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14 Matching questions

  1. Theory
  2. Deductive Inference
  3. Experimental design
  4. Wildlife Science
  5. Management Goals
  6. Statistical Hypothesis
  7. Hypothesis
  8. Technical Judgements
  9. Hypothetico-deductive approach
  10. Science
  11. Scientific Hypothesis
  12. Inductive Inference
  13. The Role of Science
  14. Why WM is not Civil Engineering
  1. a Knowledge covering general truths or the operation of general laws especially as obtained and tested through scientific method- observe, hypothesis, experiment
  2. b How best to achieve goals, testable and verifiable, ex. culling of elk will prevent elimination of willow
  3. c Generate the knowledge and develop the technical tools needed to sustain fish and wildlife populations as functioning elements of ecological systems
  4. d Specific prediction from theory expressed in terms of measurable outcomes, scientific (practical), statistical (formal)
  5. e Model of how system works expressed in terms of observable quantities, often qualitative and verbal, ex. body weight of black bears changes as we go from the equator to the pole
  6. f Reasoning that proceeds from specific set of observations to general inference to the whole, collect body of facts about some aspect of nature, look for patterns, draw general conclusions from observations, basis for formulation of theory
  7. g Reasoning that uses observations or experiments to test hypothesis, begins with a specific hypothesis drawn from theory or patterns in nature, observations made, or experiments conducted, to falsify hypothesis, hypothesis that withstands falsification is used to confirm, or reject the theory being tested, evidence that null is wrong
  8. h Explicit quantitative model of potential observations, requires mathematical model, ex.
  9. i WM managers are custodians of something that exists and is self-renewing, appropriate questions seldom seem obvious (sometimes questions are unknown), functional roles of all components are seldom known (until they are lost), criteria for success and failure are often elusive, manger never in complete control, management is not an exclusively science-based process
  10. j Make observations, formulate testable scientific (research) hypotheses based on observations, articulate predictions as quantitative statements of statistical hypotheses to be tested, design and execute valid experiments to test hypothesis, analyze data with appropriate statistical tests, accept or reject statistical hypothesis based on testing, convert statistical conclusion to a biological conclusion
  11. k Predictive explanation for a consistent set of observations including a hypothesized mechanism
  12. l Process of obtaining knowledge about and studying wildlife, management is application of that knowledge
  13. m ...
  14. n 1st phase in management, value statements, not scientific, ex. recover populations of cutthroat trout