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27 Multiple choice questions

  1. term for the energy that passses from one body to another
  2. term for the kinetic energy of particles as they vibrate or rush about
  3. term for the amount of work equal to a unit of heat
  4. According to the second law of thermodynamics, in an isolated system, the direction of spontaneous change is always toward greater ____.
  5. term for any body or collection of bodies that can exchange energy with the surroundings
  6. term for the point at which two objects have the same thermal energy and no heat is transferred between them
  7. term for a closed system where not only can no mass cross the boundary, but also no energy can cross the boundary between the system and its surroundings
  8. A system always tends towards greater ____ and lower ____.
  9. I calorie = ____ Joules
  10. term for the total molecular energy content of a physical system
  11. According the the first law of thermodynamics, the change in internal _____ of a system equals the ___ added the the system minus the ____ that the system does on the surroundings.
  12. If no heat enters or leaves a system while its internal energy is changing, the process is _____.
  13. Energy leaving a system is _____ (positive, negative).
  14. the ideal gas law
  15. When the temperature of a gas is unchanged by compression, the compression is said to be ______.
  16. term for energy transfer caused by a force operating over a distance
  17. term for a process that cannot be reversed after equilibrium is established to restore each quantity to its original value
  18. term for a system that can exchange both mass and energy
  19. True or False: Work produces heat.
  20. True or False: A system is required to exchange energy.
  21. Apart from Q and W, a system for the first law of thermodynamics is assumed to be ____.
  22. term for a measure of disorder
  23. term for anything outside a system
  24. term for a process that can be reversed to regain the original quantities
  25. If no energy tranfer (either in the form of heat or work) is ocurring among them, a system of bodies is at _____.
  26. term for the study of the relationship between heat and work
  27. Energy entering a system is _____ (positive, negative).