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254 True/False questions

  1. poli/oto cut

          

  2. nuclearinstrument for measuring

          

  3. plane-imaginary flat surface that divides the body into two sections
    - serve as points of reference to identify the different sections of the body

          

  4. transabdominalpertaining to the cranium

          

  5. eti/omiddle

          

  6. viscerallower, below

          

  7. cyanoticpertaining to the body

          

  8. somaticpertaining to the body

          

  9. thermometerdifferent

          

  10. inferior (caudal)away from the head, or toward the tail or lower part of a structure

          

  11. trans-excess, beyond

          

  12. FebrilePertaining to fever, also known as pyretic

          

  13. Resectionmovement away from the midsagittal (median) plane of the body or one of its parts

          

  14. umbilicalregion of the navel

          

  15. ultra-excess, beyond

          

  16. EdemaAbnormal accumulation of fluid within tissue spaces

          

  17. infer/olower, below

          

  18. spin/odry

          

  19. Cell membrane-The smallest structural and functional unit of life
    -includes cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus

          

  20. AnastomosisSurgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another

          

  21. Excisional bxBiopsy in which the entire lesion is removed

          

  22. adductionact of bringing toward (the midline of the body)

          

  23. caud/otail

          

  24. PrognosisAny fungal infection in or on the body

          

  25. eversionSurgical procedure used to replace or compensate for a previously implanted device or correct an undesirable result or effect of a previous surgery

          

  26. Percussion Assessment techniquesTapping a structure with the hand or fingers to assess consistency and the presence or absence of fluids with the underlying structure

          

  27. curettagepertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity

          

  28. Incisional bxpertaining to the groin

          

  29. Left upper (LUR)-part of the small and large intestine
    -appendix
    -right ovary
    -right fallopian tube
    -right ureter

          

  30. somat/ocell

          

  31. abdomin/oabdomen

          

  32. xerosisAny fungal infection in or on the body

          

  33. Herniaabnormal condition of dryness

          

  34. cyan/oblue

          

  35. computed tomographyCT

          

  36. -metryact of measuring

          

  37. superiorpertaining to the upper (area)

          

  38. -graphpertaining to the back (of the body)

          

  39. idiopathicpertaining to an unknown (cause of) disease

          

  40. cells-The smallest structural and functional unit of life
    -includes cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus

          

  41. tom/ounknown, peculiar

          

  42. tissuesfurther from the center (trunk of the body) or from the point of attachment to the body

          

  43. dist/ofar, farthest

          

  44. Assessment techniquesSequence of procedures designed to evaluate the health status of a patient

          

  45. caphaladtoward the head

          

  46. -logyThe study of the body at the cellular level

          

  47. infra-below, under

          

  48. BiopsyRemoval of a representative tissue sample from a body site fro microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis

          

  49. viscer/ointernal organs

          

  50. albinismlying horizontally on the back, face up, palms facing up

          

  51. Nuclear ScanTechnique in which a radioactive material (radio-pharmaceutical) called a tracer is introduced to the body and a specialized camera is used to produce images. Radiation is inside rather then outside like radiography

          

  52. ventr/obelly, belly side

          

  53. -gramexcess, beyond

          

  54. cytoplasmjellylike matrix of proteins, salts, water, dissolved gases, and nutrients within the cell membrane

          

  55. SequelaeComplications of disease, injury or treatments that can be directly related

          

  56. etiologyspecialist in the study of cells

          

  57. right inguinal iliaclower right lateral region

          

  58. types of tissueprovides the contractile tissue of the body, which is responsible for movement

          

  59. Right lower (RLQ)-part of the small and large intestine
    -appendix
    -right ovary
    -right fallopian tube
    -right ureter

          

  60. arteriogrampertaining to a lower (structure or surface)

          

  61. body cavities-spaces within the body that help protect, separate, and support internal organs
    -used by clinicians to locate structures and also to identify abnormalities within them

          

  62. Blood Chemistry analysisLaboratory test, usually performed on serum, to evaluate various substances to determine whether they fall within a normal range

          

  63. Palpation Assessment techniquesGentle application of the hands to a specific structure or body area to determine size, consistency, texture, symmetry, and tenderness of under lying structure

          

  64. arthrographyprocess of recording a cut (or slice)

          

  65. cell tissue organ system organismThe levels of organization from least to most complex
    -cell
    -tissue
    -organ
    -system
    -organism

          

  66. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)Technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field, rather than an x-ray beam, to produce highly detailed, multiplanar, cross sectional views of soft tissues

          

  67. Gangrenelying on the abdomen, face down, palms down

          

  68. -meterinstrument for measuring

          

  69. Inflammation-Body defense against injury, infection, or allergy marked by redness, swelling , heat, pain and, sometimes, loss of function
    - Used to protect against invasion by foreign organisms and to repair injured tissue

          

  70. hypogastriclower middle region

          

  71. deepobjective indicator, observable, condition of disease

          

  72. hypogastricupper middle region

          

  73. erythr/ored

          

  74. thoracicpertaining to the chest

          

  75. xanthosisSurgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another

          

  76. distaltissue

          

  77. hematologyStudy of disease

          

  78. karyolysisknowing before

          

  79. superior (cephalad)toward the head or upper portion of a structure

          

  80. abdominopelvic regions-used primarily to identify the location of underlying body structures and visceral organs
    -includes right hypochondriac region, epigastric region, left hypochondriac region, right lumbar region, umbilical region, left lumbar region, right inguinal (iliac) region, hypogastric region, left inguinal (iliac) region

          

  81. chlor/oextremity

          

  82. morph/oform, shape, structure

          

  83. ad-toward

          

  84. hist/otissue

          

  85. Inspection Assessment techniquesGentle application of the hands to a specific structure or body area to determine size, consistency, texture, symmetry, and tenderness of under lying structure

          

  86. dorsal/posterior body cavities-spaces within the body that help protect, separate, and support internal organs
    -used by clinicians to locate structures and also to identify abnormalities within them

          

  87. cervic/oneck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)

          

  88. albin/o
    leuk/o
    white

          

  89. pelv/i
    pelv/o
    nucleus

          

  90. Sepsisknowing

          

  91. coronal (frontal)divides body into anterior(ventral) and posterior(dorsal) aspects

          

  92. chloropiagreen

          

  93. heteromorphouspertaining to different colors

          

  94. ventral/anterior body cavities-thoracic (heart, lungs, and associated structures)
    -abdominopelvic (digestive, excretory, and reproductive organs and structures)

          

  95. parietalpertaining to the farthest (point of attachment)

          

  96. right lumbarrecord, writing

          

  97. radilogistspecialist in the study of radiation

          

  98. polimyelitisinflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord

          

  99. Symptom (Sx)pertaining to the back (of the body)

          

  100. medialmiddle

          

  101. chromatinpertaining to the chest

          

  102. -pathydisease

          

  103. tomographyprocess of recording

          

  104. cell activitiesAbnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity

          

  105. Single Photon Radiological Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT)CT

          

  106. superficialtoward the surface of the body (external)

          

  107. chrom/oto cut

          

  108. proxim/opertaining to the nearest (point of attachment)

          

  109. gastr/otissue

          

  110. pelvicpertaining to the ilium

          

  111. Complete blood count (CBC)CT

          

  112. later/odry

          

  113. cirrh/o
    jaund/o
    xanth/o
    away from the head, or toward the tail or lower part of a structure

          

  114. Organ disease panelpertaining to the cranium

          

  115. homeo-same, alike

          

  116. leukocyteinstrument for measuring heat

          

  117. supineSudden breaking or bursting of a structure or organ

          

  118. proximalpertaining the the abdomen

          

  119. periumbilicalpertaining to (the area) around the umbilicus

          

  120. -logistspecialist in the study of

          

  121. infracostalpertaining to the groin

          

  122. metabolismstudy of the cause or origin of diseases and disorders

          

  123. umbilicaltoward the surface of the body (external)

          

  124. lateralpertaining to a side

          

  125. morphologyThe study of the body at the cellular level

          

  126. sections of the spinetransmits electrical impulses as it relays information throughout the entire body

          

  127. sonographyprocess of recording a cut (or slice)

          

  128. distaltissue

          

  129. laser surgeryUse of a high intensity laser light beam to remove diseased tissues, stop bleeding vessels, or for cosmetic surgery

          

  130. poster/oback (of body), behind, posterior

          

  131. cranialpertaining to the cranium

          

  132. spinalpertaining to the spine

          

  133. Right upper (RUQ)-right lobe of the liver
    -gallbladder
    -part of the small and large intestines

          

  134. organelles-body structures that perform specialized functions
    -Composed of two or more tissue types

          

  135. the most common planes aredifferent form or shape

          

  136. CauterizeDestruction of tissue by electricity, freezing, heat or corrosive chemicals

          

  137. inferiorlower, below

          

  138. Diagnosis (Dx)The building up of body constituents

          

  139. radi/oradiation; x-ray; radius(lower arm bone on thumb side)

          

  140. organs-body structures that perform specialized functions
    -Composed of two or more tissue types

          

  141. MycosisAny fungal infection in or on the body

          

  142. Idiopathicpertaining to the chest

          

  143. catabolismThe breaking down of body constituents

          

  144. pathogenesisstable internal environment

          

  145. homeoplasiaformation of same (tissue)

          

  146. RevisionSurgical procedure used to replace or compensate for a previously implanted device or correct an undesirable result or effect of a previous surgery

          

  147. iliacunknown, peculiar

          

  148. thorac/ochest

          

  149. visceralpertaining to the belly side (front of the body)

          

  150. Etiologystudy of tissues

          

  151. path/odisease

          

  152. Disease-unable to maintain homeostasis and function effectively -A pathological, or morbid, condition that presents a group of signs, symptoms and clinical findings

          

  153. cervicalpertaining to the pelvis

          

  154. Ultrasonography"Visual examination within" Visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a endoscope

          

  155. posteriorpertaining to the back (of the body)

          

  156. SuppurationProduction or associated with the production of pus

          

  157. anteriorpertaining to the front

          

  158. cytologyThe study of the body at the cellular level

          

  159. abductionact of bringing away from (midline of the body)

          

  160. Radiography"Process of recording with radiation" Technique in which x-rays are passed through the body or area and captured on a film to generate an image; also called an x-ray

          

  161. cyt/ocell

          

  162. ventriculometryact of measuring the ventricles

          

  163. AblationRemoval of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, elecrocautery, freezing or radio frequency

          

  164. dors/oback (of body)

          

  165. ab-Away from the surface of the body (internal)

          

  166. melanomablack

          

  167. -graphystudy of

          

  168. cephal/oblue

          

  169. crani/oneck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)

          

  170. RuptureSudden breaking or bursting of a structure or organ

          

  171. connective tissue-covers surfaces of organs, lines cavities and canals, forms tubes and ducts, provides the secreting portions of glands, and makes up the epidermis of the skin
    -It is composed of cells arranged in a continuous sheet consisting of one or more layers

          

  172. acr/oextremity

          

  173. nucleus-The smallest structural and functional unit of life
    -includes cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus

          

  174. heterochromicpertaining to different colors

          

  175. anatomical position-is a body posture to locate anatomical parts or divisions
    -the body is standing erect and the face forward, arms are to the sides with palms facing foward

          

  176. peri-around

          

  177. mediadmiddle

          

  178. hetero-different

          

  179. medi/omiddle

          

  180. caudaddisease

          

  181. ultrasonicpertaining to the cranium

          

  182. kary/o
    nucle/o
    Use of a high intensity laser light beam to remove diseased tissues, stop bleeding vessels, or for cosmetic surgery

          

  183. umbilic/ounknown, peculiar

          

  184. acrocyanosisabnormal condition in which the extremities are blue

          

  185. pronelying on the abdomen, face down, palms down

          

  186. Signcause

          

  187. left lumbarComplications of disease, injury or treatments that can be directly related

          

  188. plantarpertaining to the sole of the foot

          

  189. pelvimeterpertaining to the palm of the hand

          

  190. -gnosisknowing

          

  191. dorsalpertaining to the back (of the body)

          

  192. dematologistspecialist in the study of disease

          

  193. spinevertebral column or backbone

          

  194. xer/oto cut

          

  195. Endosocopy"Visual examination within" Visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a endoscope

          

  196. radiographinstrument for recording

          

  197. Infusion Therapy-Delivery of fluids directly into the blood stream
    -commonly used for antibiotic therapy and to treat electrolyte imbalance, dehydration, cancer, and pain

          

  198. inguin/opertaining to the groin

          

  199. histologystudy of tissues

          

  200. son/osound

          

  201. incision and drainage (I&D)lower right lateral region

          

  202. cytologistspecialist in the study of cells

          

  203. PeritonitisPrediction of the course of a disease and its probable outcome

          

  204. abductionabnormal fibrous band that holds or binds tissues that are normally separated

          

  205. left hypochondriacupper left lateral region beneath the ribs

          

  206. abdominalpertaining to the back (of the body)

          

  207. Auscultation Assessment techniquesListening to the heart, bowel and lungs with or without a stethoscope to access the presence and quality of sounds

          

  208. organellesperform specific functions of the cell, such as reproduction and movement

          

  209. left inguinal iliaclower left lateral region

          

  210. epithelial tissue-covers surfaces of organs, lines cavities and canals, forms tubes and ducts, provides the secreting portions of glands, and makes up the epidermis of the skin
    -It is composed of cells arranged in a continuous sheet consisting of one or more layers

          

  211. prognosisknowing before

          

  212. cirrhosis-abnormal yellowing
    -may be associated with alcoholism or chronic hepatitis

          

  213. histologyThe study of the body at the cellular level

          

  214. Computer Tomography (CT)CT

          

  215. lumbarmiddle left lateral region

          

  216. Adhesionobjective indicator, observable, condition of disease

          

  217. Homeostasisstable internal environment

          

  218. anter/oanterior, front

          

  219. super-different

          

  220. pathologistdisease

          

  221. lumb/opertaining to the loins (lower back)

          

  222. erythrocyteThe study of the body at the cellular level

          

  223. quadrantschest

          

  224. ili/oilium (lateral, flaring portion of the hip bone)

          

  225. melan/oblack

          

  226. Fluoroscopy"Visual examination with fluorescent" Technique in which x-rays are directed through the body to a fluorescent screen that displays internal structures in continuous motion

          

  227. inguinalpertaining to the groin

          

  228. proximalpertaining to the neck

          

  229. ventralpertaining to the belly side (front of the body)

          

  230. diaphragm-Muscular wall that divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity.
    -Alternating contraction and relaxation of the diaphragm is essential to the breathing process.

          

  231. organisms-highest level of organization
    -a complete living entity capable of independent existence
    -are made up of several body systems that work together to sustain life

          

  232. PathologyStudy of disease

          

  233. transverse (horizontal)divides into superior(upper) and inferior(lower) aspects

          

  234. right hypochondriacpertaining to (the area) below the stomach

          

  235. Perforationturning outward

          

  236. midsagittal (median)Knowing the cause or nature of a disease

          

  237. posterior (dorsal)back of the body

          

  238. adductionmovement toward the midsagittal (median) plane of the body

          

  239. inversionturning inward or inside out

          

  240. idi/ounknown, peculiar

          

  241. deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)Molecule that holds genetic information capable of replicating and producing an exact copy whenever the cell divides

          

  242. -genesisforming, producing, origin

          

  243. nervous tissuetransmits electrical impulses as it relays information throughout the entire body

          

  244. systemscomposed of varying numbers of organs and accessory structures that have similar or related functions

          

  245. epigastricupper middle region

          

  246. Left lower (LLQ)pertaining to a side

          

  247. muscle tissueprovides the contractile tissue of the body, which is responsible for movement

          

  248. anterior (ventral)front of the body

          

  249. Ascitescomposed of varying numbers of organs and accessory structures that have similar or related functions

          

  250. palmarpertaining to the palm of the hand

          

  251. jaudice-yellowing
    -associated with obstruction of bile passageways causing bile to back flow into the liver

          

  252. anabolismThe building up of body constituents

          

  253. chromosometo cut

          

  254. Positron Emission Tomography (PET)CT