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161 True/False questions

  1. seborrheasebum, sebaceous

          

  2. diaphoresis (sudoresis or hyperhidrosis)excessive or profuse sweating

          

  3. steatitisinflammation of fatty (adipose) tissue

          

  4. basal cell carcinoma-the most common type of skin cancer
    -rarely metastasizes
    -is a malignancy of the basal layer of the epidermis, or hair follicles
    -usually caused by overexposure to sunlight

          

  5. matastasisgrowths spread to remote areas of the body

          

  6. Synthetic skin graftTransplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern

          

  7. Papule Lesion-Primary Lesion
    -Solid, elevated lesion
    -examples include nevus, wart, pimple, ringworm, psoriasis, eczema

          

  8. Verruca (warts)specialist in the study of skin disorders

          

  9. Chemical Peel (chemabrasion)Chemical removal of the outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses

          

  10. hypodermicpertaining to under the skin

          

  11. VitiligoLocalized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches

          

  12. epi-without, not

          

  13. Macule Lesion-Primary Lesion
    -Fluid-filled lesion
    -small, raised, circumscribed lesion that contains pus
    -examples include acne, furuncle, pustular psoriasis, scabies

          

  14. xer/oforeign, strange

          

  15. in situ carcinomacancinoma that is confined to original site

          

  16. cryotherapypertaining to under the skin

          

  17. Vesicle Lesion-Primary Lesion
    -Fluid-filled lesion
    -elevated, circumscribed, fluid-filled
    -examples include poison ivy, shingles, chickenpox

          

  18. seb/odry

          

  19. Skin graftTransplantation of healthy tissue to an injured site

          

  20. (T)tumor- node- metastasis (TNM)growths spread to remote areas of the body

          

  21. Topical AnestheticsBlock sensation of pain by numbing the skin layers and mucous membranes

          

  22. pathologistSpecialist in diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders

          

  23. BiopsyPigmentary skin discoloration usually occurring in a yellowish brown patches or spots

          

  24. Protectivesinflammation of fatty (adipose) tissue

          

  25. Fissure Lesion-Secondary Lesion
    -Depressed Lesion
    -small slit or crack- like sore that extends into the dermal layer
    -could be caused by continuous inflammation and drying

          

  26. sudoresis (hyperhidrosis)Partial or complete loss of hair resulting from normal aging, an endocrine disorder, a drug reaction, anticancer medication, or a skin disease

          

  27. squamousscale

          

  28. Malignant melanomasoftening of the nails

          

  29. lipocelefat cell

          

  30. tumor gradinga way to determine the degree of loss of cellular differentiation and function of tumors

          

  31. Antisepticsabnormal condition of fat

          

  32. sclerodermapertaining to under the skin

          

  33. Debridementcancer causing agents

          

  34. Patch (allergy skin test)Skin test that identifies allergic contact dermatitis by applying a suspected allergen to a patch then taped on the skin, usually the forearm, and observing the area 24 hours later for an allergic response

          

  35. -logyspecialist in the study of

          

  36. Urticaria (wheals or hives)Minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin, small version of ecchymosis

          

  37. Third- degree (full-thickness) burns-the least serious type of burn
    -injures only the top layers of skin, the epidermis

          

  38. systemic lesionlesion that affects tissue throughout the body

          

  39. lipocytefat cell

          

  40. chemical burnlesion that affects tissue throughout the body

          

  41. subungualpertaining to beneath the nail of a finger or toe

          

  42. CorticosteriodsDecrease inflammation and itching by suppressing the immune system's inflammatory response to tissue damage

          

  43. homograft (allograft)-skin transplantation from a foreign donor (usually a pig) for a human
    -are used as a temporary graft to protect against infection and fluid loss

          

  44. homo-above, upon

          

  45. hidradenitisinflammation of the sweat glands

          

  46. epidermis-pus in the skin
    -is a acute, inflammatory, purulent bacterial dermatitis
    -may be primary, such as impetigo, or secondary to a previous skin condition

          

  47. CyrosurgeryUse of subfreezing temperature (commonly liquid nitrogen) to destroy or eliminate abnormal tissue, such as tumors, warts, and unwanted, cancerous, or infected tissue

          

  48. DermatomycosisSpecialist in diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders

          

  49. onych/o
    ungu/o
    nail

          

  50. erythemaskin redness

          

  51. cutane/o
    dermat/o
    derm/o
    skin

          

  52. -logistLayers of cancer containing skin are progressively removed and examined until only cancer free tissue remains

          

  53. Needle BiopsyRemoval of elevated lesions using a surgical blade

          

  54. neoplasmsPigmentary skin discoloration usually occurring in a yellowish brown patches or spots

          

  55. DermatologistStudy of the skin and its diseases

          

  56. Ulcer Lesion-Secondary Lesion
    -Depressed Lesion
    -an open sore or lesion that extends into the dermis and usually heals with scarring
    -examples include pressure sore, basal cell carcinoma

          

  57. Tumor Lesion-Primary Lesion
    -Solid, elevated lesion
    -lipoma, steatoma, dermatofibroma, hemangioma

          

  58. adip/o
    lip/o
    steat/o
    sweat

          

  59. PruitusIntense itching

          

  60. dermatomycosisfungal infection of the skin

          

  61. hyperesthesiaincreased feeling

          

  62. Fulguration (electrodesiccation)Tissue destruction by means of high frequency electric current

          

  63. pil/o
    trich/o
    hair

          

  64. Wheal Lesion-Secondary Lesion
    -Depressed Lesion
    -an open sore or lesion that extends into the dermis and usually heals with scarring
    -examples include pressure sore, basal cell carcinoma

          

  65. dermatologySpecialist in diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders

          

  66. keratosisinflammation of fatty (adipose) tissue

          

  67. localized lesionlesion that affects tissue over an area of a definite size

          

  68. -cytecell

          

  69. Lesions-Dead matter that is sloughed off from the surface of the skin, especially after a burn
    -commonly is crusted or scabbed

          

  70. Eschar-Dead matter that is sloughed off from the surface of the skin, especially after a burn
    -commonly is crusted or scabbed

          

  71. Cellulitisinflammation of fatty (adipose) tissue

          

  72. onychomalaciasoftening of the nails

          

  73. -therapytreatment

          

  74. melan/osebum, sebaceous

          

  75. vesicles (bullae)-caused from second degree burn
    -fluid- filled blisters
    -may heal with little or no scarring

          

  76. myc/odry

          

  77. ungual-type of first degree burn
    -caused by spending too much time in the sun

          

  78. tumor- node- metastasis (TNM)lesion that affects tissue over an area of a definite size

          

  79. Bulla Lesion-Secondary Lesion
    -Depressed Lesion
    -an open sore or lesion that extends into the dermis and usually heals with scarring
    -examples include pressure sore, basal cell carcinoma

          

  80. hyperhidrosis (diaphoresis or sudoresis)Skin discoloration consisting of large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow

          

  81. Excoriations Lesion-Secondary Lesion
    -Depressed Lesion
    -linear scratch marks or traumatized abrasions of the epidermis
    -examples include scratches, abrasions, chemical or thermal burns

          

  82. sunburnexcessive, above normal

          

  83. primary skin lesionsare changes that take place in the primary lesion due to infection, scratching, trauma, or various stages of a disease

          

  84. Intradermal (allergy skin test)-Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of extracts of the suspected allergens and observing the skin for a subsequent reaction
    -Normally used to determine immunity to Diphtheria or TB

          

  85. Pustule Lesion-Primary Lesion
    -Fluid-filled lesion
    -small, raised, circumscribed lesion that contains pus
    -examples include acne, furuncle, pustular psoriasis, scabies

          

  86. Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)Procedure in which cells selectively treated with an agent called a photo-sensitizer are exposed to light to produce a reaction that destroys the cells

          

  87. carcinogenscancer causing agents

          

  88. DermabrasionRubbing (abrasion) using wire brushes or sandpaper to mechanically scrape away (abrade) the epidermis. Commonly used for acne scars, tattoos, and scar tissue

          

  89. ErythemaRedness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries

          

  90. Second- degree (partial thickness)burns-burns are deep burns that damage the epidermis and part of the dermis
    -may be caused by contact with flames, hot liquids, or chemicals
    -forms fluid- filled blisters

          

  91. malignant neoplasmsare abnormal growths of new tissue that are classified as benign or malignant

          

  92. xen/oforeign, strange

          

  93. Lentigo-Small brown macules , especially on the face and arms, brought on by sun exposure, usually in a middle-aged person or older
    -benign pigmented lesions

          

  94. kerat/oscale

          

  95. secondary skin lesionsare changes that take place in the primary lesion due to infection, scratching, trauma, or various stages of a disease

          

  96. Autograft skin graftTransplantation of healthy tissue from one site to another site in the same individual

          

  97. Allograft skin graft (homograft)Transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another person

          

  98. First-degree (superficial) burns-burns are deep burns that damage the epidermis and part of the dermis
    -may be caused by contact with flames, hot liquids, or chemicals
    -forms fluid- filled blisters

          

  99. Scratch (allergy skin test)Identifies suspected allergens by placing a small quantity of the suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin

          

  100. DermatologySpecialist in diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders

          

  101. sub-under, below

          

  102. AntiparasiticsTopically applied agents that inhibit growth of bacteria, thus preventing infections in cuts, scratches, and surgical incisions

          

  103. Comedosame

          

  104. Alopecia (baldness)Partial or complete loss of hair resulting from normal aging, an endocrine disorder, a drug reaction, anticancer medication, or a skin disease

          

  105. AntifungalsAlter the cell wall of fungi disrupt enzyme activity, resulting in cell death

          

  106. PurpuraUnnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin

          

  107. -dermaskin

          

  108. Nodule Lesion-Primary Lesion
    -Solid, elevated lesion
    -palpable, circumscribed lesion
    -examples include intradermal nevus, benign or malignant tumor

          

  109. xenograft (heterograft)transplantation of tissue between individuals of the same species

          

  110. Acne (acne vulgaris)Fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicated the body part affected

          

  111. ImpetigoBacterial skin infection characterized by isolation pustules that become crusted and rupture

          

  112. dia-through, across

          

  113. ichthyosisabnormal condition of dry or scaly skin

          

  114. benign neoplasmsnoncancerous growths

          

  115. Pallordry

          

  116. Anaplasiaare abnormal growths of new tissue that are classified as benign or malignant

          

  117. invasive carcinoma-black tumor
    -Is a malignant tumor of melanocytes that commonly begins in a darkly pigmented mole and can metastasize widely

          

  118. immunotherapy (biotherapy)-form of cancer treatment
    -treatment that stimulates the body's own immune defenses to fight tumor cells

          

  119. hidr/o
    sudor/o
    -Primary Lesion
    -Solid, elevated lesion
    -lipoma, steatoma, dermatofibroma, hemangioma

          

  120. Psoriasisare abnormal growths of new tissue that are classified as benign or malignant

          

  121. Frozen Section (FS) biopsyDecrease inflammation and itching by suppressing the immune system's inflammatory response to tissue damage

          

  122. squamous cell carcinoma-arises from the skin that undergoes pathological hardening of epidermal cells
    - invasive tumor with potential for matastasis
    -occurs most commonly in fair- skinned white men over age 60

          

  123. Antihistamineabnormal condition of not sweating

          

  124. Punch biopsyRemoval of a small core of tissue using a hollow punch

          

  125. (N)tumor- node- metastasis (TNM)invasiveness (matastastis) of the primary tumor

          

  126. Ecchymosis (bruise)Skin discoloration consisting of large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow

          

  127. Culture and Sensitivity (C&S)Laboratory test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area (such as an ulcer, wound, or pus from an infection) in order to identify the specific infecting bacterium and then determine its sensitivity to antibiotic drugs

          

  128. biopsytissue sample removed to determine if malignant

          

  129. squam/oscale

          

  130. Chloasmsame

          

  131. thermal burn-type of first degree burn
    -brief contact with dry or moist heat

          

  132. scler/ohardening; sclera (white of eye)

          

  133. KeratolyicsDestroy and soften the outer layer of skin so that it is sloughed off or shed

          

  134. KeratosisThickened area of the epidermis of any horny growth on the skin (such as a callus or wart)

          

  135. adiposisabnormal condition of not sweating

          

  136. anhidrosisabnormal condition of not sweating

          

  137. Eczema (atopic dematitis)-above the skin
    -is the outer most layer of the skin

          

  138. hyper-excessive, above normal

          

  139. (M)tumor- node- metastasis (TNM)-Primary Lesion
    -Solid, elevated lesion
    -lipoma, steatoma, dermatofibroma, hemangioma

          

  140. Pressure Ulcer (decubitus ulcer)-skin transplantation from a foreign donor (usually a pig) for a human
    -are used as a temporary graft to protect against infection and fluid loss

          

  141. Pediculosisabnormal condition of fat

          

  142. pilonidal-pertaining to hair in a nest
    -commonly develops in the skin at the base of the spine
    -it develops as a growth of hair in a dermoid cyst

          

  143. dermatoplasty-surgical repair of the skin
    -skin grafting

          

  144. an-without, not

          

  145. Tinea (ringworm)Fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicated the body part affected

          

  146. Xenograft skin graft-skin transplantation from a foreign donor (usually a pig) for a human
    -are used as a temporary graft to protect against infection and fluid loss

          

  147. Bowen Disease (Bowen precancerous dermatosis)-Form of intra-epidermal carcinoma (squamous cell) characterized by red-brown scaly or crusted lesions that resemble a patch of psoriasis or dermatitis
    -treatment includes curettage and electrodesiccation

          

  148. ichthy/oabnormal condition of dry or scaly skin

          

  149. Shave biopsyRemoval of a small core of tissue using a hollow punch

          

  150. dermatologistStudy of the skin and its diseases

          

  151. melanoma-black tumor
    -Is a malignant tumor of melanocytes that commonly begins in a darkly pigmented mole and can metastasize widely

          

  152. ScabiesContagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite, commonly through sexual contact

          

  153. dermatoplastysurgical repair of the skin

          

  154. Petechia (plural, petechiae)Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by the eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals or hives

          

  155. Mohsunder, below

          

  156. Allergy Skin Testare the initial reaction to pathologically altered tissue and may be flat or elevated

          

  157. AbcessLocalized collection of pus at the site of an infection (characteristically a staphylococcal infection)

          

  158. xerodermadry skin

          

  159. pyodermaexcessive, above normal

          

  160. subcutaneousabnormal condition of dry or scaly skin

          

  161. combined modality treatment-a combination of treatments