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23 True/False questions

  1. DysmenorrheaPainful menstruation.

          

  2. Non-Exercise Activity Thermogenesis (NEAT)Spontaneous physical activity such as tapping feet and moving hands.

          

  3. Thyroid HormonePainful menstruation.

          

  4. Thermic Effect Of Feeding (TEF)The process of heat production in the body.

          

  5. Exercise ActivityPhysical movement performed in structured sessions.

          

  6. Bomb CalorimeterA rigid vessel used for measuring heat of combustion.

          

  7. Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)Level of energy required to sustain the body's vital functions at rest.

          

  8. Indirect CalorimetryDirect measurement of heat output by the body; used an a index of energy expenditure. Performed in an air-tight chamber.

          

  9. Calorie (Small Calorie)Amount of energy required to raise one kilogram of water by 1 degree Celsius; equal to 4184 Joules.

          

  10. Fast-Twitch Muscle FibersMuscle fibers, characterized by fewer mitochondria and capillaries, which contract quickly and with relatively more force, yet fatigue more quickly than slow-twitch fibers; includes subgroups.

          

  11. Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR)Level of energy required to sustain the body's vital functions at rest.

          

  12. JouleUsed to express food energy; represents a Calorie.

          

  13. Respiratory Quotient (R/Q)Level of energy required to sustain the body's vital functions at rest.

          

  14. Calorie (Large Calorie)Amount of energy required to raise the temperature of one gram of water by 1 degree Celsius. Equal to 4.184 joules.

          

  15. Potential EnergyEnergy generated by motion; work.

          

  16. Energy ImbalanceCompound that when placed in a solution becomes an ion; regulates flow in and out of cells.

          

  17. AmenorrheaPainful menstruation.

          

  18. ElectrolyteCompound that when placed in a solution becomes an ion; regulates flow in and out of cells.

          

  19. Slow-Twitch Muscle FibersMuscle fibers, rich in mitochondria and dense with capillaries, which are able to repeatedly contract for extended periods of time.

          

  20. Kinetic EnergyEnergy stored within a physical system and has the potential to be converted into work.

          

  21. Direct CalorimetryDirect measurement of heat output by the body; used an a index of energy expenditure. Performed in an air-tight chamber.

          

  22. kcalUsed to express food energy; represents a Calorie.

          

  23. ThermogenesisThe process of heat production in the body.