Drug Abuse Final 2nd half flashcards |

This is a Free Service provided by Why Fund Inc. (a 501 C3 NonProfit) We thank you for your donation!


(1. Click on the course Study Set you wish to learn.) (2. If you wish you can click on "Print" and print the test page.) (3. When you want to take a test...click on anyone of the tests for that Study Set.) (4. Click on "Check Answers" and it will score your test and correct your answers.) (5. You can take all the tests as many times as you choose until you get an "A"!) (6. Automated college courses created from lecture notes, class exams, text books, reading materials from many colleges and universities.)

๎„?

Long-Term Learning

Learn efficiently and remember over time.

Start Long-Term Learning

Get personalized study reminders at intervals optimized for better retention.
Track your progress on this set by creating a folder

Select the incorrect statement concerning amphetamines.

methamphetamine and amphetamine are actually the same drug

Anorexiants are drugs that __________.

suppress appetite

Which of the following best explains how the amphetamines cause their pharmacological effects?

They cause release of the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin in the brain

In Latin America, coca is traditionally seen as __________.

BOTH A & B
A. A desirable substance
B. A big cash crop

Which of the following best describes Ecstasy?

drug with stimulant and hallucinogenic effects

Select the incorrect statement concerning Ecstasy.

Its most pronounced effects are on the dopamine system

Pseudoephedrine is a __________.

decongestant

Which of the following is not an effect of the amphetamines?

decrease in heart rate

__________ of cocaine allows an intense but short-lived high, causing severe side effects and dependence.

Intravenous administration

The amphetamine, Ritalin, is used to treat __________.

hyperactive

Approximately how much amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) is manufacture globally each year (in metric tons)?

650

Amphetamine and cocaine are classified in which of the following Schedules?

2

Which of the following is the most frequently used CNS stimulant in the world?

caffeine

Which of the following was the first clinical use for amphetamines?

Treatment of nasal congestion

In Europe, coffee was initially used for its __________.

medicinal value

Ecstasy is classified in which of the following Schedules?

1

In the late 1800s, a wine containing cocaine was endorsed by __________.

ALL THE ABOVE
A. the president of the united states
B. the pope
c. world royalty

The xanthines are __________.

stimulants

Which of the following may be an effect of caffeine withdrawal?

ALL THE ABOVE
A. headaches
B. decreased alertness
C. nervousness

The term speed refers to which of the following?

illegal methamphetamine

Which of the following is least likely to be caused by the consumption of caffeine?

improving learning abilities even as an alert person

Cocaine production __________ in Colombia during 2000-2008.

significantly declined

The CNS effects of caffeine are most pronounced in a person who is __________.

tired

The __________ regarded tobacco smoke as divine incense that would bring rain in the dry season.

Mayans

True or false? Smokeless tobacco use can lead to nicotine addiction and dependence.

true

True or false? Nicotine is a stimulant.

True

True or false? Smokers who quit at approximately age 30 decrease their risk of premature death from smoking-related issues by greater than 90 percent.

True

The first European to inhale tobacco smoke was probably __________.

Rodrig de Jerez

True or false? Tobacco played a significant role in the successful colonization of the United States.

True

True or false? Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for developing cancer of the cervix.

True

People who stop smoking before age 50 reduce their risk of dying from smoking-related illness by approximately __________.

50%

Second-hand smoke __________.

contains 250 toxic chemicals

The Family Smoking Prevention and Control Act __________.

gave the FDA the ability to regulate marketing and promotion of tobacco products

Snuff dipping is the act of __________.

placing tobacco between the gums and cheek

True or false? The Family Smoking, Prevention and Control Act gave the FDA the authority to set and enforce standards for tobacco products ingredients and design

True

True or false? Nicotine increases the release of the neurotransmitter, dopamine, in the brain.

True

True or false? Snuffing first became fashionable in France during the reign of King Louis XIII.

True

True or false? More deaths are caused each year by tobacco use is greater than HIV, illegal drug use, murders, alcohol use, suicides, and motor vehicle injuries combined.

True

Hallucinogens most likely exert their effects by altering which of the following transmitter systems?

serotonin

Which of the following statements concerning PCP toxicity is incorrect?

>A. THERE ARE SPECIFIC ANTAGONISTS AVAILABLE TO TREAT ACUTE OVERDOSES OF PCP
b. long term use can cause vague cravings after cessation of PCP uses
c. valium is often used to sedate the agitation caused by PCP
d. diagnosis of a PCP toxicity is frequently missed because the symptoms closely resemble an acute schizophrenic episode

The League of Spiritual Discovery used __________ as the sacrament.

LSD

Users of LSD can experience which of these stages?

A. loss of control
B. heightened exaggerated senses
C. self-reflection
>D. ALL THE ABOVE

Drugs with similar structures are called __________.

analogs

The recurrence of an earlier drug-induced sensory experience in the absence of the drug is called __________.

flashback

Of the following, which cannot cause hallucinations?

A. steroids
B. cocaine
C. amphetamines
>D. ALL OF THESE CAN CAUSE HALLUCINATIONS

Select the incorrect statement concerning anticholinergic hallucinogens.

>A. THESE DRUGS TEND TO STIMULATE SALIVATION
B. In ancient societies these drugs were used as poisons for assassinations
C. these drugs are found in many plants that belong to the potato family
D. they work by blocking the activity of the acetycholine receptor

Which of the following is least likely to be caused by phencyclidine?

A. general anesthesia
B. generalized numbness at low doses
C. REDUCED ACTIVITY OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
D. delirium and psychotic behavior

Which of the following drugs is most like PCP?

ketamine

Which of the following is most likely to contain psilocybin?

dried mushrooms

Which of the following best describes the synesthesia caused by hallucinogens?

crossover of the senses

Which of the following is least likely to be caused by LSD?

decreased sympathetic activity

Select the incorrect statement

>A. LARGE DOSES OF LSD ARE REQUIRED TO HAVE AN EFFECT
B. LSD is sometimes administered by squares of blotter paper
C. LSD administration activates the sympathetic nervous system
D. LSD is usually taken by mouth

Which of the following hallucinogens is not considered to be an LSD-type?

MDMA

Which of the following hallucinogenic substances is found in the peyote cactus?

mescaline

Which of the following is not considered to be a type of LSD-related flashback?

the sanity trip

LSD can be purchased in which of the following forms?

A. tablets
B. capsules
C. blotter paper
>D. ALL OF THE FORMS CAN BE PURCHASED

The definition of mydriasis is __________.

pupil dilation

When LSD is taken orally, what percentage of the total dose reaches the brain?

1%

Which of the following is referred to as the "love drug"?

MDA

__________ is the botanical or scientific term for the hemp plant that is most readily found in North America.

Cannabis Sativa

Drugs that often lead to the use of other more serious drugs are known as __________ drugs.

gateway

The Marijuana Tax Act classified marijuana incorrectly as a(n) __________.

narcotic

One of the major costs of marijuana usage is damage to __________.

lungs

In referring to cannabis, the term dioecious means that __________.

there are both male and female plants

The medical use of marijuana depends on the chemical __________ for relief from the symptoms of illness.

THC

__________ refers to the process of leaving drug using groups and behaviors behind as one grows older and takes on more socially acceptable responsibilities.

maturing out

The precise CNS effects of consuming marijuana or administering THC can vary according to the __________.

A. expectations of the user
B. social setting
C. route of administration
>D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

Hemp refers to __________.

the woody fibers of the stem that can be used to produce cloth or rope

In Ganja in Jamaica, authors Rubin and Comitas found that in contrast to popular beliefs about marijuana users in the United States, Jamaican users who constantly used marijuana were __________.

extremely diligent and hard working

In addition to peer influences on drug use, what other factor(s) must be taken into account to assess what could be responsible for drug use?

A. structural factors
B. social and interactional factors
C. attitudinal factors
D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

Which drug would most likely be classified as a major gateway drug?

Alcohol

A type of marijuana that literally means "without seeds" is known as __________.

sinsemilla

Community and neighborhood fall under what category of influential factors?

setting

__________ contains the purest form of resin that can have THC levels as high as 28%.

Hashish

When asked about peer drug use, college students' perceptions are often the most __________.

overestimated

Having used an illicit substance during the past month is defined a __________.

current drug use

The first known record of marijuana use, in the Chinese Book of Drugs, refers to the __________ use of marijuana.

medical

During the late 1930s, marijuana was misperceived by the scientific and medical communities as inducing __________.

acts of sexual excitement and violence

Research indicates that if one's peer group does not use drugs, it is likely that other individuals in the peer group will __________.

not use drugs

According to the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, the age cohort reporting the highest lifetime use of marijuana was __________ years of age.

18-25

Age, gender, family background, and religion fall under what category of influential factors?

structural

True or false? Aerosols can cause respiratory injury through exposure to surprisingly high concentrations.

True

Which of the following is (are) a side effect(s) associated with inhalant abuse?

A . Nausea
B. slurred speech
C. Nose bleeds
>D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

True or false? Freon administration can cause respiratory damage as a result of sudden cooling of the respiratory tract.

True

Select the incorrect statement regarding nitrites.

Nitrates cause vasoconstriction and therefore cause angina

Which of the following inhalants is used as an anesthetic?

nitrous oxide

Which of the following is a refrigerant that can cause freeze injury upon inhalation?

freon

Which of the following is commonly referred to as "laughing gas?"

nitrous oxide

Which of the following has been used to treat angina?

amyl nitrate

A chemical is classified as being volatile if it is __________.

readily evaporated at room temperature

Approximately what percentage of U.S. 8th graders have abused inhalants at least once in their lifetime?

15%

True or false? Chronic toluene abuse can cause liver damage.

True

True or false? "Huffing" is a practice of inhaling volatile solvents from old rags soaked in the solvent fluid and held in the mouth.

True

True or false? Inhalants tend to be fat-soluble and therefore readily retained in lipid-rich vital organs.

True

True or false? There is little or no federal regulation for most herbal remedies.

True

True or false? Sympathomimetics are frequently used as decongestants in OTC cold medications

True

Which of the following best describes the legislative act called OBRA '90?

Laws requiring pharmacists to give patients necessary information

Approximately how much money is spent on OTC medications in the United States each year?

18 billion

True or false? About 1 million cases of skin cancer in the United States each year are caused by exposure to UV rays.

True

Common OTC allergy and cold products contain which of the following ingredients?

A. sympathomimetics
B. analgesics
C. antihistamines
>D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

Which of the following is not a criterion for a drug to be restricted by prescription?

intended to treat self-limiting diseases

How do sympathomimetics relieve nasal congestion associated with colds and allergies?

they cause vasoconstriction

Severe depression afflicts what percent of the population at any one time?

6-7%

Which of the following is not required by the FDA to be included on OTC drug labels?

classification of active ingredients (i.e. category 1,2,3)

True or false? Drug costs approach 15% of overall health spending in the United States.

True

What percent of the population uses cold medicines each year?

50%

Which of the following health professionals do not have any prescription-writing privileges?

chiropractors

Which of the following drugs are most likely to be used to treat hypertension?

diuretics and vasodilators

Which of the following best describes the antiulcer effects of drugs like Tagamet and Zantac?

they block gastric secretions

Compared with adults who abuse drugs, adolescents are more likely to __________.

A. Be involved in criminal activity
B. be associated with a dysfunctional family
C. have begun using out of curiosity or peer pressure
>D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

Which of the following categories has the highest amount of binge drinkers?

white males

True or false? Anabolic steroids are less likely to benefit athletes involved in sports requiring dexterity and agility, such as baseball and tennis.

True

Young adults ages 18 to 25 are most likely to binge or drink heavily; __________ of the drinkers in this age group binge and approximately __________ in four are heavy drinkers.

54%; one

True or false? Regarding recent HIV cases, 29% result from intravenous drug use and the sharing of needles.

True

What factor is attributed to why women today find smoking attractive?

A. Women believe is a status symbol
B. Women believe it helps reduce weight
C. Women believe it helps reduce stress
>D. BOTH B &C

White males between __________ are most likely to commit suicide in the United States.

14-20

True or false? Club drugs are a class of illicit drugs used to enhance one's experience at nightclubs and raves, such drugs include LSD, MDMA, GHB, and Ketamine (Special K).

True

Full-blown AIDS can take __________ years to show up after the initial infection

10-12

One research study found that the most effective drug treatment for women included a mutually supportive therapeutic environment that addressed __________.

A. psychopathology
B. a woman's role as a mother
C. the need for parental education
>D. ALL THE ABOVE

As a rule, women are less likely than men to develop severe alcohol dependence; thus, only __________ of all male and female alcoholics in the United States are female.

25%

Athletes' motivation, the level of competition, the type of sport, and the ________ are the key factors in determining the probability of using anabolic steroids.

pressure for winning

True or false? Primary prevention is concerned with preventing any drug use before it actually occurs.

True

Viewing a group and its members as an observer or looking at a group from a distance is the definition for the term __________.

outsider

True or false? A negative correlation exists between alcohol use and grades in college, and, as a result, as alcohol consumption increases, grades in college decrease.

True

Children often join gangs because of __________.

low self-esteem

True or false? Gang members often use slang to create group loyalty and camaraderie.

True

In which of the following ways can someone not be infected with HIV?

saliva

A first offense regarding dealing (trafficking) anabolic steroids carries a sentence of __________.

5 yrs in prison and a $250,000 fine

Illicit steroids are usually __________.

A, smuggled from abroad
B. produced in the U.S. legally and then diverted to illegal channels
C. produced illegally in the U.S. in hidden (clandestine) laboratories
>D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

True or false? The ATLAS program was designed for anabolic abuse prevention and education; its goal is to empower students to make the right decision.

True

__________ is a condition in which two or more illnesses occur in the same person.

comorbidity

________are inpatient treatment facilities that focus on the "resocialization" of the individual and use the program's entire community as important treatment components.

therapeutic communities

True or false? As a consequence of the Drug Addiction Treatment Act of 2000, suboxone can now be prescribed in an office setting to treat substance abuse.

True

Which of the following was approved by the FDA for treatment of opiate dependence?

Subutex and Suboxone

True or false? Closed meetings of Alcoholics Anonymous are for alcoholics having a serious desire to completely stop drinking.

True

True or false? The Addiction Severity Index is used to assess the magnitude of client problems.

True

Clonidine __________.

is not addictive

The Minnesota model was developed during the _______

1950's

The planned length of stay for residents in therapeutic communities is generally __________.

6-12 months

___________ is a drug used to treat alcoholics that makes individuals violently ill if they consume alcohol.

disulfiram

Medical detoxification __________.

A. can be a medical necessity
B. is a precursor to treatment
C. does not typically produce lasting behavioral changes
>D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) focuses on which of the following?

A. employment and support
B. legal status
C. medical status
>D. ALL OF THE ABOVE

Suboxone contains __________

buprenorphine and naloxone

True or false? Acamprosate is used to treat individuals who are alcohol-dependent.

True

True or false? Clonidine is used to treat opiate-dependent people.

True

________ are not open to viewers and are for alcoholics having a serious desire to completely stop drinking

Closed meetings

True or false? No single treatment for addiction is appropriate for all users.

True

Which of the following is an opioid agonist?

methadone

Please allow access to your computerโ€™s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

๎€˜
๎€—

We canโ€™t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

๎€ 
Voice Recording

This is a Plus feature

๎€ 

๎€ 
๎€‚ Create Study Set