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Annamaya Kosha

Food layer, the physical body, purified by vegetarian diet, asanas, and kriyas

Pranamaya Kosha

Pranic layer, vital/energy body, purified by pranayama

Manomaya Kosha

Mind layer, made up of emotions, purified by Karma, bhakti, chanting

Vijnanamaya Kosha

Knowledge, thoughts, ideas, studying scriptures, being in the presence of other knowledge seekers

Anandamaya Kosha

Bliss layer, purified by great bliss and Samadhi


energy channel

Sushumna Nadi

Central channel, chakras run along this channel, from base of spine to crown of head

Pingala Nadi

Solar channel, wraps around the right nostril, left side of brain, sun, fire, masculine energy, crosses at third eye

Ida Nadi

Lunar channel, left nostril, right hemisphere of brain, moon, water, feminine energy


energy points in the body where the Nadis meet on Sushumna, they are like knots

Muladhara Chakra

Root Chakra, base of spine, Pose: Tadasana, Earth, grounding, nourishment, survival, excessive: greed, fear of change, obesity, deficient: underweight, fearful, anxious, poor focus, LAM

Svadisthana Chakra

Sacral Chakra, one's own abode, Pose: hip openers and forward bends, reproductive organs, Water, sexuality, self gratification, excessive: emotional, sex addiction, attachments, deficient: impotent, emotionally numb, VAM

Manipura Chakra

Solar plexus, lustrous gem, middle back, upper belly, twisting poses, digestion, sight, Fire, power, self-definition, purpose, ego, excessive: dominating, controlling, aggressive, deficient: weak, poor self esteem, RAM

Anahata Chakra

Heart chakra, (unstruck sound) heart, upper back, chest, backbends, thymus gland, organs of circulation, Air, love, relationships, compassion, Excessive: codependency, posessive, deficient: shy, lonely, isolated, YAM

Vishuddha Chakra

Throat Chakra, poison free place, located at the throat, neck and jaw, shoulderstand, plough and fish, Ether, speech, thyroid, communication, self expression, creative identity, Excessive: talking, not listening, deficient: fear of speaking, aphasia, HAM

Ajna Chakra

Third eye (command place), childs pose, meditation, pineal gland, sense of intuition, Akasha (space) , intuition, imagination, self-reflection, interpretation, Excessive: headaches, nightmare, delusions, Deficient: poor memory, vision, denial, OM

Sahasrara Chakra

Crown chakra (thousand petaled lotus), headstand, pituatary gland, Akasha (space) , awareness, wisdom, knowledge, consciousness, Excessive: overly intellectual, spiritual, confusion, Deficient:learning difficulties, limited beliefs, materialism, Silent OM


wind or air, subtle body circulatory/respiratory system

Prana Vayu

diaphragm to base of throat, regulates breathing, heart rate, circulation, related to anahata and vishuddha

Apana Vayu

navel to feet, urination, defecation, birth, menstrual, related to muladhara and svadisthana

Samana Vayu

navel to diaphragm, digestion, assimilation, and balancing prana and apana, related to manipura

Udana Vayu

base of throat to top of head, coughing, choking, hiccupping, vishuddha, ajna, sahasrara

Vyana Vayu

flows in all directions, all chakras

Mula Bandha

Root lock, contracting perineum, lifting pelvic floor up, pubic and tail bone come toward each other, normal breathing, Apana Vayu back up, protect lower back, stabilizes lower abs, Muladhara Chakra

Uddiyana Bandha

Flying up lock, lifting diaphragm up, contracting obliques and transverse abdominis, exhale retention, aids in jumping forward back, supporting spine and lower back, changing course of Apana Vayu, unites it with Prana and Samana, Manipura Chakra

Jalandhara Bandha

Cloud catching lock, contracting the neck and throat, lifting chest up to chin, inhale retention, catches prana in throat, shoulderstand and bridge pose, Vischudda Chakra

Sama Vrtti

equal breathing, sometimes inhale/exhale retention can be added

Ujayi breathing

victorious breath, in and out the nose, during Vinyasa, helps to calm,


skull shining breath, Kriya (cleansing), short , sharp exhalations, about 50 exhalations, excellent for sinus problems and increasing energy

Nadi Shodhana

alternate nostril breathing, balances the hemispheres


science of life


three elements found in the body


energy of movement, wind composed of air& space, slender frame, fine hair, lighter features, light sleepers, Imbalances: anxiety, inability to focus, indigestion


digestion and metabolism, bile element composed of fire and water, medium frame, warmer skin, determination, intensity, Imbalances: impatience, obsessive drive, heart burn, sarcasm


spring structure and lubrication, phlegm element, water and earth, heavier frame, oily skin, heavy sleepers, Imbalances: weight gain, too much congestion, always tired, lethargic


digestive fire


debris (undigested food), precursor to disease


sonic representation of the divine, trinity- A- waking, creator, Brahma, U-dreaming, Vishnu, sustenance, M-deep dreamless sleep, Shiva, destroyer, 4th is transcendental

Hatha Yoga Pradipika

physical practice of yoga to purify the body, Asana, Shatkarma and Pranayam, Mudra and Bandha, Samadhi

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