This is a Free Service provided by Why Fund Inc. (a 501 C3 NonProfit) We thank you for your donation!

(1. Click on the course Study Set you wish to learn.) (2. If you wish you can click on "Print" and print the test page.) (3. When you want to take a on anyone of the tests for that Study Set.) (4. Click on "Check Answers" and it will score your test and correct your answers.) (5. You can take all the tests as many times as you choose until you get an "A"!) (6. Automated college courses created from lecture notes, class exams, text books, reading materials from many colleges and universities.)


Long-Term Learning

Learn efficiently and remember over time.

Start Long-Term Learning

Get personalized study reminders at intervals optimized for better retention.
Track your progress on this set by creating a folder
Or add to an existing folder

Add this set to a folder

  • Describe variables related to the development and acquisition of motor skills in music performance

    -The primacy of motor movements in music performance is such that anything a performer wants to share with an audience must be expressed in action. The actual notes, along with expression of beauty, emotion or other profound thoughts can be shared with the audience only if the performer engages in a body movement of some type such as increasing air pressure or bow speed, modifying a singing vowel or striking the keys with more force.
    -Involves repetition and practice.
    -Motor movements continue to involve during the consolidation stage.
    -During the automatic stage, a newly learned motor skills requires minimal cognitive resources.

    Compare and contrast the ideas/evidence of quantity of practice vs. quality of practice

    Quantity of practice- The amount of practice that is a goof predictor of eventual level of musical performance excellence. (10,000 hrs over a decade to achieve excellence)

    Quality if Practice- Also called deliberate practice because there is a given task with a goal, motivation in order to improve, performer is provided with feedback and provided with ample opportunities for repetition and gradual refinements of the performance.

    Identify mental rehearsal

    -Musicians have long used mental rehearsals as an effective learning strategy.
    -Mental rehearsal is thus an imaginary rehearsal of musical performance.

    Identify and explain the effects of metacognition, self-regulation, motivation, and self-efficacy on quality of musical practice

    Metacognition- Thinking about one's thoughts.
    Self-regulation- Has to do with the individual learner setting personal goals and then monitoring progress toward these goals.
    Motivation- The forces that pushes someone towards achievement. This composed of attainment value (How important it is to do well) and intrinsic motivation (personal enjoyment for performing)
    Self-efficacy- Is the belief that one can perform at a competent level in particular situations such as public or adjudicated performances.

    Identify and describe musical cues for expressiveness (GERMS)

    Generative rules- Mark structural boundaries that performers emphasize, such as slowing down at cadence points.

    Emotional expression- Comes from the manipulation of performance features such a tempo, timbre, dynamics.

    Random fluctuations- Are limitations in human motor precision.

    Motion principles- Relate tempo changes to natural body movements.

    Stylistic unexpectedness- Adds unpredictable or uncertainty to a performance.

    Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

    Having trouble? Click here for help.

    We can’t access your microphone!

    Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


    Reload the page to try again!


    Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

    Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

    It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

    Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
    to use Voice Recording.

    For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

    Your microphone is muted

    For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

    Star this term

    You can study starred terms together

    ! Voice Recording

    This is a Plus feature