Precision Nutrition - Chapter 7 Micro-Nutrients flashcards |

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  • Organic Compounds

    Molecules with a carbon component.


    Non-protein compound that forms the active portion of an enzyme system.

    Fat Soluble

    Able to be dissolved in fat.

    Water Soluble

    Able to be dissolved in water.

    Malabsorption Syndromes

    Medical condition that results when the intestines cannot absorb nutrients from food.


    Minerals requires in amounts less than 15 mg/day.


    Minerals required in amounts of 100 mg/day or more.


    Compound that when paced in solution becomes an ion; regulates flow in and out of cells.

    Ionic State

    A given ion's charge; positive, negative, or neutral.

    Concentration Gradient

    Difference in the concentration of solutes in a solution between two areas.


    Chemical substance obtained from plants that is biologically active but non-nutritive.


    An intense yellow color of the urine due to a high dose of supplement riboflavin.


    A compound found in raw egg albumin that inactivates biotin.

    Folic Acid

    Vitamin B9


    Animal derived form of Vitamin A.


    Vitamin toxicity.


    Precursor to a hormone(s).


    Vitamin D


    Vitamin D3


    Fat soluble alcohols with vitamin E


    Vitamin E compounds.

    Subclinical Deficiencies

    Nutrient deficiencies that don't manifest in a clinical health problem.

    Electrochemical Gradient

    Diffusion gradient of an ion; represents the potential energy of an ion across a membrane and its tendency to move based on that membrane potential.

    Industrial Exposure

    Exposure to something in the workplace.

    Heme Iron

    Form of iron bound with carrier proteins found in animal products.

    Non-heme Iron

    Form of iron not bound with carrier proteins; found mainly in plant foods.


    A pharmaceutical that elevates the rate of urination.


    Positively charged ions.

    Nicotinic Acid

    Vitamin B3


    Vitamin B1


    Vitamin B2

    Pantothenic Acid

    Vitamin B5


    Vitamin B6


    Vitamin B7


    Vitamin B12


    Vitamin A


    Vitamin E

    Phylloquinone & Menoquinone

    Vitamin K

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