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133 True/False questions

  1. urethritisinflammation of the cervix

          

  2. mammogramradiograph of the breast

          

  3. lumpectomy (SP)visual examination of the abdominal cavity with a elaparoscope through one or more small incision in the abdominal wall, usually at the umbilicus

          

  4. Oral contraceptivesSynthetic hormones used to prevent pregnancy and treat menstrual disorders

          

  5. dysmenorrheabeginning of menstruation

          

  6. cordocentesis (SP)surgical closure of the vaginal canal

          

  7. gynecologistthe branch of medicine concerned with diseases of the female reproductive organs and breasts

          

  8. Subtotal hysterectomy (SP)excision of the uterus

          

  9. oophor/o
    ovari/o
    ovary

          

  10. mastectomy (total-simple) (SP)excision of the entire breast, nipple, areolar, and the involved overlying skin, also called simple mastectomy

          

  11. reconstructive breast surgery (SP)-process of freezing tissue to destroy cells
    -also called cryocautery

          

  12. amniocentesistrans-abdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle position is verified by US on a monitor screen and syringe to remove amniotic fluid and enables transfusion of blood and instillation of drugs to the fetus

          

  13. (D&C)-dialation and curettage (SP)-Hysterectomy where the cervix is removed but the ovaries and fallopian tubes remain
    - also called complete hysterectomy

          

  14. uterovaginalrelating to the uterus and vagina

          

  15. tissue (skin) expansion (SP)-procedure that ties ( ligates) the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy
    -form of sterilization surgery usually performed during laparoscopy

          

  16. -salpinxblood in a fallopian tube; also called hematosalpinx

          

  17. Total hysterectomy (SP)-Hysterectomy where the cervix is removed but the ovaries and fallopian tubes remain
    - also called complete hysterectomy

          

  18. amni/oamnion (amniotic sac)

          

  19. dyspareunia(D&C)occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse

          

  20. Endometrial tissue-removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study
    -used in fertility assessment and to determine dysfunctional and postmenopausal bleeding

          

  21. cervicitisneck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)

          

  22. Carcinoma of the breast-breast cancer
    -most common malignancy of women in the US
    -ass. with ovarian hormonal functions,family history, and hormone replacement therapy(HRT)

          

  23. gynec/owoman, female

          

  24. ovariorrhexis-bursting forth of the menses
    -excessive amount of menstrual flow over a longer duration than normal

          

  25. mamm/o
    mast/o
    breast

          

  26. multiparawoman who has delivered more than one viable infant regardless of whether the offspring was born alive

          

  27. abortion(D&C)termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus

          

  28. SpermicidesChemically destroy sperm by creating a highly acidic environment in the uterus

          

  29. perineorrhaphy-bursting forth of the menses
    -excessive amount of menstrual flow over a longer duration than normal

          

  30. Down syndrome (trisomy 21)
    (D&C)
    turning or state of being turned back, especially an entire organ, such as the uterus, being tipped from its normal position

          

  31. metr/omenses, menstruation

          

  32. primigravidawoman during her first pregnancy

          

  33. menorrhagiapainful menstruation

          

  34. CVS- chorionic villus sampling(LP)-sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects
    -involves insertion of a catheter into the uterus to obtain sample
    -can be undertaken in the 1st trimester of pregnancy

          

  35. cerclage (SP)
    (purse-string procedure)
    suturing of the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy, thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion

          

  36. Trichomoniasisproduction of milk

          

  37. Total plus bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (SP)Hysterectomy where the cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes remain

          

  38. endometritisantifungal agents that suppress the growth of fungi, used to treat candidiasi

          

  39. hyster/o
    metri/o
    uter/o
    breast

          

  40. obstetrician/gynecologist (OB/GYN)the physician who simultaneously practices the specialties of both gynecology and obstetrics

          

  41. ectopic pregnancy (D&C)-pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum does not reach the uterine cavity but becomes implanted on any tissue other than the lining of the uterine cavity, such as the fallopian tube, an ovary, the abdomen, or even the cervix uteri
    -kinds include abdominal pregnancy, ovarian pregnancy, and tubal pregnancy

          

  42. colposcopy(CP)visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument (colposcope)

          

  43. amniocentesis(CP)trans-abdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle position is verified by US on a monitor screen and syringe to remove amniotic fluid and enables transfusion of blood and instillation of drugs to the fetus

          

  44. gynecology (GYN)physician specializing in treating disorders of the female reproductive system

          

  45. Puerperium-the period of adjustment after childbirth during which the reproductive organs of the mother return to their normal nonpregnant state
    -generally lasts 6 to 8 weeks and ends with the first ovulation and the return of normal menstrutation

          

  46. endometrialpertaining to the lining of the uterus

          

  47. septicemiabacteria in the blood that often occurs with severe infections

          

  48. uterine fibroids (leiomyomas) (myomas) (fibroids)(D&C)-premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall before the third stage of labor-results in uterine hemorrhage and threatens the life of the mother
    -disrupts blood flow and oxygen through the umbilical cord and threatens the life of the fetus

          

  49. -tociabeginning

          

  50. laparscopy (SP)visual examination of the vagina

          

  51. insufflation (tubal)(CP)-test for patency of the uterine tubes made by transuterine insufflation with carbon dioxide
    -also called Rubin test

          

  52. hysterectomy-the branch of medicine that manages the health of a woman and her fetus during pregnancy and childbirth
    -includes the puerperium

          

  53. salping/oamnion (amniotic sac)

          

  54. abruptio placentae (placental abruption)(D&C)-premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall before the third stage of labor-results in uterine hemorrhage and threatens the life of the mother
    -disrupts blood flow and oxygen through the umbilical cord and threatens the life of the fetus

          

  55. multigravidawoman during her first pregnancy

          

  56. mammoplasty (reduction) (SP)surgical reconstruction of the breast to change the size, shape, or position

          

  57. colpocleisis (SP)sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilical vein and performed under ultrasound guidance

          

  58. cryosurgery (SP)-process of freezing tissue to destroy cells
    -also called cryocautery

          

  59. vaginocele-vaginal hernia
    - also called colpocele

          

  60. prenatalpertaining to (the time period) before birth

          

  61. vaginitis-localized infections and inflammations confined to the vagina, occurring from viruses, bacteria, or yeast
    -2 most common types: candidiasis and trichomoniasis

          

  62. perine/otube (usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory] tubes)

          

  63. menorrhagia (hypermenorrhea)-profuse or prolonged bleeding during regular menstruation
    -may, in early life, be caused by endocrine disturbances
    -in later life, it is usually due to inflammatory diseases, fibroids, tumors, or emotional disturbances

          

  64. hemosalpinxblood in a fallopian tube; also called hematosalpinx

          

  65. primi-first

          

  66. mammoplasty (SP)surgical reconstruction of the breast to change the size, shape, or position

          

  67. ProstaglandinsTerminate pregnancy

          

  68. -versionchildbirth, labor

          

  69. multi-first

          

  70. metroptosisprolapse or downward displacement of the uterus

          

  71. premenstrual syndrome (PMS)-removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study
    -used in fertility assessment and to determine dysfunctional and postmenopausal bleeding

          

  72. salpingoplastysurgical repair of a fallopian tube

          

  73. Pathogensbirth

          

  74. Nulliparous-the period of adjustment after childbirth during which the reproductive organs of the mother return to their normal nonpregnant state
    -generally lasts 6 to 8 weeks and ends with the first ovulation and the return of normal menstrutation

          

  75. Antifungals-localized infections and inflammations confined to the vagina, occurring from viruses, bacteria, or yeast
    -2 most common types: candidiasis and trichomoniasis

          

  76. mastectomy (radical) (SP)surgical reconstruction of the breast to change the size, shape, or position

          

  77. pseudocyesisfalse pregnancy

          

  78. atresia(D&C)congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina

          

  79. nat/obirth

          

  80. eclampsia(D&C)termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus

          

  81. Oxytocicschildbirth, labor

          

  82. heterosalpingography (HSG)
    (IP)
    -use of a high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) directed at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure
    - also called ultrasound, sonography and echo

          

  83. placenta previa(D&C)congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina

          

  84. breech presentation(D&C)common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttocks or feet present rather than the head

          

  85. dystociadifficult childbirth

          

  86. insufflation(CP)tipping or turning forward of an organ

          

  87. dysmenorrheabeginning of menstruation

          

  88. conization (SP)-procedure that ties ( ligates) the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy
    -form of sterilization surgery usually performed during laparoscopy

          

  89. dys-in, within

          

  90. ultasonography ( transvaginal)(IP)-radiography and usually fluroscopy of the uterus and uterine tubes( oviducts) following injection of a contrast medium
    -used to determine pathology in the uterine cavity,evaluate tubal patency, and determine the cause of infertility

          

  91. anteversiontipping or turning forward of an organ

          

  92. -gravidawoman who has been pregnant more than once

          

  93. TRAM - transverserectus abdominis muscle flap (SP)surgical creation of a skin flap using skin and fat from the lower half of the abdomen, which is passed under the skin to the breast area, and then shaping the abdominal tissue flap into a natural looking breast and suturing it into place

          

  94. mastectomy- (modified radical) (SP)excision of the entire breast, inculuding the lymph nodes in the underarm axiallry dissection

          

  95. cesarean section (SP)excision of the entire breast

          

  96. men/omenses, menstruation

          

  97. oophoromaovarian tumor

          

  98. menarchebeginning

          

  99. mammoplasty (augmentation) (SP)-delivery of a pressurized air or gas into a cavity, chamber, or organ to allow visual examination, remove an obstruction, or apply medication
    - Increases distance between structures

          

  100. -archefirst

          

  101. nulliparawoman who has never produced a viable offspring

          

  102. retroversiontipping or turning forward of an organ

          

  103. choriocarcinoma(D&C)-malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy
    -rare tumor that may occur after pregnancy or abortion
    -its actual cause is unknown

          

  104. mastectomy (SP)excision of the entire breast

          

  105. tubal ligation (SP)-procedure that ties ( ligates) the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy
    -form of sterilization surgery usually performed during laparoscopy

          

  106. mammography(IP)radiographic examination of the breast to screen for breast cancer

          

  107. ultrasonography (US)excision of small primary breast tumor or lumps and some of the normal tissue that surrounds it

          

  108. IUD (intrauterine device)
    (MP)
    -small t-shaped device inserted by a physician inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy
    -Copper IUD,which releases copper particles to prevent pregnancy
    -hormonal IUD,which releases progestin to prevent pregnancy

          

  109. lactogendifficult childbirth

          

  110. endometrial biopsy(LP)-removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study
    -used in fertility assessment and to determine dysfunctional and postmenopausal bleeding

          

  111. colp/o
    vagin/o
    vagina

          

  112. pelvimetry(CP)visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument (colposcope)

          

  113. colposcopyvisual examination of the vagina

          

  114. post-many, much

          

  115. cervic/oamnion (amniotic sac)

          

  116. -cyesischildbirth, labor

          

  117. metrorrhagiamenstrual periods

          

  118. galact/o
    lact/o
    ovary

          

  119. sterility(D&C)inability of the female to become pregnant or the male to impregnate the female

          

  120. mastopexy-surgical fixation of the breast(s)
    -is reconstructive , cosmetic surgery

          

  121. galactopoiesis-surgical fixation of the breast(s)
    -is reconstructive , cosmetic surgery

          

  122. endocervicitis(D&C)congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina

          

  123. endo-in, within

          

  124. ante-after

          

  125. Candidiasis(monoiliasis)-caused by Candida albicans, a yeast that is present as part of the normal flora
    -If normal flora is disrupted by steroid therapy, diabetes, or pregnancy it will promote overgrowth of yeast
    -results in a yeast (fungal) infection

          

  126. retroversion(D&C)common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttocks or feet present rather than the head

          

  127. obstetrics-the branch of medicine that manages the health of a woman and her fetus during pregnancy and childbirth
    -includes the puerperium

          

  128. EstrogensTreat symptoms of menopause (hot flashes, vaginal dryness, fatigue)through hormone replacement therapy(HRT)

          

  129. papanicolaou (pap) test(LP)-cytological study used to detect abnormal cells sloughed from the cervix and vagina, usually obtained during routine pelvic examination
    -commonly used to scan for cervical cancer

          

  130. -paraafter

          

  131. mycostaticsantifungal agents that suppress the growth of fungi, used to treat candidiasi

          

  132. pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)-general term for inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and adjacent pelvic structures

          

  133. postnataloccuring after birth