Precision Nutrition - Chapter 7 Micro-Nutrients flashcards |

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  • Organic Compounds

    Molecules with a carbon component.

    Co-enzyme

    Non-protein compound that forms the active portion of an enzyme system.

    Fat Soluble

    Able to be dissolved in fat.

    Water Soluble

    Able to be dissolved in water.

    Malabsorption Syndromes

    Medical condition that results when the intestines cannot absorb nutrients from food.

    Microminerals

    Minerals requires in amounts less than 15 mg/day.

    Macrominerals

    Minerals required in amounts of 100 mg/day or more.

    Electroytes

    Compound that when paced in solution becomes an ion; regulates flow in and out of cells.

    Ionic State

    A given ion's charge; positive, negative, or neutral.

    Concentration Gradient

    Difference in the concentration of solutes in a solution between two areas.

    Phytochemicals

    Chemical substance obtained from plants that is biologically active but non-nutritive.

    Flavinuria

    An intense yellow color of the urine due to a high dose of supplement riboflavin.

    Avidin

    A compound found in raw egg albumin that inactivates biotin.

    Folic Acid

    Vitamin B9

    Retinol

    Animal derived form of Vitamin A.

    Hypervitaminosis

    Vitamin toxicity.

    Prohormones

    Precursor to a hormone(s).

    Calciferol

    Vitamin D

    Cholecalciferol

    Vitamin D3

    Tocopherols

    Fat soluble alcohols with vitamin E

    Tocotrienols

    Vitamin E compounds.

    Subclinical Deficiencies

    Nutrient deficiencies that don't manifest in a clinical health problem.

    Electrochemical Gradient

    Diffusion gradient of an ion; represents the potential energy of an ion across a membrane and its tendency to move based on that membrane potential.

    Industrial Exposure

    Exposure to something in the workplace.

    Heme Iron

    Form of iron bound with carrier proteins found in animal products.

    Non-heme Iron

    Form of iron not bound with carrier proteins; found mainly in plant foods.

    Diuretics

    A pharmaceutical that elevates the rate of urination.

    Cation

    Positively charged ions.

    Nicotinic Acid

    Vitamin B3

    Thiamine

    Vitamin B1

    Riboflavin

    Vitamin B2

    Pantothenic Acid

    Vitamin B5

    Pyridoxine

    Vitamin B6

    Biotin

    Vitamin B7

    Cobalamin

    Vitamin B12

    Carotenoids/Retinol

    Vitamin A

    Tocopherol/Tocotrienol

    Vitamin E

    Phylloquinone & Menoquinone

    Vitamin K

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