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29 True/False questions

  1. Law of simplicityObjects or events with similar attributes (shape, color, timbre) will be grouped together

          

  2. Propinquity, repetition, finalityWestern melodies are propinquous or "close together" (Law of Proximity and Law of Simplicity)

          

  3. Perceptual redundancyHorizontal Dimension

          

  4. Information TheoryA system for quantifying the amount of uncertainty involved in a sensory stimulus or message. Messages may be spatial or temporal. The greater the amount of information conveyed via the sensory message, THE GREATER THE UNCERTAINTY OF MEANING OR RESPONSE

          

  5. less meaning(Perceptual redundancy)
    Greater information = ________

          

  6. Structure simultaneous pitchesObjects or events with similar attributes (shape, color, timbre) will be grouped together

          

  7. HarmonyEducational programming follows the hierarchy of development found by researchers: Grades 2-4

          

  8. less information = more accurate expectations(Perceptual redundancy)
    Greater redundancy = _______

          

  9. cdegacPentatonic Scale in C

          

  10. FinalityTendencies for melodies to end according to certain conventions of cadence (law of common direction - grouping on basic of extrpolated completion (closure); Law of simplicity - making perceptual order out of chaos)

          

  11. Pentatonic scaleTend to increase with age

          

  12. greater information = decreased accuracy of expectations(Perceptual redundancy)
    Less redundancy = _______

          

  13. Pitch SequencesHorizontal Dimension

          

  14. Harmonic discrimination skillsDevelop later than melodic skills. Earliest awareness around 5 or 6 years with marked increase around 9 years

          

  15. Lundin's positionMelody is a function of both the previous experience of a listener and certain characteristics of the tone series

          

  16. Perceptual organization of melodyLimits the amount of information received

          

  17. TonalityTendencies for melodies to end according to certain conventions of cadence (law of common direction - grouping on basic of extrpolated completion (closure); Law of simplicity - making perceptual order out of chaos)

          

  18. Law of common directionGrouping on the basis of extrapolated completion

          

  19. Law of proximityGrouping elements to make a figure is in accordance with the element's nearness or proximity to each other

          

  20. Melodic discrimination skillsGeneral development of skills from infancy through about 8 years with a critical previous of development around 5 or 6 years

          

  21. Rhythmic skillsTend to increase with age

          

  22. Leonard Meyer_______ _____ drew attention to the importance of expectation in the listener's experience of music

          

  23. Law of similarityPerceptual preference for smoothness, regularity, and symmetry as compared with roughness, irregularity, and asymmetry. Making perceptual order out of chaos.

          

  24. Previous experiences & laws of perceptual organization (gastalt)What two psychological factors influence an individual's perception and apprehension of sequence of tones as a melody?

          

  25. Harmonic expectationsCertain notes repeated with considerable frequency (law of simplicity and somewhat law of proximity)

          

  26. MelodyEducational programming follows the hierarchy of development found by researchers: Grades 2-4

          

  27. Propinquity___ is a cultural phenomenon and therefore is learned

          

  28. RhythmEducational programming follows the hierarchy of development found by researchers: Nursery school through first grade

          

  29. RepetitionCertain notes repeated with considerable frequency (law of simplicity and somewhat law of proximity)