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254 Multiple choice questions

  1. abnormal condition of dryness
  2. pertaining to a lower (structure or surface)
  3. record, writing
  4. Laboratory test, usually performed on serum, to evaluate various substances to determine whether they fall within a normal range
  5. Production or associated with the production of pus
  6. The building up of body constituents
  7. pertaining to the viscera, or internal organs, especially the abdominal organs
  8. pertaining to the belly side (front of the body)
  9. Pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of the microorganisms or their products in the blood stream
  10. Pertaining to fever, also known as pyretic
  11. pertaining to the cranium
  12. -abnormal yellowing
    -may be associated with alcoholism or chronic hepatitis
  13. provides the contractile tissue of the body, which is responsible for movement
  14. gray; gray matter (of brain or spinal cord)
  15. lower right lateral region
  16. -Sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place in a cell or an organism.
    -Includes anabolism and catabolism
  17. "Visual examination within" Visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a endoscope
  18. nucleus
  19. side, to one side
  20. lower left lateral region
  21. Removal of part all of a structure, organ or tissue
  22. -spaces within the body that help protect, separate, and support internal organs
    -used by clinicians to locate structures and also to identify abnormalities within them
  23. back (of body)
  24. sound
  25. anterior, front
  26. The breaking down of body constituents
  27. -pertaining to blueness
    - is associated with lack of oxygen in the blood
  28. Listening to the heart, bowel and lungs with or without a stethoscope to access the presence and quality of sounds
  29. below, under
  30. unknown, peculiar
  31. middle
  32. -left lobe of the liver
    -stomach
    -spleen
    -part of the pancreas
    -part of the small and large intestine
  33. inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord
  34. middle right lateral region
  35. instrument for recording x-rays
  36. pertaining to the front
  37. radiation; x-ray; radius(lower arm bone on thumb side)
  38. divides into superior(upper) and inferior(lower) aspects
  39. same, alike
  40. pertaining to the back (of the body)
  41. Biopsy in which only a small sample of the lesion is removed
  42. far, farthest
  43. white
  44. -The largest cell organelle that directs the cell's activities and contains chromosomes
    -responsible for metabolism, growth, and reproduction
    -carries the DNA
  45. -midsagittal (median)
    -coronal(frontal)
    - transverse (horizontal)
  46. -provide a means of locating specific sites of the abdomen for descriptive and diagnostic purposes
    -includes RUQ,LUQ,RLQ,LLQ
  47. color
  48. turning inward or inside out
  49. green vision
  50. origin of disease
  51. Prediction of the course of a disease and its probable outcome
  52. specialist in the study of disease
  53. instrument for measuring the pelvis
  54. toward the surface of the body (external)
  55. movement toward the midsagittal (median) plane of the body
  56. act of bringing away from (midline of the body)
  57. head
  58. different
  59. scrapping of a body cavity with a spoon-shaped instrument called a currette
  60. region of the navel
  61. groin
  62. pertaining to the spine
  63. -The smallest structural and functional unit of life
    -includes cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
  64. lying horizontally on the back, face up, palms facing up
  65. back (of body), behind, posterior
  66. disease
  67. "Process of recording with radiation" Technique in which x-rays are passed through the body or area and captured on a film to generate an image; also called an x-ray
  68. Computed tomography records the positrons (positively charged particles) emitted from a radio-pharmaceutical to produce a cross-sectional image of metabolic activity of body tissues to determine the presence of disease. Useful in scanning the brain and CNS
  69. -cervical (neck)
    - thoracic (chest)
    -lumbar (loin)
    -sacral (lower back)
    - coccyx (tailbone)
  70. abdomen
  71. -Body defense against injury, infection, or allergy marked by redness, swelling , heat, pain and, sometimes, loss of function
    - Used to protect against invasion by foreign organisms and to repair injured tissue
  72. green
  73. "Process of recording, beyond, sound" High frequency sound waves (ultrasound) are directed at soft tissues and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure. Creates a real time view unlike other imaging
  74. -right lobe of the liver
    -gallbladder
    -part of the small and large intestines
  75. stable internal environment
  76. pertaining to the groin
  77. excess, beyond
  78. formation of same (tissue)
  79. Radiological technique that integrates CT and a tracer injected in the blood stream to visualize blood flow to tissues and organs
  80. neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
  81. pertaining to beyond (audible) sound
  82. toward the head or upper portion of a structure
  83. form, shape, structure
  84. -red cell
    -Is a red blood cell
  85. composed of varying numbers of organs and accessory structures that have similar or related functions
  86. pertaining the the abdomen
  87. -covers surfaces of organs, lines cavities and canals, forms tubes and ducts, provides the secreting portions of glands, and makes up the epidermis of the skin
    -It is composed of cells arranged in a continuous sheet consisting of one or more layers
  88. study of causes of disease
  89. further from the center (trunk of the body) or from the point of attachment to the body
  90. loins (lower back)
  91. Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
  92. upper left lateral region beneath the ribs
  93. Death and decay of soft tissue, usually cause by circulatory obstruction, trauma, or infection
  94. act of measuring the ventricles
  95. abnormal fibrous band that holds or binds tissues that are normally separated
  96. spine
  97. pertaining to (the area) around the umbilicus
  98. dry
  99. to cut
  100. pertaining to (the area) below the stomach
  101. tissue
  102. pertaining to (the area) below the ribs
  103. red
  104. diseasse
  105. toward the tail
  106. belly, belly side
  107. pertaining to the nearest (point of attachment)
  108. upper right lateral region beneath the ribs
  109. objective indicator, observable, condition of disease
  110. Study of disease
  111. nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body
  112. body
  113. -abnormal condition of yellow(ness)
    -commonly associated with cancerous tumors
  114. -Muscular wall that divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity.
    -Alternating contraction and relaxation of the diaphragm is essential to the breathing process.
  115. lower middle region
  116. cell
  117. jellylike matrix of proteins, salts, water, dissolved gases, and nutrients within the cell membrane
  118. transmits electrical impulses as it relays information throughout the entire body
  119. Molecule that holds genetic information capable of replicating and producing an exact copy whenever the cell divides
  120. Any disease with an unknown cause
  121. pertaining to the back (of the body)
  122. internal organs
  123. -used primarily to identify the location of underlying body structures and visceral organs
    -includes right hypochondriac region, epigastric region, left hypochondriac region, right lumbar region, umbilical region, left lumbar region, right inguinal (iliac) region, hypogastric region, left inguinal (iliac) region
  124. cause
  125. Acts as a barrier that supports and protects the intracellular contents
  126. pertaining to the neck
  127. pelvis
  128. pertaining to the loins (lower back)
  129. Protrusion of any organ through the structure that normally contains it
  130. specialist in the study of
  131. Biopsy in which the entire lesion is removed
  132. pertaining to an unknown (cause of) disease
  133. pertaining to the nucleus
  134. toward the middle
  135. upper middle region
  136. pertaining to a side
  137. pertaining to (a direction) across or through the abdomen
  138. yellow
  139. -Delivery of fluids directly into the blood stream
    -commonly used for antibiotic therapy and to treat electrolyte imbalance, dehydration, cancer, and pain
  140. umbilicus, navel
  141. tail
  142. pertaining to the sole of the foot
  143. pertaining to the navel
  144. stomach
  145. -yellowing
    -associated with obstruction of bile passageways causing bile to back flow into the liver
  146. divides body into anterior(ventral) and posterior(dorsal) aspects
  147. lower, below
  148. -black tumor
    -is a malignancy that arises from melanocytes
  149. turning outward
  150. toward the head
  151. condition of whiteness
  152. Away from the surface of the body (internal)
  153. pertaining to the midline of the body or structure
  154. -destruction of the nucleus
    -results in death of a cell
  155. process of recording sound; also called ultrasonography
  156. -thoracic (heart, lungs, and associated structures)
    -abdominopelvic (digestive, excretory, and reproductive organs and structures)
  157. -part of the small and large intestine
    -appendix
    -right ovary
    -right fallopian tube
    -right ureter
  158. pertaining to the internal organs
  159. Technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field, rather than an x-ray beam, to produce highly detailed, multiplanar, cross sectional views of soft tissues
  160. The study of the body at the cellular level
  161. study of blood
  162. Hole that completely penetrates a structure
  163. CT
  164. -cranial (brain)
    - spinal (spinal cord)
  165. specialist in the study of radiation
  166. knowing before
  167. pertaining to the farthest (point of attachment)
  168. study of form, shape, or structure
  169. pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity
  170. Destruction of tissue by electricity, freezing, heat or corrosive chemicals
  171. Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
  172. Surgical procedure used to replace or compensate for a previously implanted device or correct an undesirable result or effect of a previous surgery
  173. Incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity
  174. ilium (lateral, flaring portion of the hip bone)
  175. -body structures that perform specialized functions
    -Composed of two or more tissue types
  176. -unable to maintain homeostasis and function effectively -A pathological, or morbid, condition that presents a group of signs, symptoms and clinical findings
  177. black
  178. General observation of the patient as a whole, progressing to specific body areas
  179. -supports and connects other tissues and organs
    -It is made up of diverse cell types, including fibroblasts, fat cells, and blood
  180. across, through
  181. -part of the small and large intestine
    -left ovary
    -left fallopian tube
    -left ureter
  182. Sudden breaking or bursting of a structure or organ
  183. Complications of disease, injury or treatments that can be directly related
  184. pertaining to the upper (area)
  185. middle left lateral region
  186. Removal of a representative tissue sample from a body site fro microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis
  187. process of recording a cut (or slice)
  188. Removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, elecrocautery, freezing or radio frequency
  189. utilizing food, eliminating waste, reproducing
  190. near, nearest
  191. record of an artery
  192. instrument for measuring
  193. process of recording a joint
  194. pertaining to the body
  195. pertaining to different colors
  196. -Cellular structure that provides a specialized function, such as the nucleus (reproduction), ribosomes (protein synthesis), Golgi apparatus (removal of material from the cell), and lysosomes (digestion)
    -The membranes of many of these act as sites of chemical reactions
  197. -threadlike structures within the nucleus composed of deoxyribonucleic acid(DNA) that carries hereditary information encoded in genes
    -each sperm and egg has 23 unpaired chromosomes. After fertilization, each cell of the embryo then has 46 chromosomes (23 pairs)
  198. -highest level of organization
    -a complete living entity capable of independent existence
    -are made up of several body systems that work together to sustain life
  199. subjective indicator, non observable, condition of disease
  200. cranium (skull)
  201. study of the cause or origin of diseases and disorders
  202. study of tissues
  203. extremity
  204. chest
  205. Knowing the cause or nature of a disease
  206. Inflammation of the peritoneum
  207. study of
  208. knowing
  209. "Process of recording, to cut" Imaging technique in which an x-ray emitter rotates around the area to be scanned and a computer measures the intensity of transmitted x-rays from different angles; formerly called a computerized axial tomography (CAT)
  210. forming, producing, origin
  211. toward
  212. Tapping a structure with the hand or fingers to assess consistency and the presence or absence of fluids with the underlying structure
  213. perform specific functions of the cell, such as reproduction and movement
  214. upper, above
  215. back of the body
  216. groups of cells that perform a specialized activity
  217. -imaginary flat surface that divides the body into two sections
    - serve as points of reference to identify the different sections of the body
  218. specialist in the study of cells
  219. Gentle application of the hands to a specific structure or body area to determine size, consistency, texture, symmetry, and tenderness of under lying structure
  220. -is a body posture to locate anatomical parts or divisions
    -the body is standing erect and the face forward, arms are to the sides with palms facing foward
  221. blue
  222. -epithelial
    -connective
    -muscle
    -nervous
  223. front of the body
  224. Series of blood tests used to evaluate a specific organ (liver panel) or disease (anemia panel)
  225. instrument for measuring heat
  226. pertaining to the chest
  227. divides body into right and left halves
  228. pertaining to the ilium
  229. pertaining to the palm of the hand
  230. pertaining to the pelvis
  231. different form or shape
  232. away from the head, or toward the tail or lower part of a structure
  233. white cell
  234. abnormal condition in which the extremities are blue
  235. instrument for recording
  236. The levels of organization from least to most complex
    -cell
    -tissue
    -organ
    -system
    -organism
  237. lying on the abdomen, face down, palms down
  238. the study of tissues
  239. Any fungal infection in or on the body
  240. specialist in the study of skin
  241. process of recording
  242. Sequence of procedures designed to evaluate the health status of a patient
  243. "Visual examination with fluorescent" Technique in which x-rays are directed through the body to a fluorescent screen that displays internal structures in continuous motion
  244. Panel of blood tests used as a broad screening test for anemias, infections and other disease
  245. Technique in which a radioactive material (radio-pharmaceutical) called a tracer is introduced to the body and a specialized camera is used to produce images. Radiation is inside rather then outside like radiography
  246. Use of a high intensity laser light beam to remove diseased tissues, stop bleeding vessels, or for cosmetic surgery
  247. around
  248. -Structural component of the nucleus, composed of nucleic acids and proteins.
    -Chromatin condenses to form chromosomes during cell division.
  249. act of measuring
  250. movement away from the midsagittal (median) plane of the body or one of its parts
  251. Abnormal accumulation of fluid within tissue spaces
  252. act of bringing toward (the midline of the body)
  253. vertebral column or backbone
  254. from, away from