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184 True/False questions

  1. decongestants,ophthalmicconstrict the small arterioles of the eye, decreasing redness and relieving conjunctival congestion

          

  2. hyperopia
    (hypermetropia)
    excess (farsighted) vision

          

  3. moisturizes,ophthalmicsoothe eyes that are dry due to environmental irritants and allergens

          

  4. anacusis
    (anacusia)
    complete deafness

          

  5. exotropia (XT)corrective surgery for a deformed or excessively large or small pinna

          

  6. audiometryhearing

          

  7. blephar/oeyelid

          

  8. otosclerosiscorrective surgery for a deformed or excessively large or small pinna

          

  9. macular degenerationremoval of the contents of the eye while leaving the sclera and cornea intact

          

  10. aqueouswater

          

  11. optometristsevaluation of intraocular pressure by measuring the resistance of the eyeball to indentation by an applied force

          

  12. pupillographyprocess of recording (movement of) the pupil

          

  13. laser- assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK)a procedure that changes the shape of the cornea and, in most instances changes are permanent

          

  14. fluorescein angiographyevaluation of blood vessels and their leakage in and beneath the retina after injection of florescence dye, which circulates while photographs of the vessels with in the eye are obtained

          

  15. ophthalmologistphysician who treats disorders of the ear, nose, and throat

          

  16. electronystagmography (ENG)method of assessing and recording eye movements by measuring the electrical activity of the extraocular muscles

          

  17. scot/odarkness

          

  18. vertigosensation of a spinning motion either of oneself or of the surroundings

          

  19. ambly/ociliary body of the eye; circular; cycle

          

  20. otic analgesicsis a disorder characterized by an abnormal hardening of bones of the middle ear that causes hearing loss

          

  21. retinosispertaining to water

          

  22. phacoemulsification,phacomethod of treating cataracts by using ultrasonic waves to disintegrate a cloudy lens, which is then aspirated and removed

          

  23. epiphoradouble vision

          

  24. myringotomy
    tympanotomy
    incision of the eardrum

          

  25. presbycusisinequality of vision (in the two eyes)

          

  26. tympanostomy-forming an opening in the tympanic membrane
    -this procedure is usually performed to insert small pressure- equalizing (PE) tubes through the tympanum

          

  27. neovascular ARMD (wet)account for more than 90% of all primary intracular diseases

          

  28. visual acuity (VA) testtiny duct of the eye

          

  29. audi/oear

          

  30. cochlear implant insertion
    (bionic ear)
    reconstruction of the eardrum, commonly due to perforation

          

  31. streptococcus pneumoniaethe most common form of bacterium that causes medial ear infection

          

  32. analgesicsmedications to relieve pain

          

  33. lacrimotomyincision of the cornea

          

  34. kerat/oincision of the cornea

          

  35. vitrectomysurgical formation of an opening in the sclera

          

  36. otoplastycorrective surgery for a deformed or excessively large or small pinna

          

  37. aque/owater

          

  38. labyrinth/otubes (usually fallopian or eustachia [auditory] tubes

          

  39. pneumatic otoscopyevaluation of refractive errors of the eye by projecting a light into the eyes and determining the movement of reflected light rays

          

  40. tinnitusringing sound within the ear

          

  41. otoscopyvisual examination of the external auditory canal and the tympanic membrane using an otoscope

          

  42. melanoma neoplastic disease-intracular disease
    -found primarily in adults
    -may occur in the orbit,the bony cavity of the eyeball, the iris, or the ciliary body
    -most commonly arises in the pigmented cells of the choroid
    -is usually asymptomatic until there is a hemorrhage into the anterior chamber

          

  43. dacryocyst/olacrimal sac

          

  44. vitr/odull, dim

          

  45. retin/oretina

          

  46. ear irrigationinversion (inward turning) the edge of the lower eyelid

          

  47. astigmatism(Ast)-inflammation of the medial ear
    -found mostly in young children

          

  48. phac/olens

          

  49. conjunctiv/oAn inflammation of the conjunctiva with vascular congestion that produces a red or pink eye and may be secondary to allergy or viral, bacterial, or fungal infections

          

  50. mastoid antrotomyincision of the labyrinth

          

  51. conduction impairmentpertaining to the conjunctiva

          

  52. retinoblastoma neoplastic diseaseaccount for more than 90% of all primary intracular diseases

          

  53. noise induced hearingDamage caused by exposing the hair cells to excessively loud sounds.

          

  54. mastoiditisperception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ear or head when no externall sound is present

          

  55. gonioscopyexamination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye to determine ocular motility and rotation and diagnose and manage glaucoma

          

  56. entropioninversion (inward turning) the edge of the lower eyelid

          

  57. core/o
    pupill/o
    pupil

          

  58. slit-lamp examination (SLE)-inflammation of the medial ear
    -found mostly in young children

          

  59. opticalpertaining to the eye or vision

          

  60. tinnitusperception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ear or head when no externall sound is present

          

  61. diabetic retinopathydisease of the choroid

          

  62. otitis media(OM)-removal of the (contents of the) vitreous chamber
    -the removal of the vitreous body allows surgical procedures that would otherwise be impossible, including repair of macular holes and tears in the retina

          

  63. cyclodialysisparalysis of the ciliary body

          

  64. retinopathy-abnormal condition of the retina
    -includes and degenerative process of the retina not associated with imflammation

          

  65. achromatopsia
    (complete color blindness)
    severe congenital deficiency in color perception

          

  66. choroidopathyvisual examination of the external auditory canal and the tympanic membrane using an otoscope

          

  67. pressure-equalizing (PE) tube placement
    (tympanostomy tubes or ventilation tubes)
    is a condition in which one eye is misaligned with the other and the eyes do not focus simultaneously when viewing an object

          

  68. nystagmusdisrupt parasympathetic nerve supply to the eye or stimulate the sympathetic nervous system, causing the pupil to dilate

          

  69. anacusiaabnormal hardening

          

  70. otolaryngologymedical specialty concerned with disorders of the ear, nose, and throat

          

  71. labyrinthotomyincision of the labyrinth

          

  72. presbyopialoss of accommodation of the crystalline lens associated with the aging process

          

  73. dry ARMDtumorlike swelling of the lacrimal duct

          

  74. neoplastic diseases-hearing (loss) associated with old age
    -generally occurs in both ears and primarily affects perception of high-pitched tones

          

  75. tympanoplasty
    (myringoplasty)
    reconstruction of the eardrum, commonly due to perforation

          

  76. corne/ocornea

          

  77. mydriatesare opacities that form on the lens and impair vision

          

  78. ophthalmoscopyvisual examination of the interior of the eye using a handheld instrument called an ophthalmoscope, which has various adjustable lenses for magnification and light source to illuminate the interior of the eye.

          

  79. phacocele-herniation (displacement) of the lens into the interior chamber of the eye
    -the usual cause is blunt trauma to the eye

          

  80. closed-angle glaucoma-rarer form
    -pain and rapid decrease of vision
    -patient usually seeks Tx before any permanent damage occurs

          

  81. blepharoptosisprolapse or downward displacement of the eyelid

          

  82. esotropia (ST)inward misalignment of eyes

          

  83. acute form of glaucoma
    (angle-closure, narrow-angle glaucoma)
    -extreme ocular pain, blurred vision, redness of the eye, and dilation of the pupil
    -nausea and vomiting may occur
    -if untreated, causes complete and permanent blindness within 2-5 days

          

  84. enucleationnot hearing (deafness)

          

  85. dacryoma-dark, tumorlike spot
    -is an area of diminished vision in the visual field

          

  86. caloric stimulation testprolapse of the lacrimal sac

          

  87. phacoemulsificaitionmethod of treating cataracts by using ultrasonic waves to disintegrate a cloudy lens, which is then aspirated and removed

          

  88. otoencephalitisinflammation of brain tissue near the middle ear

          

  89. ear antiemeticsinfection to the mastoid process

          

  90. laser photocoagulationlaser surgery used to destroy the newly forming vessels

          

  91. audiologistmedication used for glaucoma that cause pupils to constrict

          

  92. age-related macular degeneration(ARMD,AMD)is a deterioration of the macula, the most sensitive portion of the retina

          

  93. presby/o-(poor) vision (associated with) old age
    -a form of farsightedness
    -is the loss of accommodation due to weakening of the ability of the ciliary muscles as a result of the aging process

          

  94. photophobia-abnormal fear of (intolerance to) light
    -intolerance to light is associated with people who suffer from migraines or have light- colored eyes or glaucoma
    -some medications also cause a marked intolerance to light

          

  95. otolaryngologistspecializes in non- medical management of the auditory and balance systems

          

  96. evicerationhorny tissue; hard; cornea

          

  97. trachomalens

          

  98. heteropsiaan optic condition in which an error of refraction occurs

          

  99. choroid/ochoroid

          

  100. retinoscopyvisual examination of the external auditory canal and the tympanic membrane using an otoscope

          

  101. hyper-hardening; sclera (white of eye)

          

  102. otitis externa-infection of the external auditory ear canal
    -causes include swimmers ear, bacterial or fungal infections, seborrhea, eczema, and allergies

          

  103. wax emulsifiersnot hearing (deafness)

          

  104. conjunctivitisAn inflammation of the conjunctiva with vascular congestion that produces a red or pink eye and may be secondary to allergy or viral, bacterial, or fungal infections

          

  105. radial keratotomy (RK)inward misalignment of eyes

          

  106. keratotomyincision of the cornea

          

  107. exotropia
    (divergent strabismus)
    abnormal turning outward of (one or both eye)

          

  108. oculomycosisfungal infection of the eye (or its parts)

          

  109. glauc/ogray

          

  110. -acusia
    -cusis
    hearing

          

  111. amblyopia
    (lazy eye syndrome)
    -dimness of vision
    -visual stimulation through the optic nerve of one eye (lazy eye) is impaired, thus resulting in poor or dim vision

          

  112. salping/ohardening; sclera (white of eye)

          

  113. labyrinthitis-inflammation of the inner ear that usually results from an acute febrile process
    -may lead to progressive vertigo

          

  114. cycloplegiaparalysis of the ciliary body

          

  115. scotomatumorlike swelling of the lacrimal duct

          

  116. mastoid/oear

          

  117. ophthalmology-act of measuring vision
    -is the science of diagnosing, managing, and treating nonsurgical conditions and diseases of the eye and visual system

          

  118. glaucomagray

          

  119. tonometryevaluation of intraocular pressure by measuring the resistance of the eyeball to indentation by an applied force

          

  120. scleromalacia-dark, tumorlike spot
    -is an area of diminished vision in the visual field

          

  121. ankylosisabnormal hardening

          

  122. Meniere disease-disorder of the labyrinth that leads to progressive loss of hearing
    -is characterized by vertigo, sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus

          

  123. antibiotics,ophthalmicsoothe eyes that are dry due to environmental irritants and allergens

          

  124. salpingopharyngealpertaining to the eustachian (auditory) tube and pharynx

          

  125. optometry-act of measuring vision
    -is the science of diagnosing, managing, and treating nonsurgical conditions and diseases of the eye and visual system

          

  126. dacry/o
    lacrim/o
    tear; lacrimal apparatus (duct, sac, or gland)

          

  127. pressure-equalizing tubes (PE tubes)stereoscopic magnified view of the anterior eye structures in detail, which includes the cornea, lens, iris, sclera, and vitreous humor

          

  128. photophobia-dark, tumorlike spot
    -is an area of diminished vision in the visual field

          

  129. ectropionAbnormal eversion (outward turning) of the lower eyelid

          

  130. synalgianot hearing (deafness)

          

  131. tuning fork test / Rinnemeasurement of hearing acuity at various sound-wave frequencies

          

  132. ot/odarkness

          

  133. exo-outside, outward

          

  134. otopyorrheadischarge of pus from the ear

          

  135. ametropiaturning

          

  136. mastoidectomyremoval of the mastoid process

          

  137. conjunctivalconjunctiva

          

  138. cornealpertaining to the cornea

          

  139. phot/olight

          

  140. dacryocystographyradiographic imaging procedure of nasolacrimal (tear) glands and ducts
    -excessive tearing(epiphora)

          

  141. papilledema
    (choked disc)
    localized, circumscribed, inflammatory swelling of one of the several sebaceous glands of the eyeball

          

  142. chalazionsmall, hard tumor developing on the eyelid, somewhat similar to a sebaceous cyst

          

  143. cycl/ociliary body of the eye; circular; cycle

          

  144. irid/oiris

          

  145. tuning fork test / Weber-tuning fork test that evaluates bone conduction (BC) versus air conduction (AC) of sound
    -fork is placed against the mastoid bone and in front of the auditory meatus

          

  146. miotics-dark, tumorlike spot
    -is an area of diminished vision in the visual field

          

  147. open- angle glaucomagray

          

  148. enucleationAbnormal eversion (outward turning) of the lower eyelid

          

  149. basal cell carcinoma-very rare, but more invasive ear malignancy
    -biopsy is required for diagnosis
    -grows slower the basal cell

          

  150. antiglaucoma agents-form of ametropia
    -the cornea or lens has a defective curvature

          

  151. presbyacusis
    (presbyacusia)
    complete deafness

          

  152. dipl-light

          

  153. opt/o
    optic/o
    Abnormal eversion (outward turning) of the lower eyelid

          

  154. scler/ohardening; sclera (white of eye)

          

  155. chronic form of glaucoma
    (open-angle, single, or wide-angle glaucoma)
    -may produce without symptoms except gradual loss of peripheral vision over the period of years
    -headaches, blurred vision, and dull pain in the eye may be present
    -cupping of the optic discs may occur

          

  156. hordeolum
    (stye)
    localized, circumscribed, inflammatory swelling of one of the several sebaceous glands of the eyeball

          

  157. gonioscopyvitreous body (of the eye)

          

  158. coreometerinstrument for measuring hearing

          

  159. esotropia
    (convergent strabismus or crossed eyes)
    is a condition in which one eye is misaligned with the other and the eyes do not focus simultaneously when viewing an object

          

  160. ophthalmodynamomometryvisual examination of the interior of the eye using a handheld instrument called an ophthalmoscope, which has various adjustable lenses for magnification and light source to illuminate the interior of the eye.

          

  161. presbyopia-(poor) vision (associated with) old age
    -a form of farsightedness
    -is the loss of accommodation due to weakening of the ability of the ciliary muscles as a result of the aging process

          

  162. canal of Schlemmnot hearing (deafness)

          

  163. nyctalopia
    (Night blindness)
    excess (farsighted) vision

          

  164. goni/oangle

          

  165. staped/odarkness

          

  166. cataractssmall, hard tumor developing on the eyelid, somewhat similar to a sebaceous cyst

          

  167. dacryocystoptosisprolapse or downward displacement of the eyelid

          

  168. myringomycosisabnormal condition due to fungal infection of the tympanic membrane

          

  169. iridoplegiaparalysis of (the sphincter of) the iris

          

  170. diplopiadouble vision

          

  171. stereopsisbinocular perception of depth or three- dimensional space

          

  172. metamorphopsiaan optic condition in which an error of refraction occurs

          

  173. -opia
    -opsia
    inequality of vision (in the two eyes)

          

  174. ophthalmologistabnormal hardening

          

  175. strabismus
    (hetertropia,tropia)
    is a condition in which one eye is misaligned with the other and the eyes do not focus simultaneously when viewing an object

          

  176. ocul/o
    ophthalm/o
    incision of the labyrinth

          

  177. blephoroplastycosmetic surgery that removes fatty tissue above and below the eyes that commonly form as a result of the aging process or excessive exposure to the sun

          

  178. audiometerspecializes in non- medical management of the auditory and balance systems

          

  179. stapedectomy
    (stapedotomy)
    -surgical removal of parts of the stapes
    -is performed to improve hearing, especially in cases of otosclerosis

          

  180. myring/o
    tympan/o
    pupil

          

  181. glaucomagray

          

  182. squamous cell carcinoma-very rare, but more invasive ear malignancy
    -biopsy is required for diagnosis
    -grows slower the basal cell

          

  183. sclerostomyhardening; sclera (white of eye)

          

  184. -tropiaAbnormal eversion (outward turning) of the lower eyelid