D&S CH17 flashcards |

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Family-based programs aim to reach children and their families at each stage of their development.

T

Drug users tend to have very similar exposures to drugs as well as past histories that have shaped their behavior.

F

Approximately 159,000 of today's first-year college students will drop out of school next year because of alcohol and other drug-related problems.

T

In junior high, one educational goal of a drug prevention program should be to inform students about the aspects of family drug use.

T

The awareness model of drug prevention focuses on building up one's self-esteem and boosting self-confidence

F

In senior high, responsible use of medications, legal versus illegal drugs, drinking and driving, and "binge" drinking are educational goals of a drug prevention program.

T

Consistent supervision or monitoring a child often breaks the bond between parent and child.

F

BACCHUS is a high school organization whose focus is on the rising abuse of alcohol

F

Regulating legislation regarding the sale of alcohol and tobacco to minors is one community-based strategy that might help change the legal and social environment regarding alcohol and tobacco usage by young people.

T

The goal of drug courts is to make the accused drug user fearful of law enforcement by lengthy prison sentences.

F

Potential factors that influence alcohol and other drug use do not include genetics and marketing of alcohol.

F

Major problems on college campuses that result from drug use and abuse include: property damage, poor academic performance, and the transmission of STDs.

T

In 1997, only 35 states certified drug prevention specialists

F

In a drug prevention program, you must first convey the simple fact that drug use is bad behavior and a sign of immaturity.

F

Research has shown that families can protect those children who are a high risk of drug use and abuse through effective family management and teaching appropriate social skills that focus on resisting social pressures.

T

When compared to drug users convicted in the criminal justice system, there appears to be no real difference in re-arrest rates of drug court citizens.

F

D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) is a drug education program presented in elementary and junior high schools nationwide by police officers.

T

AOD refers to all other drugs

F

In the alternatives approach, many assume that people abuse drugs voluntarily to fill a need or basic drive

T

It is important for role models, counselors, teachers, and anyone involved in drug prevention programs to take into account that there are several different types of drug users

T

The central tenet or belief of social ecology is that individual behavior is mainly a result of socialization; to change behavior, we must therefore change the social institutions.

T

The awareness model of drug prevention focuses on building up one's self-esteem and boosting self-confidence.

F

AOD refers to alcohol and other drugs.

T

Primary drug prevention programs are primarily designed to treat or "cure" already existing problems.

F

For younger adolescents, drug prevention programs are most effective when they: (1) provide information, (2) scare potential users and abusers away from drugs, and (3) vilify existing drug users.

F

The D.A.R.E. program is on the rise incorporating more and more districts.

F

In the alternatives approach, many assume that people abuse drugs voluntarily to fill a need or basic drive.

T

D.A.R.E. has not yielded any measurable or significant changes in drug use in long-term studies

T

The social influences model has been shown to work best when it is introduced in junior high, with refresher courses about every 2 years.

T

To date, the D.A.R.E. program reaches about 9 million students and adults a year, and the program has not yielded a measurable, significant change in drug use.

F

It is important for role models, counselors, teachers, and anyone involved in drug prevention programs to take into account that there are several different types of drug users.

T

In the United States, very few drug prevention programs have demonstrated clear success or have satisfactorily and objectively performed self-evaluations

T

The information-only approach provides individuals with only the extreme negative aspects of drug use/abuse.

F

Secondary drug prevention programs (similar to early intervention) involve targeting at-risk groups, experimenter, and early abuse populations to reverse the progression of abusive behaviors, similar to "early intervention."

...

One night of heavy drinking can impair a person's ability to think abstractly for up to 59 days

F

When compared to drug users convicted in the criminal justice system, there appears to be no real difference in re-arrest rates of drug court citizens

F

Drug courts were designed with the main goal of diverting substance abusers into treatment centers instead of prison to eliminate their destructive behaviors

T

Drug users tend to have very similar exposures to drugs as well as past histories that have shaped their behavior

F

In a drug prevention program, you must first convey the simple fact that drug use is bad behavior and a sign of immaturity

F

It has been suggested that people have an innate need to alter their conscious state, which ahs been observed in preschoolers whom deliberately whirl them selves in circles until they become dizzy

T

Family-based programs aim to reach children and their families at each of their development

T

Drug education is relatively approach to drug prevention

F

Major problems on college campuses that result from drug use and abuse include: property damage, poor academic performance, and the transmission of STDs

T

Almost one-third of college students admit to having missed at least one class because of alcohol or drug use

T

Potential factors that influence alcohol and other drug use do not include genetics and marketing of alcohol

F

The cost of an individual participating in drug ranges from $1200 to $3500, while it would cost $5000 to incarcerate that same defendant

T

Providing information on the harmful effects of drugs has little effect on people's actions and/or habits.

T

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