Ch: 12 Interpreting Client Information - Workbook flashcards |

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  • What is the purpose of medical screening tools? Page 315

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    Medical history questionnaire helps isolate medical conditions and/or symptoms that may interact with my exercise or nutrition advice. It alerts me to the presence of any diseases/symptoms.

    What are healthy height and weight scales based on?Page 317

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    Healthy wights for each height range are based on the lowest calculated mortality rates for people aged 25-59.

    List the main metabolic outcomes that occur with advancing age. Page 317

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    Decrease in overall metabolic power due to lifestyle-related decreases in voluntary physical activity, incidental physical activity as well as carbohydrate tolerance.

    Why is skinfold testing the preferred method for body composition assessment? Page 317

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    Besides being the most practical for trainers, the location of changes in skinfold measurements can provide clues about a client's hormonal environment; where fat loss originates and in what proportions.

    What information do girth measures provide? Page 319

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    Girth measurements provide another method to track changes over time. Increases or decreases in girth can give some information about whether a body part is getting bigger or smaller and should always be evaluated in conjunction with with skinfolds: Girth inc & SF dec= gained mass & loss fat. Girth inc & SF inc = fat gain.

    Why would using a client information sheet to ask clients about their goals be important? Page 319

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    To learn three important things about the client: 1. where they think their fitness priorities lie; 2. whether they are patient; and 3. how realistic they are when starting their program.

    Why is it important to know a client's prior exercise habits? Page Page 320

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    There are two important reasons: 1. it will help explain the measurements collected; and 2. this information will help shap my advice.

    What unique health concerns may shift workers face? Page 326

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    Stress hormone levels are higher in shift workers, which depresses immune function while increasing the risk of poor health, catabolic hormone dominance and abdominal fat storage.

    What types of effects do antidepressant, anti-anxiety and birth control medications have on body composition and health? Page 321

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    Antidepressant medication frequently include weight gain and/or reduced rate of weight loss; Certain birth control medications either increase body fat or reduct the rate of fat loss, specifically in the lower body and triceps.

    When someone doesn't grocery shop on a regular basis, what might occur? Page 326

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    They may likely eat out a lot, buy few natural foods and/or are inconsistent with their intake. Eating at restaurants often, they may not be very good cooks, no consistent meal pattern and poor choices.

    List the most common adult food intolerances. Page 327 Table 12.5

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    Gluten, Dairy, Fructose and Yeast.

    What is the purpose of using the Kitchen, Social Support and Readiness for Change questionnaires? Page 328

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    To determine if the client is prepared for and ready to execute the changes you are ready to institute and further shows where to direct my efforts to promote change.

    Explain the most important practical difference between questionnaires and assessments. Page 329

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    Assessments collect baseline information that helps plan the initial program. The assessment collects baseline information for future comparison, to measure progress.

    What is the purpose of regular client assessments? Page 329

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    To help determine if the program is producing the desired result. Demonstrates to clients that the program is working.

    List and highlight the key factors for each nutritional level. Page 331 Table 12.6

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    There are 3 Levels
    Level 1) Are completely new to eating well. High body fat%; Poor kitchen setup/grocery shopping habits; little knowledge of correct food type, timing and amt.
    Level 2) Have a basic understanding but need guidance. Moderate body fat%; average kitchen/grocery habits; above-avg knowledge of correct food type but average to below of food amount/timing.
    Level 3) Eat the right foods in the right amounts at the right times. These individuals are already lean yet want to optimize and refine nutritional strategies.

    What should take place at your first client meeting, after assessments have been completed? Page 332

    (PN Chapter 12 | Interpreting Client Information)

    Review the client questionnaires and assessments with the client and communicate the coaching plan touching upon the following items:
    1. How often we will meet to discuss nutrition.
    2. How I'm going to establish goals.
    3. How I will approach the coaching process.
    4. If time allows, begin to discuss the first one or two nutritional steps.

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