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188 True/False questions

  1. bucc/ocheek

          

  2. intussusceptionsa portion of the intestine slips into another part beneath it

          

  3. diaphragmatic herniacongenital disorder in which a hernia develops in the diaphragm

          

  4. colorectal cancer-one of the most common type of intestinal cancer in the US
    -it originates in the epithelial lining of the colon or rectum and can occur anywhere in the large intestine

          

  5. gastr/ostomach

          

  6. computed tomography (CT)-enlargement of the liver
    -may be caused by hepatitis or infection, fatty infiltration(as in alcoholism), biliary obstruction, or malignancy

          

  7. liver function tests (LFTs)group of blood tests that evaluate liver injury, liver function, and conditions commonly associated with the biliary tract

          

  8. pharyngotonsillitispharynx (throat)

          

  9. append/o
    appendic/o
    appendix

          

  10. perianalpertaining to the area around the anus

          

  11. abdominal ultrasonographyprotrusion of a part of the intestine at the navel

          

  12. colostomycreation of an opening between the colon and the abdominal wall

          

  13. obstipationsevere constipation, which may be caused by an intestinal obstruction

          

  14. pylorospasminvoluntary contraction of the pyloric sphincter of the stomach, as in pyloric stenosis

          

  15. sial/oileum (third part of small intestine)

          

  16. cholecyst/ogallstone

          

  17. dysphagia (aphagia)difficult or painful digestion; also called indigestion

          

  18. hepatitis Cfecal concretion

          

  19. hiatal herniain which the lower part of the esophagus and the top of the stomach slides through an opening in the diaphragm into the thorax

          

  20. glossectomyinflammation of the intestne, especially the colon, that may be caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites and results in bloody diarrhea

          

  21. sigmoid/osigmoid colon

          

  22. inguinal herniain which the lower part of the esophagus and the top of the stomach slides through an opening in the diaphragm into the thorax

          

  23. sigmoidotomyincision of the sigmoid colon

          

  24. endoscopic ultrasonographycombines endoscopy and ultrasound to examine and obtain images of the digestive tract and the surrounding tissue and organs

          

  25. oralsaliva, salivary gland

          

  26. esophagoscopeesophagus

          

  27. dia-through, across

          

  28. magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to visualize the biliary and pancreatic ducts and gallbladder in a noninvasive manner

          

  29. fecalithvomit

          

  30. polypectomyremoval of all or part of the tongue

          

  31. pyloromyotomyremoval of all or part of the tongue

          

  32. cholelithiasis-abnormal condition of gallstones
    -called choledocholithiasis when formed in the common bile duct

          

  33. hepatitis A (infectious hepatitis)-form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), usually of the ileum but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract
    -may cause fever, cramping, diarrhea, and weight loss

          

  34. hepatomegaly-enlargement of the liver
    -may be caused by hepatitis or infection, fatty infiltration(as in alcoholism), biliary obstruction, or malignancy

          

  35. cholelithbile duct

          

  36. obstipation-condition caused from the hepatitis virus
    -a yellow compound formed when erythrocytes are destroyed

          

  37. -lithspasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ, especially in the colon, accompanied by pain

          

  38. -rrheastraight

          

  39. lithotripsyradiologic examination of the salivary glands and ducts

          

  40. hematemesissurgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another

          

  41. Gastroenterologydisease of the intestine

          

  42. eructation (belching)producing gas from the stomah, usually with a characteristic sound

          

  43. dysentarypassage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices

          

  44. colonoscopyvisual examination of the colon

          

  45. perforationproduces a hole

          

  46. umbilical herniaprotrusion of a part of the intestine at the navel

          

  47. laxitivesabnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, most commonly as a result of chronic live disease.

          

  48. aerophagiaesophagus

          

  49. hepatitis panelpanel of blood tests that indentifies the specific virus- hepatitis A (HAV), hepatitis B (HBV), or hepatitis C (HCV)- that is causing hepatitis by testing serum using antibodies to each of these antigens

          

  50. hemorrhoidectomysurgical removal of hemorroids

          

  51. dent/o
    odont/o
    teeth

          

  52. cholangi/osmall terminal portion of the bile duct

          

  53. -emesispain

          

  54. herniorrhaphysuture of the jejunum

          

  55. pancreat/oanus, rectum

          

  56. ile/oair

          

  57. hepat/oair

          

  58. enteropathyintestine (usually small intestine)

          

  59. appendicitisinflammation of the appendix

          

  60. enter/ostomach

          

  61. gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus duue to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the inferior portion of the esophagus

          

  62. Ulcerative colitisa chronic inflammatory disease of the colon

          

  63. oral cholecystography (OCG)Radiographic images taken of the gallbladder after administration of a contrast material containg iodine, usually in the form of a tablet

          

  64. ileorectal anastomosissurgical connection of the ileum and rectum after total colectomy, as is sometimes performed in the treatment of ulcerative colitis

          

  65. antacidsfoul-smelling breath

          

  66. diverticulosisa condition in which small, blister-like pockets (diverticula) develop in the inner lining of the large intestine and may balloon through the intestinal wall

          

  67. diarrheadischarge or flow of fluid fecal matter through the bowel

          

  68. melenapassage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices

          

  69. gastralgialack or loss of appetite, resulting in the ability to eat

          

  70. appendicitiscounteract or neutralize acidity, usually in the stomach

          

  71. steatorrheadischarge of fat in fecal matter

          

  72. choledoch/ogallbladder

          

  73. -oleinstrument for examining

          

  74. jejunorrhaphysuture of the jejunum

          

  75. regurgitationbackward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach

          

  76. cholelithiasisremoval of the gallbladder

          

  77. sublingualpertaining to the tongue

          

  78. orthodontistspecialist who treats disorders of teeth

          

  79. nonmechanical intestinal obstructionoccurs when intestinal contents are prevented from moving forward due to an obstacle or barrier that blocks the lumen

          

  80. ulcergas in the GI tract; expelling of air from a body orifice, especially the anus

          

  81. gastric adenocarcinomabranch of medicine concerned with digestive disorders

          

  82. gastrointestinal endoscopybranch of medicine concerned with digestive disorders

          

  83. gastroenterologistspecialist who diagnosis and treats digestive disorders

          

  84. intestinal anastomosis (enteroenterostomy)surgical connection of two portions of the intestines

          

  85. duoden/oduodenum (first part of small intestine)

          

  86. halitosisfoul-smelling breath

          

  87. sialographysuture of the hernia

          

  88. jaundice (icterus)fibrous band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated such as scar tissue

          

  89. congenital herniadevelops in newborns or infants

          

  90. col/o
    colon/o
    incision of the longitudinal and circular muscles of the pylorus, which is used to treat hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

          

  91. cheil/o
    labi/o
    lip

          

  92. pharyng/opylorus

          

  93. dentistgas in the GI tract; expelling of air from a body orifice, especially the anus

          

  94. postprandialproduces a hole

          

  95. anastomosisvomiting of blood from bleeding inthe stomach or esophagus

          

  96. -rrhaphysuture

          

  97. bariatric surgerygroup of procedures that treat morbid obesity, a condition that arises from severe accumulation of excss weight as fatty tissue, and the resultant health problems

          

  98. cholangiolesmall terminal portion of the bile duct

          

  99. volvolusfoul-smelling breath

          

  100. serum bilirubinmeasurement of the level of bilirubin in the blood

          

  101. antispasmodicsinvoluntary contraction, twitching

          

  102. -pepsiaswallowing, eating

          

  103. pancreatolysissurgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another

          

  104. gingiv/ogum(s)

          

  105. buccalpertaining to the cheek

          

  106. pancreatic carcinomascarcinomas within the esophagus

          

  107. obesityappetite

          

  108. nasogastric intubationcancerous glandular tumor within the stomach

          

  109. -scopeinstrument for examining

          

  110. an/oPertaining to the mouth

          

  111. hyperemesisexcision of the appendix

          

  112. extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsyuse of shock waves as a noninvasive method to break up stones in the gallbladder or biliary ducts

          

  113. choledochoplastysurgical repair of the bile duct

          

  114. labialthrough, across

          

  115. herniais a protrusion of any organ, tissue, or structure through the wall of the cavity in which it is naturally contained

          

  116. borborygmusrumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of as through the liquid contents of the intestine

          

  117. -iasisabnormal condition (produced by something specified)

          

  118. chol/ebile, gall

          

  119. jejun/ojejunum (second part of the small intestine)

          

  120. esophageal carcinomascarcinomas within the esophagus

          

  121. appendectomyexcision of the appendix

          

  122. duodenoscopyvisual examination of the colon

          

  123. cheiloplastygallstone

          

  124. peritonitisinflammation of the peritoneum

          

  125. upper gastrointestinal series (UGIS) (barium swallow)common causes include ingestion of contaminated food, water, or milk

          

  126. -orexiaappetite

          

  127. hemorroidsenlarged vein of the anal canal

          

  128. viscerainternal abdominal organs

          

  129. -phagiaswallowing, eating

          

  130. hernioplastysurgical repair of the hernia

          

  131. crohn disease (regional enteritis)-form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), usually of the ileum but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract
    -may cause fever, cramping, diarrhea, and weight loss

          

  132. internal hemorrhoidsdevelop inside the rectal area

          

  133. sub-small, minute

          

  134. irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
    (spastic colon)
    symptom complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel function (typically constipation, diarrhea, or alternation constipation and diarrhea) for which no organic cause can be determined

          

  135. diverticulitisinflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstuction or infection

          

  136. mechanical intestinal obstructionoccurs when intestinal contents are prevented from moving forward due to an obstacle or barrier that blocks the lumen

          

  137. cirrhosisbile, gall

          

  138. ultrasonography (US) ( ultrasound, sonography, and echo)combines endoscopy and ultrasound to examine and obtain images of the digestive tract and the surrounding tissue and organs

          

  139. antidiarrhealsdecrease gastrointestinal (GI) spasm by slowing peristalsis and motility throughout the GI tract

          

  140. gloss/o
    lingu/o
    Tongue

          

  141. hepatocellular carcinomascarcinomas within the liver

          

  142. anorexiaappetite

          

  143. rect/ocheek

          

  144. oral leukoplakiasurgical repair of a defective lip

          

  145. dyspepsiadifficult or painful digestion; also called indigestion

          

  146. proctologistdentist who specializes in correcting and preventing irregularities of abnormally positioned or aligned teeth

          

  147. peristalsispertaining to the area around the anus

          

  148. antiemeticscontrol nausea and vomiting by blocking nerve impulses to the vomiting center of the brain

          

  149. -algiapertaining to the lips, particularly the lips of the mouth

          

  150. lingualpertaining to the tongue

          

  151. -prandialmeal

          

  152. asymptomaticcreation of an opening

          

  153. strangulated herniaprotrusion of a part of the intestine at the navel

          

  154. aer/oair

          

  155. colicspasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ, especially in the colon, accompanied by pain

          

  156. ascitesabnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, most commonly as a result of chronic live disease.

          

  157. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB)pain in the stomach; also called stomachache

          

  158. orth/ocheek

          

  159. cachexialack or loss of appetite, resulting in the ability to eat

          

  160. hepatitis B (serum hepatitis)-usually does not occur through the mouth passageways
    -occurs from blood transfusions and sexual contact
    -vaccine is available to provide immunity

          

  161. tonsill/otonsils

          

  162. lower gastrointestinal series (lower GI series or barium enema)surgical connection of two portions of the intestines

          

  163. steatorrheaaround

          

  164. flatusabnormal condition (produced by something specified)

          

  165. cholecystectomybile duct

          

  166. esophag/oliver

          

  167. gingivectomyexcision of diseased gingival tissue

          

  168. vertical banded gastroplastya condition in which small, blister-like pockets (diverticula) develop in the inner lining of the large intestine and may balloon through the intestinal wall

          

  169. pyloric stenosisstricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter (circular muscle of the pylorus) at the outlet of the stomach, causing an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine

          

  170. -spasmliver

          

  171. bilirubinappetite

          

  172. rectocelerectum

          

  173. stool guaiac (Hemoccult, trade name of a modified guaiac test)high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) are directed at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure

          

  174. Stool culturecreation of an opening between the colon and the abdominal wall

          

  175. colostomyspasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ, especially in the colon, accompanied by pain

          

  176. H. pyloriPertaining to the mouth

          

  177. pylor/ointestine (usually small intestine)

          

  178. external hemorrhoidsdevelop outside the rectal area

          

  179. peri-around

          

  180. adhesionsfibrous band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated such as scar tissue

          

  181. -megalypertaining to the lips, particularly the lips of the mouth

          

  182. stomatitisInflammation of the mouth

          

  183. anorexiaspasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ, especially in the colon, accompanied by pain

          

  184. morbid obesitybody mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater, which is generally 100 pounds or more over ideal body weight

          

  185. stomaunder, below

          

  186. malabsorption syndromeincision of the longitudinal and circular muscles of the pylorus, which is used to treat hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

          

  187. or/o
    stomat/o
    Mouth

          

  188. proct/ocheek