Precision Nutrition - Introduction What Is Good Nutrition? flashcards |

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  • Limiting Factor

    Anything that makes it more difficult for a client to achieve optimal results.


    Specific, inherited DNA of an organism, which influences what they become, although environment also plays a key role in the expression of an organism's genetic code.


    Pertaining to the chemical reactions and physiological processes necessary to ensure life.

    Energy Balance

    Relationship between all sources of energy intake and energy output; an organism is said to be in energy balance when energy flow into the body and out of the body is equal; often evidenced by stable body weight.

    Nutrient Density

    Foods that provide substantial amounts of nutrients with only the necessary calories.


    State of physical well-being and optimum function that should be assessed through medical tests, including blood assessments, cardiovascular tests, and other screening modalities.


    Function, action, operation, whether athletically or in daily life.


    Use of specific, measureable outcomes and evidence to make decisions, rather than nebulous or dogmatic definitions of what is "good" or "correct".

    Laws Of Thermodynamics

    Principles that govern energy exchange, including heat exchange and the performance of work.

    Positive Energy Balance

    When energy flow into the body exceeds energy flow out of the body, often evidenced by increasing body weight.

    Negative Energy Balance

    When energy flow out of the body exceeds energy flow into the body, often evidenced by decreasing body weight.

    Insulin Resistance

    Condition in which normal amounts of the hormone insulin are inadequate to produce a normal response from fat, muscle and liver cells.

    Calorie Density

    Energy provided per unit of food, high caloric density foods provide many calories in small portions while low caloric density foods provide fewer calories in a large portion.


    The state of being satisfactorily full.


    Physical or mental performance-enhancing strategies.

    Social Support

    Network of individuals that provide's positive feedback, constructive criticism, and encouragement for one's lifestyle choices.

    Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT)

    Nutritional advice intended to treat a variety of conditions and illnesses, the provision of which is the exclusive domain of trained and licensed nutrition professionals.

    Cross-Referral System

    System in which two health and fitness professionals (such as a physician or personal trainer) actively recommend each other's complimentary services to their own clients and patients.

    Body Composition

    Relative relationship between lean body mass (which includes bone mass, body water, muscle mass, and organ mass) and fat mass (which includes adipose tissue and intra-tissue fat storage and distribution).

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