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29 Matching questions

  1. Leonard Meyer
  2. greater information = decreased accuracy of expectations
  3. Law of similarity
  4. Perceptual redundancy
  5. Repetition
  6. Harmonic expectations
  7. Propinquity, repetition, finality
  8. Rhythmic skills
  9. Harmonic discrimination skills
  10. Rhythm
  11. Pentatonic scale
  12. cdegac
  13. Tonality
  14. Harmony
  15. Melody
  16. Law of proximity
  17. less information = more accurate expectations
  18. Law of simplicity
  19. Structure simultaneous pitches
  20. Lundin's position
  21. Perceptual organization of melody
  22. Propinquity
  23. Pitch Sequences
  24. Law of common direction
  25. less meaning
  26. Melodic discrimination skills
  27. Finality
  28. Information Theory
  29. Previous experiences & laws of perceptual organization (gastalt)
  1. a Certain notes repeated with considerable frequency (law of simplicity and somewhat law of proximity)
  2. b Pentatonic Scale in C
  3. c _______ _____ drew attention to the importance of expectation in the listener's experience of music
  4. d Educational programming follows the hierarchy of development found by researchers: Grades 2-4
  5. e Educational programming follows the hierarchy of development found by researchers: Grades 4-6
  6. f What two psychological factors influence an individual's perception and apprehension of sequence of tones as a melody?
  7. g Perceptual preference for smoothness, regularity, and symmetry as compared with roughness, irregularity, and asymmetry. Making perceptual order out of chaos.
  8. h Western melodies are propinquous or "close together" (Law of Proximity and Law of Simplicity)
  9. i Objects or events with similar attributes (shape, color, timbre) will be grouped together
  10. j Lundin's three attributes (based on Gestalt)
  11. k Consisting of five different tones (without half-steps)
  12. l Tend to increase with age
  13. m A sequence of tones constitutes a melody when it is apprehended in terms of a unified and single response
  14. n (Perceptual redundancy)
    Greater redundancy = _______
  15. o Educational programming follows the hierarchy of development found by researchers: Nursery school through first grade
  16. p A system for quantifying the amount of uncertainty involved in a sensory stimulus or message. Messages may be spatial or temporal. The greater the amount of information conveyed via the sensory message, THE GREATER THE UNCERTAINTY OF MEANING OR RESPONSE
  17. q Grouping on the basis of extrapolated completion
  18. r Melody is a function of both the previous experience of a listener and certain characteristics of the tone series
  19. s Horizontal Dimension
  20. t (Perceptual redundancy)
    Greater information = ________
  21. u ___ is a cultural phenomenon and therefore is learned
  22. v Tendencies for melodies to end according to certain conventions of cadence (law of common direction - grouping on basic of extrpolated completion (closure); Law of simplicity - making perceptual order out of chaos)
  23. w Vertical Dimension
  24. x (Perceptual redundancy)
    Less redundancy = _______
  25. y When harmony does not conform at least in a general way to harmonic practices with which a listener is familiar, it sounds strange or different. Expectations are unfulfilled
  26. z Develop later than melodic skills. Earliest awareness around 5 or 6 years with marked increase around 9 years
  27. aa General development of skills from infancy through about 8 years with a critical previous of development around 5 or 6 years
  28. ab Grouping elements to make a figure is in accordance with the element's nearness or proximity to each other
  29. ac Limits the amount of information received