27 True/False questions

equilibrium → If no energy tranfer (either in the form of heat or work) is ocurring among them, a system of bodies is at _____.

reversible process → term for a process that can be reversed to regain the original quantities

system → True or False: Work produces heat.

entropy → According to the second law of thermodynamics, in an isolated system, the direction of spontaneous change is always toward greater ____.

irreversible process → term for a process that cannot be reversed after equilibrium is established to restore each quantity to its original value

thermal equilibrium → If no energy tranfer (either in the form of heat or work) is ocurring among them, a system of bodies is at _____.

disorder (entropy), energy → term for the total molecular energy content of a physical system

adiabatic → Energy leaving a system is _____ (positive, negative).

isolated system → term for a system that can exchange both mass and energy

energy, heat, work → According the the first law of thermodynamics, the change in internal _____ of a system equals the ___ added the the system minus the ____ that the system does on the surroundings.

entropy → term for energy transfer caused by a force operating over a distance

False → True or False: Work produces heat.

open system → term for any body or collection of bodies that can exchange energy with the surroundings

isothermal → When the temperature of a gas is unchanged by compression, the compression is said to be ______.

work → term for the energy that passses from one body to another

False → Apart from Q and W, a system for the first law of thermodynamics is assumed to be ____.

PV = nRT → the ideal gas law

4.184 → term for the energy that passses from one body to another

negative → Energy entering a system is _____ (positive, negative).

internal energy → term for the total molecular energy content of a physical system

positive → Energy leaving a system is _____ (positive, negative).

heat → term for the energy that passses from one body to another

thermal energy → term for the total molecular energy content of a physical system

closed → Apart from Q and W, a system for the first law of thermodynamics is assumed to be ____.

mechanical equivalent of heat → term for the point at which two objects have the same thermal energy and no heat is transferred between them

surroundings → term for anything outside a system

thermodynamics → term for the study of the relationship between heat and work