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76 True/False questions

  1. KoshasAfflictions; colored, painful, afflicted, impure; the root klish means to cause trouble. They are avidya, asmita, raga, dvesha and abhinivesha.

          

  2. PatanjaliReal or valid cognition, right knowledge, valid proof, seeing clearly

          

  3. NidraDeep sleep

          

  4. SadhanaQuest, spiritual practice

          

  5. Bhagavad GitaThe sacred `song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic). It is one of India's most beloved and famous sacred texts, it is the epic story of Arjuna, a warrior prince, who confronts moral dilemmas and is led to a better understanding of reality through the intercession of the god Krishna. It provides the philosophical basis of yoga.

          

  6. KleshasA popular Hindu god, venerated as the Supreme Being in the Vaishnava sect

          

  7. AbhyasaSpiritual aspirant or student

          

  8. MandalaThe prana current or arc ascending on the right side of the central channel (sushumna-nadi) and associated with the sympathetic nervous system and having an energizing effect on the mind when activated

          

  9. Shiva("He who is benign"): the Divine; a deity that has served yogins as an archetypal model throughout the ages

          

  10. RagaOne of the three gunas that compose the universe and all in it: The rajastic aspect refers to the human aspect in man ,in contrast to the animal and divine aspects in him

          

  11. PrakritiMemory, remembering

          

  12. Sahasrara chakraCrown of the head

          

  13. GuruSpiritually enlightened soul, who can dispel darkness, ignorance and illusion from the mind and enlighten the consciousness of a devotee/disciple, Teacher, spiritual preceptor, spiritual teacher

          

  14. JapaAttraction or drawing to, addiction

          

  15. Karma yogaThe yoga of physical well-being, designed to balance body, mind, and spirit, a science of yoga which purifies the whole physical body by means of shatkarma, asana, pranayama, mudra, bandha and concentration, the path of yoga that starts with the practice of asanas

          

  16. Aum/omThe universal mantra, cosmic vibration of the universe, represents the four states of consciousness, Sanskrit word meaning "all"

          

  17. Hatha yogaThe yoga of physical well-being, designed to balance body, mind, and spirit, a science of yoga which purifies the whole physical body by means of shatkarma, asana, pranayama, mudra, bandha and concentration, the path of yoga that starts with the practice of asanas

          

  18. Manomaya koshaMana means mind. It is the level of processing thoughts and emotions. It is in direct control of the operation, through the prana, of the physical body and senses.

          

  19. yoga (Sutra I:2)yoga is the mastery and integration of the activities of mind.

          

  20. Annamaya koshaAnna means food. . All of the physical aspects of life come and go, and are consumed by another aspect of external reality. Thus, the outermost of the koshas is called the sheath of food, or Annamaya kosha

          

  21. Muladhara chakraCoccyx, base of the spine, at the perineum

          

  22. VrittisThat which is consciousness

          

  23. SmritiAssociated with I-ness

          

  24. MudraDeep sleep

          

  25. SadhakaSpiritual aspirant or student

          

  26. kriya yogaThe yoga of physical well-being, designed to balance body, mind, and spirit, a science of yoga which purifies the whole physical body by means of shatkarma, asana, pranayama, mudra, bandha and concentration, the path of yoga that starts with the practice of asanas

          

  27. PingalaImagination, verbal misconception or delusion, fantasy, hallucination

          

  28. Jnana yogaKnowledge, understanding, wisdom

          

  29. Svadhisthana chakraCrown of the head

          

  30. Upanishads("bond/bondage"): the fact that human beings are typically bound by ignorance (avidya), which causes them to lead a life governed by karmic habit rather than inner freedom generated through wisdom (vidya, jnana)

          

  31. BrahmaBrahma - ("he who has grown expansive"): the Creator of the universe, the first principle (tattva) to emerge out of the ultimate Reality (brahman)

          

  32. VedasThe prana current or arc ascending on the left side of the central channel (Sushumna nadi) associated with the parasympathetic nervous system and having a cooling or calming effect on the mind when activated.

          

  33. VishnuA popular Hindu god, venerated as the Supreme Being in the Vaishnava sect

          

  34. Anahata chakraSolar plexus, navel center

          

  35. NadiAttraction or drawing to, addiction

          

  36. The ways of overcoming these the kleshas.maitri - friendliness, pleasantness, lovingness
    karuna - compassion, mercy
    mudita - gladness, goodwill
    upeksha - acceptance, equanimity, indifference, disregard, neutrality

          

  37. Pitta doshaFire and water; main function of the Pitta dosha in the body is metabolism

          

  38. Hatha Yoga PradipikaThe sacred `song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic). It is one of India's most beloved and famous sacred texts, it is the epic story of Arjuna, a warrior prince, who confronts moral dilemmas and is led to a better understanding of reality through the intercession of the god Krishna. It provides the philosophical basis of yoga.

          

  39. Yoga SutrasSuccinctly outlines the art and science of traditional Yoga meditation for Self-Realization.

          

  40. SattvaOne of the three qualities of nature, it manifests as balance, purity, calmness

          

  41. Sushumna("He who is benign"): the Divine; a deity that has served yogins as an archetypal model throughout the ages

          

  42. MantraA sacred sound or phrase, such as om, hum, or om namah shivaya, that has a transformative effect on the mind of the individual reciting it; to be ultimately effective, a mantra needs to be given in an initiatory context

          

  43. Bhakti yogaKnowledge, understanding, wisdom

          

  44. Vata doshaEarth and water; main function of the Kapha in the body, is stability and structure

          

  45. RajasOne of the three gunas that compose the universe and all in it: The rajastic aspect refers to the human aspect in man ,in contrast to the animal and divine aspects in him

          

  46. Tri-doshasAre the connecting link between the physical body and the energy which runs our life. They are the gross manifestation of energy, which control the physical processes of our body. They are invisible. `Doshas' in Sanskrit means fault.

          

  47. ViparyayaSpiritual forgetting, ignorance, veiling, nescience

          

  48. Kapha doshaFire and water; main function of the Pitta dosha in the body is metabolism

          

  49. AhamkaraThe identification or attachment of one's ego

          

  50. AyurvedaSpiritual forgetting, ignorance, veiling, nescience

          

  51. AbhiniveshaAversion or pushing away, hatred

          

  52. GunasHindu religious texts from ancient India. Written as long ago as 1500 BCE, some of the material in the Vedas likely was created even earlier and passed down by oral tradition The four classic texts are the Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda

          

  53. IsvaraThe Lord; Supreme controller; referring either the Creator or yoga-darshana, to a special transcendental Self

          

  54. Astanga yogaKnowledge, understanding, wisdom

          

  55. IdaDeep sleep

          

  56. Anandamaya koshaAnanda means bliss. Ananda is a whole different order of reality from that of the mind. It is peace, joy, and love that is underneath, beyond the mind, independent of any reason or stimulus to cause a happy mental reaction. It is simply being, resting in bliss called ananda.

          

  57. Ajna chakraThe seven chakras or energy centers comprise their model of the energetic or subtle body. They are Muladhara, Svadhisthana, Manipua, Anahata, Vishuddha, Ajina and Sahasrara.

          

  58. PramanaQuest, spiritual practice

          

  59. TamasOne of the three qualities of nature (Gunas) which generates inertia, laziness, dullness and infatuation/ the quality of inertia, laziness, procrastination.

          

  60. AsmitaSpiritual forgetting, ignorance, veiling, nescience

          

  61. Vigyanamaya koshaPrana means energy. It is the vital force that produces the subtle vibrations related to breath, and which are the driving force behind the physical aspect of the senses and the operation of the physical body.

          

  62. CittaOne of the three qualities of nature, it manifests as balance, purity, calmness

          

  63. DveshaAversion or pushing away, hatred

          

  64. Jivatama or PurushaPrana means energy. It is the vital force that produces the subtle vibrations related to breath, and which are the driving force behind the physical aspect of the senses and the operation of the physical body.

          

  65. AvidyaThe prana current or arc ascending on the left side of the central channel (Sushumna nadi) associated with the parasympathetic nervous system and having a cooling or calming effect on the mind when activated.

          

  66. BuddhiShe who is conscious and awake

          

  67. AtmanSoul, the individual being

          

  68. VikalpaThe companion to abhyasa is non-attachment, learning to let go of the many attachments, aversions, fears, and false identities that are clouding the true Self.

          

  69. Manipua chakraSolar plexus, navel center

          

  70. Pranamaya koshaEarth and water; main function of the Kapha in the body, is stability and structure

          

  71. KaivalyaThe companion to abhyasa is non-attachment, learning to let go of the many attachments, aversions, fears, and false identities that are clouding the true Self.

          

  72. BandhaA sacred sound or phrase, such as om, hum, or om namah shivaya, that has a transformative effect on the mind of the individual reciting it; to be ultimately effective, a mantra needs to be given in an initiatory context

          

  73. ManasQualities of natural phenomena, everything in the universe exhibits these three qualities in varying degrees

          

  74. Vishuddha chakraCardiac plexus, heart center

          

  75. VairagaSpiritual aspirant or student

          

  76. ChakrasThe seven chakras or energy centers comprise their model of the energetic or subtle body. They are Muladhara, Svadhisthana, Manipua, Anahata, Vishuddha, Ajina and Sahasrara.