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119 Matching questions

  1. (LP)
    fasting blood sugar
  2. benign
  3. Home/o
  4. Pancreatotomy
  5. endocrinologist
  6. toxic goiter
  7. Thyr/o
    Thyroid/o
  8. Glycosuria
  9. (IP)
    radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU)
  10. Hyperglycemia
  11. Hypoglycemia
  12. cretinism
  13. (LP)
    thyroid function test (TFT)
  14. antidiuretic
  15. (DC)
    diuresis
  16. adenoma
  17. (DC)
    hyperkalemia
  18. Thyromegaly
  19. thyroid carcinoma
  20. -dipsia
  21. Thym/o
  22. (IP)
    computed tomography (CT)
  23. pheochromocytoma
  24. goiter
  25. Parathyroid/o
  26. hypocalcemia
  27. (DC)
    panhypopituitarism
  28. Parathyroidectomy
  29. thyroid supplements
  30. (SP)
    thyroidectomy
  31. poly-
  32. growth hormone replacement
  33. (SP)
    parathyroidectomy
  34. Adren/o
    Adrenal/o
  35. hypersecretion
  36. osteitis fibrosa cystica
  37. Androgen
  38. von Recklinghausen disease
  39. Homeostasis
  40. Gluc/o
    Glyc/o
    Glycos/o
  41. Kalemia
  42. (DC)
    hypercalcemia
  43. hyperparathyroidism
  44. (DC)
    morbid obesity
  45. Pancreat/o
  46. hyperglycemia
  47. oral antidiabetics
  48. Diabetes
  49. Endocrine
  50. myxedema
  51. adenocarinomas
  52. antithyroids
  53. Crin/o
  54. Type 1 diabetes (juvenile diabetes)
  55. (LP)
    glucose tolerance test (GTT)
  56. -crine
  57. Addison disease
  58. exophthalmos
  59. nephrolithiasis
  60. (SP)
    transsphenoidal hypophysectomy
  61. endocrinology
  62. -toxic
  63. (LP)
    total calcium test
  64. (MP)
    exophthalmometry
  65. hypoparathyroidism
  66. glucosuria
  67. (IP)
    magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  68. hyposecretion
  69. (IP)
    thyroid scan
  70. Exocrine
  71. Hyperthyroidism
  72. (DC)
    Acromegaly
  73. Adrenalectomy
  74. Euthyroid
  75. Toxicologist
  76. (DC)
    thyroid storm
  77. insulins
  78. (DC)
    hisutism
  79. (DC)
    insulinoma
  80. osteoporosis
  81. Polydipsia
  82. -uria
  83. insulin pump
  84. exo-
  85. Calc/o
  86. corticosteroids
  87. Glucogenesis
  88. transsphenoidal
  89. hypo-
  90. hyponatremia
  91. growth hormone (GH)
  92. -gen
  93. Cushing Syndrome
  94. Endocrinology
  95. eu-
  96. Adrenomegaly
  97. (LP)
    insulin tolerance test (ITT)
  98. diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA)
  99. Hypoinsulinism
  100. (DC)
    Graves disease
  101. Gestational diabetes
  102. tetany
  103. Thymoma
  104. (SP)
    thymectomy
  105. hyper-
  106. glucometer
  107. ketosis
  108. Kal/i
  109. Toxic/o
  110. adenomas
  111. Hypercalcemia
  112. Polyuria
  113. (DC)
    hypervolemia
  114. (DC)
    obesity
  115. (DC)
    virilism
  116. Thyrotoxic
  117. (DC)
    hyponatremia
  118. Type 2 diabetes
    (associated with being overweight and family history)
  119. antidiurectic hormone(ADH)
  1. a -excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal physical standards, usually an increase of 20 percent or more above ideal weight
    -may be due to excessive intake of food (exogenous) or metabolic or endocrine abnormalities (endogenous)
  2. b forming, producing, origin
  3. c enlargement of the adrenal glands
  4. d thymus gland
  5. e -small chromaffin cell tumor, usually located in the adrenal medulla, causing elevated heart rate and blood
    -may be life threatening if not treated
  6. f state of equilibrium in the internal environment of the body
  7. g develop of diabetes(high blood sugar) during pregnancy
  8. h -lower blood glucose levels by promoting its entrance into the body cells and converting glucose to glycogen
    (a starch- storage form of glucose)
    -Type 1 diabetes must always be treated with insulin which can be administered through an implanted pump that infuses the drug continuously
    -Type 2 diabetes that cannot be controlled with oral antidiabetics may require insulin to maintain a normal level of glucose in the blood
  9. i enlarged thyroid gland
  10. j hypothyroidism develops in adulthood
  11. k bulging or protruding eyeball or eyeballs
  12. l excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands, usually to control hyperparathyroidism
  13. m poison
  14. n -excessive thirst
    -Polydipsia is one of the three "polys" as well as polyphagia and polyuria, associated with diabetes
  15. o -endoscopic procedure to surgically remove a pituitary tumor through an incision in the sphenoid sinus (transsphenoid) without disturbing brain tissue
  16. p underproduction of secretion
  17. q pertaining to poison associated with the thyroid gland
  18. r -excessive urination
    -Some causes of polyuria are diabetes, use of diuuretics, excessive fluid intake, and hypercalcemia
  19. s enlargement of the thyroid gland
  20. t high blood glucose (blood sugar)
  21. u Multisystem autoimmune disorder characterized by pronounced hyperthyroidism usually associated with enlarged thyroid gland (goiter) and exophthalmos (abnormal protrusion of the eyeball)
  22. v -Excessive distribution of body hair, especially in women
    -is usually caused by abnormalities of androgen production or metabolism in women
  23. w excision of one or both adrenal glands
  24. x excessive calcium in the blood
  25. y -imaging technique that rotates an x-ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measures the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles
    -the computer generates a detailed cross- sectional image that appears as a slice
    -may be used with or without a contrast medium
  26. z kidney stones
  27. aa medical device in which the skin is pricked and then blood is placed on the glucometer to determine the glucose levels
  28. ab parathyroid glands
  29. ac sugar,sweetness
  30. ad -test that measures calcium to detect bone and parathyroid disorders
    -hypercalcemia can indicate primary hyperparathyroidism
    - hypocalcemia can indicate hypoparathyroidism
  31. ae -increased formation and secretion of urine
    -occurs in such conditions as diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, and acute renal failure
    -alcohol and coffee are common diuretics that increase formation and secretion of urine
  32. af overproduction secretion
  33. ag -condition in which the calcium level in the blood is higher than normal
    -is caused mainly because of overactivity in one or more parathyroid glands (which regulate blood calcium levels)
    -other causes include cancer, other medical disorders, medications, and excessive use of calcium and vitamin D supplements
  34. ah -is a cluster of symptoms produced by excessive amounts of cortisol, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) or both circulating in the blood
    -adrenal cortex is associated with cushing syndrome
  35. ai tumor of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas
  36. aj -a condition caused by increase levels of ketone bodies in the blood
    -associated with fat metabolism (produces ketones) and diabetes mellitus
  37. ak excessive, above normal
  38. al -body does not produce sufficient insulin
    -insulin dependent
    -type 1 diabetes can be remembered by the mnemonic CAUTION
    *Constant urination (polyuria) and glycouria
    *Abnormal thirst (polydipsia)
    *Unusual hunger (polyphagia)
    *The rapid loss of weight
    *Irritability
    *Obvious weakness and fatigue
    *Nausea and vomiting
  39. am -condition of deficiency secretion of insulin
    -hypoinsulinism is a characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus
  40. an -Specialist in the study of poison
    -Toxicologist also study the effects of toxins and antidotes used for Tx of toxic disorders
  41. ao muscle twitches and spasm caused by decrease calcium levels
  42. ap -treat hyperthyroidism by impeding the formation of T3 and T4 hormone
    -are administered in preparation for a thyroidectomy and in thyrotoxic crisis
  43. aq bones become weak and brittle (porous)
  44. ar -body mass index (BMI) of 40% or greater, which is generally 100 or more pounds over ideal body weight
    -is a disease with serious psychological, social, and medical ramifications and one that threatens necessary body functions such as respiration
  45. as potassium in the blood
  46. at hypothyroidism that develops in infants
  47. au -primary complication of type 1 diabetes
    -the body produces excess ketones into the blood
    -also referred to as diabetic acidosis or diabetic coma
  48. av masculinization or development of male secondary sex characteristics in a woman
  49. aw hyperthyroidism that causes an enlargement of the thyroid gland because overstimulation of TSH
  50. ax -images of the thyroid gland are obtained after oral or intravenous administration of a small dose of radioactive iodine
    -is used to identify such pathologies as nodules and tumors, or to determine the cause of an overactive thyroid
    -may also be performed with a radioactive iodine uptake test (RAIU) to check thyroid gland function
  51. ay decreased blood calcium levels
  52. az forming or producing glucose
  53. ba same, alike
  54. bb excessive production of the parathyroid hormone (PTH)
  55. bc cancer of the thyroid gland
  56. bd Secrete
  57. be -excision of the thymus gland
    -is used to remove tumors of the thymus
    -it is also performed in tx of myasthenia gravis (MG) as this disease commonly causes abnormalities of the thymus
    -once thymus is removed , remission of MG is common
  58. bf -lower than normal level of sodium in the blood
    -is caused by an excessive amount of fluid in the body, thereby diluting the amount of sodium when exercising (especially in the heat) without replacing the water and electrolytes lost through perspiration
  59. bg -crisis of uncontrolled hyperthyroidism caused by the release into the bloodstream of an increased amount of thyroid hormone
    -also called thyroid crisis or thyrotoxic crisis
    -may occur spontaneously or be precipitated by infection, stress, or thyroidectomy performed on a patient who is inadequately prepared with antithyroid drugs
    -is considered a medical emergency and, if left untreated, may be fatal
  60. bh condition of excessive thyroid gland function
  61. bi -treat type 2 diabetes mellitus by stimulating the pancreas to produce more insulin and decrease peripheral resistance to insulin
    -is not insulin and is not used in treating type1 diabetes mellitus
  62. bj potassium
    (an electrolyte)
  63. bk -excessive glucose in the blood
    -usually found in patients with diabetes mellitus or those treated with such drugs as prednisone
  64. bl study of endocrine disorders
  65. bm secrete within
  66. bn incision of the pancreas
  67. bo -test that detects an increase or decrease in thyroid function
    -The test measures levels of thyroid- stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodinthyroidonine (T3), and thyroxine (T4)
  68. bp Calcium
  69. bq thirst
  70. br -screening test in which a dose of glucose is administered and blood samples are taken afterward at regular intervals to determine how quickly glucose is cleared from the blood
    -is performed after the patient has fasted at least 8 hours
    -it is used to diagnose pre-diabetes and gestational diabetes
  71. bs hormone that stimulates growth
  72. bt Study of endocrine glands and their functions
  73. bu under, below
  74. bv pituitary disorder from low blood sodium levels
  75. bw reduce or control excretion of urine
  76. bx many, much
  77. by benign tumors affect all bones caused by hyperthyroidism
  78. bz -measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball (exophthalmos)as seen in graves disease
    -is performed with an instrument called an exophthalmometer, which enables measurement of the distance from the center of the cornea to the lateral orbital rim
  79. ca any steroid hormone that increases masculinization
  80. cb thyroid gland
  81. cc -malignant tumor formed from the glandular structures in the epithelial tissue
    -most carcinomas of the pancreas arise from epithelial tissue
  82. cd excretion of glucose into the urine
  83. ce -secretes outside of bloodstream
    -Exocrine glands sweat and oil glands secrete their products outwardly through excretory ducts
    -Endocrine glands are ductless glands that secrete their hormones directly into the bloodstream
  84. cf -test that measures glucose levels in a blood sample following fast of at least 8 hours
    -this test helps diagnose diabetes and monitor glucose levels in diabetic patients
  85. cg abnormal amount of glucose in the urine
  86. ch small device that administers insulin via a portable pump, which infuses insulin continuously in small amounts through a needle under the skin
  87. ci -abnormmal increase in the volume of blood plasma (liquid part of the blood and lymphatic fluid) in the body
    -commonly results from retention of large amounts of sodium and water by the kidneys
  88. cj -administration of a radioactive iodine (RAI) in pill or liquid form is used as a tracer to test how quickly the thyroid gland takes up (uptake) iodine from the blood
    -test is used determine thyroid function and thyroid abnormalities , especially hyperthyroidism
    -test can be taken at the same time as a thyroid scan
  89. ck -abnormally low level of glucose in the blood
    -Hypoglycemia is usually caused by administration of too much insulin, excessive secretion of insulin by the islet cells of the pancreas, or dietary deficiency
  90. cl -refers to diabetes mellitus (DM)
    -most common pancreatic disorder
    -chronic metabolic disorder caused from insufficient production of insulin or body's inability to use insulin properly
  91. cm benign glandular tumor
  92. cn -type 2 diabetes can be remembered by the mnemonic DIABETES
    *Drowsiness
    *Itching
    *A family history of diabetes
    *Blurred vision
    *Excessive weight
    *Tingling, numbness, and pain in the extremities
    *Easily fatigue
    *Skin infections and slow healing of cuts and scrapes, especially of the feet
  93. co resembling a normal thyroid function
  94. cp noncancerous
    -majority of pituitary tumors are benign
  95. cq urine
  96. cr -tumor of the gland
    -majority of pituitary tumors are adenomas
  97. cs -diagnostic test in which insulin is injected into the vein to assess pituitary function, adrenal function, and to determine insulin sensitivity
    -insulin injections are used to evaluate pituitary function
    -the symptoms of low blood sugar will cause the release of growth hormone and cortisol
    -the growth hormone and cortisol will be measured at different intervals through blood work
  98. ct good, normal
  99. cu pertaining to poison
  100. cv pancreas
  101. cw Adrenal glands
  102. cx -tumor of the thymus gland
    -A thymoma is rare neoplasm of the thymus gland
    -Tx includes surgical removal, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy
  103. cy -excision of the entire thyroid gland (thyroidectomy), a part of it (subtotal thyyroidectomy), or a single lobe (thyroid lobectomy)
    -is performed for goiter, tumors, or hyperthyroidism that does not respond to iodine therapy and antithyroid drugs
  104. cz noninvasive imaging technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field, rather than an x-ray beam, to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images
  105. da pituitary hormone that acts to promote the retention of water by the kidneys and increase blood pressure
  106. db -replaces hormones lost in adrenal insufficiency
    (Addison Disease)
    -are also widely used to suppress inflammation, control allergic reactions, reduce rejection in transplantation, and treat some cancers
  107. dc demineralization of bones caused by increase PTH
  108. dd specialist in treating disorders of the endocrine system
  109. de -increase skeletal growth in children and growth hormone deficiencies in adults
    -will increase spinal bone density and help manage growth failure in children
  110. df -condition in which the potassium level in the blood is higher than normal
    -potassium is a critical nutrient in the proper functioning of nerve and muscle cells, including the heart
    -it also is important for normal transmission of electrical signals throughout the nervous system
    -severe hyperkalemia requires immediate tx because it is potentially life threatening illness that can lead to cardiac arrest and death
  111. dg total pituitary impairment that brings about a progressive and general loss of hormone activity
  112. dh -replace or supplement thyroid hormones
    -contains T3, T4, or a combination of both
    -are used to treat some types of thyroid cancer
  113. di -uncommon chronic disorder caused by deficiency of cortical hormones
    -results when the adrenal cortex is damaged or atropied
  114. dj outside, outward
  115. dk excision of one or more of the parathyroid gland
  116. dl insufficient production of the parathyroid hormone (PTH)
  117. dm surgery to remove pituitary tumor through the nose and sphenoid sinuses
  118. dn secrete
  119. do -Rare hormonal disorder in adulthood, usually caused by a GH- secreting pituitary tumor (adenoma) that promotes the soft tissue and bones of the face, hands, and feet to grow larger than normal
    -Tx includes radiation, pharmacological agents, or surgery, to supress secretion of GH
    -This surgery involves partial resection of the pituitary gland