Yoga Anatomy and Terms with Pictures flashcards |

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Erector spinae

Prime mover, back. Extends back and supports spine

Scapula

Shoulder Blade. Scapula

Metacarpals

Hand bones. Metacarpals.

Pubic Bone

Pubis

Deltoid

Deltoid

Biceps

Biceps

Palmaris Longus

Palmaris Longus

Flexor Carpi Radalis

Flexor Carpi Rodalis

Brachioradialis

Brachioradialis

Gluteus Medius backside

Gluteus Medius

Gluteus Medius frontside

Gluteus Medius

Tensor Faciae Latae

Tensor Faciae Latae

Pectineus

Pectineus

Rectus Femoris

Rectus Femoris

Sartarius

Sartarius

Gracilis

Gracilis

Adductor Longus

Adductor Longus

Tabialis Anterior

Tibialis Anterior

Gastrocnemus

Gastrocnemus

Soleus backside

Soleus

Soleus frontside

Soleus

Exterior Hallucis Brevis

Exterior Hallucis Brevis

Sternocleidomastoid

Sternocleidomastoid

Trapezius

Trapezius

Rectus Abdomninus

Rectus Abdominus

Serratus Anterior

Serratus Anterior

External Oblique

External Oblique

Vastus Lateralis

Vastus Lateralis

Peroneus Longus

Peroneus Longus

Extensor Digitorum Brevis

Extensor Digitorum Brevis

Trapezius frontal

Trapezius

Thoraco-lumbar Fascia

Thoraco-lumbar Fascia

Deltoid

Deltoid

Rhomboid

Rhomboid

Teres Major

Teres Major

Triceps

Triceps

Latissiumus Dorsi

Latissimus Dorsi

Extensor Digiti Minimi

Extensor Digiti Minimi

Extensor Carpi Radialis

Extensor Carpi Radialis

Extensor Digitorum

Extensor digitorum

Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

Semitendinosis

Semitendonsis

Biceps Femoris

Biceps Femoris

Semimembranosis

Semimembranosis

Soleus

Soleus

Gastrocnemus

Gastrocnemus

Cranium

Cranium

Maxilla

Maxilla

Mandible

Mandible

Clavicle

Clavicle

Scapula

Scapula

Sternum

Sternum

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Rib Cage

Rib Cage

Humerus

Humerus

Ulna

Ulna

Radius

Radius

Carpal bones

Carpal bones

Metacarpal bones

Metacarpal bones

Phalanges

Phalanges

Vertebral Column

Vertebral Column

Ilium

Ilium

Pelvic Girdle

Pelvic Girdle

Sacrum

Sacrum

Pubis

Pubis

Ischium

Ischium

Femur

Femur

Patella

Patella

Fibula

Fibula

Tibia

Tibia

Tarsal Bones

Tarsal Bones

Metarsal Bones

Metatarsal Bones

Phalanges

Phalanges

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What connects muslce to bone?

Tendon

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What connects a bone to bone?

Ligament

What bones make up the axial skeleton

Skull
Spine
Ribs
Sternum
Hyoid (throat) Bone

What bones make up the appendicular skeleton?

Everything else...

Collarbones
Scapulae
Arms/Forearms
Hands
Pelvis/Thighs
Legs/Feet

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Generally, how many bones does the body have?

206

What is a joint?

The place where 2 bones meet

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How might joint function affect an asana class?

Potential injuries and hyperextension

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What are the 3 types of muscle tissue and which one are yoga teachers most interested in?

1. Cardiac - Involuntary - Heart
2. Smooth - Involuntary - "Smooth" Organs
3. *Skeletal - Voluntary

*Maintains posture/stability
*Supports organs
**Moves bones at joint

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What is the antagonist to the quadriceps?

Hamstrings. Quads engage and hamstrings release.

What is a synergist?

2 muscles working together, synergy.

What are the parts of the spine, how many vertebrae are in each and what type of curve in each?

Cervical - Lordodic - 7
Thoracic - Kyphotic - 12
Lumbar - Lordodic - 5
Sacrum/Coccyx - Kyphotic - 3 to 5 fused

What is the coccyx?

Tail bone ( used to be a tail )

How many ribs do we have?

7 true ribs - direct to sternum
8 to 10 false ribs - cartilage to sternum
11 to 12 floating ribs - not connected to sternum

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What 2 muscles form the "anatomical stirrup" of the foot?

1. Tibialis Anterior
2. Peroneus Longus

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What is the big superficial muscle of the calf?

Gastrocnemius

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What are the 3 major bones of the pelvis not including the sacrum and the coccyx?

1. Pubis
2. Ischium
3. Ilium

ASIS

Anterior Superior Iliac Spine

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What is the SI joint and is it a joint of mobility or stability?

Sacro Iliac. Where the sacrum and ilium meet. It is a joint of stability.

Which quad cross 2 joints?

Rectus Femuris

Which adductor is known as the "4th hamstring"?

Adductor Magnus

What muscle on the outer leg really works to stabilize us in one legged balancing poses?

Gluteus Medius

What is the primary hip flexor?

Psoas

What 2 muscles insert on the IT band?

1. Gluteus Maximus
2. TFL - Tensor Fascia Latae

Which muscle group helps define the midline?

The 3 adductors

What are the 3 adductors?

1. Adductor Magnus
2. Adductor Longus
3. Adductor Brevis

What is the IT band?

Ilio Tibial Band. Layer of connective tissue extending from the iliac crest to the knee and connect the gluteus maximus and the tibia.

What are 4 abdominal layers?

1. Transverse Adominus
2. Internal Obliques
3. External Obliques
4. Rectus Abdominus

What is the deepest abdominal layer?

Transverse Abdominus

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What is mula bandha?

Energetic response to pelvic floor engagement

What are the diamond shaped muscles on the back?

Trapezius

What is the tear shaped shoulder pad muscle?

Deltoid

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