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40 Multiple choice questions

  1. the value of the universal gas constant (with units)
  2. the most abundant gas in earth's atmosphere
  3. term for the pressure due only to a gas itself
  4. law that states that at a given temperature and pressure, two gases of the same volume have the same number of molecules
  5. term for the difference in height between the columns of an open-ended manometer
  6. term for the pressure that will support a mercury column exactly 460 mm tall at 0 degrees C
  7. formula for Charles's Law
  8. Give standard atmospheric pressure in atm, mm Hg, and torr, respectively.
  9. preferred instrument that measures atmospheric pressure using mercury
  10. type of relationship in which one quantity increases and another increases by the same factor
  11. According to the principle of continuity, a fluid funneled into a _____ channel gains _____.
  12. term for a simple device for transferring liquid from a higher container to a lower container
  13. instrument that measures atmospheric pressure without mercury and is widely used
  14. Is the principle of "horror vacui" true?
  15. the ancient scientific principle that states that a vacuum is impossible to create because nature immediately fills any empty space with the nearest matter it can find
  16. scientist credited with inventing the first barometer
  17. Gases and liquids are both ____-- that is, they both flow.
  18. term for any device that transports air or that is driven by air pressure
  19. law that states that at a constant temperature the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to its pressure
  20. principle that states that lateral pressure decreases as the rate of flow increases
  21. term for any object with surfaces designed to create lift into the air
  22. term for gravity's pull on air molecules
  23. Christian physicist and philosopher who discovered that there was a lower column of mercury in a barometer at a higher elevation
  24. Greek philosopher who taught "horror vacui"
  25. equation for the combined gas law
  26. unit that represents approximately 6.022 x 10^23 molecules
  27. How can one find absolute pressure using the gauge pressure from a manometer?
  28. letter that represents the universal gas constant
  29. Fluid that is caught up and carried along by a fluid stream nearby is said to be _____.
  30. equation for Boyles's Law
  31. pressure gauge that measures atmospheric pressure by comparing it to the pressure of a gas under investigation
  32. law that states that at constant pressure, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature
  33. term for temperature expressed in Kelvin
  34. term for the pressure created when air molecules hit each other and any surface exposed to them
  35. principle that states that the weight lost by an object suspended in a fluid equals the weight of the displaced fluid
  36. True or False: Air has weight.
  37. the lowest temperature at which matter can exist
  38. formula for the ideal gas law
  39. type of relationship in which on quantity increases as another decreases
  40. term for the total absence of air or any other matter