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  1. Indirect Calorimetry
  2. Slow-Twitch Muscle Fibers
  3. Energy Imbalance
  4. Non-Exercise Activity Thermogenesis (NEAT)
  5. Amenorrhea
  6. Bomb Calorimeter
  7. Joule
  8. Respiratory Quotient (R/Q)
  9. Thermogenesis
  10. Direct Calorimetry
  11. Thermic Effect Of Feeding (TEF)
  12. Electrolyte
  13. Kinetic Energy
  14. Dysmenorrhea
  15. Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR)
  16. Exercise Activity
  17. Calorie (Small Calorie)
  18. Thyroid Hormone
  19. kcal
  20. Fast-Twitch Muscle Fibers
  21. Calorie (Large Calorie)
  22. Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
  23. Potential Energy
  1. a Estimation of energy expenditures via the measurement of oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production. Obtained though mouthpiece and nose clip.
  2. b Rate of the volume of carbon dioxide expired to the volume of oxygen consumed in a given period of time, indicative of the substrates being used.
  3. c The process of heat production in the body.
  4. d Energy stored within a physical system and has the potential to be converted into work.
  5. e Direct measurement of heat output by the body; used an a index of energy expenditure. Performed in an air-tight chamber.
  6. f When the amount of energy doesn't meet, or exceeds, the energy output.
  7. g Painful menstruation.
  8. h Level of energy required to sustain the body's vital functions in the waking state. The number of calories required to sustain life without movement or digestive activity.
  9. i Level of energy required to sustain the body's vital functions at rest.
  10. j Physical movement performed in structured sessions.
  11. k Amount of energy required to raise one kilogram of water by 1 degree Celsius; equal to 4184 Joules.
  12. l Compound that when placed in a solution becomes an ion; regulates flow in and out of cells.
  13. m Used to express food energy; represents a Calorie.
  14. n Energy generated by motion; work.
  15. o Muscle fibers, rich in mitochondria and dense with capillaries, which are able to repeatedly contract for extended periods of time.
  16. p Unit of energy; 4 joules equal 1 calorie.
  17. q Amount of energy required to raise the temperature of one gram of water by 1 degree Celsius. Equal to 4.184 joules.
  18. r A rigid vessel used for measuring heat of combustion.
  19. s Muscle fibers, characterized by fewer mitochondria and capillaries, which contract quickly and with relatively more force, yet fatigue more quickly than slow-twitch fibers; includes subgroups.
  20. t One of a group of metabolically active hormones stored in the thyroid gland
  21. u Metabolic response to the digestion of food and the uptake of nutrients in the blood.
  22. v Abnormal suppression or absence of menstruation.
  23. w Spontaneous physical activity such as tapping feet and moving hands.