27 Multiple choice questions
- Texts for the people who went off by themselves and left society.
- Vital in mastering self discipline. Meditate to understand your self better
- Power of nature was associated with the general Gods (4 elements of nature). Others were more specific: Agni, Varuna, Indra.
- (Samhitas plr) Hymns or religious songs, the creations of ancient poets
- God of fire, can be creative or destructive.
- Cause of suffering. Two ways to overcome: satisfy all desires, or limit the desires.
entire universe is essentially and fundamentally one. No distinction
between creator and creation. Cannot be conveyed in language because
that involves contrast and that would imply distinctions.
- End of the vedas, allegedly they are the height of the vedas, using more philosophical thought
- Ultimate truths cannot be taught but only learned through experience
- The goal of this is to not only withstand temptations, but to completely eradicate the desire for the temptation
- The cosmic order of things. Not a god but keeps the order within the gods. Associated with karma
- Is the basic sacred literature of Hinduism. Earliest of religious documents. Variety of views of religion conveyed
- Physical and mental suffering caused by unfulfilled desires. Early thinkers wanted to understand the cause and uproot it.
- 1. Naturalistic Polytheism (earlier vedas)
2. Transcendent Monotheism (Earlier vedas)
3. Imminent Monism
- Father God, all created beings are his children
- a focus on self or subject needs to be overcome to lessen suffering. release from ego diminishes suffering
- despite different religions, it is believed that all are searching to define the same thing. Sanata Dharma - eternal law.
7.unity in diversity
9. Truth in experience
- In Hindu traditions it generally means law, duty, or virtue. In Buddhism it is the teachings of the Buddha
- God of thunder and lightning, symbolizes strength and courage. Defeats the cosmic forces of chaos and darkness.
- A god that creates the world but is also not a part of the world. Prajapati and Visva.
- This is a release from ego, karma, and suffering
- The connection between cause and effect. determine your future with your present actions
- Describe how to carry out rituals, creations of the ancient priests
- God of sky, has the power of being omniscient and is able to observe everything. Associated with righteousness
- A collection of 4 verses:
4. Upanishads / Vednata
- Karma, responsible for everything. interacts with polytheistic Gods and instructs them.