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29 Multiple choice questions

  1. Consisting of five different tones (without half-steps)
  2. Limits the amount of information received
  3. Tend to increase with age
  4. Objects or events with similar attributes (shape, color, timbre) will be grouped together
  5. Certain notes repeated with considerable frequency (law of simplicity and somewhat law of proximity)
  6. Perceptual preference for smoothness, regularity, and symmetry as compared with roughness, irregularity, and asymmetry. Making perceptual order out of chaos.
  7. Pentatonic Scale in C
  8. Grouping elements to make a figure is in accordance with the element's nearness or proximity to each other
  9. Educational programming follows the hierarchy of development found by researchers: Nursery school through first grade
  10. A sequence of tones constitutes a melody when it is apprehended in terms of a unified and single response
  11. ___ is a cultural phenomenon and therefore is learned
  12. What two psychological factors influence an individual's perception and apprehension of sequence of tones as a melody?
  13. Develop later than melodic skills. Earliest awareness around 5 or 6 years with marked increase around 9 years
  14. _______ _____ drew attention to the importance of expectation in the listener's experience of music
  15. (Perceptual redundancy)
    Greater redundancy = _______
  16. General development of skills from infancy through about 8 years with a critical previous of development around 5 or 6 years
  17. Vertical Dimension
  18. Lundin's three attributes (based on Gestalt)
  19. Horizontal Dimension
  20. (Perceptual redundancy)
    Less redundancy = _______
  21. Grouping on the basis of extrapolated completion
  22. Melody is a function of both the previous experience of a listener and certain characteristics of the tone series
  23. A system for quantifying the amount of uncertainty involved in a sensory stimulus or message. Messages may be spatial or temporal. The greater the amount of information conveyed via the sensory message, THE GREATER THE UNCERTAINTY OF MEANING OR RESPONSE
  24. Educational programming follows the hierarchy of development found by researchers: Grades 2-4
  25. (Perceptual redundancy)
    Greater information = ________
  26. Western melodies are propinquous or "close together" (Law of Proximity and Law of Simplicity)
  27. When harmony does not conform at least in a general way to harmonic practices with which a listener is familiar, it sounds strange or different. Expectations are unfulfilled
  28. Tendencies for melodies to end according to certain conventions of cadence (law of common direction - grouping on basic of extrpolated completion (closure); Law of simplicity - making perceptual order out of chaos)
  29. Educational programming follows the hierarchy of development found by researchers: Grades 4-6