Home Inspection - Prep for Exams flashcards |

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1A

Foundations

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1B

Grading & Drainage

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1C

Roof Covering Materials

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1D

Roof Structures & Attics

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Walls

1E

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1F

Ceilings & Floors

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1G

Doors

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Windows

1H

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1I

Stairways

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1J

Fireplaces & Chimneys

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1K

Porches, Balconies, Decks, and Carports

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2A

Service Entrance and Panels

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2B

Branch Circuits, Connected Devices, and Fixtures

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3A

Heating Equipment

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Cooling Equipment

3B

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3C

Duct Systems, Chases, and Vents

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4A

Plumbing Supply, Distribution Systems and Fixtures

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4B

Drains, Wastes, and Vents

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4C

Water Heating Equipment

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4D

Hydro-Massage Therapy Equipment

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5A

Dishwashers

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Food Waste Disposers

5B

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5C

Range Hood and Exhaust Systems

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5D

Ranges, Cooktops, and Ovens

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5E

Microwave Oven

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5F

Mechanical Exhaust Vents and Bathroom Heaters

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5G

Garage Door Operators

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5H

Dryer Exhaust Systems

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Curing

Cold cracks can appear if the concrete did not finish ______.

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Beams

_____ carry floor and wall loads horizontally to foundation.

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1/3

Notching of a 2x8 floor joist can be made in the outer ___ of joist.

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13% and 19%

Wood has to be between ___ and ___ to be solidified.

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Wood rot and dry rot

________ occurs above 19%; _______ appears below 13% solidified.

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Serious

Horizontal cracks are _______

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Crawl Space

A ___________ can be accessed as long as there is 18in. x 24in. clearance

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16 and 24

How many inches (height in. x width in.) should the perimeter wall opening be.

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12 inches

Communications wire has to be greater than or equal to _________ to parallel power wires

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10 feet

The service drop should be _______ above the final grade to the lowest point of drip loop.

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Pedestrians

The area accessible only to ___________ should be 10 feet. (Vertical above grade)

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12 feet

The conductor wire should be _______ above grade and driveways.

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18 feet

How many feet should the conductor wire be above roads and parking areas?

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22 1/2 feet

How many feet above a swimming pool should the conductor wire be?

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10 feet

The vertical above a deck and/or balcony to the communication wire should be how many feet?

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3 feet

The 10 foot drop for from wire to balcony should be ______ away

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Shock hazard

Reverse polarity is a ____________.

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6 and 10

Grade should have a _ inch fall within the first __ feet.

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3

How many wires are there from street to house on a 240 volt system?

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Are not

According to Industry Standards, low voltage lighting systems are or are not inspected?

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Neutral and ground

What two wires should be separated in a sub-panel?

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Replaced

A three-prong receptacle with an open ground on an older two-wire should be ________.

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6

What is the maximum number of disconnects for a main power electrical panel?

Romex

NM (Non-Metalic) is better known as the _____ cable.

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You never add amps

60 amps with a 60 amperage rating is so because __________________.

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Aluminum branch circuit

The customer needs to contact an electrician if what kind of wiring is found?

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Ohms

Resistance is measure in ____.

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Dedicated

What kind of circuit is needed for a dryer outlet?

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Visual

According to the Standards, what kind of inspection is an electrical system inspection?

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No

Would a 60-amp conductor and a 100-amp main breaker be OK? Yes or No?

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B

What should the inspector suggest suggest to the customer if the main panel is underrated for the service amperage?

A. Replace the panel
B. Have an electrician evaluate the service
C. Use fuses and breakers to match the panel rating
D. Add a sub panel to get more circuits

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Romex

Which is used as branch circuit wiring in most modern homes?
- Romex
- BX
- Knob & Tube wiring

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Armored cable

The BX cable is also called...

2/12

Asphalt shingles can be installed on pitches as low as ____ if the roof is first covered with two layers of non-perforated saturated felt paper.

Spaced

It is preferable to put wood shingles and shakes over what type of roof sheathing to allow them to dry more quickly?
- Plywood
- Solid
- Spaced
- 1" x 10"

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Cricket

Chimney's more than 30 inches should have what installed on the high side?
- More flashing
- Cricket
- Ice and water shield

4 inches

What is the maximum the balusters can be on railings?

15-20 years

What is the average life expectancy of a 235lb asphalt shingle?

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No

The inspector is required to walk on the roof no matter what? Yes or no?

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B

The proper exposures for 18" and 24" shakes are:

A. 10" and 12"
B. 7.5" and 10"
C. 7.5" and 12"
D. 8" and 10"

Shade

What contributes to mold or moss growth on the exterior of a home?

Inadequate insulation and ventilation

What contributes to ice damming?

- too much snow
- improper pitch
- inadequate insulation and ventilation

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Counter and step

There are two types of flashings needed for a chimney: What are they?

Gambrel

Which roof has a double slope on each side and the bottom-most slope is the steepest?

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6/12

Which roof is the steepest:
- 2/12
- 6/12

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Roll roofing

Which roof covering typically has the shortest lifetime?

- cement tile
- metal roofing
- roll roofing
- Single-ply membrane

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A

A roof with a 5/12 slope would not be good for
A. Built up roofing
B. Wood shakes
C. Cement tiles
D. Asphalt shingles

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Unlined

A chimney is _______ when the chase serves as a flue.

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Safety hazard

Cracks or missing bricks in an unlined chimney should be reported as a _____________

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Wall cladding

According to the standards, what should always be inspected?

- storm windows
- garden sheds
- awnings
- wall cladding

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Composition board

What type of siding has the least ability to hold paint over long periods of time?

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Vinyl

This type of siding becomes brittle in cold weather...

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Away from the house

A proper pitch for a patio pitched ___________________.

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1" per foot for 5' or 6'

[National] What is the proper grading for land around the foundation? _" per foot for _' or _'

Air flow and leaking refrigerant

If a suction line is frosting up it could be due to improper ________ and/or ___________________

Evaporator coil

In the AC cycle liquid turns to gas while coming out of the _______________

Reversing valve

A 4-way valve can also be called a ______________

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No

If heating equipment can damage during inspection, is it a requirement to inspect? Yes or no?

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Blue

What color should the flames be in a properly lit gas burner?

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Compressor

What A/C component functions to put refrigerant gas under a high pressure?

- Compressor
- Condenser
- Expansion Device
- Evaporator

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Fossil fuel forced air furnace

The heat exchanger, burner, and blower are the three main components of a ______ ____ ______ ___ _______.

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Fan/Limit switch

The _______________ shuts off the burners if the furnace overheats

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Should

The evaporator (swamp) cooler should or shouldn't have a compressor?

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Crack in the heat exchanger

Strange smells at register, rusting on heat exchanger, irregular flame pattern when the blower on are all signs of a __________________

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Evaporator unit and condensing unit

What are the two main components of an air-cooled air conditioning system?

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Yellow tipped flames at a gas burner

Incomplete combustion and possible carbon monoxide producing can be identified by...

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Insulated

The condensate line must be __________.

Heat exchanger

A conventional forced warm air furnace and a mid efficiency furnace both have a ______________.

True

A temperature differential of greater than 20 degrees Fahrenheit between the supply and return sides of the evaporator is a sign of something wrong with the cooling system. True or False?

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Southwest

You will find an evaporative (swamp) cooler in what region?

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Cooling and heating

A reversing valve allows a heat pump to operate in what two modes?

B

The three main components of a stairway are:

A. Stringers, risers, head room
B. Stringers, treads, risers
C. Riders, treads, nosing
D. Treads, total rise, total run

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D

A fireplace should not share a chimney flue with:

A. Another fireplace
B. Furnace
C. Another wood stove
D. All the above

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34-38 inches

What is the acceptable distance between the tread of a stairway and its handrail?

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B

What method of attic ventilation is considered to be the most effective?

A. Vents at each gable
B. A combination of soffit and ridge vents
C. Soffit vents at each eave
D. Ridge vents along the full length of the roof

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Floor joist

____________ provide support on cantilevered balcony constructions.

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A

How do you determine if a shower door has safety glazing?

A. Marked in one of the corners
B. Glass will be foggy
C. Wire mesh

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6 feet 8 inches

The minimum headroom clearance in a stairwell is

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B

What sort of crack in a drywall ceiling can be caused by truss uplift?

A. A crack running alongside a girder the length of the house.
B. A crack along the junction of the ceiling and the walls.

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Too flexible

The flooring system is __________ if you see cracked natural tiles such as slate or stone.

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Leaking seal

Discoloration, moisture, or cloudiness between the lights of an insulated glass window are signs of a ______________.

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Both

What type of roof is often inadequately ventilated

- one over a cathedral
- vaulted ceiling
- both

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Delaminated plywood sheathing

___________________________ is a sign of too much moisture in the attic.

M

What copper pipe is the lightest?

P-trap

[Plumbing] What type of trap is approved under modern code?

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115-120 degrees

The water heater should be set between ________ to save energy and avoid burns.

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6 inches and 10 feet

A plumbing vent has to extend at least ___ above the roof and be at least ___ from a window.

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Aluminum tube

To rid hot water smelling like eggs, replace magnesium anode tube with an ______________

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80

What psi should you begin to get concerned about possible damage to the water supply fixtures?

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Copper

______ is the most commonly used piping today as the main service pipe from public water supplies.

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gpm

What abbreviation is used when measuring water flow rate?

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Cross connection

When waste water can be siphoned into the water supply system, it is called __________________.

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Electric

What type of water heater has the slowest recovery rate?

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B

Why should the extension from the relief valve on a water heater not be threaded at the bottom?

A. To prevent anyone from getting sprayed in the face when the relief valve trips
B. To prevent the end from being capped
C. To prevent steam from being released from the extension

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B

The difference between ballon framing and platform construction is:

A. Ballon framing is stronger than platform construction
B. Ballon framing studs run from foundation to roof line
C. Platform construction is stronger than ballon framing
D. The performance of ballon framing is better than platform framing

2

How many bearing points do trusses have?

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Drain tile

Water stains along the junction of the basement wall and floor most likely indicates a problem with the __________.

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B

Why should a dirt floor in a crawl space be covered?

A. To prevent dust from entering the ducts and piping in the crawl space
B. To prevent moisture from soil being released into the crawl space
C. To insulate the house above from cold released from the soil

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Ridge board

Which of the following is not part of the roof framework?
- scissors truss
- collar ties
- ridge board
- rafters

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Mud jacking

Forcing, under pressure, a material that will raise a concrete product to provide a proper pitch is called ____________.

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Same as outdoors

The temperature in an unfinished attic should be the ______________.

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Wind

_____ exerts the least stress on a foundation.

Loose brick ties

If you see a brick veneer wall with a bow in it you can expect to see _________________.

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B

Insulation in the attic should be installed:

A. With the moisture deterrent layer toward the attic space
B. With the moisture deterrent layer toward the heated portion of the house

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60 cycles per second

Alternating Current means: Electrons move back and forth through power lines at a frequency of _________________.

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6 feet

Permits are not required for fences less than or equal to ______

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4 feet

Permits are not required for retaining walls less than or equal to ______.

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5,000 gallons

Permits are not required for water tanks on grade less than or equal to _____________ & height/width ratio less than or equal to 2:1

Programming

The ____________ of the thermostat can be lost if the batteries are low and the inspector turns off the heating unit safety switch.

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Oily smoke smells or soot

What condition would indicate an oil burner needs an adjustment?

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D

What condition is indicated if a lighted match held at the barometric damper leans inward toward the smoke pipe?

A. The damper is broken
B. A downdraft is occurring
C. Carbon monoxide is escaping into the home
D. Exhaust is moving up the chimney

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C

The 3 main controls on a furnace are:

A. The thermostat, the limit control, and the pump control
B. The thermostat, the primary control, and the thermocouple
C. The thermostat, the limit control and the fan control

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Burner and circulating pump

Upon a call for heat for the thermostat, which components of a er hydronic boiler are activated simultaneously?

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False

The home inspector should operate radiator control valves.

True or False?

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212

Water is heated to a boiling point of ___ degrees.

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2 to 3 psi

What is the normal operating pressure of a steam boiler?

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Properly sloped

Pipes are not ________________ if there is a loud banging or knocking just after the steam boiler fires.

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Sag and 1/2 inches

Ceiling drywall can ___ if is less than __________ thick.

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Subfloor and joists

Squeaks in flooring are caused by a poor connection between the _________________.

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Tempered glass

Safety glazing includes _____________ which shatters into small, smooth edged rectangular cubes upon impact.

B

When should a wood stove sit on a protective non-combustible pad?

A. Over a concrete floor
B. Over a wood floor

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