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Describe variables related to the development and acquisition of motor skills in music performance
-The primacy of motor movements
in music performance is such that anything a performer wants to share
with an audience must be expressed in action. The actual notes, along
with expression of beauty, emotion or other profound thoughts can be
shared with the audience only if the performer engages in a body
movement of some type such as increasing air pressure or bow speed,
modifying a singing vowel or striking the keys with more force.
-Involves repetition and practice.
-Motor movements continue to involve during the consolidation stage.
-During the automatic stage, a newly learned motor skills requires minimal cognitive resources.
Compare and contrast the ideas/evidence of quantity of practice vs. quality of practice
Quantity of practice- The amount
of practice that is a goof predictor of eventual level of musical
performance excellence. (10,000 hrs over a decade to achieve excellence)
Quality if Practice- Also called deliberate practice because there is a
given task with a goal, motivation in order to improve, performer is
provided with feedback and provided with ample opportunities for
repetition and gradual refinements of the performance.
Identify and explain the effects of metacognition, self-regulation, motivation, and self-efficacy on quality of musical practice
Metacognition- Thinking about one's thoughts.
Self-regulation- Has to do with the individual learner setting personal goals and then monitoring progress toward these goals.
Motivation- The forces that pushes someone towards achievement. This
composed of attainment value (How important it is to do well) and
intrinsic motivation (personal enjoyment for performing)
Self-efficacy- Is the belief that one can perform at a competent level
in particular situations such as public or adjudicated performances.