76 Multiple choice questions
- She who is conscious and awake
- The recitation of mantras
- Pituitary center, eyebrow center
- Science and knowledge of life, Indian holistic naturopathic healing system.
hand gesture (such as cin-mudra) or whole-body gesture (such as
viparita-karani-mudra); also a designation of the feminine partner in
the Tantric sexual ritual
- Kriya Yoga is a method to attain the union of breath and Soul in each inhalation and exhalation
colored, painful, afflicted, impure; the root klish means to cause
trouble. They are avidya, asmita, raga, dvesha and abhinivesha.
- Coccyx, base of the spine, at the perineum
yoga of physical well-being, designed to balance body, mind, and
spirit, a science of yoga which purifies the whole physical body by
means of shatkarma, asana, pranayama, mudra, bandha and concentration,
the path of yoga that starts with the practice of asanas
prana current or arc ascending on the right side of the central channel
(sushumna-nadi) and associated with the sympathetic nervous system and
having an energizing effect on the mind when activated
- Solar plexus, navel center
means mind. It is the level of processing thoughts and emotions. It is
in direct control of the operation, through the prana, of the physical
body and senses.
- Air and Space; main function of the Vata in the body is movement
- Earth and water; main function of the Kapha in the body, is stability and structure
means knowing. It is the sheath of wisdom that is underneath the
processing, thinking aspect of mind. It knows, decides, judges, and
discriminates between this and that, between useful and not useful.
- Attraction or drawing to, addiction
- Aversion or pushing away, hatred
near devotedly." The fourth and final portion of the Vedas, expounding
the secret, philosophical meaning of the Vedic hymns. The Upanishads are
a collection of profound texts which are the source of Vedanta and have
dominated Indian thought for thousands of years.
religious texts from ancient India. Written as long ago as 1500 BCE,
some of the material in the Vedas likely was created even earlier and
passed down by oral tradition The four classic texts are the Rigveda,
Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda
- ("he who has grown expansive"): the Creator of the universe, the
first principle (tattva) to emerge out of the ultimate Reality (brahman)
- The identification or attachment of one's ego
the fact that human beings are typically bound by ignorance (avidya),
which causes them to lead a life governed by karmic habit rather than
inner freedom generated through wisdom (vidya, jnana)
seven chakras or energy centers comprise their model of the energetic
or subtle body. They are Muladhara, Svadhisthana, Manipua, Anahata,
Vishuddha, Ajina and Sahasrara.
- Crown of the head
- Unreal cognition, indiscrimination, perverse cognition, wrong knowledge, misconception, incorrect knowing, not seeing clearly
- Quest, spiritual practice
- The lower mind, which is bound to the senses and yields information (vijnana) rather than wisdom
- yoga is the mastery and integration of the activities of mind.
the state of absolute freedom from conditioned existence, as explained
in ashta-anga-yoga; in the nondualistic (advaita) traditions of India,
this is usually called moksha or mukti (meaning "release" from the
fetters of ignorance, or avidya
- Action, the act of doing
sacred sound or phrase, such as om, hum, or om namah shivaya, that has a
transformative effect on the mind of the individual reciting it; to be
ultimately effective, a mantra needs to be given in an initiatory
the five types of mental activity: valid cognition (pramâna),
misconception (viparyaya), imagination (vikalpa), sleep (nidrâ), and
- Imagination, verbal misconception or delusion, fantasy, hallucination
- Associated with I-ness
- Resistance to loss, fear of death of identity, desire for continuity, clinging to the life of
- Nature; multi-leveled and consists of an external dimension, pradhana or foundation
of flow for the prana. There are 72,000 nadis, of which 72 are vital.
Of those 72, three major nadis are important for the understanding of
Kundalini Yoga: ida, pingala, sushmuna.
- Cardiac plexus, heart center
central prana current or arc in or along which the serpent power
(kundalini-shakti) must ascend toward the psychoenergetic center (cakra)
at the crown of the head in order to attain liberation
- The Lord; Supreme controller; referring either the Creator or yoga-darshana, to a special transcendental Self
- Memory, remembering
prana current or arc ascending on the left side of the central channel
(Sushumna nadi) associated with the parasympathetic nervous system and
having a cooling or calming effect on the mind when activated.
means energy. It is the vital force that produces the subtle vibrations
related to breath, and which are the driving force behind the physical
aspect of the senses and the operation of the physical body.
- Knowledge, understanding, wisdom
- maitri - friendliness, pleasantness, lovingness
karuna - compassion, mercy
mudita - gladness, goodwill
upeksha - acceptance, equanimity, indifference, disregard, neutrality
- Qualities of natural phenomena, everything in the universe exhibits these three qualities in varying degrees
sacred `song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the
Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic). It is one of India's most beloved and
famous sacred texts, it is the epic story of Arjuna, a warrior prince,
who confronts moral dilemmas and is led to a better understanding of
reality through the intercession of the god Krishna. It provides the
philosophical basis of yoga.
- A popular Hindu god, venerated as the Supreme Being in the Vaishnava sect
- Pure consciousness; individuated consciousness
- Fire and water; main function of the Pitta dosha in the body is metabolism
- Spiritual aspirant or student
- A circular design symbolizing the cosmos and specific to a deity
classical text describing Hatha Yoga. It is said to be the oldest
surviving text on Hatha Yoga. Swami Swatmarama, a disciple of Swami
Goraknath, wrote the text in the 15th century CE, drawing upon previous
texts and his own experiences.
koshas serve both a guide for the deeper practices of yoga and as map
for our journey. The path of yoga is one of progressively moving inward,
through each of the koshas, to experience the radiance of the True
- Spiritual forgetting, ignorance, veiling, nescience
means bliss. Ananda is a whole different order of reality from that of
the mind. It is peace, joy, and love that is underneath, beyond the
mind, independent of any reason or stimulus to cause a happy mental
reaction. It is simply being, resting in bliss called ananda.
- ("He who is benign"): the Divine; a deity that has served yogins as an archetypal model throughout the ages
of the three gunas that compose the universe and all in it: The
rajastic aspect refers to the human aspect in man ,in contrast to the
animal and divine aspects in him
means food. . All of the physical aspects of life come and go, and are
consumed by another aspect of external reality. Thus, the outermost of
the koshas is called the sheath of food, or Annamaya kosha
- Abhyasa means having an attitude of persistent effort to attain and maintain a state of stable tranquility
- Real or valid cognition, right knowledge, valid proof, seeing clearly
- Succinctly outlines the art and science of traditional Yoga meditation for Self-Realization.
- Yoga of devotion
- One of the three qualities of nature, it manifests as balance, purity, calmness
the connecting link between the physical body and the energy which runs
our life. They are the gross manifestation of energy, which control the
physical processes of our body. They are invisible. `Doshas' in
Sanskrit means fault.
- Deep sleep
- Sacral plexus, genital area
- That which is consciousness
of the three qualities of nature (Gunas) which generates inertia,
laziness, dullness and infatuation/ the quality of inertia, laziness,
- 8 limbs of yoga: Yama, Niyamas, Isvara Pranidhana, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, Samadi.
- The universal mantra, cosmic vibration of the universe, represents the four states of consciousness, Sanskrit word meaning "all"
enlightened soul, who can dispel darkness, ignorance and illusion from
the mind and enlighten the consciousness of a devotee/disciple, Teacher,
spiritual preceptor, spiritual teacher
companion to abhyasa is non-attachment, learning to let go of the many
attachments, aversions, fears, and false identities that are clouding
the true Self.
- Soul, the individual being
wrote a treatise on grammar; the Mahabbhasya. He is also credited with
writing a book on Ayurveda and compiling the Yoga Sutras, an important
collection of aphorisms on Yoga practice.
- Thoracic plexus, throat center