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323 True/False questions

  1. EversionMoving the sole of the foot outward

          

  2. a-without,not

          

  3. False ribs (Thoracic) (AX)A congenital defect caused by the maxillary not fusing together properly before birth

          

  4. Acromi/oacromion(projection of the scapula)

          

  5. Lordosisabnormal condition of swayback posture

          

  6. LumbodyniaPain in the lower back

          

  7. Orthopedicsstudy of musculoskeletal disorders

          

  8. Spondyl/o; used to describe diseases and conditions
    Vertebr/o; used to indicate anatomical terms
    vertebrae(backbone)

          

  9. Clavicul/oclavicle(collar bone)

          

  10. Cleft plate (facial) (AX)-deep socket of the hip joint that articulates with the head of the femur
    -connects inferiorly to the ilium an medially to the pubis

          

  11. Fleshy attchmentsImmovable joints

          

  12. Phantom limb (D&C)Increase in severity of a disease or any of its symptoms (Flare)

          

  13. Greenstick Fracturea broken bone

          

  14. Myelocytebone marrow cell

          

  15. Tarsals (AP)-ankle bones
    -Consist of 7 bones

          

  16. Crani/oStraight

          

  17. Atrophywithout nourishment

          

  18. Arthroscopyvisual examination of a joint

          

  19. Extensionweakness,debility

          

  20. Innominate (Hip) bone(AP)Consists of the
    1. ilium
    2.ischium
    3.pubis

          

  21. Talipes equinovarus (D&C)Dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture of joint destruction,crackling sound

          

  22. Frontal bone (skull) (AX)Forms the anterior portion of the skull (forehead) and the roof of the cavities that contain eyeball(1)

          

  23. Sphenoid bone (skull) (AX)-Located in the middle part of the base of the skull
    -forms the central wedge that joins with all other cranial bones(2)

          

  24. Pectoral (shoulder) girdle (AP)-consists of 2 bones, the anterior clavicle(collar bone)and the posterior scapula(shoulder blade)
    -Attaches the bones of the upper limbs to the axial skeleton and provide attachments for muscles hat aid upper limb movements

          

  25. RotationMoves a bone around its own body

          

  26. Pedograph-instrument for recording the foot
    -imprint of the foot and studying the gait(manner of walking)

          

  27. CalcaneodyniaPain in the lower back

          

  28. Femor/oFiber, fibrous tissue

          

  29. Hairline fracture-There is an incomplete break of a soft bone
    - partially bend & partially broken (common in children)

          

  30. Sacral Vertebrae (AX)-deep socket of the hip joint that articulates with the head of the femur
    -connects inferiorly to the ilium an medially to the pubis

          

  31. Rectum(AP)Located in the curve of the sacrum and coccyx

          

  32. Lower limbs(AP)-Kneecap
    -located anterior to the knee joint

          

  33. Plantar FlexionBending the foot or toes upward

          

  34. Carpals(AP)Toes

          

  35. Hemarthrosis (D&C)Stiffening and immobility of a joint as a result of disease, trauma, surgery, or abdominal bone fusion.

          

  36. Metatars/ometatarsus(foot bones)

          

  37. Periosteum-A dense, white, fibrous membrane structure that covers the bone
    -Contains blood, lymph, and nerves

          

  38. Ankylosis-abnormal condition of stiffness
    -Results immobility and stiffness of a joint, commonly occurs from rheumatoid artritis

          

  39. -clasia
    -clast
    To break;surgical fracture

          

  40. Temporal bone (skull) (AX)-Forms part of the lower cranium
    - One on each side above the ear (2)

          

  41. Acetylcholinefingers;toes

          

  42. Spondylitis-Found in the appendages (extremities)
    -Ex. fingers, arms and legs. Includes 3 main parts; diaphysis,proximal and distal epiphysis

          

  43. Humerus (AP)-Includes 8 carpals
    -wrist

          

  44. Lumbosacral spinal radiography (DIP)Radiography of the five lumbar vertebrae and the fused sacral vertebrae, including anteroposterior, lateral, and oblique views of the lower spine

          

  45. Scoliosiscrooked,bent

          

  46. Tibi/o-Tibia
    -Larger bone of the lower leg

          

  47. syndactylismcondition of joined fingers or toes

          

  48. Arthrography (DIP)Series of radiographs taken after injection of contrast material into a joint cavity, especially the knee or shoulder, to outline the contour of the joint

          

  49. Articulating surfaces (features of the bone)Projections that form joints
    (Condyle of the humerous and head of the femur)

          

  50. SupinationTurns the palm down

          

  51. Pelv/iPelvis

          

  52. Bursectomy(SP)Excision of bursa

          

  53. Bone Scintigraphy (DIP)forms the lower part of the nasal septum(1)

          

  54. Patella (AP)-Thigh
    -largest, longest, and strongest bone in the body

          

  55. AppendageAny body part attached to a main structure (Ex. include arms and legs)

          

  56. -desisGrowth

          

  57. Chondr/oRibs

          

  58. iliopelvicsurgical binding or fixation of a tendon

          

  59. Phalangectomyexcision of phalanges

          

  60. Chondritisinflammation of cartilage

          

  61. DorsiflexionBending the foot or toes upward

          

  62. Floating ribs (Thoracic) (AX)-Forms part of the lower cranium
    - One on each side above the ear (2)

          

  63. Skeletal systembone marrow cell

          

  64. Spongy BoneSurrounded by a layer of compact bone and contains red bone marrow( immature and mature blood cells)

          

  65. Lamin/oFemur (Thigh bone)

          

  66. Abduction-Procedure that restores a bone to its normal position
    -following reduction the bone is immobilized to maintain proper alignment during the healing process

          

  67. Rhabdoidresembling a rod

          

  68. Spondylolisthesis (D&C)Loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching

          

  69. Metatarsalgiapain in the metatarsus

          

  70. sub-intravenously

          

  71. Leiomy/oSmooth Muscle (Visceral)

          

  72. Myelography (DIP)-Kneecap
    -located anterior to the knee joint

          

  73. Tendinitisinflammation of cartilage

          

  74. Lord/oRibs

          

  75. Aponeurosisattachment of fibrous that spans a large area of the bone;strong sheet of tissue that acts as a tendon to attach muscle to bone

          

  76. Lacrimal bones (facial) (AX)located at the corner of the eye, thin small bones form the groove for the lacrimal sac and canals through which the tear ducts pass into the nasal cavity(2)

          

  77. SalicylatesRelieve mild to moderate pain and reduce inflammation

          

  78. Leiomyomatumor of smooth muscle

          

  79. CephalodyniaPain in the head

          

  80. Cardiac musclePertaining to the clavicle

          

  81. Dystrophydisorder caused by defective nutrition or metablism

          

  82. Fibr/ofoot

          

  83. Brachi/o-Radiation, x-ray;
    -Radius; lower arm bone, thumb side

          

  84. Incomplete fractureline of fracture does not completely transverse the entire bone

          

  85. Zygomatic bones (facial) (AX)-paired upper jawbones , are fused in the midline by a suture
    -They form the upper jaw and hard palate(roof of the mouth)(2)

          

  86. Arthrocentesis(SP)Visual examination of the interior of a joint and its structure using a thin, flexible scope called an arthroscope that contains a magnifying lens, fiberoptic light, and miniature camera that projects images on a monitor

          

  87. Bunion (D&C)-Deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the great toe as it turns in toward the second toe, which may cause the tissues surrounding the joint to become swollen and tender
    -The term is used to refer to the pathological bump on the side of the great toe joint

          

  88. Craniotomyexcision of a rib

          

  89. Arthroscopy(SP)Surgical breaking of an ankylosed joint to provide movement

          

  90. Cruciate ligamentsLigaments that cross each other, forming an X within the notch between the femoral condyles (help secure and stabilize the knee)

          

  91. Thoracic vertebrae (AX)-1 vertebra (#26)
    -4 or 5 fragmented fused vertebrae
    tail bone

          

  92. FractureStraight

          

  93. Patell/opatella(kneecap)

          

  94. Rhabdomy/orod-shaped(striated) muscle

          

  95. Traction(MP)When the CT fibers form a strap or cord that attaches muscle to bone

          

  96. Mandible (facial) (AX)-Lower jaw bone, are joins together with sutures and are immovable
    -movement needed for speaking and chewing(mastication)(2)

          

  97. Atlas (cervical vertebrae) (AX)-The 1st cervical vertebrae
    -supports the skull
    -yes motion

          

  98. KyphosisGrowth

          

  99. Symphysis pubis(AP)-anterior to the bladder
    -connects pubis

          

  100. Total hip Replacement(SP)-Surgical procedure to replace a hip joint damaged by a degenerative disease, commonly arthritis
    -the femoral head and the acetabulum are replaced with a metal ball and stem(prosthesis)

          

  101. Discography (DIP)-Nuclear medicine procedure that visualizes various tissues and organs after administration of a radionuclide
    -uses a gamma camera to detect areas of uptake, called hot spots

          

  102. Muscular dystrophy (MD)disorder caused by defective nutrition or metablism

          

  103. Calcium supplementssurgical repair of the fascia

          

  104. -blastembryonic cell

          

  105. AdductionMovement toward the body

          

  106. Ethmoid bone (skull) (AX)situated on each side of the skull just behind the frontal bone (2)

          

  107. Reduction(MP)-Procedure that restores a bone to its normal position
    -following reduction the bone is immobilized to maintain proper alignment during the healing process

          

  108. Myoblastembryonic cell that develops into the muscle

          

  109. Sprain (D&C)Tearing of ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete

          

  110. Multiple myeloma (D&C)Lameness, limping

          

  111. Humer/oCranium (Skull)

          

  112. -porosisPorous

          

  113. IVtumor of the muscle(tissue)

          

  114. Sequestrectomy(SP)bone death

          

  115. RheumatologistProduction and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow

          

  116. Depressions and openings (features of the bone)located at the corner of the eye, thin small bones form the groove for the lacrimal sac and canals through which the tear ducts pass into the nasal cavity(2)

          

  117. Osteomyelitisinflammation of the vertebrae

          

  118. Chondrosarcomatumor composed of bone

          

  119. Vertebral column (AX)
    regions of bones
    -composed of 26 bones called vertebrae(singular,vertebra) in adults
    -supports the body and provides a protective bony canal for the spinal canal

          

  120. Costectomyexcision of a rib

          

  121. Orally-Radiation, x-ray;
    -Radius; lower arm bone, thumb side

          

  122. Exacerbation (D&C)Bone immobilization by application of weights and pulleys to align or immobilize a fracture

          

  123. Scoliosis
    C-shaped curvature
    may be congenital, caused by chronic poor posture during childhood,or the result of 1 leg being longer than the other

          

  124. Paget disease(osteitis deformans)Chronic inflammation of bones, resulting in thickening and softening of bones

          

  125. Herniated disk (D&C)
    most commonly in the lower spine and is referred to as herniation of an intervertebral disk,herniated nucleuspulposus (HNP), ruptured,prolapsed,or slipped disk
    Rupture of a vertebral disk's center through its outer edge and back toward the spinal canal with pressure on the adjacent spinal nerve that results in pain, numbness, or weakness in one or both legs.

          

  126. Open reduction(MP)Reduction in which fractured bones are placed in their proper position during surgery

          

  127. Acetabulum (AP)-Fingers
    -10 radiating

          

  128. syn-intravenously

          

  129. Sequestrumbone death

          

  130. Fascioplastypertaining to the acromion

          

  131. Dactyl/ofingers;toes

          

  132. -malaciaMalignant tumor of connective tissue

          

  133. Bone density test (DIP)
    (dual-energy-x-ray absorptiometry) (DEXA)
    -Noninvasive procedure that uses low-energy x-ray absorption to measure bone material density and usually measures bones of the spine, hip, and forearm
    -measures calcium and other minerals in the bone

          

  134. Rheumatoid ArthritisMoves a bone around its own body

          

  135. Synov/osynovial membrane,synovial fluuid

          

  136. Cost/ocrooked,bent

          

  137. Paranasal cavities (facial) (AX)Cavities located within the cranial and facial bones that open into the septum cavities and are lined with ciliary epithelium

          

  138. Arthrodesisspecialist in treatment of musculoskeletal disorders

          

  139. Pedicurecare of feet

          

  140. Chondromalacia-Malignant tumor from cartilage(cells)
    - 2nd most common bone cancer

          

  141. Ewing sarcoma-malignancies that develops in bone tissue and generally affects the knees,upper arms,and upper legs
    -affects ages 20-25

          

  142. AmphiarthrosesFreely movable joints

          

  143. Intervertebral disks (AX)relating to the area between 2 vertebrae

          

  144. Occipital bone (skull) (AX)Forms the back and base of the skull (1)

          

  145. Bone grafting(SP)-Nuclear medicine procedure that visualizes various tissues and organs after administration of a radionuclide
    -uses a gamma camera to detect areas of uptake, called hot spots

          

  146. Fibulocalcaneal-malignancies that develops in cartilage and generally affects the pelvis,upper legs, and shoulders
    - affects ages 50-60

          

  147. Oste/oBone

          

  148. Appendicular SkeletonA place of union between 2 or more bones; also called joints

          

  149. Parietal bone (skull) (AX)-The 1st 7 vertebrates
    -Form the skeletal framework of the neck
    -Curves forward

          

  150. FlexionFiber, fibrous tissue

          

  151. Contracture (D&C)Tearing of ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete

          

  152. Tibia and Fibula(AP)2 parallel bones that form the leg

          

  153. Podiatrytreatment of the feet

          

  154. DiathrosesInflammation of a joint

          

  155. ThoracodyniaMalignant tumor of connective tissue

          

  156. Heberden nodesBony enlargements

          

  157. Bone immobilization(MP)Surgical breaking of an ankylosed joint to provide movement

          

  158. Rhabdomyomatumor composed of striated muscular tissue

          

  159. Kyph/ohumpback

          

  160. Scintigraphy (DIP)-Nuclear medicine procedure that visualizes various tissues and organs after administration of a radionuclide
    -uses a gamma camera to detect areas of uptake, called hot spots

          

  161. Synovial membranesurrounds the inside of the capsule and secretes synovial fluid within the joint capsule

          

  162. InversionBinding, fixation; of bone of joint

          

  163. Coastal cartilage (Thoracic) (AX)-Cartilage that attaches the true ribs to the sternum
    -Costal cartilage does not fasten the false ribs directly to the sternum

          

  164. Spondylosis (D&C)-Degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and related tissues
    -may cause pressure on nerve roots with subsequent pain or paresthesia in the extremities

          

  165. Osteoclasiaabnormal loss of bone density that may lead to an increase in fractures of the ribs, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, hips, and wrists after slight trauma

          

  166. Myastheniaweakness of a muscle(and abnormal fatigue)

          

  167. Crepitation (D&C)Dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture of joint destruction,crackling sound

          

  168. Acromialpertaining to the acromion

          

  169. LigamentsFlexible bands of fibrous tissue that are highly adapted for resisting strains and holds bones close together in a synovial joint

          

  170. Diaphysis-The shaft or central section of a long bone
    -Contains compact bone that surrounds the central canal and the medullary cavity(marrow cavity) that contains fatty yellow marrow

          

  171. Flat BonesSurrounded by a layer of compact bone and contains red bone marrow( immature and mature blood cells)

          

  172. Thorax (AX)-Kneecap
    -located anterior to the knee joint

          

  173. Subluxation (D&C)Partial or incomplete disloaction

          

  174. ArticulationMovement toward the body

          

  175. Prosthesis fitting(SP)Reduction in which fractured bones are realigned by manipulation rather than surgery

          

  176. Patellectomyact of measuring the pelvis

          

  177. Axial skeleton-3 major regions-skull, rib cage, and vertebral column
    -Include(skull, maxilla, mandible, sternum,ribs, vertebral column,sacrum, coccyx)

          

  178. Scoli/oacromion(projection of the scapula)

          

  179. Nasal bones (facial) (AX)forms the shape and bridge of the nose (2)

          

  180. Osteopeniasurgical fracture of a bone;intentional fracture to treat a deformity

          

  181. Maxillae (facial) (AX)forms the shape and bridge of the nose (2)

          

  182. Arthr/oJoint

          

  183. Femoralpertaining to the femur

          

  184. Tendoplastyembryonic cell that develops into the muscle

          

  185. Hematopoiesis-The shaft or central section of a long bone
    -Contains compact bone that surrounds the central canal and the medullary cavity(marrow cavity) that contains fatty yellow marrow

          

  186. Humeroscapularrelating to the humerus and scapula

          

  187. Cervic/oCranium (Skull)

          

  188. Metacarp/ocrooked,bent

          

  189. Axis (cervical vertebrae) (AX)-The 1st cervical vertebrae
    -supports the skull
    -yes motion

          

  190. Synovial fluidfluid that lubricates and reduce friction

          

  191. Comminuted fracturebone is broken and 1 end is wedged into the interior of another bone

          

  192. Open(compound)fracturebone has broken or splintered into pieces

          

  193. Irregular Bones-Certain bones of the middle ear and the bones of the vertebrae
    -Complex shapes

          

  194. Stern/oJoint

          

  195. Distal Epiphysis
    Proximal Epiphysis
    -The 2 ends of bones to provide attachments
    - Covered with articular cartilage and mostly spongy bone(red bone marrow)covered by a layer of compact bone.

          

  196. Mastoid process (skull) (AX)paired ribs 8-12

          

  197. Metacarpals(AP)toward the head

          

  198. Amputation(SP)-Procedure that restores a bone to its normal position
    -following reduction the bone is immobilized to maintain proper alignment during the healing process

          

  199. Osteomatumor composed of bone

          

  200. Fibul/oan elongated contractile cell that forms the muscles of the body

          

  201. Myomasynovial membrane,synovial fluuid

          

  202. Articular cartilage-Elastic CT that provides a smooth surface for movement of joints
    -Also reduces friction and absorbs shock at the freely movable joints.

          

  203. Pelvimetrytreatment of the feet

          

  204. Pathological(spontaneous) fracturebone is broken and 1 end is wedged into the interior of another bone

          

  205. Phalang/oPhalanges (Bones of fingers an toes)

          

  206. Tibiofemoralpertaining to the tibia and femur

          

  207. Colles Fracture-(multi-nucleated cell that) breaks down bone
    -destroys matrix of the bone

          

  208. Ankyl/oBone marrow; Spinal cord

          

  209. Phalanges(AP)-upper arm bone
    -articulates with radius and ulna at the elbow

          

  210. muscle relaxantsrelieve muscle spasms and stiffness

          

  211. Fibromatumor of fibrous tissue

          

  212. Muscul/o
    My/o
    Muscle

          

  213. Ped/o
    Ped/i
    Muscle

          

  214. Ganglion cyst (D&C)-Deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the great toe as it turns in toward the second toe, which may cause the tissues surrounding the joint to become swollen and tender
    -The term is used to refer to the pathological bump on the side of the great toe joint

          

  215. Fibrosarcoma-malignancies that develops in cartilage and generally affects the pelvis,upper legs, and shoulders
    - affects ages 50-60

          

  216. Soft spot (skull) (AX)-Unossified membrane
    -Incomplete bone formation
    -Infants skull

          

  217. SynarthrosesImmovable joints

          

  218. Splinting(MP)Bone immobilization by application of a solid, stiff dressing formed with plaster of Paris or similar material

          

  219. Joint capsulesurgical fracture of a bone;intentional fracture to treat a deformity

          

  220. -astheniapain in the ischium

          

  221. Osseousall bone components

          

  222. Ankylosis (D&C)Stiffening and immobility of a joint as a result of disease, trauma, surgery, or abdominal bone fusion.

          

  223. Cervical vertebrae (AX)surrounds the inside of the capsule and secretes synovial fluid within the joint capsule

          

  224. TenodesisGrowth

          

  225. Impacted fracturebone is broken and 1 end is wedged into the interior of another bone

          

  226. Nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)Decrease pain and suppress inflammation

          

  227. ili/oilium(lateral,flaring portion of the hip bone)

          

  228. Electromyography (EMG)(MP)Radiography of the spinal cord after injection of a contrast medium to identify and study spinal distortions caused by tumors, cysts, herniated intervertebral disks, or other lesions

          

  229. Osteoporosis-Porous bone
    -Decrease in bone density with an increase in porosity, causing bones to become brittle and increasing the risk of hairline fractures

          

  230. Bone spur (osteophyte)development of new bone growth

          

  231. Osteoarthritis (Degenerative joint disease)DJDThe 1st- 7 pairs of ribs

          

  232. Carpoptosis-downward displacement of the wrist
    - also called wrist drop

          

  233. Pelvis(AP)
    1. Males
    2. Females
    1. larger and heavier and possess larger surface markings
    2. shallower, but wider,supports the enlarged uterus during pregnancy, provides a large opening to allow for child birth

          

  234. Myasthenia gravis(MG)Puncture of a joint space using a needle to remove accumulated fluid

          

  235. Sequestrum (D&C)Fragment of necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue

          

  236. Coccyx vertebrae (AX)-1 vertebra (#26)
    -4 or 5 fragmented fused vertebrae
    tail bone

          

  237. Orth/oRibs

          

  238. -physisPorous

          

  239. ClavicularPertaining to the clavicle

          

  240. Brachialgiapain in the arm

          

  241. Fontanel (skull) (AX)Forms most of the bony area between the nasal cavity and parts of the orbits of the eyes

          

  242. supracostalpertaining to the acromion

          

  243. Osteoblasts-Porous bone
    -Decrease in bone density with an increase in porosity, causing bones to become brittle and increasing the risk of hairline fractures

          

  244. Femur(AP)-Thigh
    -largest, longest, and strongest bone in the body

          

  245. Cepaladtoward the head

          

  246. Carp/oLoins (lower back)

          

  247. Musculararm

          

  248. Cephal/ohead

          

  249. SarcomasMalignancies that originate from bone, fat, muscle, cartilage, bone marrow, and cells of the lymphatic system

          

  250. Bacteremiabacteria within the bloodsteam

          

  251. Casting(MP)Calcaneum (Heel bone)

          

  252. Calcane/oCalcaneum (Heel bone)

          

  253. Sequestrabone death

          

  254. Osteoporosisabnormal loss of bone density that may lead to an increase in fractures of the ribs, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, hips, and wrists after slight trauma

          

  255. Vomer (facial) (AX)forms the lower part of the nasal septum(1)

          

  256. -sarcomaMalignancies that originate from bone, fat, muscle, cartilage, bone marrow, and cells of the lymphatic system

          

  257. Synovial jointsjoints that allow movement

          

  258. Rib cage (Thoracic) (AX)-Lower jaw bone, are joins together with sutures and are immovable
    -movement needed for speaking and chewing(mastication)(2)

          

  259. Osteosarcomasurgical fracture of a bone;intentional fracture to treat a deformity

          

  260. ArticulateA place of union between 2 or more bones; also called joints

          

  261. PronationTurns the palm down

          

  262. Renal calculi (Nephroliths)stones in kidney

          

  263. dys--Radiation, x-ray;
    -Radius; lower arm bone, thumb side

          

  264. TendonWhen the CT fibers form a strap or cord that attaches muscle to bone

          

  265. Thorac/oischium(lower portion of the hip bone)

          

  266. supra-above;excessive;superior

          

  267. Tendin/o; Tend/o; Ten/oTendon

          

  268. Lordosis;swaybackAbnormal ,inward curvature of a portion of the lower portion of the spine

          

  269. Fasci/o-Tibia
    -Larger bone of the lower leg

          

  270. InterverbralNeck; Cervix uteri (Neck of Uterus)

          

  271. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) (D&C)Painful condition resulting from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel.

          

  272. Subpatellarpertaining to below the patella

          

  273. ArthritisInflammation of a joint

          

  274. Pub/ounder, below

          

  275. pubococcygeal-malignancies that develops in bone tissue and generally affects the knees,upper arms,and upper legs
    -affects ages 20-25

          

  276. Hypotonia (D&C)Loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching

          

  277. Osteoclast-(multi-nucleated cell that) breaks down bone
    -destroys matrix of the bone

          

  278. Epiphysisgrowth upon(the end of a long bone)

          

  279. Gout(gout arthritis)metabolic disease in which an excessive amount of uric acid in the blood causes sodium urate crystals to be deposited in the joints, especially that of the great toe, producing arthritis

          

  280. Arthroclasia(SP)Surgical breaking of an ankylosed joint to provide movement

          

  281. Cancellousall bone components

          

  282. Sternadtoward the sternum

          

  283. Pelvic(hip) girdle (AP)-basin shaped structure that attaches the lower limbs to the axial skeleton
    -Supports the trunk of the body and provides protection for the visceral organs of the pelvis

          

  284. Projections (features of the bone)development of new bone growth

          

  285. Radialwithout,not

          

  286. Rickets also called (rachitis) (D&C)Form of osteomalacia in children caused by vitamin D deficiency

          

  287. Long BonesFreely movable joints

          

  288. FibersFibula; smaller outer bone of the lower leg

          

  289. Coronal suture (skull) (AX)attaches the frontal and parietal bones

          

  290. -scopyband,fascia(fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles)

          

  291. Ischi/oischium(lower portion of the hip bone)

          

  292. Smooth muscle



    (Also called involuntary or visceral muscle)
    Actions are involuntary. Located principally in the visceral organs,walls of arteries and respiratory passages. and urinary and reproductive ducts. Contractions are controlled by the ANS

          

  293. Lumb/oLoins (lower back)

          

  294. Closed reduction(MP)Consists of 3 parts
    1.Thigh
    2.leg
    3. foot

          

  295. Synovectomy(SP)Excision of a synovial membrane

          

  296. Ischiodyniapain in the ischium

          

  297. Gold Salts-Broad surfaces for muscle attach. or protection for internal organs
    - Ex. bones of the skull, shoulder blades, and sternum

          

  298. Revision surgery;(SP) more complicated than original surgerySurgery repeated to correct problems of a previous unsuccessful surgery or to replace a worn-out prosthesis

          

  299. Pod/orod-shaped(striated)

          

  300. Laminectomy(SP)Partial or complete removal of an extremity due to trauma or a circulatory disease

          

  301. Radius and Ulna (AP)-Thigh
    -largest, longest, and strongest bone in the body

          

  302. Complicated fractureBroken bone injures an internal organ

          

  303. True ribs (Thoracic) (AX)forms the lower part of the nasal septum(1)

          

  304. Orthopedistbinding together a joint

          

  305. Secondary bone cancerSurrounded by a layer of compact bone and contains red bone marrow( immature and mature blood cells)

          

  306. Duchenne dystrophy-most common type of muscular dystrophy
    -affects children, mostly boys
    -Transmitted as a sex-linked disease passed from the mother
    -Progression causes loss of muscle function in the skeletal and cardiac muscle
    -no cure
    -most die before 30 years of age

          

  307. Short bones-Cube-shaped bones. The core is spongy bone(cancellous bone), enclosed in a thin layer of compact bone
    -Ex. wrists, ankles, and toes

          

  308. Dactylitisinflammation of fingers and toes

          

  309. Closed(simple) fractureBone is broken but no external wound occurs

          

  310. Phalanges(AP)Toes

          

  311. Revision bone surgery(SP)Revision surgery to correct misalignment of bones, broken prostheses, and bone fractures occurring around the prosthesis

          

  312. Claudication (D&C)Broken bone injures an internal organ

          

  313. Skeletal muscles


    (Also called voluntary or striated muscles)
    muscles whose action is under voluntary control.
    some examples of vountary muscles are muscles that move the eyeballs,tongue, and bones

          

  314. Metatarsals(AP)-Fingers
    -10 radiating

          

  315. Fibrous attachmentsThe CT converges at the end of the muscle to become continuous and indistinguishable from the peritoneum.

          

  316. Rhabd/orod-shaped(striated)

          

  317. Primary bone cancer-Cube-shaped bones. The core is spongy bone(cancellous bone), enclosed in a thin layer of compact bone
    -Ex. wrists, ankles, and toes

          

  318. Myel/oStiffness; bent, crooked

          

  319. MetacarpectomyMetacarpus (Hand bones)

          

  320. Cranium(skull) (AX)Forms the anterior portion of the skull (forehead) and the roof of the cavities that contain eyeball(1)

          

  321. Lumbar vertebrae (AX)-1 vertebra (#26)
    -4 or 5 fragmented fused vertebrae
    tail bone

          

  322. Radi/oCranium (Skull)

          

  323. Doctor of Osteopathy(DO)physician that maintains proper alignment to bones, muscles, ligaments, and nerves