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201 True/False questions

  1. percussionis listening to sounds made by organs of the body using stethoscope

          

  2. crackle (rale)Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli

          

  3. endotracheal intubationincrease strength of symptoms

          

  4. bradypneaslow breathing

          

  5. combination therapytreatment that includes several antibiotics

          

  6. laryngoscopyinstrument for examining the pharynx

          

  7. mucolytics(coughing up or) spitting of blood

          

  8. -iacondition

          

  9. pharyng/olarynx (voice box)

          

  10. peritonsillararound

          

  11. oximeterfluid that is usually high in protein and commonly contains blood and immune cells

          

  12. sept/oseptum

          

  13. thoracocentesis, thoracentesissurgical puncture to the chest

          

  14. stridor-High-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway
    -requires immediate intervention

          

  15. deviated nasal septumDisplacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils that causes reduced airflow and, sometimes, nosebleed

          

  16. pyothorax (empyema)pus in the chest (cavity)

          

  17. arterial blood gas (ABG)-is and acute infectious respiratory viral disease
    - includes type A,B, and C viral types
    -is contagious
    - symptoms include fever, chills, headache, generalized muscle pain (myalgia), and loss of appetite
    -lats between 7-10 days

          

  18. Cheyne-Stokes respirationlung tissue becomes swollen and engorged

          

  19. Mantoux testdrugs that destroy or inhibit growth of bacteria by disrupting their membranes or one or more of their metabolic processes

          

  20. pleural effusionsabnormal fluid in the pleural cavity, the space between the visceral and parietal pleura

          

  21. -centesissurgical puncture

          

  22. surfactantmeasurement of amount of salt (NaCl) in sweat

          

  23. polysomnographymultiple processes of recording sleep. test of sleep cycles & stages using continuous recordings of brain waves (EEGs....electroencephalogram), electrical activity of muscles, eye movements, respiratory rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, heart rhythm and sometimes, direct observation of person during sleep using video camera

          

  24. decongestantsdrugs that constrict blood vessels of nasal passages & limit blood flow, which causes swollen tissues to shrink so air can pass more freely thru passageways

          

  25. epistaxis (nosebleed)visual exam of mediastinal structures: heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus and lymph node

          

  26. throat culturetest to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci

          

  27. hemoptysis(coughing up or) spitting of blood

          

  28. antihistaminesdrug that block histamines from binding with histamine receptor sites in tissues

          

  29. atel/opleura

          

  30. sweat testmeasurement of amount of salt (NaCl) in sweat

          

  31. auscultationis listening to sounds made by organs of the body using stethoscope

          

  32. -pneanot breathing

          

  33. viscousproduces spasm in the bronchial passages (bronchospasms) that may be sudden and violent (paroxysmal)and lead to dyspnea

          

  34. brady-pertaining to

          

  35. sinusotomyexcision of part of the pleura, usually parietal pleura

          

  36. cyanosisabnormal condition of blueness of the skin

          

  37. epiglottitisinflammation of the epiglottis

          

  38. expectorantsdrug that liquefy respiratory secretions so they are more easily dislodged during coughing episodes

          

  39. bronchiectasisdilation of the bronchi

          

  40. ox/i
    ox/o
    alveolus; air sac

          

  41. hemoptysisspitting

          

  42. pneumoconiosiscondition of the lungs (usual causes are infections due to bacteria, viruses, or other pathogenic organisms)

          

  43. sleep apneaSleeping disorder in which breathing stops repeatedly for more than 10 seconds, causing measurable blood deoxygenation

          

  44. -phoniavoice

          

  45. lob/obreathe

          

  46. tachypnearapid breathing

          

  47. anthrac/ocoal, coal dust

          

  48. -argood

          

  49. stethoscopesinus, cavity

          

  50. antitussiveswithout (the sense of) smell

          

  51. ventilation-perfusion (V-Q) scan (V-Q lung scan)nuclear test scan that evaluates airflow (ventilation) and blood flow (perfusion) in lungs for evidence of blood clot in lungs

          

  52. asphyxiavoice

          

  53. nasalnostrils

          

  54. atelectasis (airless lung or collapsed lung)incomplete expansion of the lung

          

  55. pharyngoscopeinstrument for examining the pharynx

          

  56. metastasize(coughing up or) spitting of blood

          

  57. antibioticsExcessive acidity of body fluids

          

  58. tonsill/ostraight

          

  59. narespertaining to

          

  60. -sphyxiaparalysis

          

  61. spir/obreathe

          

  62. bronchospasmsvisual exam of bronchi using endoscope (flexible/rigid fiberoptic) inserted thru mouth & trachea for direct viewing of structures or projection on a monitor

          

  63. septoplastybacteria within the blood

          

  64. anosmiaAbsence of the sense of smell

          

  65. pneumoniavoice

          

  66. pneumothorax-inflammatory disease of the lungs
    -may be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, chemicals, or other agents

          

  67. corticosteroidsdrugs that destroy or inhibit growth of bacteria by disrupting their membranes or one or more of their metabolic processes

          

  68. -ptysisspitting

          

  69. -osmiasmell

          

  70. spirometer-highly infectious
    -occurs in Type A influenza

          

  71. thoracentesis (pleurocentesis or thoracocentesis)Repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration: first deeply, then shallow, then not at all

          

  72. bronchoscopyvisual exam of bronchi using endoscope (flexible/rigid fiberoptic) inserted thru mouth & trachea for direct viewing of structures or projection on a monitor

          

  73. pandemics-world wide epidemic
    - occurs in Type A influenza

          

  74. laryng/oincomplete, imperfect

          

  75. normal floraorganisms that reside in or on most people

          

  76. opportunisticcondition of the lungs (usual causes are infections due to bacteria, viruses, or other pathogenic organisms)

          

  77. epiglott/oepiglottis

          

  78. anosmiaabnormal condition of blueness of the skin

          

  79. exacerbationsincrease strength of symptoms

          

  80. -ectasisspitting

          

  81. primary tuberculosisthe first time TB enters the body

          

  82. finger clubbingEnlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes commonly associated with pulmonary disease

          

  83. sputum culturemicrobial test to identify disease-causing organisms of lower respiratory tract, especially ones causing pneumonia

          

  84. chronic bronchitis-is a inflammation of the bronchi caused mainly by smoking and air pollution
    -may be caused by viruses and bacteria as well

          

  85. sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)the entire body is affected

          

  86. pertussis (whooping cough)Acute, infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound

          

  87. oximetry (pulse oximetry)act of measuring oxygen. noninvasive method of monitoring percentage of hemoglobin (Hb) saturated with oxygen

          

  88. wheezeWhistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway

          

  89. pleurocentesis (thoracocentesis or thoracentesis)Acute, infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound

          

  90. antral lavagewashing or irrigating of paranasal sinuses to remove mucopurulent (mucus & pus) material in an immunosuppressed patient or one with known sinusitis that has failed medical management

          

  91. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)includes respiratory disorders that produce a chronic partial obstruction of the passageways

          

  92. eupneanormal breathing

          

  93. -plegiavoice

          

  94. asphyxiawithout (the sense of) smell

          

  95. pulmonologydust

          

  96. consolidationdust

          

  97. pneumoconiosisair within the pleural space

          

  98. edemafluid within tissues

          

  99. experctorantsdrug that liquefy respiratory secretions so they are more easily dislodged during coughing episodes

          

  100. hypoxemiaparalysis

          

  101. peri-pleura

          

  102. cystic fibrosisdrugs that destroy or inhibit growth of bacteria by disrupting their membranes or one or more of their metabolic processes

          

  103. dyspneabreathing

          

  104. granulomas (tubercles)Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli

          

  105. pneumocystis pneumoniais a type of pneumonia closely associated with Aids

          

  106. pulmonary embolismBlockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter (such as a blood clot, tissue, air bubbles, and bacteria)

          

  107. nas/o
    rhin/o
    nose

          

  108. hydrothoraxdeficiency of O2 in blood

          

  109. aerosolsmedications in a form of a mist

          

  110. bronchopneumoniapneumonia caused from inflammation of the bronchi

          

  111. croupabnormal condition

          

  112. dys-pertaining to the nose

          

  113. pleurectomycoal, coal dust

          

  114. hyaline membranemembrane that has a ground- glass appearance

          

  115. droplet nucleiTB spread by droplets of respiratory secretions

          

  116. pulmon/opleura

          

  117. pector/o
    steth/o
    thorac/o
    chest

          

  118. bronchi/o
    bronch/o
    air, lung

          

  119. atelectasisCollapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affects all or part of a lung

          

  120. asthmastraight

          

  121. phrenospasminvoluntary contraction of the diaphragm

          

  122. eu-Whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway

          

  123. tracheostomytrachea (windpipe)

          

  124. empyema or pyothorax-serum within the chest
    -is a type of pleural effusions

          

  125. ronchus-Abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation of an obstructed airway
    -a course, rattling noise that resembles snoring

          

  126. alveolarpertaining to the alveoli

          

  127. -thoraxcondition

          

  128. sweat testtest that measures the amount of salt excreted in sweat

          

  129. sepsisbacteria within the blood

          

  130. phren/odiaphragm; mind

          

  131. aerosol therapy-lung treatment using various techniques to deliver medication in mist form directly to lungs or air passageways

          

  132. thoracopathydisease of the chest

          

  133. trache/oopening made into trachea where breathing tube is inserted

          

  134. -spasminvoluntary contraction, twitching

          

  135. pulmonary function tests (PFTs)variety of tests to evaluate respiratory function, ability of lungs to take in and expel air and perform gas exchange across alveolocapillary membrane. measurement of different portions of lung volume provides indication of breathing impairment, as does measurement of volume of air expelled during rapid, vigorous exhalations

          

  136. postural drainagemethod of positioning patient so that gravity aids in drainage of secretions from bronchi and lobes of lungs

          

  137. pneumectomyexcision of part of the pleura, usually parietal pleura

          

  138. computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA)act of measuring oxygen. noninvasive method of monitoring percentage of hemoglobin (Hb) saturated with oxygen

          

  139. sinus/opleura

          

  140. emphysemabreathing

          

  141. lobar pneumoniapneumonia that affects only one lobe of the lung

          

  142. myalgiamuscle pain

          

  143. py/olobe

          

  144. hypercapniaexcessive CO2

          

  145. virulent-highly infectious
    -occurs in Type A influenza

          

  146. epiglottitis-Severe, life-threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children between 2 and 12 years of age
    -signs include fever, dysphagia, inspiratory stridor, and severe respiratory distress

          

  147. spirometrybreathe

          

  148. anthracosis (black lung disease)Acute, infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound

          

  149. cyanosisabnormal condition

          

  150. coni/odust

          

  151. pleurisy (pleuritis)Inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing

          

  152. exudatefluid that is usually high in protein and commonly contains blood and immune cells

          

  153. tracheoplastysurgical repair of the nose

          

  154. apneanormal breathing

          

  155. influenza (flu)-is and acute infectious respiratory viral disease
    - includes type A,B, and C viral types
    -is contagious
    - symptoms include fever, chills, headache, generalized muscle pain (myalgia), and loss of appetite
    -lats between 7-10 days

          

  156. productive coughcoughing up large amounts of mucus

          

  157. hypoxemiasmell

          

  158. alveol/oalveolus; air sac

          

  159. apnea-Temporary loss of breathing
    -obstructive apnea is when the tonsils and adenoids are enlarged
    -central apnea is failure of the brain to transmit impulses for breathing
    -mixed apnea is a combination of obstructive and central apnea

          

  160. pectoralgia (thoracalgia or thoracodynia)pain in the chest

          

  161. cyan/oblue

          

  162. -capniacarbon dioxide (CO2)

          

  163. hemothoraxblood within the chest

          

  164. tuberculosis (TB), (acid- fast bacillus)test to measure dissolved O2 & CO2 in arterial blood

          

  165. systemic infectionsis a hereditary disorder of the exocrine glands that causes the body to secrete extremely thick (viscous) mucus

          

  166. lobectomy-Abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation of an obstructed airway
    -a course, rattling noise that resembles snoring

          

  167. bronchoscopeinstrument used for examining the chest

          

  168. pneumonia-inflammatory disease of the lungs
    -may be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, chemicals, or other agents

          

  169. status asthmaticusspreading

          

  170. septoplasty(coughing up or) spitting of blood

          

  171. paroxysmalpertaining to the nose

          

  172. bronchiolitisspasms in the bronchial passageways

          

  173. adenoid/oadenoids

          

  174. bronchiol/obronchiole

          

  175. coryza ,head cold or upper respiratory infection (URI)pneumonia that results from food or liquid inhalation that may be fatal

          

  176. adenoidectomyexcision of the adenoids

          

  177. viablealive

          

  178. bronchodilatorstreatment that expands the bronchi by relaxing the smooth muscles

          

  179. immunocompromisedExcessive acidity of body fluids

          

  180. lavagepertaining to the nose

          

  181. acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)Nasal hemorrhage

          

  182. tachy-rapid breathing

          

  183. bronchodilatorsdrug that stimulate bronchial muscles to relax, so expands air passages, resulting in increased air flow

          

  184. hyaline membrane disease (HMD), infant respiratory distress-is a form of respiratory distress syndrome
    -commonly seen in preterm infants or infants born to diabetic mothers
    -caused by insufficient surfactant

          

  185. pleur/obreathe

          

  186. transudateAbsence of the sense of smell

          

  187. aspiration pneumoniaspneumonia that results from food or liquid inhalation that may be fatal

          

  188. mediastinoscopyopening made into trachea where breathing tube is inserted

          

  189. pneumectomyexcision of a lung or portion of lung. treatment of cancer

          

  190. acidosisExcessive acidity of body fluids

          

  191. lung cancer (bronchogenic carcinoma)pneumonia caused from inflammation of the bronchi

          

  192. dysphoniabad (impaired) voice (quality)

          

  193. pulmonologistspecialist in the study (and treatment) of lungs (and respiratory diseases)

          

  194. laryngoplegiadeficiency of O2 in blood

          

  195. orthopneabreathing is a straight (or upright position)

          

  196. orth/ostraight

          

  197. pulmonary edemaAccumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, most commonly caused by heart failure

          

  198. pneum/o
    pneumon/o
    air, lung

          

  199. -osisbacteria within the blood

          

  200. rhinoplastysurgical repair of the nose

          

  201. tonsillectomyexcision of the tonsils