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  1. Lysosomes
  2. Hormone
  3. Metabolism
  4. Muscle Tissues
  5. Co-Factor
  6. Organelle
  7. Mitochondrial Density
  8. Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)
  9. Phospholipid
  10. Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
  11. Mitochondria
  12. Genetic Polymorphism
  13. Endoplasmic Reticulum
  14. Connective Tissue
  15. Vesicle
  16. DNA
  17. Receptor-Ligand-Binding Complex
  18. Nutrigenomics
  19. Gene
  20. Mitochondrial Quality
  21. Induced Fit Model
  22. Peroxisome
  23. Epithelial Tissues
  24. Signal Transduction
  25. Macronutrient
  26. Translation
  27. Protein
  28. Micronutrient
  29. Nucleus
  30. Co-Enzyme
  31. Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
  32. Active Transport
  33. Lipid
  34. Phytochemical
  35. Cytosol
  36. Potential Energy
  37. Diurnal
  38. Detoxify
  39. Catalyze
  40. Transcription
  41. Cisterna
  42. Second Messenger
  43. Hydrophilic
  44. Pathogen
  45. Ribosome
  46. Lock-And-Key Model
  47. Transport Protein
  48. Nervous Tissue
  49. Cristae
  50. Plasma Membrane
  51. Cholesterol
  52. Golgi Apparatus
  53. Hydrophobic
  54. Insulin
  55. Cytoplasm
  56. Ligand
  57. Homeostasis
  58. Free Radical
  59. Oxidize
  60. Substrate
  61. Chromosomes
  62. Glycoprotein
  63. Facilitated Diffusion
  64. Microorganism
  65. Genetics
  1. a Sum of reactions that take place to build up and break down the body.
  2. b Model that suggests enzymes are rather flexible structures. The enzyme and chemical substrate undergo structural changes when close to one another.
  3. c Various nucleic acids on a single strand containing ribose and uracil, necessary for the control of cell activities.
  4. d Lack of affinity for water.
  5. e Internal fluid portion of the cell.
  6. f Organic compound that is insoluble in water, provides structure, storage, and messenger functions in the body.
  7. g To remove a toxin or poison from the body.
  8. h Reactive atom with one or more electrons.
  9. i Energy stored within a physical system.
  10. j Model that explains enzyme specificity. The enzyme and chemical substrate fit together tightly and carry out their reaction.
  11. k Tissues consisting of bundles of cells that contract when stimulated.
  12. l Protein that contains a carbohydrate group, involved in membrane integrity.
  13. m Protein hormone released from the pancreas; necessary for the metabolism of nutrients.
  14. n Protein that moves compounds across a membrane.
  15. o Tissue capable of conducting impulses that help to connect and communicate signals to other parts of the body.
  16. p Substance acted upon by an enzyme.
  17. q Adenosine molecule with three phosphate groups that supplies energy for the cell.
  18. r To combine with oxygen.
  19. s Variation in the form of one or a sequence of genes.
  20. t Construction of mRNA from a DNA molecule.
  21. u Any substance that binds specifically and reversibly to another chemical entity to form a larger complex.
  22. v Organelle containing hydrolytic enzymes. "Cellular garbage disposals" that help in the process of cellular renewal and/or protection.
  23. w The body's ability to maintain a stable and constant internal condition. The state of balanced function in the body.
  24. x Organized structure of DNA, found within cells, that contains the genes of an organism.
  25. y Organelle where genetic material is housed.
  26. z Cytoplasmic organelle with enzymes that help with the breakdown of fatty acids and other macronutrients. Detoxify harmful substances that enter cells.
  27. aa Study of how genes respond to nutritional intake.
  28. ab Initiate or increase the rate of a chemical reaction.
  29. ac Specific attributes of mitochondria.
  30. ad Transport that requires a carrier molecule; occurs when diffusion of a substance on its own is not possible.
  31. ae Non-protein compound that that forms the active portion of an enzyme system. Operates alongside enzymes.
  32. af Strong affinity for water.
  33. ag Nutrient the body requires in large amounts ( i.e. protein, fat, carbohydrate)
  34. ah Tissues composed of cellular levels that protect outer surfaces of the human body such as skin, mucosa, and intestinal lining.
  35. ai Cytoplasmic organelle necessary for the modification and transport of proteins.
  36. aj Quantity of mitochondria per unit volume.
  37. ak Large and complex molecule consisting of amino acids ( which contain nitrogen) that are essential for living cells.
  38. al Forming a protein molecule based on the information contained in the mRNA.
  39. am Disease causing agent, usually bacteria, virus or fungi.
  40. an Movements of particles from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration; requires energy and enzymes.
  41. ao Fluid medium inside of the cell, but outside the nucleus, that surrounds the organelles.
  42. ap Lipid/sterol contained in the body's cells and fluids that act as a precursor to hormones and bodily structures.
  43. aq Component of the cell that is responsible for a specific task.
  44. ar A complex rich in RNA and protein found in cells.
  45. as A complex formed between a receptor and a substance to allow for further cellular activity.
  46. at Internal compartments of the mitochondria. Folds in which the enzymes and structures responsible for making ATP are located., An in folding of the inner membrane of a mitochondrion that houses the electron transport chain and the enzyme catalyzing the synthesis of ATP.
  47. au Nucleic acids that contain instructions for heredity.
  48. av A type of lipid with a hydrophilic phosphate group "head" and a hydrophobic fatty acid "tail" that forms cell membranes.
  49. aw Conversion of one signal to another by a cell.
  50. ax Non-protein compound that interacts with another substance to facilitate a transformation.
  51. ay Organelles that supply the cells' energy/ATP
  52. az Various substances formed as a byproduct of metabolism that are highly reactive due to the unpaired electron shell.
  53. ba Fluid filled pouch/sac that can transport and store compounds.
  54. bb Substance that mediates intercellular activity by relaying a signal from an extracellular molecule.
  55. bc A particular sequence in DNA or RNA that controls the expression of a protein, and by extension influences the characteristics of an organism.
  56. bd Compound created by one cell that travels to and stimulates another cell.
  57. be Flattened membrane disc of Golgi apparatus
  58. bf Specific, inherited DNA of an organism, which influences what they become, although environment also plays a key role in the expression of an organism's genetic code.
  59. bg Organism of microscopic size.
  60. bh Lipid bylayer that is permeable to certain compounds that contains the cell.
  61. bi Organic compound the body requires in very small amounts ( i.e. vitamins and minerals)
  62. bj Chemical substance obtained from plants that is biologically active but non-nutritive.
  63. bk Cytoplasmic membrane that translates proteins.
  64. bl Daily cycle, e.g.,
    of hormone release.
  65. bm Supportive tissue, such as ligaments, tendons, and fascia, formed from a fibrous matrix.