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195 True/False questions

  1. antiviralssmall

          

  2. -osisstanding still

          

  3. Kaposi sarcoma-is a malignancy of connective tissue, including bone, fat, muscle, and fibrous tissue
    -closely associated with AIDS and is commonly fatal because the tumors readily metastasize to other organs

          

  4. hem/o hemat/oblood

          

  5. hemolyzebreaking down of red blood cells

          

  6. Pernicious anemiachronic, progressive anemia found mostly in people older than age 50 due to lack of sufficient vitamin, B12 needed for blood cell development

          

  7. adenoidresembling a gland

          

  8. ThrombocytopeniaAbnormal decrease in platelets caused by low production of platelets in the bone marrow or increased destruction of platelets in the blood vessels, spleen, or liver

          

  9. Shilling testTest used to diagnose pernicious anemia by determining if the body properly absorbs vitamin B12 through the digestive tract

          

  10. Antinuclear antibody-Test to identify antibodies that attack the nucleus of the individual's own body cells
    -indicates the potential for autoimmunity

          

  11. hemopoiesisformation of blood

          

  12. acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)is an infectious disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which slowly destroys the immune system

          

  13. chronic leukemia-signs and symptoms are slow to develop
    -there is proliferation of cells but, are ususlly enough mature cells to carry on the functions of the various cell types

          

  14. micro-large

          

  15. bas/o-base (alkaline, opposite of acid)
    -appear dark blue when stained with a dye used in hematology

          

  16. hematology-blood tumor
    -usually a clotted blood caused by a break or leak in a blood vessel that may be found in any organ, tissue, or space within the body

          

  17. thrombosis-abnormal condition of a blood clot
    -formation of blood clots in the blood vessel

          

  18. erythrocyte-red cell
    -red blood cell

          

  19. -graftserum

          

  20. edemafluid within tissues

          

  21. hemoglobinprotein

          

  22. lymph/oresembling lymph

          

  23. Partial thromboplastin (PTT) (activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)Test that measures the length of time it takes blood to clot to screen for deficiencies of some clotting factors

          

  24. Multiple myelomais an acquired abnormal immune response

          

  25. iron- deficiency anemialack of sufficient ion in RBCs

          

  26. plas/oformation, growth

          

  27. -peniaforeign, strange

          

  28. leukocytosisis an oncological disorder of the blood forming organs that causes overgrowth of blood cells

          

  29. lymphangi/olymph vessel

          

  30. agglutin/oclumping, gluing

          

  31. chrom/oform, shape, structure

          

  32. induratedself, own

          

  33. electr/oelectricity

          

  34. lymphoidresembling lymph

          

  35. MonospotNonspecific rapid serological test for the presence of the heterophile antibody, which develops several days after infection by Epstein-Barr virus, the organism that caused infectious mononucleosis

          

  36. erythropeniaabnormal decrease in red (blood cells)

          

  37. -rrhagiabursting forth

          

  38. ser/oiron

          

  39. acute leukemia-sudden onset of the disease and the cells are highly embryonic with few mature forms
    -causes severe anemia, infections, and bleeding disorders early in the stages
    -is life threatening

          

  40. -globinprotein

          

  41. Aplastic (hypoplastic) anemiaserious form of anemia associated with bone marrow failure and resulting in erythropenia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia

          

  42. disseminated intravascular coagulation-Removal of a small sample of bone using a small thin aspirating needle for microscopic examination
    -identifies blood disorders or determines if infection has spread to bone marrow

          

  43. LymphangiographyVisualization of lymphatic channels and lymph nodes using a contrast medium to determine blockages or other pathologies of the lymph system

          

  44. sickle cell crisis-tissue distal to the blockage undergoes ischemia, resulting in severe pain that can last from several hours to several days
    -affects those who have inherited the trait from both parents
    -treatment includes folic acid

          

  45. neutrophilicis a deficiency in clotting factor VIII

          

  46. Autologous Bone marrow transplantspecialist who treats immune system disorders

          

  47. anisocytosispertaining to the same color

          

  48. Bone marrow aspiration-Removal of a small sample of bone using a small thin aspirating needle for microscopic examination
    -identifies blood disorders or determines if infection has spread to bone marrow

          

  49. Graft-versus-host disease-abnormal increase of embryonic red (cells)
    -is a potentially fatal disease of newborns occurring when a blood incompatibility exists between the mother and fetus

          

  50. splenorrhagiabursting forth of the spleen

          

  51. myelogenousgranulocytic leukemia

          

  52. mononuclearloss of appetite

          

  53. iso-unequal, dissimilar

          

  54. -phil-base (alkaline, opposite of acid)
    -appear dark blue when stained with a dye used in hematology

          

  55. remissionsnet, mesh

          

  56. allergy and immunology-study of immunity
    -includes study of autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities, and immune deficiencies

          

  57. leukemiablood condition

          

  58. isochromicpertaining to the same color

          

  59. anemia-without blood
    -is a condition characterized by a reduction in the number of red blood cells or a deficiency in their hemoglobin

          

  60. -blastembryonic cell

          

  61. xen/obone marrow; spinal cord

          

  62. ImmunotherapyAny form of treatment that alters, enhances, stimulates or restores the body's natural immune mechanisms to treat disease

          

  63. urticariastanding still

          

  64. autoimmunitywithout a (definite) form

          

  65. eosin/odawn (rose colored)

          

  66. Biological immunotherapybranch of medicine involving disorders of immune systems, including asthma and anaphalaxis, adverse reactions to drugs, autoimmune disorders, organ transplantation, and malignancies of the immune system

          

  67. sensitizationinitial exposure

          

  68. basophil-base (alkaline, opposite of acid)
    -appear dark blue when stained with a dye used in hematology

          

  69. allo-many, much

          

  70. poikil/oformation, growth

          

  71. immun/olymph

          

  72. Systemic lupus erythematosus-Widespread autoimmune disease that may affect the skin, brain, kidneys, and joints and causes chronic inflammation
    -a typical butterfly rash appears over the nose and cheeks

          

  73. -poiesisformation, production

          

  74. anaphylaxisagainst protection

          

  75. immunicompromisedNonspecific rapid serological test for the presence of the heterophile antibody, which develops several days after infection by Epstein-Barr virus, the organism that caused infectious mononucleosis

          

  76. opportunistic infectionsprocess of clumping

          

  77. erythroblastembryonic red cell

          

  78. allergyiron

          

  79. anaphylactic shocklow blood presure

          

  80. lymphadenopathyRemoval of lymph nodes, especially in surgical procedures undertaken to remove malignant tissue

          

  81. sickle cell anemiainherited anemia that causes RBCs to become crescent- shaped o sickle - shaped when oxygen levels are low

          

  82. serologyserum

          

  83. LymphedemaRemoval of lymph nodes, especially in surgical procedures undertaken to remove malignant tissue

          

  84. hemophilia (bleeder's disorder)formation of blood

          

  85. ana-one

          

  86. autograftembryonic cell

          

  87. allergy shotsan immunotherapy treatment that reduces the reaction of the allergen

          

  88. Hemogloginopathy-Any disorder caused by abnormalities in the hemoglobin molecule
    -most common disorder is sickle cell anemia

          

  89. amorphicwithout a (definite) form

          

  90. hypoproteinemiadecrease in the blood protein level

          

  91. xenograft (heterograft)Process in which a recipient's immune system attacks a transplanted organ or tissue

          

  92. antigenexposure to an allergen

          

  93. hemarthrosisblood within joints

          

  94. lymphangiomacollection of blood

          

  95. leuk/oneutral, neither

          

  96. hematomasphysician who specializes in treating blood disorders

          

  97. dyspneagland

          

  98. localizedaffects specific area

          

  99. Hematoma-white blood condition
    -causes a profoundly elevated white blood cell count and a very low red blood cell count

          

  100. blast/oformation, growth

          

  101. hemophobiafear of blood

          

  102. sider/ospleen

          

  103. phag/oswallowing, eating

          

  104. multisystemicpertaining to the same color

          

  105. agglutinationover- growth

          

  106. hodgkin disease (hodgkin lymphoma)is a malignant disease of the lymph system, primarily the lymph nodes

          

  107. eosinophilpertaining to many forms or shapes

          

  108. splenomegalyspleen

          

  109. microcytetransplantation

          

  110. dysphagiadifficulty breathing

          

  111. infectious mononucleosis-is one of the acute infections caused by the Epstein- Barr virus (EBV)
    -spreads through saliva and respiratory usecretions

          

  112. erythroblastosis-abnormal increase of embryonic red (cells)
    -is a potentially fatal disease of newborns occurring when a blood incompatibility exists between the mother and fetus

          

  113. Complete blood count-Series of test that includes hemoglobin; hematocrit; red and white blood cell counts, platelet count; and differential count
    - used to test for anemias, coagulation disorders, and infections

          

  114. antifibrinolyticsneutralize fibrinolytic chemicals in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, and urinary tract to prevent breakdown of blood clots

          

  115. hematoma-blood tumor
    -usually a clotted blood caused by a break or leak in a blood vessel that may be found in any organ, tissue, or space within the body

          

  116. sideropeniaabnormal decrease in red (blood cells)

          

  117. mononucleosisabnormal increase in cells that are unequal

          

  118. hematologistphysician who studies blood disorders

          

  119. anemiais a deficiency of erythrocytes or hemoglobin in the blood

          

  120. polymorphicresembling lymph

          

  121. neutr/oelectricity

          

  122. myelogenicdestruction of RBCs, commonly resulting in jaudice

          

  123. tachycardiaan allergic reaction that causes hives

          

  124. immunologyself, own

          

  125. pallorpaleness

          

  126. hepatomegalyLocalized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel

          

  127. morphologystudy of form, shape, and structure

          

  128. fat-soluble vitaminsprevent and treat bleeding disorders resulting from lack of prothrombin, which is commonly caused by vitamin K definciency

          

  129. poly-against, up, back

          

  130. poikilocytecell (that contains a) net or meshwork

          

  131. macro-large

          

  132. thrombolyticsdestruction of RBCs, commonly resulting in jaudice

          

  133. -emiablood condition

          

  134. allergists and immunologistbranch of medicine involving disorders of immune systems, including asthma and anaphalaxis, adverse reactions to drugs, autoimmune disorders, organ transplantation, and malignancies of the immune system

          

  135. hypotensionspleen

          

  136. leukemia-without blood
    -is a condition characterized by a reduction in the number of red blood cells or a deficiency in their hemoglobin

          

  137. Bone marrow transplantphysician who specializes in treating blood disorders

          

  138. phagocytesmall (red) cell

          

  139. exacerbationsInfusion of blood or blood products from one person to another

          

  140. Folic- acid deficiency anemiainability to produce sufficient red blood cells (RBCs) due to the lack of folic acid, a B vitamin essential for erythropoiesis

          

  141. von Willebrand diseaseover- growth

          

  142. thromb/obone marrow; spinal cord

          

  143. myasthenia gravisis a chronic. progressive autoimmune neuromuscular disease that causes muscle weakness

          

  144. myel/obone marrow; spinal cord

          

  145. aplasticformation, growth

          

  146. reticulocytecell (that contains a) net or meshwork

          

  147. pruitusintense itching

          

  148. aden/oiron

          

  149. hemostasisformation of blood

          

  150. allograft (homograft)-transplantation from another
    -transplantation between two individuals who are genetically compatible

          

  151. anorexia-white blood condition
    -causes a profoundly elevated white blood cell count and a very low red blood cell count

          

  152. kary/o
    nucle/o
    abnormal increase of mononuclear (cells)

          

  153. auto-self, own

          

  154. a-without, not

          

  155. hemophilia Bfear of blood

          

  156. -phoresiscarrying, transmission

          

  157. macrocytelarge

          

  158. anticoagulationprevent blood clot formation by inhibiting the synthesis or inactivating one or more clotting factors

          

  159. ThrombocythemiaOverproduction of platelets, leading to thrombosis or bleeding disorders due to platelet malformations

          

  160. -stasisattraction for

          

  161. Bone marrow MRI-Removal of a small sample of bone using a small thin aspirating needle for microscopic examination
    -identifies blood disorders or determines if infection has spread to bone marrow

          

  162. Allergy injections immunotherapyInjection with increasing strengths of the offending antigen given over a period of months or years to increase tolerance to an antigen responsible for severe allergies

          

  163. neutrophilattraction for a neutral (dye)

          

  164. hemophilia Ais a deficiency in clotting factor VIII

          

  165. SepsisPresence of bacteria or their toxins in the blood; blood poisoning

          

  166. aniso-self, own

          

  167. hemolyticdestruction of RBCs, commonly resulting in jaudice

          

  168. LymphadenopathyVisualization of lymphatic channels and lymph nodes using a contrast medium to determine blockages or other pathologies of the lymph system

          

  169. karyolysis-destruction of the nucleus
    -results in cell death

          

  170. mono-self, own

          

  171. blasticembryonic cell

          

  172. Graft rejectionincreased severity of symptoms or disease

          

  173. granulocytecell that is irregular or varied (in shape)

          

  174. hemorrhagic anemiaanemia caused from excessive blood loss

          

  175. kaposi sarcoma and pneumocystis pneumoniaare two diseases closely associated with AIDS ans are considered AIDS- defining diseases

          

  176. splen/ospleen

          

  177. diureticsmedications that promote urination

          

  178. Homologous Bone marrow transplantInfusion of bone marrow or stem cells from a compatible donor after a course of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy

          

  179. LymphoscintigraphyAny form of treatment that alters, enhances, stimulates or restores the body's natural immune mechanisms to treat disease

          

  180. electrophoresis-carrying an electric (charge)
    -a laboratory technique used to separate proteins based on their electrical charge, size, and shape
    -commonly used in DNA testing

          

  181. lymphaden/olymph gland (node)

          

  182. -phylaxisprotection

          

  183. reticul/onet, mesh

          

  184. Prothrombin timeabnormal decrease in red (blood cells)

          

  185. LymphadenectomyRemoval of lymph nodes, especially in surgical procedures undertaken to remove malignant tissue

          

  186. Transfusion-abnormal condition of a blood clot
    -formation of blood clots in the blood vessel

          

  187. gingivitisprevent replication of viruses within host cells

          

  188. granul/ogranule

          

  189. antimicrobialsdestroy bacteria, fungi, and protozoa, depending on the particular drug, generally by interfering with the functions of their cell membrane or their reproductive cycle

          

  190. proliferationover- growth

          

  191. erythr/ored

          

  192. hypochromiccolor

          

  193. Blood cultureis a deficiency in clotting factor IX

          

  194. Sentinel node excisionTest used to diagnose pernicious anemia by determining if the body properly absorbs vitamin B12 through the digestive tract

          

  195. morph/oattraction for