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184 Multiple choice questions

  1. infection to the mastoid process
  2. -very rare, but more invasive ear malignancy
    -biopsy is required for diagnosis
    -grows slower the basal cell
  3. -(poor) vision (associated with) old age
    -a form of farsightedness
    -is the loss of accommodation due to weakening of the ability of the ciliary muscles as a result of the aging process
  4. removal of the mastoid process
  5. -form of ametropia
    -the cornea or lens has a defective curvature
  6. hearing
  7. -dark, tumorlike spot
    -is an area of diminished vision in the visual field
  8. pertaining to the eye or vision
  9. -pain in a part of the body
    -referred pain
  10. prolapse or downward displacement of the eyelid
  11. horny tissue; hard; cornea
  12. visual examination of the interior of the eye using a handheld instrument called an ophthalmoscope, which has various adjustable lenses for magnification and light source to illuminate the interior of the eye.
  13. -act of measuring vision
    -is the science of diagnosing, managing, and treating nonsurgical conditions and diseases of the eye and visual system
  14. evaluation of intraocular pressure by measuring the resistance of the eyeball to indentation by an applied force
  15. are opacities that form on the lens and impair vision
  16. -impairment of hearing resulting from old age
    -generally able to hear low tones and affects speech perception
  17. Blocking of sound waves as they pass through the external and middle ear (conduction pathway)
  18. -abnormal condition of the retina
    -includes and degenerative process of the retina not associated with imflammation
  19. incision of the cornea
  20. -tuning fork test that evaluates bone conduction (BC) versus air conduction (AC) of sound
    -fork is placed against the mastoid bone and in front of the auditory meatus
  21. cornea
  22. outside, outward
  23. -unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light
    -commonly occurs in such diseases as meningitis, inflammation of the eyes, measles, and rubella
  24. -inflammation of the inner ear that usually results from an acute febrile process
    -may lead to progressive vertigo
  25. -abnormal overflow of tears
    -sometimes caused by obstruction of the tear ducts
  26. -surgical removal of parts of the stapes
    -is performed to improve hearing, especially in cases of otosclerosis
  27. light
  28. excess (farsighted) vision
  29. Abnormal eversion (outward turning) of the lower eyelid
  30. -hearing (loss) associated with old age
    -generally occurs in both ears and primarily affects perception of high-pitched tones
  31. -more common and chronic form
    -slow to develop and is usually painless
    -by the time patient receives Tx, it may be too late to restore vision
  32. double vision
  33. ciliary body of the eye; circular; cycle
  34. medical specialty concerned with disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
  35. part of an eye examination that determines the smallest letters that can be read on a standardized chart at a distance of 20 feet.
  36. gray
  37. -grey tumor
    -if not treated, results in increased intraocular pressure (IOP) that destroys the retina and optic nerve
  38. -less common macular degeneration, but more severe
    -affects about 10% of those with the disease
    -blood leaks from the vessels and destroys the visual cells, leading to severe loss of central vision and permanent visual impairment
    -if identified early, laser surgery can be performed
  39. placement of an artificial hearing device that produces hearing sensations by electrically stimulation nerves inside the inner ear
  40. removal of the contents of the eye while leaving the sclera and cornea intact
  41. procedure that assesses the ability of the tympanic membrane to move in response to a change in air pressure
  42. disease of the choroid
  43. excessive, above normal
  44. eyelid
  45. a procedure that changes the shape of the cornea and, in most instances changes are permanent
  46. surgical formation of an opening in the sclera
  47. tear; lacrimal apparatus (duct, sac, or gland)
  48. removal of the eyeball from the orbit
  49. -more common form of macular degeneration
    -small yellowish deposits (drusen) develop on the macula and interfere with central vision
    -drusen are dried retinal pigment epithelial cells that form granules on the macula
    -rarely leads to total blindness
  50. -may produce without symptoms except gradual loss of peripheral vision over the period of years
    -headaches, blurred vision, and dull pain in the eye may be present
    -cupping of the optic discs may occur
  51. medical speciality concered with disorders of the eye
  52. -visual distortion of objects
    -commonly associated with errors of refraction, retinal disease, choroiditis, detachment of the retina, and tumors of the retina or choroid
  53. retina
  54. dull, dim
  55. tiny duct of the eye
  56. outward misalignment of eyes
  57. -removal of the (contents of the) vitreous chamber
    -the removal of the vitreous body allows surgical procedures that would otherwise be impossible, including repair of macular holes and tears in the retina
  58. paralysis of the ciliary body
  59. method of assessing and recording eye movements by measuring the electrical activity of the extraocular muscles
  60. -doctors of optometry(O.D.) that diagnose vision problems and eye diseases, prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses, and prescribe drugs to treat eye disorders
  61. -intracular disease
    -found primarily in children
    -tend to be familial
    -vision is impaired and in about 30% of patients, the disease is found in both eyes
  62. inequality of vision (in the two eyes)
  63. specializes in non- medical management of the auditory and balance systems
  64. not hearing (deafness)
  65. lacrimal sac
  66. ear
  67. -intracular disease
    -found primarily in adults
    -may occur in the orbit,the bony cavity of the eyeball, the iris, or the ciliary body
    -most commonly arises in the pigmented cells of the choroid
    -is usually asymptomatic until there is a hemorrhage into the anterior chamber
  68. conjunctiva
  69. loosen and help remove impacted cerumen (ear wax)
  70. abnormal hardening
  71. method of treating cataracts by using ultrasonic waves to disintegrate a cloudy lens, which is then aspirated and removed
  72. -herniation (displacement) of the lens into the interior chamber of the eye
    -the usual cause is blunt trauma to the eye
  73. instrument for measuring hearing
  74. corrective surgery for a deformed or excessively large or small pinna
  75. mastoid process
  76. localized, circumscribed, inflammatory swelling of one of the several sebaceous glands of the eyeball
  77. disorder that occurs in patients with diabetes and manifests as small hemorrhages, edema, and formation of new vessels on the retina, leading to scarring and eventually vision loss
  78. -extreme ocular pain, blurred vision, redness of the eye, and dilation of the pupil
    -nausea and vomiting may occur
    -if untreated, causes complete and permanent blindness within 2-5 days
  79. -forming an opening in the tympanic membrane
    -this procedure is usually performed to insert small pressure- equalizing (PE) tubes through the tympanum
  80. tubes (usually fallopian or eustachia [auditory] tubes
  81. is a disorder characterized by an abnormal hardening of bones of the middle ear that causes hearing loss
  82. surgical opening of a cavity within the mastoid process
  83. pertaining to the eustachian (auditory) tube and pharynx
  84. evaluation of refractive errors of the eye by projecting a light into the eyes and determining the movement of reflected light rays
  85. small, hard tumor developing on the eyelid, somewhat similar to a sebaceous cyst
  86. the most common form of bacterium that causes medial ear infection
  87. sensation of a spinning motion either of oneself or of the surroundings
  88. account for more than 90% of all primary intracular diseases
  89. An inflammation of the conjunctiva with vascular congestion that produces a red or pink eye and may be secondary to allergy or viral, bacterial, or fungal infections
  90. turning
  91. incision of the eardrum
  92. is a condition in which one eye is misaligned with the other and the eyes do not focus simultaneously when viewing an object
  93. tubes that are passed through the tympanic membranes to help drain fluid from the middle ear
  94. examination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye to determine ocular motility and rotation and diagnose and manage glaucoma
  95. pertaining to water
  96. tumorlike swelling of the lacrimal duct
  97. loss of accommodation of the crystalline lens associated with the aging process
  98. instrument for measuring the pupil
  99. lens
  100. visual examination of the external auditory canal and the tympanic membrane using an otoscope
  101. -tuning fork test that evaluates bone conduction of sound in both ears at the same time
    -fork is placed on the center of the forehead
  102. medications to relieve pain
  103. test that uses different water temps to assess the vestibular portion of the nerve of the inner ear (acoustic nerve) to determine if the nerve damage is the cause of vertigo
  104. -inflammation of the medial ear
    -found mostly in young children
  105. eye
  106. -abnormal fear of (intolerance to) light
    -intolerance to light is associated with people who suffer from migraines or have light- colored eyes or glaucoma
    -some medications also cause a marked intolerance to light
  107. inflammation of brain tissue near the middle ear
  108. abnormal turning outward of (one or both eye)
  109. measurement of hearing acuity at various sound-wave frequencies
  110. darkness
  111. water
  112. pertaining to the conjunctiva
  113. paralysis of (the sphincter of) the iris
  114. medication used for glaucoma that cause pupils to constrict
  115. inversion (inward turning) the edge of the lower eyelid
  116. -impaired vision in dim light
    -commonly causes include cataracts, vitamin A deficiency, certain medications, and hereditary causes
  117. vitreous body (of the eye)
  118. hearing
  119. labyrinth (inner ear)
  120. incision of the labyrinth
  121. tympanic membrane (eardrum)
  122. complete deafness
  123. -the most common type of ear malignancy
    -usually occurs on the top of the pinna as a result of sun cancer
    -more commonly in elders or those with fair skin
    -looks like small, crackerlike ulcers
    -does not readily metastasize
  124. process of recording (movement of) the pupil
  125. soothe eyes that are dry due to environmental irritants and allergens
  126. ringing sound within the ear
  127. laser surgery used to destroy the newly forming vessels
  128. a cataract procedure in which removal of the clouded lens by emulsifying it using ultrasound or laser probe is performed
  129. incision of the lacrimal duct or sac
  130. softening of the sclera
  131. type of involuntary eye movements that appear jerky and may reduce vision or be associated with other, more serious conditions that limit vision
  132. perception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ear or head when no externall sound is present
  133. inward misalignment of eyes
  134. discharge of pus from the ear
  135. A chronic, contagious form of conjunctivitis that typically leads to blindness
  136. evaluation of blood vessels and their leakage in and beneath the retina after injection of florescence dye, which circulates while photographs of the vessels with in the eye are obtained
  137. eye, vision
  138. -dimness of vision
    -visual stimulation through the optic nerve of one eye (lazy eye) is impaired, thus resulting in poor or dim vision
  139. flushing of the ear canal with water or saline to dislodge foreign bodies or impacted cerumen (earwax)
  140. choroid
  141. Damage caused by exposing the hair cells to excessively loud sounds.
  142. incision of the cornea for treatment of nearsightedness or astigmatism
  143. -visual examination of the irideocorneal angle
    -is used to differentiate the two forms of glucoma (open-and closed-angle)
  144. -rarer form
    -pain and rapid decrease of vision
    -patient usually seeks Tx before any permanent damage occurs
  145. stapes
  146. formation of an opening between the anterior chamber and the suprachoroidal space for the draining of aqueous humor in glaucoma
  147. prolapse of the lacrimal sac
  148. -infection of the external auditory ear canal
    -causes include swimmers ear, bacterial or fungal infections, seborrhea, eczema, and allergies
  149. any disorder of retinal blood vessels
  150. is a deterioration of the macula, the most sensitive portion of the retina
  151. double, twofold
  152. abnormal condition due to fungal infection of the tympanic membrane
  153. vision
  154. pupil
  155. hardening; sclera (white of eye)
  156. reconstruction of the eardrum, commonly due to perforation
  157. Tx in which the affected eye is removed
  158. treat and prevent nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and vertigo by reducing the sensitivity of the inner ear to motion or inhibiting stimuli from reaching the part of the brain that triggers nausea and vomiting
  159. iris
  160. -deterioration of the macula
    -leading cause of visual loss in the US
    -the disease is unpredictable and progresses differently in each individual
  161. inhibit growth of microorganisms that infect the eye
  162. pertaining to the cornea
  163. physician who treats disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
  164. provide temporary relief from pain and inflammation associated with otic disorders
  165. fungal infection of the eye (or its parts)
  166. measurement of the blood pressure of the retinal vessels
  167. insertion of tubes through the tympanic membrane, commonly used to treat chronic otitis media
  168. -specialist in the study of the eye
    -specialize in the medical and surgical management of diseases and disorders of the eye
  169. -disorder of the labyrinth that leads to progressive loss of hearing
    -is characterized by vertigo, sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus
  170. decrease aqueous humor production by constricting the pupil to open the angle between the iris and cornea
  171. cosmetic surgery that removes fatty tissue above and below the eyes that commonly form as a result of the aging process or excessive exposure to the sun
  172. radiographic imaging procedure of nasolacrimal (tear) glands and ducts
    -excessive tearing(epiphora)
  173. swelling and hyperemia of the optic disc,usually associated with increased intracranial pressure
  174. severe congenital deficiency in color perception
  175. disrupt parasympathetic nerve supply to the eye or stimulate the sympathetic nervous system, causing the pupil to dilate
  176. specialist who treats disorders of the eye
  177. binocular perception of depth or three- dimensional space
  178. an optic condition in which an error of refraction occurs
  179. constrict the small arterioles of the eye, decreasing redness and relieving conjunctival congestion
  180. characterized by increased intraocular pressure(IOP) caused by the failure of aqueous humor to drain from the eye through a tiny duct (canal of Schlemm)
  181. old age
  182. turning inward (of the eyes)
  183. angle
  184. stereoscopic magnified view of the anterior eye structures in detail, which includes the cornea, lens, iris, sclera, and vitreous humor