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103 Multiple choice questions

  1. -cause red, blisterlike, painful lesions in genital area that resembles fever blisters or cold sores on lips or mouth
    -both diseases caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV), genital herpes assoc. with type 2 (HSV-2) and oral herpes assoc. with type 1 (HSV-1)
    - both forms cause oral and genital infections thru oral-genital activity
    - fluid in blisters highly infectious and contains active virus. disease assoc
    - with phenomenon called [viral shedding].
  2. scanty
  3. -Us used to assess the contents of the scrotum, including the testicles,epididymis, and vas deferens
    - also called testicular ultrasound
  4. -failure of testes to descend into scrotal sac prior to birth
    -correction involves surgical suspension of testes (orchiopexy) in scrotum
    - done before child reaches age 2.inguinal hernia commonly accompanies, hernia may be sutured (herniorrhaphy) at same time
  5. short
  6. infammation of the cervix
  7. Enlargement of the prostate gland
  8. surgical removal of the prepuce (foreskin), or of skin covering the tip (glans) of the penis
  9. -Removal of 1 or both testicles; also called castration or orchidectomy
    -performed for testicular cancer or to decrease testosterone levels
  10. -contagious diseases, such as syphilis, gonorrhea, HIV, chalmydia, genital warts,chomoniasis,AIDS, and genital herpes
    - transmitted during sexual contract
  11. -high-frequency sound waves are directed at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure
    -also called ultrasound, sonography, and echo
  12. -also called external beam therapy(EBT) or teletherapy
    -high energy x-ray beams are generated by a machine and directed at the tumor from outside the body to destroy prostate tissue
  13. contagious, inflammatory sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterium(Neisseria gonorrhoeae)that affects the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system
  14. Congenital abnormality where the opening of the male urethra is on the under-surface of the penis, instead of at its tip
  15. -Prolonged and often painful erection of the penis, which occurs without sexual stimulation
    -Ass. with sickle cell disease,leukemia, or spinal cord injury
  16. -pertaining to maleness
    -the most common androgenic hormone is testosterone
  17. also called internal radiation therapy, radioactive "seeds" are placed directly in the malignant tissue
  18. reconstruction of the urethra to relieve stricture or narrowing
  19. surgical repair of the glans penis
  20. enlargement of breast tissue
  21. genitalia
  22. -Removal (of all or part of) the vas deferens
    - bilateral vasactomy is a surgical procedure to produce sterility in the male
  23. -condition without testes
    - is the congenital or acquired absence of one or both testes
  24. administering antiandrogenic agents as well as hormones that deplete the body of testicular hormones
  25. Inability to produce offspring; in the male, inability to fertilize the ovum
  26. Decrease or lack of hormones(testosterone, which plays a key role in masculine growth and development) normally produced by the gonads
  27. -Swelling containing spermatozoa
    -usually an epididymal cyst,commonly containing a sperm
  28. scanty (decreased production) of sperm
  29. -caused by bacterium: chlamydia trachomatis. most prevalent & most damaging STIs in U.S.
    -also called "silent disease" because symptoms are mild or absent. men produce whitish discharge from penis
    - women discharge mucopurulent and inflammation of cervix, uteri (cervicitis)
    - both sexes, disease eventually affect reproductive structures, leading to sterility
    -can be transmitted to newborn during birth process and cause conjunctivitis or pneumonia
    -men, women and babies treated with antibiotics
  30. -a fissure under (the penis)
    - congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the glans penis instead of the tip
  31. Treat erectile dysfunction(impotence) by increasing blood flow to the penis, resulting in an erection
  32. -removal of all or a segment of the vas deferens for male sterilization.
    -vasectomy reversal(vasovasostomy) rejoins the 2 segments of the vas deferens.
  33. perineum (area between scrotum [or vulva in female] and anus)
  34. -Acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland
    -commonly caused by UTI or sexually transmitted disease
  35. -US using an ultrasound probe inserted through the rectum to evaluate the prostate; also called transrectal ultrasound
    - used to detect abnormalities of the prostate, obtain biopsies, and aid in the diagnosis of infertility problems
  36. -inability to achieve or sustain an erection
    - any disorders that causes injury to the nerves or impairs blood flow in the penis has the potential to cause ED
  37. surgical excision of the prostate gland by inserting a special endoscope( resectoscope) through the urethra and into the bladder to remove small pieces of tissue from the prostate gland-the resectoscope is filled with an electrically activated wire loop that removes tissue when dragged over the site and cauterizes it to minimize bleeding
  38. Stenosis or narrowing of foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis
  39. pertaining to the genitalia and urinary tract
  40. test that analyzes a semen sample for volume,number, morphology, and motility to evaluate fertility or verity sterilization after a vasectomy
  41. slit, fissure
  42. testis (plural testes)
  43. hidden
  44. male
  45. Pain of a testis
  46. -also called castration
    -removal of testes
  47. fissure upon (dorsum of penis)
  48. New tissue growth that appears on 1 or both testes and may be malignant or benign
  49. Downward displacement of the testes
  50. inflammation of pelvis that may cause scars that close the reproductive tubes of both sexes, that may cause sterility
  51. forming, producing, origin
  52. -rarely found in men younger than 50
    - symptoms: difficulty starting urination (hesitancy) and stopping urinary stream, dysuria, urinary frquency and hematuria
    - presymptomatic tests: blood test for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and periodic digital rectal exam (DRE)
  53. -Screening test that assesses the rectal wall surface with fingers for lesions or evaluates abnormalities of the pelvic area
    - in males, the physician also evaluates the size and consistency of the prostate
  54. -Painful swelling of 1 or both testes, commonly ass. with mumps that develop after puberty
    -other causes include infection of the epididymis or STI's
  55. seminal vesicle
  56. -(Agents that) kill sperm
    -also called spermaticide
  57. epididymis
  58. -Genital warts(condylomata, condylomas) caused by human papillomavirus (HPV)
    -warts are very small and almost unnoticeable or large and appear in clusters
  59. above, upon
  60. condition
  61. Pertaining to the perineum
  62. white discharge
  63. branch of medicine concerned with male reproductive system and urinary disorders in males & females
  64. gonads, sex glands
  65. -surgical fixation of a testes in the scrotum
    -performed for undescended testicles (cryptorchidism), usually before age 2
  66. -condition of hidden testes; also called cryptorchism
    -failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum and its usually a congenital disorder
  67. disease of the sex glands
  68. -Removal of all or part of the prostate
    -transurethal resection of the prostate(TURP) is the most common type
  69. inflammation of joints
  70. removal of entire prostate
  71. -treatment from a short (distance)
    -treatment where radioactive seeds are implanted directly into the malignant tissue
  72. extreme cold treatment that destroys prostate cancer
  73. inflammation and infection of the glans penis
  74. Pertaining to spermatozoa cells
  75. incision of the epididymis
  76. -less common than gonorrhea, but more serious of two diseases
    - caused by bacterium: Treponema pallidum
    -untreated, become chronic, infectious, multisystemic disease characterized by 3 distinct phases. first phase: primary sore (chancre) develops where organism enters body ,chancre ulcerated sore with hard edges that contains infectious organisms; second phase: produces symptoms that make diagnosis difficult; third phase: latent phase where disease remain dormant for years. although no symptoms during this time, patient is infectious
    -symptoms of latent stage: blindness, mental disorders, and eventual death. treatment with antibiotic
  77. vessel; vas deferens; duct
  78. -Swelling of a dilated vein
    -is the dilation of the veins of the spermatic cord, the structure that supports the testes
  79. -Increase testosterone levels
    -used to correct hormone deficiency in hypogonadism and area delayed puberty in males
  80. forming or producing sperm
  81. glans penis
  82. inflammation of the bladder
  83. Inflammation of the seminal vesicle
  84. -inflammation of an epididymis
    -most commonly found in males between 14-35 and its ass. with STI's
  85. scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid that is typically harmless
  86. pain upon urination
  87. Any of the various disorders that affects the testes
  88. physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of genitourinary disorders
  89. caused by protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis. affects males & females, but symptoms more common in females. symptoms in males: irritation inside penis, mild discharge or slight burning after urination (dysuria) or ejaculation.
  90. -Swelling and distension of veins of the spermatic cord, somewhat resembling varicose of the legs
    -sometimes causes sterility due to low sperm production or poor sperm quality
  91. Abnormal, fluid filled that develops in the epididymis and may or may not contain; also called spermatic cyst
  92. -Inflammation of testes
    -common cause in young boys is a mumps infection
  93. prostate gland
  94. -also called benign prostatic hypertrophy. assoc. with aging process.
    - bladder infection (cystitis) and ultimately, kidney infection (nephritis) result.
  95. -Suppress the production of androgen
    -used to treat prostate cancer and stop growth of certain cancer cells
  96. -absence of 1 or both testes
    -also called anorchia or anorchidism
  97. killing
  98. dilated vein
  99. Pain in the testes
  100. Treat viral disorders by inhibiting their development
  101. -Measurement of the amount of PSA in the blood. Higher-than-normal levels are associated with prostatic enlargement and prostate cancer.
    -also called a tumor marker test
  102. spermatozoa, sperm cells
  103. Spontaneous twisting of a testicle within the scrotum, leading to a decrease in blood flow to the affected testicle