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174 True/False questions

  1. venostasis (phlebostasis)abnormal condition of hardening of the artery

          

  2. pulmonary edemafluids in the lumgs

          

  3. valvuloplastysurgical repair of a valve

          

  4. nitratesdilate blood vessels of the heart, causing an increase in the amount of oxygen delivered to the myocardium, and widen blood vessels of the body, allowing more blood flow to the heart

          

  5. pericardialpertaining to (the area) around the heart

          

  6. vasographyradiographic images of the inside of a blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium AKA arteriography

          

  7. septostomyforming an opening in a septum

          

  8. pallorpaleness

          

  9. endo-chest pain

          

  10. incompetentdo not function properly

          

  11. -osisresembling (suffix)

          

  12. arrhythmiascardiac irregularites

          

  13. vas/ovessel; vas deferens; duct

          

  14. phleb/o
    ven/o
    valve

          

  15. diaphoresislocal, temporary deficiency of blood supply of an organ or tissue due to circulatory obstruction

          

  16. hypertensionabnormal narrowing

          

  17. sclerotherapypertaining to the heart (vessels)

          

  18. cardiologyheart condition

          

  19. multiple-gated acquisition (MUGA) scannuclear procedure that uses radioactive tracers to detect how well the heart walls move as they contracts

          

  20. scler/oartery

          

  21. embol/oembolus (plug)

          

  22. edemafluid within tissues

          

  23. -stenosisabnormal narrowing

          

  24. commissurotomysurgical separation of the leaflets of the mitral valve which have fused together

          

  25. cardi/o
    coron/o
    vein

          

  26. arteriosclerosisabnormal condition of hardening of the artery

          

  27. valvotomyforming an opening (mouth)

          

  28. magnetic resonance imaging MRInoninvasive technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce high detailed, multiplanar, cross-sectional views of soft tissue

          

  29. extra-outside

          

  30. Aneurysmlocalized abnormal dilation of a vessel, usually an artery

          

  31. angioplastyradiographic images of the inside of a blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium AKA arteriography

          

  32. -graphyinstrument for recording

          

  33. metastasized tumoris a tumor growing at the anatomical site where tumor progression began and proceeded to yield a cancerous mas

          

  34. sept/oseptum

          

  35. antiarrhythmicsprevent, alleviate, or correct cardiac arrhythmias (dysrhythmias) by stabilizing the electrical conduction of the heart

          

  36. ultrasonography UShigh-frequency sound waves used to produce an image of internal body structures

          

  37. anginachest pain

          

  38. diurecticsremoval of an embolus

          

  39. infarctionlocal, temporary deficiency of blood supply of an organ or tissue due to circulatory obstruction

          

  40. single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) MUGAMUGA scan of the heart in which the gamma camera moves in a circle around the patient to create individual images as slices of the heart

          

  41. cardiac MRIspecialized MRI that provides information on both static and moving images of the heart

          

  42. aortographyprocess of recording (an image of) a vessel

          

  43. stenosisnarrowing, stricture

          

  44. angiographyradiographic images of the inside of a blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium AKA arteriography

          

  45. arteriogramarteriole

          

  46. vasodilatorsreduce blood pressure by relaxing the smooth muscle in blood vessels, particularly in the large arteries, arterioles, and large veins, which decrease vascular resistance

          

  47. tachycardiarapid heart (beat)

          

  48. varicesvaricose veins within the esophagus

          

  49. aortostenosisnarrowing, stricture

          

  50. phlebitisinflammation within the vein

          

  51. extravascularpertaining to (the area) outside a vessel

          

  52. cardiomyopathydisease or weakening of the heart muscle that diminishes cardiac function

          

  53. stenoticabnormal narrowing

          

  54. arthralgiarecord of an artery

          

  55. electrophysiology study (EPS)procedure used to determine the cause of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias by mapping the heart's conduction system in a patient by causing arrhythmias

          

  56. arterial biopsyremoval of a segment of an arterial vessel wall to confirm inflammation of the artery;arteritis, a type of vasculitis

          

  57. arteriorrhexisrupture of an artery

          

  58. bacteremiabacteria within the blood

          

  59. dyspneachest pain

          

  60. embolus (plural, emboli)a blood clot dislodges within the vascular system

          

  61. sten/onarrowing, stricture (combining form)

          

  62. coronary angiographyangiography that is used to determine the degree of stenosis or obstruction of the arteries that supply the heart with blood

          

  63. embolectomyremoval of an embolus

          

  64. phlebitisinflammation of a deep or superficial vein of the arms or legs

          

  65. bradycardiaslow

          

  66. tachy-rapid

          

  67. myocardialpertaining to heart muscle

          

  68. -aryabnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)

          

  69. endarterectomyis an inflammation of the inner lining of the heart and its valves

          

  70. cardiomegalymedical specialty concerned with disorders of the cardiovascular system

          

  71. primary tumoris a tumor growing at the anatomical site where tumor progression began and proceeded to yield a cancerous mas

          

  72. stress testECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditons

          

  73. defibrillationArrhythmia in which there is an abnormally rapid, uncoordinated quivering of the myocardium that can affect the atria or the ventricles

          

  74. thrombosisabnormal condition in which a blood clot develops in a vessel and obstructs it at the site of its formation

          

  75. aneurysmorrhaphysuture of an aneurysm

          

  76. insufficiencydoes not work properly

          

  77. stent placementplacement of a mesh tube inserted into a natural passage or conduit in the body to prevent or counteract disease induced localized flow constriction

          

  78. endovascularpertaining to (the area) withing a vessel

          

  79. valv/o
    valvul/o
    heart

          

  80. malignant melanomafluids in the lumgs

          

  81. hypotensionelevated blood pressure persistently higher than 140/90 mm Hg

          

  82. percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty PTCAangiography that is used to determine the degree of stenosis or obstruction of the arteries that supply the heart with blood

          

  83. aort/oresembling (suffix)

          

  84. Fibrillationsensation of an irregular heartbeat, commonly described as pounding, racing, skipping a beat, or flutter

          

  85. saccular aneurysmdilation of the entire circumference of the artery

          

  86. hemangi/ocondition in which a mass (commonly a blood clot) becomes lodged in a blood vessel, obstructing blood flow

          

  87. my/omuscle

          

  88. arteri/oartery

          

  89. aneurysm/opulse

          

  90. electr/oelectricity

          

  91. angiographyprocess of recording (an image of) a vessel

          

  92. ischemiafluid within tissues

          

  93. embolectomy-removal of an embolus
    - is a mass including air, bacteria, tissue, or blood clot

          

  94. cardiac catheterization (CC)passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the heart

          

  95. trans-across

          

  96. -cardiaheart condition

          

  97. sphygm/ohardening; sclera (white of eye)

          

  98. angina (angina pectoris)process of recording (an image of) a vessel

          

  99. arrhythmia (dysrhythmia)record of an artery

          

  100. electrocardiographinstrument for recording electrical (activity) of the heart

          

  101. statinslower cholesterol in the blood and reduce its production in the liver by blocking the enzyme that produces it

          

  102. -oidresembling (suffix)

          

  103. regurgitationbackflow

          

  104. atherosclerosisdestruction of a blood clot using anticlotting agents called clot-busters, such as tissue plasminogen activator

          

  105. bruit (murmur)dilate blood vessels of the heart, causing an increase in the amount of oxygen delivered to the myocardium, and widen blood vessels of the body, allowing more blood flow to the heart

          

  106. nuclear perfusion study (thallium scan or cardiolite scan)procedure used to determine the cause of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias by mapping the heart's conduction system in a patient by causing arrhythmias

          

  107. coronary artery bypass graft CABGplacement of a vessel graft from another part of the body to bypass the blocked part of a coronary artery and restore blood flow the heart (the saphenous vein is commonly used)

          

  108. automatic implanatble cardioverter-defibrillator (AICD) insertion-electrical shock delivered randomly during the cardiac cycle to treat emergency life-threatening arrhythmia's
    - is performed when patients do not have a pulse

          

  109. mitral valve prolapse (MVP)removal of a segment of an arterial vessel wall to confirm inflammation of the artery;arteritis, a type of vasculitis

          

  110. -graphinstrument for recording

          

  111. tachycardiaslow heart (beat)

          

  112. arteriosclerosisinflammation of an arteriole

          

  113. bradycardiaArrhythmia in which the heat abnormally slowly, usually fewer than 60 beats per minute and a resting adult

          

  114. prophylactic treatmentmedications used to prevent diseases

          

  115. coronarypertaining to the heart (vessels)

          

  116. vasculitisinflammation of (blood) vessels

          

  117. -stasisforming an opening (mouth)

          

  118. -rrhexislocal, temporary deficiency of blood supply of an organ or tissue due to circulatory obstruction

          

  119. -lysisforming an opening (mouth)

          

  120. beta- blockersdilate blood vessels of the heart, causing an increase in the amount of oxygen delivered to the myocardium, and widen blood vessels of the body, allowing more blood flow to the heart

          

  121. -stomyresembling (suffix)

          

  122. lipid panelloss of consciousness

          

  123. telangiectasesspider veins

          

  124. sphygmoidresembling a pulse

          

  125. biopsyresembling (suffix)

          

  126. syncopeloss of consciousness

          

  127. -rrhaphysuture

          

  128. catheter ablation-electrical shock delivered randomly during the cardiac cycle to treat emergency life-threatening arrhythmia's
    - is performed when patients do not have a pulse

          

  129. atri/ovessel; vas deferens; duct

          

  130. atheromatumor of fatty plaque

          

  131. fusiform aneurysmdilation of the entire circumference of the artery

          

  132. palpitationabnormal growths

          

  133. phlebectasisinflammation of a deep or superficial vein of the arms or legs

          

  134. valvotomy-removal of an embolus
    - is a mass including air, bacteria, tissue, or blood clot

          

  135. endocarditisis an inflammation of the inner lining of the heart and its valves

          

  136. arteriol/oarteriole

          

  137. dissecting aneurysma tear in the inner layer causes the cavity to form between the layers of the artery that fills with blood and expands with each heartbeat

          

  138. cardioversionlow blood pressure persistently lower than 90/60 mm Hg

          

  139. echocardiographyprocess of recording (an image of) a vessel

          

  140. ventricul/oventricle (of the heart or brain)

          

  141. vegetationsabnormal growths

          

  142. electrocardiography ECG, EKGradiographic images of the inside of a blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium AKA arteriography

          

  143. embolism-removal of an embolus
    - is a mass including air, bacteria, tissue, or blood clot

          

  144. thrombolysisabnormal condition in which a blood clot develops in a vessel and obstructs it at the site of its formation

          

  145. peri-atrium

          

  146. arteriolitisrupture of an artery

          

  147. hemorrhoidsenlarged vein in the rectum area

          

  148. hyperlipidemiafluid within tissues

          

  149. carotid artery diseaserupture of an artery

          

  150. -ectasisseparation; destruction; loosening

          

  151. venographyprocess of recording (an image of) a vessel

          

  152. calcium channel blockersblock movement of calcium ( required for blood vessel contraction) into the myocardial cells and arterial walls, causing heart rate and blood pressure to decrease

          

  153. artiomegalyenlargement of the atrium

          

  154. angiotensin- converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitorslower blood pressure by inhibiting the conversion of angiotensin I ( an inactive enzyme ) to angiotensin II ( a potent vasoconstrictor)

          

  155. thrombolysisblood clot

          

  156. thromb/omuscle

          

  157. cardiologistinflammation of an arteriole

          

  158. laser ablationbackflow

          

  159. angi/o
    vascul/o
    heart

          

  160. hemangiomatumor of blood vessels

          

  161. open heart surgeryremoval of fatty plaque from the interior of an occluded vessel using a specially designed catheter fitted with a grinding or cutting devic

          

  162. ather/omuscle

          

  163. ventricularpertaining to a ventricle (chamber of the heart or brain)

          

  164. electrocardiograminstrument for recording electrical (activity) of the heart

          

  165. cardiac enzyme studiesnarrowing of the aorta

          

  166. heart blockarrhythmia in which there is an interference with the normal transmission of electric impulses from SA node to the Purkinje fibers

          

  167. dopplerpaleness

          

  168. brady-slow

          

  169. -gramresembling (suffix)

          

  170. Holter monitor testdilate blood vessels of the heart, causing an increase in the amount of oxygen delivered to the myocardium, and widen blood vessels of the body, allowing more blood flow to the heart

          

  171. myxomarecord, writing

          

  172. coarctationnarrowing of a vessel, especially the aorta

          

  173. syncope (fainting)is an inflammation of the inner lining of the heart and its valves

          

  174. deep vein thrombosis (DVT) (deep venous thrombosis)a blood clot dislodges within the vascular system