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43 Multiple choice questions

  1. an example of a dissipative force
  2. term for the capacity to do work
  3. the kinetic energy equation
  4. term for the equation describing the relationship between work and energy
  5. term for the product of an object's mass and velocity
  6. abbreviation for potential energy
  7. equation for Hooke's law
  8. The longer a constant force is applied to an object of constant mass, the greater the ____ ____.
  9. The work done in moving an object restrained by a conservative force depends only on the initial and final _______ of the object; the work does not depend on the ____ taken.
  10. When the net force acting on a system is zero, the momentum of the whole system _____ _____.
  11. Is momentum a vector quantity or a scalar quantity?
  12. term for energy of motion
  13. Kinetic energy is equal to the _____ work that one object can do on another while coming to a ____.
  14. For any object under the influence of a conservative force, _____ ____ is easily defined.
  15. two examples of a conservative force
  16. True or False: Energy is conserved even where a nonconservative force like friction is operating.
  17. True or False: There are a few known exceptions to the law of conservation of energy.
  18. law that says that energy can be transformed from one kind to another but cannot be created or destroyed
  19. term for a force that undergoes the same energy change regardless of its path
  20. term for a vector in the same direction as the applied force; found by multiplying force by time
  21. Kinetic energy is equal in magnitude to the _____ work required for one object to be _____ by another.
  22. True or False: Most collisions are inelastic.
  23. An object in the vicinity of the earth has ______ potential energy as a result of being under the influence of gravity.
  24. The kinetic energy equation assumes that the object is ____ and has undergone _____ acceleration from rest.
  25. Newton's first law states that any material object has ____.
  26. an example of a nonconservative force
  27. term for energy due to movement and position
  28. term for a force whose energy change varies according to the length of its path
  29. Newton's second law says that force is equal to the time rate of change in _____.
  30. law that can predict the exact outcome of a collision
  31. law that states that the total mechanical energy of a system is constant
  32. term for a force that causes an interacting system to lose energy in the form of heat which is absorbed by the environment
  33. If two objects are to be accelerated to the same velocity in the same time, the required force depends on their ____.
  34. term for the energy an object acquires when it is exposed to a force
  35. In a system where the motions of individual bodies are governed solely by a conservative force, the total kinetic and potential energy of the system is _____.
  36. term for an internal restorative force
  37. True or False: Inertia conserves velocity in a system of objects.
  38. law which states that when the net force acting on a system is zero, the momentum of the whole system remains constant
  39. term for a collision in which energy of motion may be transferred from one object to another, but remains energy of motion
  40. _______ work is done when a force is applied in the direction of motion.
  41. As a ball is thrown up into the air, its ____ energy is converted to ____ energy.
  42. _______ work is done when a force is applied in the direction opposite to motion.
  43. A negative sign indicates that the force is ____ to motion.