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60 True/False questions

  1. tempothe pulse; underlying structural component of rhythm

          

  2. Meantone Intonationscale based on consonant note pairs

          

  3. Consonancesound that is generally considered to be pleasing or stable

          

  4. dactylweak/strong
    -/

          

  5. iambparameter of sound that distinguishes one tone from another even if the two tones have the same frequency and amplitude

          

  6. rhythmic unit groupsbasic rhythmic units; building blocks of musical rhythms (iamb, trochee, dactyl, anapest, amphibrach, single beat, tremolo)

          

  7. perfect pitchthe ability to name the pitch of a tone without having to compare it to a standard or comparison tone - also involved the ability to produce a specific pitch on demand (aka "absolute" ______

          

  8. enharmonicssimultaneously sounding individual tones, vertical pitch structure

          

  9. single beatstrong/strong/strong
    ///

          

  10. psychoacousticsoccurs when beats are accentuated apart from the regular metrical pattern

          

  11. volumethe apparent size of extensity of sound (tuba has more _______ than flute)

          

  12. beatindividual frequency in the scale arrangement

          

  13. Tuningrefers to precise relationship between frequency being played and a standard for comparison

          

  14. Temperamentadjustment of tones and intervals to make a simpler, more practical scale

          

  15. perceptionoccurs when beats are accentuated apart from the regular metrical pattern

          

  16. Scalea pattern of audible frequencies arranged in any ascending or descending order

          

  17. musical mindbelief that no human ability or behavior was learned or gained from interaction with the environment

          

  18. densitysuccessive combinations of tones placed in a temporal sequence

          

  19. Pythagorean commainterval between the major and minor third in the pythagorean scale

          

  20. timbreparameter of sound that distinguishes one tone from another even if the two tones have the same frequency and amplitude

          

  21. combination tonesound that is generally considered to be pleasing or stable

          

  22. syntonic commainterval between the major and minor third in the pythagorean scale

          

  23. Rhythmthe temporal pattern that tonal stimuli follow

          

  24. formantsareas of resonance in an instrument

          

  25. Melodysuccessive combinations of tones placed in a temporal sequence

          

  26. accentthe pulse; underlying structural component of rhythm

          

  27. Just intonationoccurs when beats are accentuated apart from the regular metrical pattern

          

  28. propinquity"loyalty" to a primary tone or tonic

          

  29. maskingrefers to precise relationship between frequency being played and a standard for comparison

          

  30. Pentatonic Scaleearly Greek musical scale created by projecting an ascending series of pure fifths and then dropping an octave to create stepwise movement until a chromatic scale was completed.

          

  31. personal temporate of speed of spontaneous rhythmic movements, unique to each individual

          

  32. Equal Temperamentstrong/strong/strong
    ///

          

  33. syncopationoccurs when beats are accentuated apart from the regular metrical pattern

          

  34. amphibrachweak/strong/weak
    -/-

          

  35. difference limenthe cognitive process of assigning meaning to aural sensory input

          

  36. rhythmic patterntwo or more rhythmic units combined

          

  37. trocheestrong/weak
    /-

          

  38. periodicity pitch theorytheory of pitch perception based on pattern recognition set by the pattern of return of the fundamental frequency . . . the quality of something recurring regularly

          

  39. Harmonysuccessive combinations of tones placed in a temporal sequence

          

  40. Intervalspace between notes; expressed in ratio relationships

          

  41. just intervalssimple, whole number interval ratios

          

  42. mentalistbelief that no human ability or behavior was learned or gained from interaction with the environment

          

  43. anapaestweak/weak/strong
    --/

          

  44. tonalityapparent compactness or diffusion of sound

          

  45. metersuccessive combinations of tones placed in a temporal sequence

          

  46. loudnessweak/weak/strong
    --/

          

  47. critical bandany component of a complex tone, including the fundamental

          

  48. periodicityrelative closeness of tones, proximity

          

  49. tone qualityrelated to timbre and is variations that can occur within a timbre range

          

  50. discriminationscale based on consonant note pairs

          

  51. Noteindividual frequency in the scale arrangement

          

  52. contourspeed or pace at which the beat occurs

          

  53. partialsa school of psychology emphasizing pattern recognition and grouping of sensory input into the unified whole

          

  54. rhythmic linetwo or more rhythmic units combined

          

  55. Pythagorean Scaleearly Greek musical scale created by projecting an ascending series of pure fifths and then dropping an octave to create stepwise movement until a chromatic scale was completed.

          

  56. gestaltbelief that no human ability or behavior was learned or gained from interaction with the environment

          

  57. tremoloweak/weak/weak
    ---

          

  58. Dissonancesound that is generally considered to be unpleasant, disturbing, discordant, or rough

          

  59. law of common fateareas of resonance in an instrument

          

  60. vibratothe pulse; underlying structural component of rhythm