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27 Multiple choice questions

  1. Texts for the people who went off by themselves and left society.
  2. Vital in mastering self discipline. Meditate to understand your self better
  3. Power of nature was associated with the general Gods (4 elements of nature). Others were more specific: Agni, Varuna, Indra.
  4. (Samhitas plr) Hymns or religious songs, the creations of ancient poets
  5. God of fire, can be creative or destructive.
  6. Cause of suffering. Two ways to overcome: satisfy all desires, or limit the desires.
  7. The entire universe is essentially and fundamentally one. No distinction between creator and creation. Cannot be conveyed in language because that involves contrast and that would imply distinctions.
  8. End of the vedas, allegedly they are the height of the vedas, using more philosophical thought
  9. Ultimate truths cannot be taught but only learned through experience
  10. The goal of this is to not only withstand temptations, but to completely eradicate the desire for the temptation
  11. The cosmic order of things. Not a god but keeps the order within the gods. Associated with karma
  12. Is the basic sacred literature of Hinduism. Earliest of religious documents. Variety of views of religion conveyed
  13. Physical and mental suffering caused by unfulfilled desires. Early thinkers wanted to understand the cause and uproot it.
  14. 1. Naturalistic Polytheism (earlier vedas)
    2. Transcendent Monotheism (Earlier vedas)
    3. Imminent Monism
  15. Father God, all created beings are his children
  16. a focus on self or subject needs to be overcome to lessen suffering. release from ego diminishes suffering
  17. despite different religions, it is believed that all are searching to define the same thing. Sanata Dharma - eternal law.
  18. 1.suffering
    2.desire
    3.self discipline
    4.self knowledge
    5.self/subject
    6.liberation/enlightenment
    7.unity in diversity
    8. Karma
    9. Truth in experience
    10. Dharma
  19. In Hindu traditions it generally means law, duty, or virtue. In Buddhism it is the teachings of the Buddha
  20. God of thunder and lightning, symbolizes strength and courage. Defeats the cosmic forces of chaos and darkness.
  21. A god that creates the world but is also not a part of the world. Prajapati and Visva.
  22. This is a release from ego, karma, and suffering
  23. The connection between cause and effect. determine your future with your present actions
  24. Describe how to carry out rituals, creations of the ancient priests
  25. God of sky, has the power of being omniscient and is able to observe everything. Associated with righteousness
  26. A collection of 4 verses:
    1. Mantras
    2. Brahmanas
    3. Aranyakas
    4. Upanishads / Vednata
  27. Karma, responsible for everything. interacts with polytheistic Gods and instructs them.