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161 Multiple choice questions

  1. profuse sweating
  2. Unnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin
  3. area lymph nodes involved
  4. -staging system that classifies solid tumors by size and degree of spreading
  5. Localized collection of pus at the site of an infection (characteristically a staphylococcal infection)
  6. -use of cold in the treatment (of diseases)
    -is used to destroy tissue by freezing with liquid nitrogen
  7. nail
  8. fungus (plural, fungi)
  9. -type of first degree burn
    -brief contact with dry or moist heat
  10. -black tumor
    -Is a malignant tumor of melanocytes that commonly begins in a darkly pigmented mole and can metastasize widely
  11. Localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches
  12. pertaining to beneath the nail of a finger or toe
  13. Transplantation of healthy tissue to an injured site
  14. dry, scaly
  15. cancer causing agents
  16. Transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another person
  17. Redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries
  18. -burn in which the epidermis and dermis are destroyed and some of the connective tissue is damaged, leaving the skin waxy and charred with insensitivity to touch
    -the underlying bones, muscles, and tendons may also be damaged
    -may be caused by corrosive chemicals, flames, electricity, or extremely hot objects; immersion of the body in extremely hot water; or clothing that catches fire
    -ulcerating wound develop and the body attempts to heal itself by forming scar tissue
    -skin grafting is commonly required
  19. Specialist in diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders
  20. Decrease inflammation and itching by suppressing the immune system's inflammatory response to tissue damage
  21. growths spread to remote areas of the body
  22. Loss of cellular differentiation and function
  23. -Primary Lesion
    -Fluid-filled lesion
    -a vesicle or blister
    -examples include second- degree burns, severe poison oak, poison ivy
  24. -Diffuse (widespread), acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues
    -Characterized by a light glossy appearance of the skin, localized heat, redness, pain, swelling and, occasionally, fever, malaise, and chills
  25. Destroy and soften the outer layer of skin so that it is sloughed off or shed
  26. surgical repair of the skin
  27. Skin test that identifies allergic contact dermatitis by applying a suspected allergen to a patch then taped on the skin, usually the forearm, and observing the area 24 hours later for an allergic response
  28. a specialist in diagnosis of diseases
  29. invasiveness (matastastis) of the primary tumor
  30. under, below
  31. sebum, sebaceous
  32. Study of the skin and its diseases
  33. -type of first degree burn
    -caused by spending too much time in the sun
  34. skin redness
  35. excessive, above normal
  36. foreign, strange
  37. Epidermal growth caused by a virus
  38. Removal of elevated lesions using a surgical blade
  39. cancinoma that is confined to original site
  40. -arises from the skin that undergoes pathological hardening of epidermal cells
    - invasive tumor with potential for matastasis
    -occurs most commonly in fair- skinned white men over age 60
  41. inflammation of fatty (adipose) tissue
  42. -form of cancer treatment
    -treatment that stimulates the body's own immune defenses to fight tumor cells
  43. -Primary Lesion
    -Solid, elevated lesion
    -lipoma, steatoma, dermatofibroma, hemangioma
  44. Cover, cool, dry or soothe inflamed skin
  45. Identifies suspected allergens by placing a small quantity of the suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin
  46. -Dead matter that is sloughed off from the surface of the skin, especially after a burn
    -commonly is crusted or scabbed
  47. specialist in the study of
  48. are abnormal growths of new tissue that are classified as benign or malignant
  49. -burns are deep burns that damage the epidermis and part of the dermis
    -may be caused by contact with flames, hot liquids, or chemicals
    -forms fluid- filled blisters
  50. Fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicated the body part affected
  51. -the least serious type of burn
    -injures only the top layers of skin, the epidermis
  52. discharge of sebum
  53. study of
  54. pertaining to beneath the skin
  55. -Ultra-thin slice of tissue from a frozen specimen for immediate pathological examination. -Commonly used for a rapid diagnosis of malignancy
  56. Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by the eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals or hives
  57. Minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin, small version of ecchymosis
  58. -caused from second degree burn
    -fluid- filled blisters
    -may heal with little or no scarring
  59. -abnormal of horny tissue
    -is a thickened area of the epidermis or any horny growth on the skin, such as a callus or wart
  60. carcinoma that penetrates the surrounding tissue
  61. -malignant growths of melanocytes
    -Highly metastatic, with a higher mortality rate than other carcinomas
    -Most lethal of the skin cancers
  62. abnormal condition of not sweating
  63. Kills insect parasite, such as mites and lice
  64. -Primary Lesion
    -Solid, elevated lesion
    -examples include nevus, wart, pimple, ringworm, psoriasis, eczema
  65. -Secondary Lesion
    -Depressed Lesion
    -linear scratch marks or traumatized abrasions of the epidermis
    -examples include scratches, abrasions, chemical or thermal burns
  66. -skin transplantation from a foreign donor (usually a pig) for a human
    -are used as a temporary graft to protect against infection and fluid loss
  67. treatment
  68. -above the skin
    -is the outer most layer of the skin
  69. skin
  70. without, not
  71. -pus in the skin
    -is a acute, inflammatory, purulent bacterial dermatitis
    -may be primary, such as impetigo, or secondary to a previous skin condition
  72. areas of tissue that have been pathologically altered by injury, wound, or infection
  73. specialist in the study of skin disorders
  74. -the most common type of skin cancer
    -rarely metastasizes
    -is a malignancy of the basal layer of the epidermis, or hair follicles
    -usually caused by overexposure to sunlight
  75. Transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern
  76. hair
  77. size and invasiveness of the primary tumor
  78. fungal infection of the skin
  79. skin
  80. inflammation of the sweat glands
  81. -Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of extracts of the suspected allergens and observing the skin for a subsequent reaction
    -Normally used to determine immunity to Diphtheria or TB
  82. above, upon
  83. Inhibit allergic reactions of inflammation, redness, and itching caused by the release of histamine
  84. -Primary Lesion
    -Fluid-filled lesion
    -elevated, circumscribed, fluid-filled
    -examples include poison ivy, shingles, chickenpox
  85. Contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite, commonly through sexual contact
  86. pertaining to scales (or covered with scales)
  87. Tissue destruction by means of high frequency electric current
  88. Thickened area of the epidermis of any horny growth on the skin (such as a callus or wart)
  89. Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin with characteristic lesions that include blackheads (comedos), inflammatory papules, pustules, nodules and cysts and usually associated with seborrhea
  90. through, across
  91. Skin transplant from a foreign donor (usually a pig) for a human. Also called a heterograft. This is a temporary graft to protect against fluid loss and infection
  92. lesion that affects tissue throughout the body
  93. -type of first degree burn
    -skin exposed to chemicals
  94. -Primary Lesion
    -Flat Lesion
    -flat,pigmented, circumscribed area
    -examples include freckle, flat mole, or rash that occurs in rubella
  95. tissue sample removed to determine if malignant
  96. black
  97. Layers of cancer containing skin are progressively removed and examined until only cancer free tissue remains
  98. fat
  99. Alter the cell wall of fungi disrupt enzyme activity, resulting in cell death
  100. -Secondary Lesion
    -Depressed Lesion
    -small slit or crack- like sore that extends into the dermal layer
    -could be caused by continuous inflammation and drying
  101. Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolation pustules that become crusted and rupture
  102. Topically applied agents that inhibit growth of bacteria, thus preventing infections in cuts, scratches, and surgical incisions
  103. cell
  104. Representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination
  105. Skin discoloration consisting of large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow
  106. hardening; sclera (white of eye)
  107. -hardening of the skin
    -is an autoimmune disorder that causes the skin and internal organs to become progressively hardened due to deposits of collagen
  108. -pertaining to hair in a nest
    -commonly develops in the skin at the base of the spine
    -it develops as a growth of hair in a dermoid cyst
  109. Inflammation, sore, or skin deterioration caused by prolonged pressure from lying in one position that prevents blood flow to the tissues, usually in elderly bedridden persons
  110. Laboratory test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area (such as an ulcer, wound, or pus from an infection) in order to identify the specific infecting bacterium and then determine its sensitivity to antibiotic drugs
  111. noncancerous growths
  112. Chemical removal of the outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses
  113. -Primary Lesion
    -Fluid-filled lesion
    -small, raised, circumscribed lesion that contains pus
    -examples include acne, furuncle, pustular psoriasis, scabies
  114. Rubbing (abrasion) using wire brushes or sandpaper to mechanically scrape away (abrade) the epidermis. Commonly used for acne scars, tattoos, and scar tissue
  115. Block sensation of pain by numbing the skin layers and mucous membranes
  116. cancerous growths
  117. sweat
  118. pertaining to the nails
  119. lesion that affects tissue over an area of a definite size
  120. Any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied to or injected into the skin to determine the patients sensitivity to it
  121. Intense itching
  122. pertaining to under the skin
  123. excessive or profuse sweating
  124. -surgical repair of the skin
    -skin grafting
  125. a way to determine the degree of loss of cellular differentiation and function of tumors
  126. dry
  127. Removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow punch
  128. scale
  129. -Small brown macules , especially on the face and arms, brought on by sun exposure, usually in a middle-aged person or older
    -benign pigmented lesions
  130. -a combination of treatments
  131. same
  132. -Typical small skin lesion of acne caused by accumulation of keratin, bacteria, and dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin
    -closed form is called whitehead
  133. -Chronic inflammatory skin condition that is characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts and scabs and accompanied by intense itching (pruritis)
  134. horny tissue; hard; cornea
  135. abnormal condition of fat
  136. are the initial reaction to pathologically altered tissue and may be flat or elevated
  137. Pigmentary skin discoloration usually occurring in a yellowish brown patches or spots
  138. Partial or complete loss of hair resulting from normal aging, an endocrine disorder, a drug reaction, anticancer medication, or a skin disease
  139. Removal of a small tissue sample for examination using a hollow needle, usually attached to a syringe
  140. are changes that take place in the primary lesion due to infection, scratching, trauma, or various stages of a disease
  141. Infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs or headgear
  142. -Form of intra-epidermal carcinoma (squamous cell) characterized by red-brown scaly or crusted lesions that resemble a patch of psoriasis or dermatitis
    -treatment includes curettage and electrodesiccation
  143. Chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery adherent scales and cause by excessive development of the basal layer of the epidermis
  144. Any of several bleeding disorders characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues, particulary beneath the skin or mucous membranes, producing echymoses or petechiae
  145. Transplantation of healthy tissue from one site to another site in the same individual
  146. Procedure in which cells selectively treated with an agent called a photo-sensitizer are exposed to light to produce a reaction that destroys the cells
  147. fat cell
  148. -Primary Lesion
    -Solid, elevated lesion
    -Elevated, firm, rounded lesion with localized skin edema (swelling) that varies in size, shape, and color
    -examples include hives, insect bites, uticaria
  149. -Secondary Lesion
    -Depressed Lesion
    -an open sore or lesion that extends into the dermis and usually heals with scarring
    -examples include pressure sore, basal cell carcinoma
  150. -Primary Lesion
    -Solid, elevated lesion
    -palpable, circumscribed lesion
    -examples include intradermal nevus, benign or malignant tumor
  151. dry skin
  152. hernia containing fat
  153. transplantation of tissue between individuals of the same species
  154. softening of the nails
  155. -Infection of the skin caused by fungi
    -a common type is called ringworm
  156. increased feeling
  157. excessive or profuse sweating
  158. study of the skin (and its diseases)
  159. Use of subfreezing temperature (commonly liquid nitrogen) to destroy or eliminate abnormal tissue, such as tumors, warts, and unwanted, cancerous, or infected tissue
  160. abnormal condition of dry or scaly skin
  161. Removal of necrotized tissue from a wound by surgical excision, enzymes, or chemical agents