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133 Multiple choice questions

  1. vagina
  2. surgical reconstruction of the breast to change the size, shape, or position
  3. Treat vaginal yeast infection by altering the yeast cell membrane or interfering with the metabolic process
  4. birth
  5. -general term for inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and adjacent pelvic structures
  6. woman who has never produced a viable offspring
  7. the physician who simultaneously practices the specialties of both gynecology and obstetrics
  8. Chemically destroy sperm by creating a highly acidic environment in the uterus
  9. ovary
  10. -benign tumors com-posed of muscle and fibrous tissue that develop in the uterus myomectomy or hysterectomy may be indicated if they grow too large
    -cause such symptoms as metrorrhagia,pelvic pain,and menorrhagia
  11. tube (usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory] tubes)
  12. -removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study
    -used in fertility assessment and to determine dysfunctional and postmenopausal bleeding
  13. inflammation of (tissue) within the uterus
  14. tipping or turning forward of an organ
  15. -caused by protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis
    -Most commonly sexual transmitted infections in the lower genital tract
  16. occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse
  17. inability of the female to become pregnant or the male to impregnate the female
  18. after
  19. -tipping or turning back (of an organ)
    -usually occurs in 1 of 4 healthy women
  20. painful menstruation
  21. sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilical vein and performed under ultrasound guidance
  22. -procedure that ties ( ligates) the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy
    -form of sterilization surgery usually performed during laparoscopy
  23. woman who has been pregnant more than once
  24. breast reduction to reduce the size of a large, pendulous breast
  25. common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttocks or feet present rather than the head
  26. -localized infections and inflammations confined to the vagina, occurring from viruses, bacteria, or yeast
    -2 most common types: candidiasis and trichomoniasis
  27. bad; painful; difficult
  28. uterus (womb); measure
  29. -the branch of medicine that manages the health of a woman and her fetus during pregnancy and childbirth
    -includes the puerperium
  30. occuring after birth
  31. tube (usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory] tubes)
  32. physician specializing in treating disorders of the female reproductive system
  33. -develops into implants,lesions, or growths and cause pain, infertility, and other problems
  34. false pregnancy
  35. pertaining to (the time period) before birth
  36. radiographic examination of the breast to screen for breast cancer
  37. prolapse or downward displacement of the uterus
  38. common breast reconstruction technique in which a balloon expander is inserted beneath the skin and chest muscle, saline solution is gradually injected to increase size, and the expander is then replaces with a more permanent implant
  39. -delivery of a pressurized air or gas into a cavity, chamber, or organ to allow visual examination, remove an obstruction, or apply medication
    - Increases distance between structures
  40. Terminate pregnancy
  41. woman who has delivered more than one viable infant regardless of whether the offspring was born alive
  42. -malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy
    -rare tumor that may occur after pregnancy or abortion
    -its actual cause is unknown
  43. excision of the entire breast
  44. -profuse or prolonged bleeding during regular menstruation
    -may, in early life, be caused by endocrine disturbances
    -in later life, it is usually due to inflammatory diseases, fibroids, tumors, or emotional disturbances
  45. difficult childbirth
  46. -genetic condition in which a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46-occurs
    -when there is an extra copy it causes delays in the way a child develops mentally and physically
  47. the branch of medicine concerned with diseases of the female reproductive organs and breasts
  48. -most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy
    -signs include high blood pressure, edema, convulsions, renal dysfunction, proteinuria, and, in severe cases, coma
  49. urethral inflammation
  50. -menstrual pain and tension
    -may be the result of uterine contractions, pathological growths, or such chronic disorders as anemia, fatigue, diabetes, and tuberculosis
  51. Total (complete) hysterectomy, including removal of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries
  52. -premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall before the third stage of labor-results in uterine hemorrhage and threatens the life of the mother
    -disrupts blood flow and oxygen through the umbilical cord and threatens the life of the fetus
  53. -vaginal hernia
    - also called colpocele
  54. -radiography and usually fluroscopy of the uterus and uterine tubes( oviducts) following injection of a contrast medium
    -used to determine pathology in the uterine cavity,evaluate tubal patency, and determine the cause of infertility
  55. excision of a cone shaped piece of tissue, such as mucosa or the cervix for histological examination
  56. excision of the entrire breast, all underarm lymph nodes, and chest wall muscles under the breast
  57. -cytological study used to detect abnormal cells sloughed from the cervix and vagina, usually obtained during routine pelvic examination
    -commonly used to scan for cervical cancer
  58. insertion of a breast prosthesis (filled iwth silicone gel or saline) beneath the skin or beneath the pectoralis major muscle
  59. before, in front of
  60. many, much
  61. menses, menstruation
  62. -incision of the abdomen and uterus to remove the fetus -also called c-section
  63. blood in a fallopian tube; also called hematosalpinx
  64. creation of a breast shaped mound to replace a breas tthat has been removed due to cancer or other disease
  65. turning
  66. Treat symptoms of menopause (hot flashes, vaginal dryness, fatigue)through hormone replacement therapy(HRT)
  67. surgical closure of the vaginal canal
  68. -caused by Candida albicans, a yeast that is present as part of the normal flora
    -If normal flora is disrupted by steroid therapy, diabetes, or pregnancy it will promote overgrowth of yeast
    -results in a yeast (fungal) infection
  69. termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus
  70. pregnant woman
  71. rupture of an ovary
  72. visual examination of the vagina
  73. bacteria in the blood that often occurs with severe infections
  74. ovarian tumor
  75. measurement of the pelvic dimensions to determine whether the head of the fetus will be able to pass through the bony pelvis to allow delivery
  76. surgical repair of a fallopian tube
  77. breast
  78. uterus (womb)
  79. excision of the entire breast, inculuding the lymph nodes in the underarm axiallry dissection
  80. -breast cancer
    -most common malignancy of women in the US
    -ass. with ovarian hormonal functions,family history, and hormone replacement therapy(HRT)
  81. woman during her first pregnancy
  82. woman, female
  83. women who have never borne children
  84. visual examination of the abdominal cavity with a elaparoscope through one or more small incision in the abdominal wall, usually at the umbilicus
  85. perineum
  86. -sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects
    -involves insertion of a catheter into the uterus to obtain sample
    -can be undertaken in the 1st trimester of pregnancy
  87. -bursting forth of the menses
    -excessive amount of menstrual flow over a longer duration than normal
  88. -a disorder with signs and symptoms that range from complaints of headache and fatigue to mood changes, anxiety, depression, uncontrolled crying spells, and water retention
    -occurs several days before the onset of menstruation and ends when menses begins or a short time after
  89. antifungal agents that suppress the growth of fungi, used to treat candidiasi
  90. production of milk
  91. -surgical fixation of the breast(s)
    -is reconstructive , cosmetic surgery
  92. -inflammation of the mucous lining of the cervix uteri
    -usually, chronic, commonly due to infection, and accompanied by cervical erosion
  93. amnion (amniotic sac)
  94. childbirth, labor
  95. -Hysterectomy where the cervix is removed but the ovaries and fallopian tubes remain
    - also called complete hysterectomy
  96. excision of the uterus
  97. congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina
  98. beginning
  99. Synthetic hormones used to prevent pregnancy and treat menstrual disorders
  100. visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument (colposcope)
  101. excision of small primary breast tumor or lumps and some of the normal tissue that surrounds it
  102. inflammation of the cervix
  103. milk
  104. first
  105. relating to the uterus and vagina
  106. -pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum does not reach the uterine cavity but becomes implanted on any tissue other than the lining of the uterine cavity, such as the fallopian tube, an ovary, the abdomen, or even the cervix uteri
    -kinds include abdominal pregnancy, ovarian pregnancy, and tubal pregnancy
  107. Hysterectomy where the cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes remain
  108. suture of the perineum
  109. in, within
  110. to bear (offspring)
  111. -surgical puncture of the amniotic sac
    -is a transabdominal puncture performed under ultrasound guidance using a needle and syringe to remove amniotic fluid
  112. trans-abdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle position is verified by US on a monitor screen and syringe to remove amniotic fluid and enables transfusion of blood and instillation of drugs to the fetus
  113. -obstetric complication in which the placenta is attached close to or covers the cervical canal that results in bleeding during labor when the cervix dilates
    -leading cause of vaginal bleeding (spotting) that may lead to other complications
    -may also necessitate a cesarean delivery
  114. suturing of the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy, thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion
  115. -process of freezing tissue to destroy cells
    -also called cryocautery
  116. disease producing organisms
  117. US of the pelvic area performed with a probe inserted into the vagina, which provides sharper images of pathological and normal structures within the pelvis
  118. radiograph of the breast
  119. menstrual periods
  120. surgical creation of a skin flap using skin and fat from the lower half of the abdomen, which is passed under the skin to the breast area, and then shaping the abdominal tissue flap into a natural looking breast and suturing it into place
  121. forming or producing milk (refers to any substance that stimulates milk production, such as a hormone)
  122. -small t-shaped device inserted by a physician inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy
    -Copper IUD,which releases copper particles to prevent pregnancy
    -hormonal IUD,which releases progestin to prevent pregnancy
  123. Induce labor at term by increasing the strength and frequency of uterine contractions
  124. excision of the entire breast, nipple, areolar, and the involved overlying skin, also called simple mastectomy
  125. turning or state of being turned back, especially an entire organ, such as the uterus, being tipped from its normal position
  126. beginning of menstruation
  127. -use of a high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) directed at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure
    - also called ultrasound, sonography and echo
  128. -the period of adjustment after childbirth during which the reproductive organs of the mother return to their normal nonpregnant state
    -generally lasts 6 to 8 weeks and ends with the first ovulation and the return of normal menstrutation
  129. widening of the cervical canal with dialator and scraping of the uterine endometrium with curette
  130. pertaining to the lining of the uterus
  131. pregnancy
  132. neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
  133. -test for patency of the uterine tubes made by transuterine insufflation with carbon dioxide
    -also called Rubin test