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174 Multiple choice questions

  1. abnormal condition in which a blood clot develops in a vessel and obstructs it at the site of its formation
  2. inflammation of (blood) vessels
  3. noninvasive technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce high detailed, multiplanar, cross-sectional views of soft tissue
  4. dilate blood vessels of the heart, causing an increase in the amount of oxygen delivered to the myocardium, and widen blood vessels of the body, allowing more blood flow to the heart
  5. arrhythmia in which there is an interference with the normal transmission of electric impulses from SA node to the Purkinje fibers
  6. abnormal condition of hardening of the artery
  7. incision of a valve to increase the size of the opening
  8. abnormal growths
  9. fluid within tissues
  10. arrhythmia in which there is a fast but regular rhythm, with the heart possibly beating up to 200 beats/minute
  11. does not work properly
  12. removal of a small piece of tissue for diagnostic purposes
  13. resembling a pulse
  14. septum
  15. forming an opening in a septum
  16. placement of a vessel graft from another part of the body to bypass the blocked part of a coronary artery and restore blood flow the heart (the saphenous vein is commonly used)
  17. backflow
  18. test used in conjunction with a stress test to detect the presence of coronary artery disease CAD that is causing partial obstruction of the coronary arteries
  19. process of recording
  20. removal of fatty plaque from the interior of an occluded vessel using a specially designed catheter fitted with a grinding or cutting devic
  21. widened blood vessel
  22. dilation of the entire circumference of the artery
  23. US used to visualize internal cardiac structures, produce images of the heart and asses cardiac output
  24. vessel (usually blood or lymph)
  25. slow heart (beat)
  26. artery
  27. instrument for recording
  28. process of recording (an image of) a vessel
  29. heart condition
  30. Arrhythmia in which the heat abnormally slowly, usually fewer than 60 beats per minute and a resting adult
  31. inflammation of an arteriole
  32. high-frequency sound waves used to produce an image of internal body structures
  33. a blood clot dislodges within the vascular system
  34. enlargement of the atrium
  35. radiography of a vein after the injection of a contrast medium to detect incomplete filling of a vein, indicating an obstruction
  36. act on kidneys to increase excretion of water and sodium
  37. blood clot
  38. narrowing of the aorta
  39. rupture of an artery
  40. localized abnormal dilation of a vessel, usually an artery
  41. lower blood pressure by inhibiting the conversion of angiotensin I ( an inactive enzyme ) to angiotensin II ( a potent vasoconstrictor)
  42. joint pain
  43. pertaining to
  44. procedure used to remove or treat varicose veins
  45. procedure used to determine the cause of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias by mapping the heart's conduction system in a patient by causing arrhythmias
  46. aorta
  47. bacteria within the blood
  48. nuclear procedure that uses radioactive tracers to detect how well the heart walls move as they contracts
  49. loss of consciousness
  50. surgical repair of a valve
  51. embolus (plug)
  52. hardening and narrowing of an artery along with the loss of its elasticity
  53. standing still
  54. local, temporary deficiency of blood supply of an organ or tissue due to circulatory obstruction
  55. ECG taken with a small portable recording device that is capable of storing 48 hours of ECG tracings
  56. hardening; sclera (white of eye)
  57. abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
  58. narrowing, stricture
  59. block the effect of adrenaline, which slows nerve impulses through the heart, causing a decrease in heart rate
  60. cardiac irregularites
  61. medications used to prevent diseases
  62. instrument for recording electrical (activity) of the heart
  63. removal of an embolus
  64. treatment of cardiac arrhythmias usually preformed under fluroscopic guidance
  65. heart
  66. partial or complete loss of consciousness that is usually caused by a decreased supply of blood to the brain
  67. fatty plaque
  68. angiography of the aorta and its branches
  69. pertaining to a ventricle (chamber of the heart or brain)
  70. enlargement of the heart
  71. removal of a segment of an arterial vessel wall to confirm inflammation of the artery;arteritis, a type of vasculitis
  72. destruction of a blood clot using anticlotting agents called clot-busters, such as tissue plasminogen activator
  73. around
  74. blood vessel
  75. suture
  76. medical specialty concerned with disorders of the cardiovascular system
  77. surgical separation of the leaflets of the mitral valve which have fused together
  78. pertaining to a narrowing or stricture
  79. difficulty breathing
  80. narrowing, stricture (combining form)
  81. outside
  82. -electrical shock delivered randomly during the cardiac cycle to treat emergency life-threatening arrhythmia's
    - is performed when patients do not have a pulse
  83. do not function properly
  84. suture of an aneurysm
  85. form of arteriosclerosis characterized by the deposits of plaques containing cholesterol and lipids that narrows the lumen in the arteries
  86. dilation of one side of the artery
  87. tumor of blood vessels
  88. profuse sweating
  89. soft blowing sound heard on auscultation, associated valvular action or with the movement of blood as it passes an obstruction or both
  90. prevent, alleviate, or correct cardiac arrhythmias (dysrhythmias) by stabilizing the electrical conduction of the heart
  91. procedure that graphically records the spread of electrical excitation to different parts of the heart using small metal electrodes applied to the chest, arms, and legs
  92. angioplasty of the coronary arteries in which a balloon is inserted through the skin into the right femoral artery and threaded to the site of stenosis to enlarge the lumen of the artery and restore forward blood flow
  93. pertaining to (the area) withing a vessel
  94. spider veins
  95. pulse
  96. ventricle (of the heart or brain)
  97. record, writing
  98. inflammation within the vein
  99. across
  100. radiographic images of the inside of a blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium AKA arteriography
  101. expansion of a vein
  102. narrowing of a vessel, especially the aorta
  103. electricity
  104. defibrillation technique using low energy shocks to treat an arrhythmia, and is usually synchronized with the large R waves of the ECG complex to restore normal heart rythm
  105. chest pain
  106. US used to asses the blood flow through blood vessels and the heart
  107. reduce blood pressure by relaxing the smooth muscle in blood vessels, particularly in the large arteries, arterioles, and large veins, which decrease vascular resistance
  108. rupture
  109. physician who treats cardiovascular disorders
  110. disease or weakening of the heart muscle that diminishes cardiac function
  111. record of the electrical (impulses) of the heart
  112. enlarged vein in the rectum area
  113. rapid heart (beat)
  114. dark pigmented mole or tumor of the skin
  115. paleness
  116. blood clot that forms in the deep veins of the body, especially those in the legs or thighs
  117. slow
  118. condition in which a mass (commonly a blood clot) becomes lodged in a blood vessel, obstructing blood flow
  119. ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditons
  120. -injection of a chemical irritant (sclerosing agent) into a vein to produce inflammation and fibrosis that destroys the lumen of the vein
    -commonly preformed on varicose veins
  121. pertaining to (the area) around the heart
  122. resembling (suffix)
  123. implantation of a battery powered device that monitors and corrects ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation by sending electric impulses to the heart in patients who are at risk of sudden cardiac death
  124. pertaining to the heart (vessels)
  125. incision of a valve
  126. rapid
  127. blood test that measures the presence and amount of cardiac enzymes in the blood, including Troponin T, troponin I, and creatine kinase
  128. arteriole
  129. abnormal narrowing
  130. atrium
  131. -removal of an embolus
    - is a mass including air, bacteria, tissue, or blood clot
  132. localized tissue necrosis due to the cessation of blood supply
  133. angiography that is used to determine the degree of stenosis or obstruction of the arteries that supply the heart with blood
  134. tumor composed of connective tissue
  135. tumor that spreads to another area
  136. is an inflammation of the inner lining of the heart and its valves
  137. irregularity in the rate or rhythm of the heart
  138. elevated blood pressure persistently higher than 140/90 mm Hg
  139. specialized MRI that provides information on both static and moving images of the heart
  140. inflammation of a deep or superficial vein of the arms or legs
  141. forming an opening (mouth)
  142. destruction of a blood clot
  143. tumor of fatty plaque
  144. Arrhythmia in which there is an abnormally rapid, uncoordinated quivering of the myocardium that can affect the atria or the ventricles
  145. separation; destruction; loosening
  146. a tear in the inner layer causes the cavity to form between the layers of the artery that fills with blood and expands with each heartbeat
  147. muscle
  148. MUGA scan of the heart in which the gamma camera moves in a circle around the patient to create individual images as slices of the heart
  149. record of an artery
  150. dilation, expansion
  151. standing still of (blood in) a vein
  152. in, withing
  153. placement of a mesh tube inserted into a natural passage or conduit in the body to prevent or counteract disease induced localized flow constriction
  154. mild to severe suffocating pain that typically occurs in the chest and is caused by and inadequate blood flow to the myocardium
  155. vessel; vas deferens; duct
  156. valve
  157. structural defect in which the mitral (bicuspid) valve leaflets prolapse into the left atrium during ventricular contraction (systole), resulting in incomplete closure and backflow of blood
  158. narrowing of the carotid arteries, usually caused by atherosclerosis; may eventually lead to thrombus formation and stroke
  159. sensation of an irregular heartbeat, commonly described as pounding, racing, skipping a beat, or flutter
  160. low blood pressure persistently lower than 90/60 mm Hg
  161. pertaining to heart muscle
  162. block movement of calcium ( required for blood vessel contraction) into the myocardial cells and arterial walls, causing heart rate and blood pressure to decrease
  163. vein
  164. process of recording (an image of) a vessel
  165. series of blood tests used to asses risk factors of ischemic heart disease (test the amounts of various fats in the blood)
  166. surgical procedure preformed on or within the exposed heart usually with the assistance of a heart lung machine
  167. excessive amounts of lipids (cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides) in the blood
  168. passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the heart
  169. is a tumor growing at the anatomical site where tumor progression began and proceeded to yield a cancerous mas
  170. fluids in the lumgs
  171. any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessel and restores forward blood flow
  172. varicose veins within the esophagus
  173. lower cholesterol in the blood and reduce its production in the liver by blocking the enzyme that produces it
  174. pertaining to (the area) outside a vessel