D&S Ch07 flashcards |

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Coffee is not effective in "sobering up" the individual with a hangover.

True

Alcohol is associated with more than 100,000 deaths each year in the United States.

True

Alcohol is a psychoactive substance because it depresses brain activity

True

The third stage of alcohol-induced liver disease is not reversible

True

Although an alcoholic may metabolize alcohol more rapidly than a nonalcoholic, the alcohol toxicity level of alcohol stays the same.

True

The process of making alcohol, called fermentation, is a synthetic one.

False

Alcohol diminishes the effective functioning of the blood-building system

True

Ninety proof whiskey has a 45% alcohol content

True

The invention of the still has greatly increased the problem of alcohol abuse

True

As a general rule, females experience more effects from a given dose of alcohol than do males

True

Alcohol is a chemical structure has a hydroxyl group attached to a carbon atom

True

Effects of alcohol frequently result in multiple illnesses and accidents, violence, crime

True

The symptoms of a hangover are usually most severe an hour after drinking, and diminish as the alcohol leaves the body

False

The BAC directly measures the concentration of alcohol in the brain

False

Five percent is the natural limit of alcohol found in fermented wines or beets

False

The third stage of alcohol-induced liver disease is not reversible

True

Every part of the brain and nervous system is affected and can be damaged by alcohol

True

Generally, the more food in the stomach the greater the absorption rate of alcohol

False

Sometimes in their lives, almost 80% of all Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related traffic accident

False

Alcohol at 70% concentration is actually an effective bactericide, but not recommended for use on open wounds

True

It is thought that malnutrition exaggerates the damage alcohol can do to the body's organs

True

Behavioral tolerance is due to changes in the manner in which alcohol affects the body

False

The tolerance developed to alcohol is comparable to that of barbiturates

True

Using other types of drugs with alcohol is called polydrug use

True

The effects of a low dose of alcohol are more likely to be influenced by the environment that effects of high doses

True

A safe level of alcohol a pregnant woman can consume has not been established

True

Alcohol is the leading cause of premature death in America

False

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