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148 True/False questions

  1. Clonidine __________.is not addictive

          

  2. Which of the following is (are) a side effect(s) associated with inhalant abuse?A . Nausea
    B. slurred speech
    C. Nose bleeds
    >D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

          

  3. Which drug would most likely be classified as a major gateway drug?Alcohol

          

  4. True or false? Regarding recent HIV cases, 29% result from intravenous drug use and the sharing of needles.True

          

  5. __________ of cocaine allows an intense but short-lived high, causing severe side effects and dependence.maturing out

          

  6. Illicit steroids are usually __________.A, smuggled from abroad
    B. produced in the U.S. legally and then diverted to illegal channels
    C. produced illegally in the U.S. in hidden (clandestine) laboratories
    >D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

          

  7. True or false? Inhalants tend to be fat-soluble and therefore readily retained in lipid-rich vital organs.True

          

  8. Which of the following is most likely to contain psilocybin?dried mushrooms

          

  9. Select the incorrect statement>A. LARGE DOSES OF LSD ARE REQUIRED TO HAVE AN EFFECT
    B. LSD is sometimes administered by squares of blotter paper
    C. LSD administration activates the sympathetic nervous system
    D. LSD is usually taken by mouth

          

  10. True or false? Acamprosate is used to treat individuals who are alcohol-dependent.Treatment of nasal congestion

          

  11. __________ refers to the process of leaving drug using groups and behaviors behind as one grows older and takes on more socially acceptable responsibilities.nitrous oxide

          

  12. Approximately how much amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) is manufacture globally each year (in metric tons)?650

          

  13. Hallucinogens most likely exert their effects by altering which of the following transmitter systems?A. sympathomimetics
    B. analgesics
    C. antihistamines
    >D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

          

  14. Which of the following statements concerning PCP toxicity is incorrect?>A. THERE ARE SPECIFIC ANTAGONISTS AVAILABLE TO TREAT ACUTE OVERDOSES OF PCP
    b. long term use can cause vague cravings after cessation of PCP uses
    c. valium is often used to sedate the agitation caused by PCP
    d. diagnosis of a PCP toxicity is frequently missed because the symptoms closely resemble an acute schizophrenic episode

          

  15. What factor is attributed to why women today find smoking attractive?A. Women believe is a status symbol
    B. Women believe it helps reduce weight
    C. Women believe it helps reduce stress
    >D. BOTH B &C

          

  16. When asked about peer drug use, college students' perceptions are often the most __________.overestimated

          

  17. Which of the following is not an effect of the amphetamines?decrease in heart rate

          

  18. Compared with adults who abuse drugs, adolescents are more likely to __________.analogs

          

  19. Which of the following is not required by the FDA to be included on OTC drug labels?decrease in heart rate

          

  20. True or false? "Huffing" is a practice of inhaling volatile solvents from old rags soaked in the solvent fluid and held in the mouth.1

          

  21. Research indicates that if one's peer group does not use drugs, it is likely that other individuals in the peer group will __________.not use drugs

          

  22. Medical detoxification __________.contains 250 toxic chemicals

          

  23. Pseudoephedrine is a __________.placing tobacco between the gums and cheek

          

  24. True or false? Closed meetings of Alcoholics Anonymous are for alcoholics having a serious desire to completely stop drinking.Closed meetings

          

  25. Which of the following is least likely to be caused by the consumption of caffeine?improving learning abilities even as an alert person

          

  26. Full-blown AIDS can take __________ years to show up after the initial infection10-12

          

  27. Select the incorrect statement concerning anticholinergic hallucinogens.>A. THESE DRUGS TEND TO STIMULATE SALIVATION
    B. In ancient societies these drugs were used as poisons for assassinations
    C. these drugs are found in many plants that belong to the potato family
    D. they work by blocking the activity of the acetycholine receptor

          

  28. Which of the following is commonly referred to as "laughing gas?"nitrous oxide

          

  29. A type of marijuana that literally means "without seeds" is known as __________.sinsemilla

          

  30. Drugs with similar structures are called __________.A. can be a medical necessity
    B. is a precursor to treatment
    C. does not typically produce lasting behavioral changes
    >D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

          

  31. True or false? The Family Smoking, Prevention and Control Act gave the FDA the authority to set and enforce standards for tobacco products ingredients and designnitrous oxide

          

  32. Which of the following inhalants is used as an anesthetic?nitrous oxide

          

  33. True or false? Drug costs approach 15% of overall health spending in the United States.A. loss of control
    B. heightened exaggerated senses
    C. self-reflection
    >D. ALL THE ABOVE

          

  34. The CNS effects of caffeine are most pronounced in a person who is __________.tired

          

  35. When LSD is taken orally, what percentage of the total dose reaches the brain?1%

          

  36. Which of the following is least likely to be caused by phencyclidine?A. general anesthesia
    B. generalized numbness at low doses
    C. REDUCED ACTIVITY OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
    D. delirium and psychotic behavior

          

  37. Which of the following best describes the antiulcer effects of drugs like Tagamet and Zantac?crossover of the senses

          

  38. Age, gender, family background, and religion fall under what category of influential factors?structural

          

  39. In which of the following ways can someone not be infected with HIV?nitrous oxide

          

  40. Ecstasy is classified in which of the following Schedules?A. tablets
    B. capsules
    C. blotter paper
    >D. ALL OF THE FORMS CAN BE PURCHASED

          

  41. The first European to inhale tobacco smoke was probably __________.Rodrig de Jerez

          

  42. True or false? As a consequence of the Drug Addiction Treatment Act of 2000, suboxone can now be prescribed in an office setting to treat substance abuse.True

          

  43. Children often join gangs because of __________.pupil dilation

          

  44. A chemical is classified as being volatile if it is __________.readily evaporated at room temperature

          

  45. Hemp refers to __________.the woody fibers of the stem that can be used to produce cloth or rope

          

  46. True or false? Gang members often use slang to create group loyalty and camaraderie.amyl nitrate

          

  47. Which of the following drugs is most like PCP?ketamine

          

  48. Which of the following is the most frequently used CNS stimulant in the world?caffeine

          

  49. Which of the following health professionals do not have any prescription-writing privileges?chiropractors

          

  50. Having used an illicit substance during the past month is defined a __________.current drug use

          

  51. Athletes' motivation, the level of competition, the type of sport, and the ________ are the key factors in determining the probability of using anabolic steroids.hyperactive

          

  52. True or false? No single treatment for addiction is appropriate for all users.Nitrates cause vasoconstriction and therefore cause angina

          

  53. Cocaine production __________ in Colombia during 2000-2008.the woody fibers of the stem that can be used to produce cloth or rope

          

  54. The __________ regarded tobacco smoke as divine incense that would bring rain in the dry season.maturing out

          

  55. According to the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, the age cohort reporting the highest lifetime use of marijuana was __________ years of age.18-25

          

  56. Anorexiants are drugs that __________.is not addictive

          

  57. __________ is a condition in which two or more illnesses occur in the same person.comorbidity

          

  58. Which of the following is referred to as the "love drug"?methadone

          

  59. In the late 1800s, a wine containing cocaine was endorsed by __________.gave the FDA the ability to regulate marketing and promotion of tobacco products

          

  60. Which of the following was approved by the FDA for treatment of opiate dependence?Subutex and Suboxone

          

  61. Select the incorrect statement concerning Ecstasy.drug with stimulant and hallucinogenic effects

          

  62. Which of the following is a refrigerant that can cause freeze injury upon inhalation?improving learning abilities even as an alert person

          

  63. Which of the following has been used to treat angina?methadone

          

  64. Viewing a group and its members as an observer or looking at a group from a distance is the definition for the term __________.outsider

          

  65. Which of the following is not considered to be a type of LSD-related flashback?classification of active ingredients (i.e. category 1,2,3)

          

  66. In referring to cannabis, the term dioecious means that __________.pupil dilation

          

  67. Young adults ages 18 to 25 are most likely to binge or drink heavily; __________ of the drinkers in this age group binge and approximately __________ in four are heavy drinkers.ALL THE ABOVE
    A. the president of the united states
    B. the pope
    c. world royalty

          

  68. People who stop smoking before age 50 reduce their risk of dying from smoking-related illness by approximately __________.50%

          

  69. The definition of mydriasis is __________.pupil dilation

          

  70. Drugs that often lead to the use of other more serious drugs are known as __________ drugs.gateway

          

  71. True or false? There is little or no federal regulation for most herbal remedies.ketamine

          

  72. One of the major costs of marijuana usage is damage to __________.lungs

          

  73. True or false? Smokers who quit at approximately age 30 decrease their risk of premature death from smoking-related issues by greater than 90 percent.methadone

          

  74. The precise CNS effects of consuming marijuana or administering THC can vary according to the __________.lungs

          

  75. The first known record of marijuana use, in the Chinese Book of Drugs, refers to the __________ use of marijuana.medical

          

  76. True or false? Freon administration can cause respiratory damage as a result of sudden cooling of the respiratory tract.True

          

  77. ________ are not open to viewers and are for alcoholics having a serious desire to completely stop drinkingTrue

          

  78. True or false? Club drugs are a new class of illicit drugs used to enhance one's experience at nightclubs and raves, such drugs include LSD, MDMA, GHB, and Ketamine (Special K).True

          

  79. The Family Smoking Prevention and Control Act __________.placing tobacco between the gums and cheek

          

  80. ___________ is a drug used to treat alcoholics that makes individuals violently ill if they consume alcohol.disulfiram

          

  81. Which of the following may be an effect of caffeine withdrawal?ALL THE ABOVE
    A. headaches
    B. decreased alertness
    C. nervousness

          

  82. True or false? Nicotine increases the release of the neurotransmitter, dopamine, in the brain.True

          

  83. Amphetamine and cocaine are classified in which of the following Schedules?2

          

  84. The planned length of stay for residents in therapeutic communities is generally __________.6-12 months

          

  85. What percent of the population uses cold medicines each year?amyl nitrate

          

  86. Which of the following hallucinogenic substances is found in the peyote cactus?mescaline

          

  87. The medical use of marijuana depends on the chemical __________ for relief from the symptoms of illness.THC

          

  88. Snuff dipping is the act of __________.decongestant

          

  89. Which of the following is an opioid agonist?methadone

          

  90. Common OTC allergy and cold products contain which of the following ingredients?A. sympathomimetics
    B. analgesics
    C. antihistamines
    >D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

          

  91. Approximately how much money is spent on OTC medications in the United States each year?650

          

  92. True or false? A negative correlation exists between alcohol use and grades in college, and, as a result, as alcohol consumption increases, grades in college decrease.True

          

  93. The Minnesota model was developed during the _______1950's

          

  94. True or false? Tobacco played a significant role in the successful colonization of the United States.A. tablets
    B. capsules
    C. blotter paper
    >D. ALL OF THE FORMS CAN BE PURCHASED

          

  95. __________ contains the purest form of resin that can have THC levels as high as 28%.Cannabis Sativa

          

  96. As a rule, women are less likely than men to develop severe alcohol dependence; thus, only __________ of all male and female alcoholics in the United States are female.amyl nitrate

          

  97. True or false? Clonidine is used to treat opiate-dependent people.True

          

  98. LSD can be purchased in which of the following forms?illegal methamphetamine

          

  99. Which of the following is not a criterion for a drug to be restricted by prescription?classification of active ingredients (i.e. category 1,2,3)

          

  100. True or false? Anabolic steroids are less likely to benefit athletes involved in sports requiring dexterity and agility, such as baseball and tennis.14-20

          

  101. Which of the following is least likely to be caused by LSD?decreased sympathetic activity

          

  102. Which of the following best describes Ecstasy?drug with stimulant and hallucinogenic effects

          

  103. Suboxone contains __________buprenorphine and naloxone

          

  104. True or false? About 1 million cases of skin cancer in the United States each year are caused by exposure to UV rays.True

          

  105. True or false? Primary prevention is concerned with preventing any drug use before it actually occurs.True

          

  106. Which of the following best describes the legislative act called OBRA '90?decreased sympathetic activity

          

  107. Select the incorrect statement concerning amphetamines.methamphetamine and amphetamine are actually the same drug

          

  108. True or false? The ATLAS program was designed for anabolic abuse prevention and education; its goal is to empower students to make the right decision.amyl nitrate

          

  109. Of the following, which cannot cause hallucinations?methadone

          

  110. True or false? The Addiction Severity Index is used to assess the magnitude of client problems.hyperactive

          

  111. White males between __________ are most likely to commit suicide in the United States.dried mushrooms

          

  112. True or false? Sympathomimetics are frequently used as decongestants in OTC cold medicationscaffeine

          

  113. True or false? Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for developing cancer of the cervix.Mayans

          

  114. __________ is the botanical or scientific term for the hemp plant that is most readily found in North America.comorbidity

          

  115. ________are inpatient treatment facilities that focus on the "resocialization" of the individual and use the program's entire community as important treatment components.disulfiram

          

  116. One research study found that the most effective drug treatment for women included a mutually supportive therapeutic environment that addressed __________.A. psychopathology
    B. a woman's role as a mother
    C. the need for parental education
    >D. ALL THE ABOVE

          

  117. Which of the following best describes the synesthesia caused by hallucinogens?drug with stimulant and hallucinogenic effects

          

  118. The League of Spiritual Discovery used __________ as the sacrament.stimulants

          

  119. True or false? Chronic toluene abuse can cause liver damage.True

          

  120. True or false? Snuffing first became fashionable in France during the reign of King Louis XIII.True

          

  121. The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) focuses on which of the following?A. employment and support
    B. legal status
    C. medical status
    >D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

          

  122. True or false? More deaths are caused each year by tobacco use is greater than HIV, illegal drug use, murders, alcohol use, suicides, and motor vehicle injuries combined.True

          

  123. Which of the following was the first clinical use for amphetamines?Treatment of nasal congestion

          

  124. True or false? Aerosols can cause respiratory injury through exposure to surprisingly high concentrations.True

          

  125. The term speed refers to which of the following?True

          

  126. True or false? Nicotine is a stimulant.True

          

  127. Which of the following categories has the highest amount of binge drinkers?white males

          

  128. True or false? Smokeless tobacco use can lead to nicotine addiction and dependence.true

          

  129. The amphetamine, Ritalin, is used to treat __________.pupil dilation

          

  130. The Marijuana Tax Act classified marijuana incorrectly as a(n) __________.medicinal value

          

  131. Select the incorrect statement regarding nitrites.Nitrates cause vasoconstriction and therefore cause angina

          

  132. Community and neighborhood fall under what category of influential factors?A. tablets
    B. capsules
    C. blotter paper
    >D. ALL OF THE FORMS CAN BE PURCHASED

          

  133. Approximately what percentage of U.S. 8th graders have abused inhalants at least once in their lifetime?A. steroids
    B. cocaine
    C. amphetamines
    >D. ALL OF THESE CAN CAUSE HALLUCINATIONS

          

  134. Which of the following hallucinogens is not considered to be an LSD-type?MDMA

          

  135. A first offense regarding dealing (trafficking) anabolic steroids carries a sentence of __________.5 yrs in prison and a $250,000 fine

          

  136. Which of the following drugs are most likely to be used to treat hypertension?dried mushrooms

          

  137. In addition to peer influences on drug use, what other factor(s) must be taken into account to assess what could be responsible for drug use?A. structural factors
    B. social and interactional factors
    C. attitudinal factors
    D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

          

  138. In Latin America, coca is traditionally seen as __________.BOTH A & B
    A. A desirable substance
    B. A big cash crop

          

  139. Severe depression afflicts what percent of the population at any one time?6-7%

          

  140. During the late 1930s, marijuana was misperceived by the scientific and medical communities as inducing __________.ALL THE ABOVE
    A. the president of the united states
    B. the pope
    c. world royalty

          

  141. How do sympathomimetics relieve nasal congestion associated with colds and allergies?they cause vasoconstriction

          

  142. The recurrence of an earlier drug-induced sensory experience in the absence of the drug is called __________.decrease in heart rate

          

  143. Second-hand smoke __________.contains 250 toxic chemicals

          

  144. In Ganja in Jamaica, authors Rubin and Comitas found that in contrast to popular beliefs about marijuana users in the United States, Jamaican users who constantly used marijuana were __________.1

          

  145. In Europe, coffee was initially used for its __________.medicinal value

          

  146. Users of LSD can experience which of these stages?A. loss of control
    B. heightened exaggerated senses
    C. self-reflection
    >D. ALL THE ABOVE

          

  147. Which of the following best explains how the amphetamines cause their pharmacological effects?crossover of the senses

          

  148. The xanthines are __________.stimulants