward constructive purposes and thereby achieve the power necessary to the highest forms of success.

three flows of energy

1. ida
2. pingala
3. shushuma

prana

the subtle form of energy liberating forth the universal lifeforce

apana direction

moves down

kudalini

dormant cosmic energy

nadis

72,000

shushuma

most important nadi is the one at the spine

what do the bandhas represent?

1 three locks
2. prevents dissipation of
3. and directs the flow of prana
4. a conversion of energy
5. prana is an animation of force within the body

some styles and lineages

ashtanga
hatha
kriya
kundalini
pranyana

ashtanga

tim miller in encinitas

hatha

1. chris vandever at namaste pacific
2. krishna machariya from palm leaves brough ashtanga to the west
3. physical

kriya

1. yoga of meditation
2. babji developed based on jesus and bhagavad krishna
3. paramahansa yogananda

kundalini

1. h3o
2. healthy, happy, holy
3. yogi bhajan
4. pranyoga in la jolla
5. adi yogi is the first yogi

asana

1. sthira sukham
2. sthira means to be poised, stable and firm in one's body
3. to be soft, at ease and relaxed

pranyama

breath

pratyahara

bringing the senses inward

dhahana

concentration

dhyana

one in body, mind and spirit

samadhi

bliss

tantra

1. mantra
2. yantra
3. puja

hatha traditional writings

1. hatha pradipika
2. gheranda samttita
3. shiva samhita

hatha pradipika

wriiten about 14th century

gheranda samttita

written about the 15-17th century

hatha

1. vinyasa flow
2. Iyengar
3. ashtanga vinyasa
3. power

hatha yoga's three main purposes

1. (purify body) purification of the body
2. (calm mind) complete balancing of the physical, mental and energetic fields
3. (open heart) awakening of purer consciousness through which one ultimately connects with the divinity by engaging in practices rooted in the physical boady

hatha defined

1. hat is the sun which symbolizes life force
2. ha is the moon which symbolizes consciousness

shat karma purpose

1. (six) (action) purification process
2. bring's the body's three doshas into balance

the three doshas

1. vata
2. pitta
3. kapha

shat karma six cleaning practices

1. dhanti
2. basti
3. neti
4. trataka
5. nauli
6. kapalabhati

dhanti

internal cleansing

basti

yogic enema

neti

nasal cleansing

trataka

concentrated gazing

nauli

abdominal massage

kapalabhati

brain cleansing

asana and pranayama are considered what type of practices?

energetic balancing practices

nadis and chakras are involved with what?

energies of the subtle body

nadis

energy channels

chakras

psychic centers

what are the mudras and the bandhas?

conscious awakening practices

mudras

1. specific body positions
2. specific finger positions
3. focused gaze

badhas

energy locks

chakras

lotus

nadis

knots

sushumna

1. central energetic channel
2. runs through the spine
3. becomes the pathway of prana

sahasrara

crown chakra

eight reasons props are used

1. conserves and replenishes energy
2. makes difficult poses more accesible and safe
3. help prevent injuries
4. encourage weak parts to strengthen and stiff areas to stretch
5. allow us to stay in poses long enough to release tension
6. create space in the spine and in the joints
7. assists with balance problems
8. allow us to practice inverted poses safely

breathing apparatus

nose

nasal/sinus cavity

skin on nose is very thin
can tear easily

pharynx

common passageway for foods, liquids and air
connects the nose, mouth and throat

larynx

runs from C4 to C5/C7
separated from the pharynx by the epiglottis
"voice box" is licated here

trachea

main passage to lungs
runs from C6 to T7
the "windpipe"
foreign bodies in the trachea are expelled by coughing

bronchus trachea

divides in two main bronchus or pathways for air

bronchi

smaller passageways for air that branch off of the bronchus

bronchioles

tiny branches of tubes within the lungs that are continuations of the bronchi
these reach out into the tissue of the lungs and are the smallest of passageways

alveolar sacs

at the end of bronchioles
these collect air and exchange carbon monoxide and oxygen

lungs

three lobes on right
two lobes on left

breathing muscles

1. diaphragm
2. intercostal
3. abdominal

diaphragm

just below lungs
inside rib cage
major muscle reaponsible for breathing
inhalation contracts
exhalation expands

inhalation

1.diaphragm contracts
2. raises ribs up and out
3.expands thoracic cavity
4. constricts abdominal cavity
5. draws air into lungs

exhalation

1. diaphragm constricts
2. ribs drop
3. contracts thoracic cavity
4. expands abdominal cavity
5. expells air out of the lungs

intercostal

assist in expansion of ribs during breate

abdominal

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