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60 Multiple choice questions

  1. belief that no human ability or behavior was learned or gained from interaction with the environment
  2. in equal temperament when a sharp and a flat are the same pitch, ex - g sharp and a flat
  3. adjustment of tones and intervals to make a simpler, more practical scale
  4. individual frequency in the scale arrangement
  5. rate of speed of spontaneous rhythmic movements, unique to each individual
  6. basic rhythmic units; building blocks of musical rhythms (iamb, trochee, dactyl, anapest, amphibrach, single beat, tremolo)
  7. interval between the major and minor third in the pythagorean scale
  8. two or more rhythmic units combined
  9. the tendency of something to recur at regular intervals
  10. relative closeness of tones, proximity
  11. theory of pitch perception based on pattern recognition set by the pattern of return of the fundamental frequency . . . the quality of something recurring regularly
  12. refers to precise relationship between frequency being played and a standard for comparison
  13. when one audible sound by itself can become inaudible in the presence of another sound
  14. parameter of sound that distinguishes one tone from another even if the two tones have the same frequency and amplitude
  15. Seashore's factors of musical talent
  16. weak/weak/strong
  17. the interval between the chromatic and diatonic semitones in the pythagorean scale
  18. the study of the perception of sound
  19. strong/weak/weak
  20. a pattern of audible frequencies arranged in any ascending or descending order
  21. strong/weak
  22. occurs when two loud tones are sounded together, a third tone is heard that is not actually present in the audible sound.
  23. areas of resonance in an instrument
  24. successive combinations of tones placed in a temporal sequence
  25. speed or pace at which the beat occurs
  26. weak/weak/weak
  27. simple, whole number interval ratios
  28. early Greek musical scale created by projecting an ascending series of pure fifths and then dropping an octave to create stepwise movement until a chromatic scale was completed.
  29. the pulse; underlying structural component of rhythm
  30. sound that is generally considered to be pleasing or stable
  31. space between notes; expressed in ratio relationships
  32. sound that is generally considered to be unpleasant, disturbing, discordant, or rough
  33. the ability to perceive differences in sensory input
  34. a five-note scale, which is a natural outgrowth of the fourth and fifth that was seen in early Greek musical theory as the most consonant
  35. emphasis of a beat
  36. pattern of grouping of regularly recurring beats
  37. area on the basilar membrane that displaces in response to a particular frequency, usually encompasses 3-4 frequencies
  38. rapid frequency modulation; periodic variation of the tone (amplitude also changes, adds to timbre)
  39. occurs when beats are accentuated apart from the regular metrical pattern
  40. any component of a complex tone, including the fundamental
  41. the cognitive process of assigning meaning to aural sensory input
  42. perception of amplitude (intensity)
  43. a school of psychology emphasizing pattern recognition and grouping of sensory input into the unified whole
  44. the temporal pattern that tonal stimuli follow
  45. scale based on consonant note pairs
  46. a gestalt principle stating that when events occur together, we learn to perceive them as a unit.
  47. tuning system created by dividing the octave into twelve equal semi-tones
  48. strong/strong/strong
  49. the number of frequencies you need to say there is a different pitch sounding 50% of the trials (if you can tell the difference between 440 and 444 50% of the time, you have a ______________ of 4)
  50. combinations of rhythmic lines
  51. related to timbre and is variations that can occur within a timbre range
  52. simultaneously sounding individual tones, vertical pitch structure
  53. weak/strong/weak
  54. "loyalty" to a primary tone or tonic
  55. the apparent size of extensity of sound (tuba has more _______ than flute)
  56. apparent compactness or diffusion of sound
  57. weak/strong
  58. the ability to name the pitch of a tone without having to compare it to a standard or comparison tone - also involved the ability to produce a specific pitch on demand (aka "absolute" ______
  59. tuning system considered unequal temperament and created by sacrificing the pure perfect fifth in favor of one size for each interval
  60. the overall shape in space of the pattern of up and down movement when considering pitch relationships within the melody