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188 Multiple choice questions

  1. inflammation of the intestne, especially the colon, that may be caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites and results in bloody diarrhea
  2. straight
  3. -scarring and dysfunction of the liver cause by chronic liver disease
    -most commonly caused from chronic alcoholism
    -may also be caused by toxins, infectious agents, metabolic diseases, and circulatory disorders
  4. a chronic inflammatory disease of the colon
  5. ileum (third part of small intestine)
  6. produces a hole
  7. a condition in which small, blister-like pockets (diverticula) develop in the inner lining of the large intestine and may balloon through the intestinal wall
  8. radiologic examination of the salivary glands and ducts
  9. carcinomas within the liver
  10. appendix
  11. lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the ability to eat
  12. cancerous glandular tumor within the stomach
  13. swallowing air
  14. is a protrusion of any organ, tissue, or structure through the wall of the cavity in which it is naturally contained
  15. intestinal twisting
  16. carcinomas within the esophagus
  17. high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) are directed at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure
  18. rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of as through the liquid contents of the intestine
  19. small, minute
  20. counteract or neutralize acidity, usually in the stomach
  21. surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
  22. symptom complex of the small intestine characterized by the impaired passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids through intestinal villi into the blood or lymph
  23. treat constipation by increasing peristaltic activity in the large intestine or increasing water and electrolyte secretion into the bowel to induce defecation
  24. colon
  25. pertaining to the lips, particularly the lips of the mouth
  26. under, below
  27. suture
  28. test to identify microorganisms or parasites present in feces that are causing a gastrointestinal infection
  29. develop outside the rectal area
  30. inflammation of the peritoneum
  31. after a meal
  32. -abnormal condition of gallstones
    -called choledocholithiasis when formed in the common bile duct
  33. ultrasound visualization of the abdominal aorta, liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, pancreas, kidneys, ureters, and bladder
  34. appetite
  35. around
  36. in which the lower part of the esophagus and the top of the stomach slides through an opening in the diaphragm into the thorax
  37. Radiographic images taken of the gallbladder after administration of a contrast material containg iodine, usually in the form of a tablet
  38. tonsils
  39. pain in the stomach; also called stomachache
  40. protrusion of an organ that causes the blood supply to be cut off
  41. stricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter (circular muscle of the pylorus) at the outlet of the stomach, causing an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine
  42. excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20 percent or more above ideal body weight
  43. bile duct
  44. panel of blood tests that indentifies the specific virus- hepatitis A (HAV), hepatitis B (HBV), or hepatitis C (HCV)- that is causing hepatitis by testing serum using antibodies to each of these antigens
  45. Inflammation of the mouth
  46. common causes include ingestion of contaminated food, water, or milk
  47. air
  48. pertaining to the cheek
  49. visual examination of the duodenum
  50. surgical connection of the ileum and rectum after total colectomy, as is sometimes performed in the treatment of ulcerative colitis
  51. visual examination of the colon
  52. vomit
  53. Radiographic images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine following oral administration of barium
  54. creation of an opening between the colon and the abdominal wall
  55. producing gas from the stomah, usually with a characteristic sound
  56. rectum
  57. surgical repair of a defective lip
  58. digestion
  59. creation of an opening of a portion of the colon through the abdominal wall to its outside surface in order to divert fecal flow to a colostomy bag
  60. incision of the longitudinal and circular muscles of the pylorus, which is used to treat hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
  61. develops in newborns or infants
  62. surgical repair of the hernia
  63. presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct
  64. instrument for examining the esophagus
  65. pertaining to the area around the anus
  66. surgical removal of hemorroids
  67. teeth
  68. progressive, wavelike movement tht occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract
  69. gas in the GI tract; expelling of air from a body orifice, especially the anus
  70. physician who specializes in treating disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus
  71. occurs when intestinal contents are prevented from moving forward due to an obstacle or barrier that blocks the lumen
  72. destruction of the pancreas
  73. surgical repair of the bile duct
  74. branch of medicine concerned with digestive disorders
  75. cheek
  76. creation of an opening
  77. excision of a polyp
  78. passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it
  79. -one of the most common type of intestinal cancer in the US
    -it originates in the epithelial lining of the colon or rectum and can occur anywhere in the large intestine
  80. disease of the intestine
  81. protrusion of a part of the intestine at the navel
  82. removal of all or part of the tongue
  83. stomach
  84. group of blood tests that evaluate liver injury, liver function, and conditions commonly associated with the biliary tract
  85. small blister like pockets within the large intestine becomes inflamed
  86. Tongue
  87. group of procedures that treat morbid obesity, a condition that arises from severe accumulation of excss weight as fatty tissue, and the resultant health problems
  88. suture of the jejunum
  89. anus
  90. -enlargement of the liver
    -may be caused by hepatitis or infection, fatty infiltration(as in alcoholism), biliary obstruction, or malignancy
  91. discharge, flow
  92. Mouth
  93. saliva, salivary gland
  94. measurement of the level of bilirubin in the blood
  95. specialist who treats disorders of teeth
  96. -condition caused from the hepatitis virus
    -a yellow compound formed when erythrocytes are destroyed
  97. combines endoscopy and ultrasound to examine and obtain images of the digestive tract and the surrounding tissue and organs
  98. symptom complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel function (typically constipation, diarrhea, or alternation constipation and diarrhea) for which no organic cause can be determined
  99. inflammation of the pharynx and tonsils
  100. inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstuction or infection
  101. discharge of fat in fecal matter
  102. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to visualize the biliary and pancreatic ducts and gallbladder in a noninvasive manner
  103. enlargement
  104. backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach
  105. surgical connection of two portions of the intestines
  106. involuntary contraction, twitching
  107. backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus duue to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the inferior portion of the esophagus
  108. -usually does not occur through the mouth passageways
    -occurs from blood transfusions and sexual contact
    -vaccine is available to provide immunity
  109. through, across
  110. foul-smelling breath
  111. dentist who specializes in correcting and preventing irregularities of abnormally positioned or aligned teeth
  112. a circumscribed open sore
  113. herniation or protrusion of the rectum; also called protocele
  114. involuntary contraction of the pyloric sphincter of the stomach, as in pyloric stenosis
  115. develop inside the rectal area
  116. pain
  117. formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, lips or cheek caused primarily by irritation
  118. meal
  119. calculus, stone
  120. excessive vomiting
  121. abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, most commonly as a result of chronic live disease.
  122. test that applies a substance called guaiac to a stool sample to detect the presence of occult (hidden) blood in the feces
  123. control nausea and vomiting by blocking nerve impulses to the vomiting center of the brain
  124. carcinomas within the pancreas
  125. passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
  126. visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using a flexible fiberoptic instrument with a magnifying lens and a light source (endoscope) to identify abnormalities, including bleeding, ulcerations, and tumors
  127. gallstone
  128. fibrous band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated such as scar tissue
  129. pertaining to the area under the tongue
  130. pertaining to the tongue
  131. anus, rectum
  132. suture of the hernia
  133. small terminal portion of the bile duct
  134. pancreas
  135. bile, gall
  136. duodenum (first part of small intestine)
  137. without appetite
  138. sigmoid colon
  139. Bariatric surgery that invloves stapling the stomach to decrease its size and then shortening the jejunum and connection it to the small stomach pouch, causing the base of the duodenum leading from the nonfunctioning portion of the stomach to form a Y configuration, which decreases the pathway of food through the intestine, thus reducing absorbing of calories and fats
  140. physical wasting that includes loss of wight and muscle mass and is comonly associated with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and cancer
  141. body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater, which is generally 100 pounds or more over ideal body weight
  142. extreme constipation
  143. -condition caused from the hepatitis virus
    -occurs because the liver is no longer able to remove bilirubin or because the bile duct is blocked, causing bile to enter the bloodstream
  144. pylorus
  145. enlarged vein of the anal canal
  146. incision of the sigmoid colon
  147. radiographic images of the rectum and colon following administration of barium into the rectum
  148. spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ, especially in the colon, accompanied by pain
  149. control loose stools and relieve diarrhea by absorbing excess water in the bowel or slowing peristalsis in the intestinal tract
  150. -usually does not occur through the mouth passageways
    -occurs from blood transfusions and sexual contact
    --there is no vaccine available
    -patients may remain asymptomatic for years or the disease may produce mild, flu-like symptoms
    -treatment includes antiviral medications or liver transplantation
  151. congenital disorder in which a hernia develops in the diaphragm
  152. inability or difficulty in swallowing
  153. difficult or painful digestion; also called indigestion
  154. intestine (usually small intestine)
  155. Pertaining to the mouth
  156. gallbladder
  157. bariatric surgery that involoves vertical stapling of the upper stomach near the esophagus to reduce it to a small pouch and insertion of a band that restricts food consumption and delays its passage from the pouch, causing a feeling of fullness
  158. abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
  159. swallowing, eating
  160. fecal concretion
  161. protrusion of an organ that develops in the groin
  162. insertion of a nasogastric tube through the nose into the stomach to relieve gastric distention by removing gas, food, or gastric secretions; instill medication, food, or fluids; or obtain a specimen for laboratory analysis
  163. bile vessel
  164. jejunum (second part of the small intestine)
  165. vomiting of blood from bleeding inthe stomach or esophagus
  166. esophagus
  167. -form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), usually of the ileum but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract
    -may cause fever, cramping, diarrhea, and weight loss
  168. internal abdominal organs
  169. decrease gastrointestinal (GI) spasm by slowing peristalsis and motility throughout the GI tract
  170. bacteria that causes an infection which results in a peptic ulcer disease
  171. instrument for examining
  172. a portion of the intestine slips into another part beneath it
  173. excision of diseased gingival tissue
  174. specialist who diagnosis and treats digestive disorders
  175. discharge or flow of fluid fecal matter through the bowel
  176. severe constipation, which may be caused by an intestinal obstruction
  177. lip
  178. use of shock waves as a noninvasive method to break up stones in the gallbladder or biliary ducts
  179. inflammation of the appendix
  180. removal of the gallbladder
  181. liver
  182. without symptoms
  183. procedure for crushing a stone and eliminationg its fragments surgically or using ultrasonic shock waves
  184. gum(s)
  185. excision of the appendix
  186. occurs when peristalsis is impaired and the intestinal contents cannot be propelled through the bowel
  187. imaging technique achieved by rotating an x-ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measuring the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles
  188. pharynx (throat)