Loving-Kindness flashcards |

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Ability to put yourself in another position.


Ability to understand emotional state+ desire help


To suffer together

Two forms of compassion

True and Idiot

True compassion

-Has intelligence mixed with it. There is wisdom with real compassion, no pity and no waving of your rights

Idiot compassion

Compassion without intelligence= giving your kids cake before dinner just because they cry

What are 4 kinds of compassion

Familial compassion
Global compassion
Sentient compassion
Heroic compassion

What is familial compassion

Compassion between family members: caregivers, parents, children,
-Root of all compassion

Global compassion

Compassion for people across the world
Seeing an earthquake in nepal and worrying about people you dont know

Sentient compassion

compassion for all living things: cats dogs cows
Unrestricted compassion

Heroic compassion

Compassion at personal risk
People who hid jews during nazi germany risked being imprisoned themselves

What is loving-kindness meditation

A number of practices that cultivate unconditional positive emotional states of kindness and compassion

What 4 things do NOT describe loving kindness

Selfish attraction and ill will
Pity and cruelty
Exuberance and resentment
Indifference and attachment

What are 4 types of loving kindness?

Sympathetic joy
Non attachment


-"metta" warmth that reaches out to others
-the intention and capacity to offer kindness to others. its wanting others to be happy. love is a heartfeltvreaction and kindness has a gentle quality


this is a desire for people not to suffer
-The intention and capacity to lighten and relieve suffering

Sympathetic joy

Feeling happy by watching other people be happy

Non attachment

having a clear calm tranquil state of mind. Not clingy and not attached and non discriminating. its not a friend nor a for its everybody

what does judging feel like?

judging yourself feels like you have to live up to an expectation or your not good enough. the opposite would be discernment- noticing that you may not be perfect but thats okay

In what sense is clinging optional?

we have the ability to recognize that our identities are fluid and constantly changing rather than attaching ourselves to ideas or concepts which narrow the scope of ourselves

Do you feel like being yourself can be a relief?

yes because we often critisize ourselves for being too much or too little of something when we compare ourselves. however when we let go of who we "think" we should be we find that we are lighter, more free

What is deep listening?

Term made by Thich Nhat Hanh
-listening without expectation or judgments
-listening with the purpose of helping another empty their heart

What is affectionate attention


Who is thich that hanh

he is a peace activist
-Says that real compassion begins with deep listening

Basic technique

Loved ones
Difficult person/dislike/hate



proposed benefits

Makes us feel good
Better parenting, spouses, and friends
Better workers
Better world

What happens experientially?

Feel connected
Happier: two opposite mental/emotional states cannot co exist
More accepting


Important in detecting emotions and mapping bodily responses onto an emotion. Detecting or changing heart rate or blood pressure and making that information available to the brain

Temporal parietal junction

Especially in the right hemisphere.
Important part of processing empathy


Associated with negative emotions
Down regulation of the amygdala so less activation

What is elevation according to Haidt, J (2010)?

Warm, uplifting feeling that people experience when they see unexpected acts of human goodness, kindness, courage, or compassion

How did Haidt, J(2010) begin his study on elevation?

He originally studied disgust which has an evolutionary adaptive function for us. If we walk into a public bathroom that smells like shit we are disgusted and will most likley leave. This is good because we are less likley to be exposed to infectious disease

When Haidt, J(2010) asked his subjects what they thought about disgust what was the response?

Surprisingly no one really said gross thigs. They all mentioned social situations like racism, sexism, bullying etc

When Haidt, J (2010) studied people who were elevatedd, what did he find?

There was a social focus
people wanted to go tell other people about what they saw
they were more likley to want to be around more people

Tears of elevation

-Crying because of someones courage to come out of the closet

Tears of compassion

-Crying because of the children growing up without parents or neglected in some form

Can we have compassion between the healer and the wounded

no. it is a relationship between equals. if there is no equality then there is no true compassion

Why do we have elation?

Encourages us to be cohesive, social finction, helps the group, encourages altruism, has individualistic effect as well: gives you feelings of energy and playfulness

Real life example: Mother Theresa

Started her work in the slums of Calcutta, India.
Hospice work, Helped the poor, cares for people with aids, leprosy, tb

Real life example: The kielburger brothers

12 years old when he read about child labour
Started school project which evolved into a non prof group called free the children. Helped build schools and stiffen child labour laws

Real life example: Bernie Glassman

Cofounded zen peacemakers
Set up a soup kitchen in nyc and taught inner city youth basic skills like cooking. used that food to feed the homeless. Make the brownies for B&J icecream

What is the giving pledge?

Started by Warren Buffet. Trying to get all the rich people to donate their money to charity. Like him or not, bill gates has almost eradicated polio

The broaden and build theory

Broaden- positive emotions broaden our attention and thinking. we can solve problems with ease, be rational
Build-We build resources as a result of our broadening attention and thinking. So out social relations and copy strategies become better

What is the hedonic treadmill?

in social psych we often have to form positive emotions to do this we usually gove candy to ppt. this works in the short term but we cannot give ppt candy every single day, it wont provoke positive feelings in the same way. so we use loving and kindness meditation which works long term

Loving and kindness meditation leads to _____ and _____

Broadening and Building

Describe Fredrickson et al.(2008) study ( long paper )

-7 wk LKM course
-Used a wait list control group
-DV: Resources, Outcomes and Daily assesment of meditation experiences

Results of Fresrickson et al. (2008) study:

Increase in positive emotions with time
No significant influence on nwgative emotions
Increase in personal resources
Subjects were more satisfied with their lives

Miscellaneous findings with LKM

Social connectedness
Lower back pain
Reactions to inflammation
Positive emotions and well being
Neural expression of sadness

how does LKM change neural expression of sadness

Once you experience something over and over again it creates a strong connection in your brain so that a small stimulus can elicit the same response of sadness. LKM can change the wiring in your brain to counter neural expression

describe what Condon et al (2013) did to test lkm

he has a subject sit in a room full of confederates and had a woman on crutches walk in. He was testing to see whether LKM would influence the likihood of the subject giving the woman the seat

What were the statistical results of codon et al (2013) study?

60% of the subjects who did lkm gave up their seat while only 16% in the waitlist control did

what is the perception action model according to hofmann et al (2011)

watching peoples emotional reactions activates similar reactions in us (insula)

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