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47 Multiple choice questions

  1. term for the expansion along any line through a solid
  2. term for the state in which who objects are the same temperature
  3. True or False: Heat causes greater expansion of liquids than of solids.
  4. term for the process of measuring temperature
  5. term for a liquid changing into a solid
  6. term for the transfer of heat energy from one part of a body to another
  7. term for a liquid changing into a gas
  8. term for a solid changing into a liquid
  9. German physicist who invented the mercury thermometer in 1714
  10. term for instruments that measure temperature
  11. term for the transfer of internal energy from one object to another
  12. the method of heat tranfer in which heat is carried by moving material
  13. great nineteenth century physicist who devised the Kelvin scale of temperature
  14. absolute zero in degrees Celsius
  15. equation for the law of heat exchange
  16. the ice point on the Kelvin scale
  17. When the temperature of a gas rises one degree Celsius, the gas expands by about ___ of its volume at 0 degrees Celsius.
  18. term for the amount of heat transferred from one end of a segment to the other per unit time
  19. term for the heat required to raise the temperature of a unit mass by one degree
  20. In general, it takes about __ calorie(s) to raise a gram of water one degree Celsius.
  21. Because heat is released spontaneously by a freezing liquid, freezing is a(n) _____ process.
  22. term for the temperature at which the three phases of water achieve equilibrium
  23. the three methods of heat tranfer
  24. the method of heat transfer in which agitated motion is transmitted between molecules in contact with each other
  25. the ice point on the Celsius scale
  26. term for a gas changing into a liquid (the opposite of vaporization)
  27. term for the constant of proportionality, k
  28. a common unit of heat
  29. pressure and temperature of the triple point of water
  30. True or False: Heat always moves from a hotter object to a cooler object.
  31. term for a material that does not conduct heat efficiently
  32. the metric unit of heat
  33. term for the amount of energy a liquid absorbs at its boiling point to change into a gas
  34. term for a material that conducts heat efficiently
  35. the method of heat transfer in which a body at high temperature emits radiation that falls upon another body
  36. term for the heat that must be absorbed per gram to melt a solid
  37. When its temperature rises, a solid ____ in every direction.
  38. term for the heat required to raise a body's temperature by one degree
  39. Since a solid will not actually enter the liquid phase unless heat is supplied by an external source at the melting point, melting is a(n) _____ process.
  40. term for the measure of an object's molecular kinetic energy and molecular potential energy
  41. One calorie equals ___ Joule(s).
  42. term for the lowest obtainable temperature at which all gases should vanish
  43. letter that represents the coefficient of linear expansion
  44. term for an insulated container in which scientists mix two substances
  45. The Kelvin scale of temperature is called a(n) ____ ____ because its lowest possible temperature has the value of 0 K.
  46. term for the use of a calorimeter to meaure the equilibrium temperature of a mixture
  47. the standard termperature scale employed for scientific purposes