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195 Multiple choice questions

  1. protein
  2. electricity
  3. fear of blood
  4. -white blood condition
    -causes a profoundly elevated white blood cell count and a very low red blood cell count
  5. hardened
  6. paleness
  7. Localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel
  8. bursting forth
  9. is an oncological disorder of the blood forming organs that causes overgrowth of blood cells
  10. abnormal increase in white (blood) cells
  11. -base (alkaline, opposite of acid)
    -appear dark blue when stained with a dye used in hematology
  12. foreign, strange
  13. lymph vessel
  14. decrease in the blood protein level
  15. gum infection
  16. Complication that occurs following a stem cell or bone marrow transplant in which the transplant produces antibodies against recipient's organs that can be severe enough to cause death
  17. pertaining to the same color
  18. pertaining to an attraction for neutral dyes
  19. other, different from the normal
  20. blood clot
  21. color
  22. without, not
  23. affects specific area
  24. Bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor, a "sticky" protein that lines blood vessels and reacts with platelets to form a plug that leads to clot formation
  25. Any form of treatment that alters, enhances, stimulates or restores the body's natural immune mechanisms to treat disease
  26. granule
  27. dissolve blood clots by destroying their fibrin strands
  28. Test that measures the length of time it takes blood to clot to screen for deficiencies of some clotting factors
  29. infections that occur more in people who have weakened immune system
  30. Infusion of the patient's own bone marrow or stem cells after a course of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy
  31. pertaining to a failure to form
  32. -attraction for rose colored (dye)
    -appear rose- colored when stained with eosin, a dye used in hematology
  33. varied, irregular
  34. cell that eats (foreign material)
  35. Visualization of lymphatic channels and lymph nodes using a contrast medium to determine blockages or other pathologies of the lymph system
  36. -without blood
    -is a condition characterized by a reduction in the number of red blood cells or a deficiency in their hemoglobin
  37. affects many organs and tissues
  38. cell that is irregular or varied (in shape)
  39. difficulty breathing
  40. increased severity of symptoms or disease
  41. decrease, deficiency
  42. is a deficiency in clotting factor VIII
  43. Abnormal decrease in platelets caused by low production of platelets in the bone marrow or increased destruction of platelets in the blood vessels, spleen, or liver
  44. -Test to identify antibodies that attack the nucleus of the individual's own body cells
    -indicates the potential for autoimmunity
  45. standing still of blood
  46. formation of blood
  47. -blood protein
    - is an iron containing protein found in RBCs that transports oxygen and gives blood its color
  48. -deficiency of iron
    -usually results from inadequate iron uptake or frm hemorrhage
  49. abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
  50. highly embryonic
  51. pertaining to a single nucleus
  52. -Series of test that includes hemoglobin; hematocrit; red and white blood cell counts, platelet count; and differential count
    - used to test for anemias, coagulation disorders, and infections
  53. against protection
  54. resembling a gland
  55. blood within joints
  56. -transplantation from another
    -transplantation between two individuals who are genetically compatible
  57. physician who studies blood disorders
  58. Presence of bacteria or their toxins in the blood; blood poisoning
  59. transplantation
  60. pertaining to many forms or shapes
  61. Injection with increasing strengths of the offending antigen given over a period of months or years to increase tolerance to an antigen responsible for severe allergies
  62. many, much
  63. dawn (rose colored)
  64. bursting forth of the spleen
  65. latency
  66. an immunotherapy treatment that reduces the reaction of the allergen
  67. form, shape, structure
  68. white
  69. -self transplantation
    -transplantation of tissue from one location of the body to another in the same individual
  70. resembling lymph
  71. -study of immunity
    -includes study of autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities, and immune deficiencies
  72. enlargement of the spleen
  73. Infusion of healthy bone marrow stem cells after the diseased bone marrow is destroyed by chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy
  74. is a malignant disease of the lymph system, primarily the lymph nodes
  75. cell (containing) granules
  76. unequal, dissimilar
  77. large (red) cell
  78. branch of medicine involving disorders of immune systems, including asthma and anaphalaxis, adverse reactions to drugs, autoimmune disorders, organ transplantation, and malignancies of the immune system
  79. Process in which a recipient's immune system attacks a transplanted organ or tissue
  80. is a deficiency in clotting factor IX
  81. loss of appetite
  82. relating to the origin in bone marrow
  83. iron
  84. Infusion of bone marrow or stem cells from a compatible donor after a course of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy
  85. is an acquired abnormal immune response
  86. -Widespread autoimmune disease that may affect the skin, brain, kidneys, and joints and causes chronic inflammation
    -a typical butterfly rash appears over the nose and cheeks
  87. fluid within tissues
  88. clumping, gluing
  89. self, own
  90. granulocytic leukemia
  91. without a (definite) form
  92. embryonic cell
  93. Test used to diagnose pernicious anemia by determining if the body properly absorbs vitamin B12 through the digestive tract
  94. net, mesh
  95. inability to produce sufficient red blood cells (RBCs) due to the lack of folic acid, a B vitamin essential for erythropoiesis
  96. formation, growth
  97. -is a malignancy of connective tissue, including bone, fat, muscle, and fibrous tissue
    -closely associated with AIDS and is commonly fatal because the tumors readily metastasize to other organs
  98. attraction to base (alkaline dyes)
  99. embryonic cell
  100. -is one of the acute infections caused by the Epstein- Barr virus (EBV)
    -spreads through saliva and respiratory usecretions
  101. swallowing, eating
  102. lymph
  103. Any disease of the lymph nodes
  104. gland
  105. chronic, progressive anemia found mostly in people older than age 50 due to lack of sufficient vitamin, B12 needed for blood cell development
  106. protection
  107. standing still
  108. initial exposure
  109. is a deficiency of erythrocytes or hemoglobin in the blood
  110. one
  111. -carrying an electric (charge)
    -a laboratory technique used to separate proteins based on their electrical charge, size, and shape
    -commonly used in DNA testing
  112. neutralize fibrinolytic chemicals in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, and urinary tract to prevent breakdown of blood clots
  113. blood condition
  114. anemia caused from excessive blood loss
  115. lymph gland (node)
  116. is a chronic. progressive autoimmune neuromuscular disease that causes muscle weakness
  117. serious form of anemia associated with bone marrow failure and resulting in erythropenia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia
  118. immune, immunity, safe
  119. are two diseases closely associated with AIDS ans are considered AIDS- defining diseases
  120. -red cell
    -red blood cell
  121. prevent blood clot formation by inhibiting the synthesis or inactivating one or more clotting factors
  122. -abnormal condition of a blood clot
    -formation of blood clots in the blood vessel
  123. neutral, neither
  124. -signs and symptoms are slow to develop
    -there is proliferation of cells but, are ususlly enough mature cells to carry on the functions of the various cell types
  125. same, equal
  126. bone marrow; spinal cord
  127. Malignant tumor of plasma cells in the bone marrow
  128. -Any disorder caused by abnormalities in the hemoglobin molecule
    -most common disorder is sickle cell anemia
  129. abnormal increase in cells that are unequal
  130. medications that promote urination
  131. inherited anemia that causes RBCs to become crescent- shaped o sickle - shaped when oxygen levels are low
  132. spleen
  133. intense itching
  134. disease of lymph nodes
  135. study of form, shape, and structure
  136. specialist who treats immune system disorders
  137. -tissue distal to the blockage undergoes ischemia, resulting in severe pain that can last from several hours to several days
    -affects those who have inherited the trait from both parents
    -treatment includes folic acid
  138. over- growth
  139. immune system becomes weak
  140. destroy bacteria, fungi, and protozoa, depending on the particular drug, generally by interfering with the functions of their cell membrane or their reproductive cycle
  141. prevent replication of viruses within host cells
  142. rapid heart rate
  143. -abnormal increase of embryonic red (cells)
    -is a potentially fatal disease of newborns occurring when a blood incompatibility exists between the mother and fetus
  144. Abnormal activation of the proteins involved in blood coagulation, causing small blood clots to form in the vessels and cutting off the supply of oxygen to distal tissues
  145. collection of blood
  146. -under (decrease in) color
    -are erythrocytes that contain inadequate hemoglobin
    -these cells are commonly associated with iron- deficiency anemia
  147. destruction of RBCs, commonly resulting in jaudice
  148. -Test to determine the presence of pathogens in the bloodstream
    -sepsis is the most serious form of bacteremia and is life threatening
  149. Test that measures the time it takes for prothrombin to form a clot
  150. physician who specializes in treating blood disorders
  151. an allergic reaction that causes hives
  152. is the failure of the body to distinguish accurately between self and non-self in which the immune system attacks antigens in ts own cells to such an extent that tissue injury occurs
  153. lack of sufficient ion in RBCs
  154. Infusion of blood or blood products from one person to another
  155. abnormal decrease in red (blood cells)
  156. Use of immune system stimulators to enhance the immune response in the treatment of certain forms of cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and Crohn disease
  157. small (red) cell
  158. large
  159. red
  160. -study of serum
    - includes the study of antigens and antibodies as well as sources other than serum including plasma, saliva, and urine
  161. exposure to an allergen
  162. low blood presure
  163. nucleus
  164. cell (that contains a) net or meshwork
  165. attraction for a neutral (dye)
  166. embryonic red cell
  167. prevent and treat bleeding disorders resulting from lack of prothrombin, which is commonly caused by vitamin K definciency
  168. Removal of the first node that receives drainage from cancer-containing areas and the one most likely to contain malignant cells
  169. Removal of lymph nodes, especially in surgical procedures undertaken to remove malignant tissue
  170. blood
  171. breaking down of red blood cells
  172. is an infectious disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which slowly destroys the immune system
  173. is a hereditary disorder in which the blood- clotting mechanism is impaired
  174. -Removal of a small sample of bone using a small thin aspirating needle for microscopic examination
    -identifies blood disorders or determines if infection has spread to bone marrow
  175. Introduction of a radioactive tracer into the lymph channels to determine lymph flow, identify obstructions, and locate the sentinel node
  176. -destruction of the nucleus
    -results in cell death
  177. abnormal increase of mononuclear (cells)
  178. -blood tumor
    -usually a clotted blood caused by a break or leak in a blood vessel that may be found in any organ, tissue, or space within the body
  179. process of clumping
  180. Highly sensitive imaging procedure that detects lesions and changes in bone tissue and bone marrow, especially in multiple myeloma
  181. Overproduction of platelets, leading to thrombosis or bleeding disorders due to platelet malformations
  182. enlargement of the liver
  183. attraction for
  184. Nonspecific rapid serological test for the presence of the heterophile antibody, which develops several days after infection by Epstein-Barr virus, the organism that caused infectious mononucleosis
  185. formation, production
  186. Swelling, primarily in a single arm or leg, due to an accumulation of lymph within tissues caused by obstruction or disease in the lymph vessels
  187. an extreme allergic life threatening condition
  188. -foreign transplantation
    -example is transplant with a pig heart
  189. difficulty swallowing
  190. against, up, back
  191. tumor (composed of) lymph vessels
  192. small
  193. serum
  194. -sudden onset of the disease and the cells are highly embryonic with few mature forms
    -causes severe anemia, infections, and bleeding disorders early in the stages
    -is life threatening
  195. carrying, transmission