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201 Multiple choice questions

  1. carbon dioxide (CO2)
  2. Oxygen deficiency in arterial blood; usually a sign of respiratory impairment
  3. microbial test to identify disease-causing organisms of lower respiratory tract, especially ones causing pneumonia
  4. membrane that has a ground- glass appearance
  5. -High-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway
    -requires immediate intervention
  6. abnormal condition of coal dust (in the lungs)
  7. Nasal hemorrhage
  8. paralysis
  9. spreading
  10. medical specialty cornered with disorders of the respiratory system
  11. excision of (all or part of) a lung
  12. slow breathing
  13. includes respiratory disorders that produce a chronic partial obstruction of the passageways
  14. specialist in the study (and treatment) of lungs (and respiratory diseases)
  15. fluid within tissues
  16. incomplete, imperfect
  17. -Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
    -common causes include drowning, electric shock, lodging of a foreign body in the respiratory tract, inhalation of toxic smoke, and poisoning
  18. tonsils
  19. -lung treatment using various techniques to deliver medication in mist form directly to lungs or air passageways
  20. pus in the chest (cavity)
  21. dust
  22. excision of the adenoids
  23. when the immune system is weakened, the greater chance of infections
  24. nostrils
  25. test that measures the amount of salt excreted in sweat
  26. Blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter (such as a blood clot, tissue, air bubbles, and bacteria)
  27. -Common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages and, sometimes, lungs
    -resembles a barking cough
  28. lung
  29. deficiency of O2 in blood
  30. incomplete expansion of the lung
  31. -is a inflammation of the bronchi caused mainly by smoking and air pollution
    -may be caused by viruses and bacteria as well
  32. pertaining to the nose
  33. organisms that reside in or on most people
  34. drug that liquefy respiratory secretions so they are more easily dislodged during coughing episodes
  35. nose
  36. oxygen (O2)
  37. Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than age 12 months; also called crib death
  38. bacteria within the blood
  39. inflammation of the bronchioles
  40. sinus, cavity
  41. -is characterized by decreased elasticity of the alveoli (air sac in the lungs) which causes air to remain trapped in the chest and results in a characteristic "barrel- chested" appearance
    -commonly occurs with another respiratory disorder, such as asthma, tuberculosis, chronic bronchitis or with heavy smokers
  42. spitting of blood
  43. washing or irrigating of paranasal sinuses to remove mucopurulent (mucus & pus) material in an immunosuppressed patient or one with known sinusitis that has failed medical management
  44. a sudden and violent symptom
  45. blue
  46. rapid
  47. pus
  48. dilation, expansion
  49. paralysis of the (vocal cords and) larynx
  50. dilation of the bronchi
  51. pneumonia that affects only one lobe of the lung
  52. blood within the chest
  53. abnormal condition of blueness of the skin
  54. pus pleural effusions
  55. pertaining to the alveoli
  56. around
  57. gentle tapping on the chest with the fingers and listening to the sounds to determine the position, size, or consistency of the underlying structures
  58. is a type of pneumonia closely associated with Aids
  59. chest
  60. straight
  61. condition
  62. multiple processes of recording sleep. test of sleep cycles & stages using continuous recordings of brain waves (EEGs....electroencephalogram), electrical activity of muscles, eye movements, respiratory rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, heart rhythm and sometimes, direct observation of person during sleep using video camera
  63. extremely thick
  64. Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils that causes reduced airflow and, sometimes, nosebleed
  65. Disease caused by inhaling dust particles, including coal dust (anthracosis), stone dust (chalicosis), iron dust (siderosis), and asbestos particles (asbestosis)
  66. trachea (windpipe)
  67. involuntary contraction of the diaphragm
  68. air, lung
  69. -Abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation of an obstructed airway
    -a course, rattling noise that resembles snoring
  70. TB spread by droplets of respiratory secretions
  71. is a condition in which the lungs no longer function effectively, threatening the life of the patient
  72. Intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on positive reaction where area around test site becomes red & swollen
  73. bronchial washings
  74. excessive CO2
  75. surgical repair of deviated nasal septum performed when septum is encroaching on breathing passages or nasal structures
  76. inflammation of the epiglottis
  77. fluid that is usually high in protein and commonly contains blood and immune cells
  78. pertaining to the area around the tonsils
  79. -condition of dust in the lungs
    -includes silicosis, asbestosis, and anthracosis
  80. surgical repair of the trachea
  81. -inflammatory disease of the lungs
    -may be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, chemicals, or other agents
  82. Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli
  83. method of positioning patient so that gravity aids in drainage of secretions from bronchi and lobes of lungs
  84. measurement of amount of salt (NaCl) in sweat
  85. condition caused by insufficient intake of O2
  86. abnormal condition
  87. diaphragm; mind
  88. drug that block histamines from binding with histamine receptor sites in tissues
  89. drugs that destroy or inhibit growth of bacteria by disrupting their membranes or one or more of their metabolic processes
  90. abnormal fluid in the pleural cavity, the space between the visceral and parietal pleura
  91. is a noninflammatory fluid that resembles serum but with slightly less protein
  92. excision of part of the pleura, usually parietal pleura
  93. Collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affects all or part of a lung
  94. drugs that constrict blood vessels of nasal passages & limit blood flow, which causes swollen tissues to shrink so air can pass more freely thru passageways
  95. Whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway
  96. pertaining to
  97. variety of tests to evaluate respiratory function, ability of lungs to take in and expel air and perform gas exchange across alveolocapillary membrane. measurement of different portions of lung volume provides indication of breathing impairment, as does measurement of volume of air expelled during rapid, vigorous exhalations
  98. the entire body is affected
  99. is a malignancy that arises from the epithelium of the bronchial tree
  100. surgical puncture to the chest
  101. is a hereditary disorder of the exocrine glands that causes the body to secrete extremely thick (viscous) mucus
  102. disease of the chest
  103. -is a form of respiratory distress syndrome
    -commonly seen in preterm infants or infants born to diabetic mothers
    -caused by insufficient surfactant
  104. a phospholipid substance that helps keep alveoli open
  105. Sleeping disorder in which breathing stops repeatedly for more than 10 seconds, causing measurable blood deoxygenation
  106. produces spasm in the bronchial passages (bronchospasms) that may be sudden and violent (paroxysmal)and lead to dyspnea
  107. increase strength of symptoms
  108. spasms in the bronchial passageways
  109. Repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration: first deeply, then shallow, then not at all
  110. inflammatory nodules
  111. pulse
  112. Enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes commonly associated with pulmonary disease
  113. -is and acute infectious respiratory viral disease
    - includes type A,B, and C viral types
    -is contagious
    - symptoms include fever, chills, headache, generalized muscle pain (myalgia), and loss of appetite
    -lats between 7-10 days
  114. muscle pain
  115. instrument for examining the pharynx
  116. septum
  117. epiglottis
  118. -serum within the chest
    -is a type of pleural effusions
  119. breathe
  120. pneumonia that results from food or liquid inhalation that may be fatal
  121. bad (impaired) voice (quality)
  122. excision of the tonsils
  123. test to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci
  124. drug that stimulate bronchial muscles to relax, so expands air passages, resulting in increased air flow
  125. instrument for examining the bronchus or bronchi
  126. -Severe, life-threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children between 2 and 12 years of age
    -signs include fever, dysphagia, inspiratory stridor, and severe respiratory distress
  127. instrument used for measuring O2
  128. excision of a lung or portion of lung. treatment of cancer
  129. Acute inflammation of the membranes of the nose
  130. pharynx (throat)
  131. air within the pleural space
  132. chest
  133. without (the sense of) smell
  134. procedure where plastic tube inserted into trachea to maintain open airway
  135. -a life-threatening asthma condition that may require hospitalization
    -results from medications being ineffective
  136. drug that relieve or suppress coughing by blocking cough reflex in medulla of brain & alleviate nonproductive dry coughs
  137. not breathing
  138. breathing is a straight (or upright position)
  139. visual exam of mediastinal structures: heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus and lymph node
  140. rapid breathing
  141. abnormal condition of blueness
  142. condition of the lungs (usual causes are infections due to bacteria, viruses, or other pathogenic organisms)
  143. smell
  144. lung tissue becomes swollen and engorged
  145. pneumonia caused from inflammation of the bronchi
  146. opening made into trachea where breathing tube is inserted
  147. the first time TB enters the body
  148. -highly infectious
    -occurs in Type A influenza
  149. bad; painful; difficult
  150. alive
  151. coal, coal dust
  152. visual exam of bronchi using endoscope (flexible/rigid fiberoptic) inserted thru mouth & trachea for direct viewing of structures or projection on a monitor
  153. Excessive acidity of body fluids
  154. breathing
  155. when the immune system becomes impaired
  156. normal breathing
  157. lobe
  158. (coughing up or) spitting of blood
  159. larynx (voice box)
  160. treatment that includes several antibiotics
  161. Acute, infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound
  162. bronchiole
  163. pain in the chest
  164. surgical repair of the septum
  165. surgical puncture
  166. involuntary contraction, twitching
  167. medications in a form of a mist
  168. Inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing
  169. A Pulmonary Function Test (PFTs) that measures breathing capacity of lungs, including time necessary for exhaling total volume of inhaled air
  170. bronchus (plural, bronchi)
  171. instrument used for examining the chest
  172. -world wide epidemic
    - occurs in Type A influenza
  173. surgical puncture and drainage of pleural cavity
  174. is a communicable disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  175. test to measure dissolved O2 & CO2 in arterial blood
  176. voice
  177. nuclear test scan that evaluates airflow (ventilation) and blood flow (perfusion) in lungs for evidence of blood clot in lungs
  178. adenoids
  179. drug that act on immune system by blocking production of substances that trigger allergic & inflammatory actions
  180. act of measuring oxygen. noninvasive method of monitoring percentage of hemoglobin (Hb) saturated with oxygen
  181. -Temporary loss of breathing
    -obstructive apnea is when the tonsils and adenoids are enlarged
    -central apnea is failure of the brain to transmit impulses for breathing
    -mixed apnea is a combination of obstructive and central apnea
  182. minimally invasive imaging that combines computed tomography & angiography to produce images of pulmonary arteries
  183. treatment that aids in removal of mucus
  184. instrument for measuring breathing
  185. alveolus; air sac
  186. incision of any of the sinuses
  187. coughing up large amounts of mucus
  188. excision of a lobe
  189. pleura
  190. visual exam of larynx to detect tumors, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury or other abnormalities
  191. surgical puncture of the pleural cavity
  192. spitting
  193. Accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, most commonly caused by heart failure
  194. good
  195. treatment that loosens and break down mucus
  196. surgical repair of the nose
  197. slow
  198. Absence of the sense of smell
  199. is listening to sounds made by organs of the body using stethoscope
  200. difficult breathing
  201. treatment that expands the bronchi by relaxing the smooth muscles