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1,320 True/False questions

  1. oxytocin (OXT)stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth. It also causes milk to flow from the mammary glands after childbirth.

          

  2. hemorrhagic stroketype of stroke that occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks

          

  3. cholecystectomysurgical removal of the gall bladder

          

  4. ankylosisvomiting

          

  5. pancreatitisskull

          

  6. uremiaabsence of urine formation

          

  7. Keratitisinflammation of a nerve or nerves

          

  8. pancreasa feather-shaped organ located behind the stomach that functions as part of both the digestive and the endocrine systems

          

  9. occipital boneexchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the outside air and the cells within tissues

          

  10. trichomoniasissurgical creation of an opening into the trachea to insert a tube to facilitate breathing

          

  11. muscle tissuecontains cells with the specialized ability to contract and relax

          

  12. hypertensionhigher than normal blood pressure

          

  13. ophthalmoscopean instrument used to visually examine the interior of the eye

          

  14. prostat/oprostate

          

  15. rhinorrheawatery flow of mucus from the nose; runny nose

          

  16. gigantismeating, swallowing

          

  17. -emesisvomiting

          

  18. ischemic heart diseaseheart disease resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart

          

  19. endovaginal ultrasoundthe exterior opening of the vagina

          

  20. cyan/o-blue

          

  21. hypercrinisma congenital form of hypothyroidism; causes mental retardation

          

  22. renal cortexform most of the roof and upper sides of the cranium

          

  23. priapisma painful erection that lasts 4 hours or more but is not accompanied by sexual excitement

          

  24. colostomysurgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface

          

  25. urinary bladderoval, hollow muscular organ that is a reservoir for urine

          

  26. cholangiographystudy of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell

          

  27. blood pressuremeasurement of the amount of systolic and diastolic pressure exerted against the walls of the arteries

          

  28. cochleaallows us to hear; part of labyrinth (inner ear)

          

  29. deliriumacute condition of confusion, disorientation, disordered thinking and memory, agitation, and hallucinations

          

  30. poli/o-breast

          

  31. anatomical positionto describe the position of a structure in relation to another
    - standing straight up
    - facing forward
    - arms at sides w/palms facing front
    - head & feet pointing straight ahead)

          

  32. ten/o, tend/o, tendin/oresult from the fertilization of separate ova by separate sperm cells

          

  33. elevationact of rotating the forearm so that the palm of the hand is turned downward

          

  34. nervebasic cells of the nervous system; a bundle of neurons which connects the brain to the spinal cord and rest of body

          

  35. hematemesisextreme, persistent vomiting

          

  36. periosteumtough, fibrous tissue that forms the outermost covering of bone

          

  37. neuronbasic cells of the nervous system

          

  38. fetusthe developing child from the 9th week of pregnancy to the time of birth

          

  39. arteri/oinflammation of the arteries

          

  40. frontal (coronal) planea vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts

          

  41. organscombined tissues

          

  42. osteomalaciainflammation of the skin

          

  43. articulationplace of union between two or more bones

          

  44. conizationdescribes the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory

          

  45. hydronephrosisdilation (swelling) of one or both kidneys

          

  46. TinnitusRinging, buzzing, or roaring sound in one or both ears.

          

  47. dysrhythmiainflammation of the bladder

          

  48. cerebr/o
    encephala/o
    vagina

          

  49. malignant melanomathe surgical removal of uterine fibroids

          

  50. hypo-fungus

          

  51. dorsiflexiontotal paralysis affecting only one side of the body

          

  52. nulligravidaa woman who has never been pregnant

          

  53. parathyroid/o-parathyroid

          

  54. arteriesmuscle that moves the head and shoulder blade

          

  55. myalgialips

          

  56. meno-thigh bone; largest bone

          

  57. urethr/ourethra

          

  58. hyperkinesiaabnormally increased muscle function or activity; hyperactivity

          

  59. hypnoticsabnormally increased muscle function or activity; hyperactivity

          

  60. phlebitisinflammation of the arteries

          

  61. pituit/o-
    pituitar/o-
    pituitary gland

          

  62. craniotomyincision/opening part of skull to remove tumor then put back

          

  63. Hashimoto's thyroiditisan autoimmune disease in which the body's own antibodies attack and destroy the cells of the thyroid gland

          

  64. What hormones secreted by gonadsthe use of the female hormones estrogen and progestin to replace those the body no longer produces during and after perimenopause

          

  65. neuritisvessels that bring blood toward the heart

          

  66. melan/o-spinal cord; bone marrow

          

  67. carcinomamalignant tumor

          

  68. sacrumthe specialized slimy membranes that line the body cavities

          

  69. vertebral columncutting or surgical incision of the thoracic

          

  70. echoencephalographyprocess of creating a visual image of the brain by using ultrasound

          

  71. crin/obrain and spinal cord

          

  72. episiorrhaphya profuse, whitish mucus discharge from the uterus and vagina

          

  73. origin- less moveable attachment of the muscle
    - located nearest the midline of the body
    - where muscle begins

          

  74. ren/oblue

          

  75. tonsillitisinflammation of one or both testicles

          

  76. oste/o-renal pelvis

          

  77. anurialoss of ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds

          

  78. infertility specialistmuscle of the abdominal wall

          

  79. endometriosisthick layer of skin directly below the epidermis

          

  80. acute renal failuresudden onset of loss of renal function

          

  81. jaundiceyellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the eyes

          

  82. myc/o-bone

          

  83. cerebrumlargest and uppermost portion of the brain

          

  84. empyemapresence of pus in the pleural cavity

          

  85. hormones secreted by the pancreasinsulin
    glucagon

          

  86. colotomysurgical incision into the colon

          

  87. erythr/oesophagus

          

  88. stethoscopean instrument used to listen to sounds within the body

          

  89. -uriadigest, digestion

          

  90. frontal boneanterior portion of the cranium that forms the forehead

          

  91. myxedemacaused by extreme deficiency of thyroid secretion; also known as adult hypothyroidism; can cause severe depression and lethargy

          

  92. thromb/oa blood clot attached to the interior wall of an artery or vein

          

  93. femurthe male sex organ that transports the sperm into the female vagina

          

  94. eustachian tubea surgically placed feeding tube from the exterior of the body directly into the stomach

          

  95. syphilisan STD caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum; has many symptoms that are difficult to distinguish from other STDs

          

  96. fimbriaethin, moist, and slippery membranes that cover the lungs

          

  97. anorchismoblong gland located behind the stomach; both endocrine and exocrine function

          

  98. seminiferous tubulesbetween, but not within, the part of a tissue

          

  99. angiographyradiographic study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium

          

  100. dyspepsiadifficult or labored breathing; shortness of breath

          

  101. quadriplegiaparalysis of all four extremities

          

  102. prostate glandlies under the bladder and surrounds the end of the urethra in the region where the vas deferens enters the urethra

          

  103. cystoscopyvisual examination of the urinary bladder

          

  104. Ophthalm/o
    opt/o
    mouth

          

  105. esophagusmass of lymphoid tissue located above the heart

          

  106. hemiparesisliver

          

  107. ot/o-ear

          

  108. nasal bonesbones present at the ankle

          

  109. melenapassage of black, tarry, and foul smelling stools

          

  110. ather/o-glands suffix is...

          

  111. uterine prolapsethe condition in which the uterus slides from its normal position in the pelvic cavity and sags into the vagina

          

  112. -gravidathe female gametes; also known as eggs

          

  113. lactiferous ductsaway from the midline; near the sides

          

  114. oral glucose tolerance testthe term used to describe infrequent or very light menstruation in a women with previously normal periods

          

  115. orthoticfor support (ie wrist splint)

          

  116. menorrhagiadifficulty in swallowing

          

  117. hemostasisinflammation of the prostate gland

          

  118. chymethe lower, narrow portion of the uterus that extends into the vagina

          

  119. menopausethe normal termination of the menstrual function

          

  120. -celegastroesophageal reflux disease

          

  121. hyperparathyroidismmiddle and thickest layer of the heart wall

          

  122. epinephrine (Epi, EPI)stimulates the sympathetic nervous system; a synthetic hormone used as a vasoconstrictor to treat conditions such as heart dysrhythmias and asthma attacks

          

  123. glucagon (GCG)increases the level of glucose in the bloodstream

          

  124. hemarthrosisblood inside the joint causing abnormality

          

  125. anoxiaa process that conducts impulses away from the cell body

          

  126. mammoplastyenlargement

          

  127. breast augmentationmammoplasty performed to increase breast size

          

  128. pruritusinflammation of the stomach lining

          

  129. thrombocyteswhite blood cell

          

  130. multiplessmallest branches of the bronchi

          

  131. pathogenmicrobe which produces a disease

          

  132. epididymitisinflammation of the epididymis that is frequently caused by the spread of infection from the urethra or the bladder

          

  133. corpusbones that form the wrist

          

  134. hypothyroidisma congenital form of hypothyroidism; causes mental retardation

          

  135. amnesiamemory disturbance characterized by a total or partial inability to recall past experiences

          

  136. lith/ostone, calculus

          

  137. diskectomya reproductive cell, sperm in the male and ova (eggs) in the female

          

  138. rectus abdominisinflammation of the inner lining of the heart

          

  139. glandssleep

          

  140. adipose tissuefat is what type of connective tissue?

          

  141. ovarian canceroriginates within the walls of the ovaries

          

  142. pituitary adenomatime and events before birth

          

  143. blood dyscrasiaany pathological condition of the cellular elements of the blood

          

  144. plantar fasciitiscomplete loss of voluntary muscle movement in a body part due to a brain or nerve injury

          

  145. hemorrhageloss of a large amount of blood in a short time

          

  146. uterusthe name of the fluid secreted by the mucous membranes

          

  147. urinalysisexamination of the urine

          

  148. alveolirenal pelvis

          

  149. efferent neuronmotor neuron

          

  150. Dacryoadenitisinflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord

          

  151. brady-also known as costals

          

  152. pancreatalgiapain in the pancreas

          

  153. emesisvomiting

          

  154. aplasiano development at all (ie develop w/out a limb)

          

  155. colostomycolon

          

  156. ataxialiquid part of the blood

          

  157. systolic pressurebone has been twisted apart

          

  158. neurotransmittersinflammation of the pericardium

          

  159. tachycardiaabnormally rapid resting heart rate

          

  160. corticosteroidsthe steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex

          

  161. compact (cortical) bonea vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts

          

  162. sternocleidomastoidmuscle of the neck

          

  163. postoperativeafter operation

          

  164. mucustoward, or nearer, the midline

          

  165. genital herpesan STD caused by the herpex simplex virus type 2

          

  166. chorionic villus samplingthe examination of cells retrieved from the chorionic villi

          

  167. tachy-fast, rapid

          

  168. pinealectomythe surgical removal of the pineal gland

          

  169. hematocheziaan abnormally high concentration of glucose in the blood

          

  170. cerebral contusionbruising of the brain as a result of a head injury

          

  171. OtopyorrheaThe flow of pus from the ear

          

  172. pubic boneexample of cartilagenous joint

          

  173. -phagiaeating, swallowing

          

  174. col/o
    colon/o
    colon

          

  175. tonsilsuterus

          

  176. pandemicgland tumor

          

  177. mastitisabnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity (serous means a substance having a watery consistency)

          

  178. causalgiapersistent, severe burning pain that usually follows an injury to a sensory nerve

          

  179. organic disorderdisease which involves a body organ/system

          

  180. otoscopythe postpartum vaginal discharge that typically continues for 4-6 weeks after childbirth

          

  181. preeclampsiaThe perception of two images of a single object

          

  182. retinalower-than-normal number of erythrocytes in the blood

          

  183. -itissexual intercourse

          

  184. pleuritisinflammation of the pharynx; sore throat

          

  185. cephalalgiamuscle that forms the muscular cap of the shoulder

          

  186. impotencethe inability of the male to achieve or maintain a penile erection; also known as erectile dysfunction

          

  187. episiotomya surgical incision made through the perineum to enlarge the vaginal origice to prevent tearing of the tissues as the infant moves out of the birth canal

          

  188. laterallargest organ in the body; secreted bile

          

  189. multiparousact of rotating the forearm so that the palm of the hand is turned upward

          

  190. tachypneaalso known as the shoulder blade

          

  191. craniectomyremoving part of the skull bc swelling

          

  192. compression fractureoccurs when the bone is pressed together (compressed) on itself

          

  193. embryothe developing child from implantation through the 8th week of pregnancy

          

  194. pubertyinflammation of the pleura

          

  195. hypocalcemiaan abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood

          

  196. renal medullainner region of the kidney

          

  197. adrenal glandsendocrine glands near the kidneys

          

  198. syncopehaving the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male

          

  199. dermisthick layer of skin directly below the epidermis

          

  200. arthr/ojoints suffix

          

  201. urinary bladdercyst/o-

          

  202. external obliquesmall intestine

          

  203. splenomegalycluster of capillaries surrounded by a cup-shaped membrane called the Bowman's capsule

          

  204. bronchiolessmallest branches of the bronchi

          

  205. dentitioninflammation of a gland

          

  206. hamstring groupbenign tumor of the meninges

          

  207. adren/o-gland tumor

          

  208. interstitial fluidintercellular fluid or tissue fluid

          

  209. colposcopythe direct visual examination of the tissues of the cervix and vagina

          

  210. nipplebreast milk flows through the nipple

          

  211. myelitisinflammation of the spinal cord

          

  212. nephronmicroscopic functional units of the kidney

          

  213. spirometerrecording device that measures lung function (volume of air and speed of air that can be inhaled and exhaled)

          

  214. nocturnal enuresissurgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes or to remove excess fluid

          

  215. midbrainA defect in which light rays focus in front of the retina

          

  216. VBACVaginal Birth After a Caesarean

          

  217. 7how many tarsals?

          

  218. stillbirththe birth of a fetus that died before, or during, the delivery

          

  219. conjunctivagums

          

  220. pineal/o-pineal gland

          

  221. somn/osleep

          

  222. flexionan opening in a bone

          

  223. -pepsiadigest, digestion

          

  224. -plegiacomplete paralysis

          

  225. -malaciaabnormal softening

          

  226. hypermenorrheaan excessive amount of menstrual flow over a period of more than 7 days

          

  227. functional disorderproduces symptoms but no physiological or anatomical signs nor causes can be identified (ie patient says they feel strange w/panic disorder, but all lab reports show normalcy)

          

  228. cytologystudy of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell

          

  229. bacterial vaginosisabnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries

          

  230. erythrocytessmallest branches of the bronchi

          

  231. -rrhaphysuturing to close a wound and includes the use of sutures, staples, or surgical glue

          

  232. antidiuretic hormone (ADH)helps control blood pressure by reducing the amount of water that is excreted

          

  233. triceps brachiimuscle located in the posterior upper arm

          

  234. nephrolithotomysurgical removal of a nephrolith through a small incision in the back

          

  235. septicemiamore severe form of bacteremia

          

  236. atheromafatty deposit within the wall of an artery

          

  237. hepat/oexcessive or increased

          

  238. dendritesroot-like processes of the neuron that receive impulses and conduct them to the cell body

          

  239. superioruppermost, above, or toward the head

          

  240. neurorrhaphysuturing of nerves

          

  241. subcostalbelow a rib or ribs

          

  242. nasopharynxa general term for a cosmetic operation on the breasts

          

  243. cutane/o- // dermat/o-situated in the back; on the back part of an organ

          

  244. -omatumor (typically benign)

          

  245. arteritisinflammation of the arteries

          

  246. cerebrospinal fluidclear, colorless, and watery fluid that flows throughout the brain and around the spinal cord

          

  247. muscle biopsyinvolves removal of muscle tissue for examination

          

  248. umbilical cordsituated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure

          

  249. bulbourethral glandslocated just below the prostate gland; during sexual arousal, these glands secrete a fluid known as pre-ejaculate

          

  250. primiparatime and events before birth

          

  251. mucous membranesan opening in a bone

          

  252. capill/ocapillaries

          

  253. cystopexysurgical removal of all or part of the urinary bladder

          

  254. human growth hormonea synthetic version of the growth hormone that is administered to stimulate growth when the natural supply of growth hormone is insufficient for normal development

          

  255. anastomosisa surgical connection between two hollow, or tubular, structures

          

  256. urethratube that extends from the bladder to the exterior of the body

          

  257. cervicitisan inflammation of the cervix that is usually caused by an infection

          

  258. vasectomythe male sterilization procedure in which a small portion of the vas deferens is surgically removed

          

  259. atriaabsence of oxygen from the tissues

          

  260. inflammationlocalized response to an injury or infection

          

  261. ven/o-veins

          

  262. List the urinary tract infectionsa condition in women in which there is an abnormal overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina

          

  263. erythr/o-red

          

  264. otalgiapain in the bone

          

  265. vulvathe specialized slimy membranes that line the body cavities

          

  266. Braxton Hicks contractionschewing

          

  267. -algia
    -dynia (not used as often as -algia)

    (ie: fibromyalgia)
    pain and suffering

          

  268. -rrhexisrupture

          

  269. hallucinationmovement of a limb toward the midline of the body

          

  270. atherosclerosisan abnormal increase in the number of platelets in the blood

          

  271. medialvomiting

          

  272. neonatenewborn infant during the first 4 weeks after birth

          

  273. clavicledark-pigmented area that surrounds the nipple

          

  274. paraplegiapain in ear

          

  275. col/oinflammation

          

  276. men/o-menstruation

          

  277. urethritisAn abnormal condition of the kidney

          

  278. dura materthick, tough, outermost membrane of the meninges

          

  279. circumcisionthe surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis

          

  280. histologystudy of all aspects of diseases

          

  281. erythrocytered blood cell

          

  282. HyperopiaA defect in which light rays focus beyond the retina

          

  283. tibiaalso known as the shin bone

          

  284. tend/o-tendon

          

  285. hypoglycemiaan STD caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum; has many symptoms that are difficult to distinguish from other STDs

          

  286. -graphyprocess of producing a picture or record

          

  287. teeth socket // suturescontains cells with the specialized ability to contract and relax

          

  288. stomachcontinuation of sclera, but on outside of the eyeball
    CLEAR

          

  289. thym/o-thymus "soul" gland

          

  290. foramenthe developing child from the 9th week of pregnancy to the time of birth

          

  291. metatarsalsbones that form the part of the foot to which the toes are attached

          

  292. adenitisinflammation of a gland

          

  293. lumbar vertebrae5 vertebrae that form the lower back

          

  294. gastrodyniainfluences the sleep-wakefulness cycles; circadian rhythm

          

  295. first trimester screeningperformed between 11 and 13 weeks of pregnancy and involves an ultrasound and a finger stick blood test

          

  296. primary bone cancercancer originates from the bone

          

  297. serum bilirubin teststalk like portion of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord

          

  298. pathogensdisease producing microorganisms

          

  299. upper GI tractAn inflammation of the cornea

          

  300. word root- contains the basic meaning of the term and usually indicates the involved body part
    - CANNOT stand alone
    - a suffix must always be added to complete the term

          

  301. total hysterectomythe surgical removal of the uterus and the cervix

          

  302. pronationact of rotating the forearm so that the palm of the hand is turned downward

          

  303. tenolysis, tendolysisrelease of a tendon from adhesions

          

  304. foreskina retractable double-layered fold of skin and mucous membrane that covers and protects the glans penis

          

  305. Scler/oSclera, hard outer white layer of eye

          

  306. bradypneaabnormally slow rate of respiration

          

  307. auditory canalbelow a rib or ribs

          

  308. hormones secreted & f(x) of adrenal gland:Types of connective tissues

          

  309. 1. hold the body erect
    2. movement
    3. generate heat
    4. move food through digestive system
    5. move blood through vessels
    What are the 2 rules when using combining vowels

          

  310. hips // thigh/ legs // ankles // feetappendicular skeleton includes

          

  311. myositisinflammation of the muscles

          

  312. -pathythe developing child from the 9th week of pregnancy to the time of birth

          

  313. mediastinummiddle section of the thoracic cavity; located between the lungs

          

  314. thyroid scanmass of lymphoid tissue located above the heart

          

  315. nosocomial infectioncharacterized by abnormally low levelsl of calcium in the blood

          

  316. axial skeleton- protects major organs of the nervous, respiratory, and circulatory systems

          

  317. complete blood count (CBC)veins

          

  318. biceps brachiiexchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the outside air and the cells within tissues

          

  319. ectopic pregnancya potentially dangerous condition in which a fertilized egg is implanted and begins to develop outside of the uterus

          

  320. angioplastyliquid part of the blood

          

  321. osteoarthritisinflammation of the sheath surrounding a tendon

          

  322. phobiacondition of having low oxygen levels in the tissues

          

  323. laryngopharynx- part of the pharynx present behind the voice box
    - third division

          

  324. epidemiologystudy of CAUSES of diseases

          

  325. 1. transport oxygen & nutrients
    2. return waste products from the tissues to the kidneys and lungs
    3. function in immune response
    pituitary gland

          

  326. thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)regulate the rate of metabolism; acts on every cell in the body

          

  327. peristalsisan organ of sensitive, erectile tissue located anterior to the urethral meatus and the vaginal orifice

          

  328. labiainflammation

          

  329. mycosisabnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus

          

  330. gynecomastiaabnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus

          

  331. ton/ocolon

          

  332. metabolismall of the processes involved in the body's use of nutrients

          

  333. ricketssoftening of the bone in children

          

  334. cervic/o-urinary bladder

          

  335. hemospermialower-than-normal number of erythrocytes in the blood

          

  336. angina pectoriscondition in which episodes of chest pain occur due to an inadequate blood flow to the myocardium

          

  337. leukorrheawhite blood cell

          

  338. lacrimal boneslightly curved, triangular shaped bone near the lower end of the spine

          

  339. cystitisinflammation of the bladder

          

  340. glans penisthe head of the penis

          

  341. varicose veinsabnormally swollen veins

          

  342. anteflexioninflammation of the arteries

          

  343. cystectomysurgical removal of all or part of the urinary bladder

          

  344. lymphadenopathya type of white blood cells; lymphoid cells

          

  345. parathyroid hormone (PTH)works with calcitonin to regulate calcium levels in the blood and tissues

          

  346. endometrial biopsya small amount of the tissue from the lining of the uterus is removed for microscopic examination

          

  347. fasting blood sugar testmeasures the glucose (blood sugar) levels after the patient has not eaten for 8-12 hours

          

  348. myotomysurgical incision into a muscle

          

  349. combining form- word root with vowel at the end so that a suffix beginning with a consonant can be added
    - used to make a medical term easier to pronounce

          

  350. endocrinopathytime and events surrounding birth

          

  351. paralytic ileuspartial or complete blockage of the intestine due to stopping of the normal peristalsis

          

  352. ostealgiapain in the bone

          

  353. exophthalmosan abnormal protrusion of the eyeball out of the orbit

          

  354. fibrous jointmost superior part of the brainstem

          

  355. localized allergic responseexcess accumulation of fluid in the pleural space

          

  356. ex-outside, out of

          

  357. esophag/oesophagus

          

  358. sperm countthe testing of freshly ejaculated semen to determine the volume plus the number, shape, size, and motility of the sperm

          

  359. rhin/o-nose

          

  360. comadeep state of unconsciousness marked by the absence of spontaneous eye movements, no response to painful stimuli, and the lack of speech

          

  361. mucousthe specialized slimy membranes that line the body cavities

          

  362. lateral epicondylitispinched nerve; inflammation of the root of a spinal nerve

          

  363. audiometrybelow a rib or ribs

          

  364. uterine cancercongenital herniation of the meninges through a defect in the skull or spinal column

          

  365. pinealomaa tumor of the pineal gland that can disrupt the production of melatonin; can also cause insomnia by disrupting the circadian cycle

          

  366. testicular self-examinationa self-help step in early detection of testicular cancer by detecting limps, swelling, or changes in the skin of the scrotum

          

  367. intramuscularwithin the muscle

          

  368. cardiopulmonary resuscitation (cpr)an emergency procedure for life support consisting of manual external cardiac compression and artificial respiration

          

  369. electrolytesAn abnormal condition of the kidney

          

  370. fasciaconnective tissue that envelops, separates, or binds muscles together

          

  371. polyphagiaexcessive hunger

          

  372. hyster/o-
    uter/o-
    metr/o-
    metri/o-
    uterus (protects developing child)

          

  373. defibrillationuse of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm

          

  374. eclampsialiquid part of the blood

          

  375. antepartumrefers to the final state of pregnancy just before the onset of labor

          

  376. CNSan area of the skin which has become relatively thick and hard in response to repeated friction or pressure

          

  377. spermthe male gametes (reproductive cells)

          

  378. lower GI tractthe film produced by angiography

          

  379. radiculitispinched nerve; inflammation of the root of a spinal nerve

          

  380. salping/o-fallopian tubes

          

  381. osteitis fibrosaa benign tumor of the pancreas that causes hypoglycemia by secreting additional insulin

          

  382. thrombocytopenialoss of muscle mass, strength, and function that come with aging

          

  383. ureter/o-costal suffix

          

  384. hepatomegalyaway from the midline; near the sides

          

  385. -centesisthe male sex organ that transports the sperm into the female vagina

          

  386. -dipsiathirst

          

  387. myelosisan abnormal condition of the spinal cord

          

  388. acrophobiaan excessive fear of heights

          

  389. laryng/o-throat

          

  390. paranasal sinusesa surgical connection between two hollow, or tubular, structures

          

  391. hypocrinisma condition caused by deficient secretion of any gland, especially an endocrine gland

          

  392. -pathybelly button

          

  393. leukocytesincrease in the number of leukocytes in the blood forming tissues, other organs, and in the blood; a type of cancer

          

  394. gonorrheaa highly contagious condition caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; causing inflammatory discharge

          

  395. rectumpart of the large intestine between colon and anus

          

  396. -ostomysurgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface

          

  397. chemical thyroidectomythe administration of radioactive iodine to destroy thyroid cells

          

  398. papillomasmaller and shorter bone of the forearm; lateral bone of the forearm;

          

  399. endocervicitisan inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the cervix

          

  400. afterbirththe plancenta expelled after delivery of the newborn

          

  401. -plastynose

          

  402. laryngitisinflammation of the larynx

          

  403. pneum/o
    pneumon/o
    pneu-
    examples of synovial joint

          

  404. neurohormonesdecrease in bone density --> more porous --> easily breaks

          

  405. renalwhere images are formed in the back of the eye
    NERVOUS LAYER

          

  406. hemorrhoidsany skin growth, such as a wart or a callus, in which there is overgrowth and thickening of the skin

          

  407. 1. define the suffix
    2. define the first part (prefix, word root, combining form)
    3. define the middle part (word root, combining form)

    Last, Beginning, middle
    How to read a medical term

          

  408. massetertube that extends from the bladder to the exterior of the body

          

  409. Corneacontinuation of sclera, but on outside of the eyeball
    CLEAR

          

  410. Cushing's syndromecaused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol from adrenal galnds; high production of cortisol

          

  411. pyelitisinflammation of the renal pelvis

          

  412. myel/o-thymus "soul" gland

          

  413. periostitisprostate

          

  414. tendonband of non-elastic, dense, fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone

          

  415. colostruma specialized form of milk that delivers essential nutrients and antibodies in a form that the newborn can digest

          

  416. gastroenteritismuscle of the forehead

          

  417. -rrhage // -rrhagia // -rrhea // -rrhaphy //-rrhexisWhat are the 5 "double R" suffixes?

          

  418. -ac
    -al
    absence of urine formation

          

  419. carpalsbones that form the wrist

          

  420. pneumothoraxbenign tumor of the meninges

          

  421. herniated diskAn inflammation of the cornea

          

  422. chondr/ored

          

  423. lochiathe postpartum vaginal discharge that typically continues for 4-6 weeks after childbirth

          

  424. rotationlack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement

          

  425. spermatogenesisblood inside the joint causing abnormality

          

  426. statinscholesterol lowering drugs

          

  427. caudalaway from the midline; near the sides

          

  428. vagin/o-
    colp/o-
    root, nerve root

          

  429. atrioventricular nodethe muscular middle layer of uterine tissue

          

  430. posterior // dorsalsituated in the back; on the back part of an organ

          

  431. tubal ligationa surgical sterilization procedure in which the fallopian tubes are sealed or cut to prevent sperm from reaching a mature ovum

          

  432. gastritisinflammation of the pharynx; sore throat

          

  433. -lithiasispresence of stones

          

  434. normal sperm count20-120 million or more sperm per millileter of semen

          

  435. pharyngitisinflammation of the urethra

          

  436. glucosevisual examination

          

  437. deep tendon reflexesa muscle contraction caused in response to stretching within the muscle; used to determine the integrity of the spinal cord and peripheral nervous system

          

  438. endosteumtissue that lines the medullary cavity of long bones

          

  439. urethrorrhagiableeding from the urethra

          

  440. hyoid bonehorse-shoe shaped bone present in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage

          

  441. infertilitythe inability of a couple to achieve pregnancy after 1 year of regular, unprotected intercourse, or the inability of a woman to carry a pregnancy to live birth

          

  442. variocelea knot of varicose veins in one side of the scrotum

          

  443. vernixkidney

          

  444. epicondylea rounded projection at the end of a bone; most often for articulation with ligaments and tendons

          

  445. arthroscopyjoints suffix

          

  446. incontinencetissue that lines the medullary cavity of long bones

          

  447. antithyroid druga butterfly-shaped glands that lies on either side of the larynx

          

  448. tenodesiscoughing up of blood

          

  449. navelbelly button

          

  450. mitral valveroot, nerve root

          

  451. pharynxthe thin outer membrane that encloses the embryo

          

  452. premature ejaculationuse of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm

          

  453. sternumalso known as the breast bone

          

  454. osteorrhaphysuturing the bone

          

  455. urethrorrheaabnormal discharge from the urethra

          

  456. sprainan opening in a bone

          

  457. my/o-
    myos/o-
    rupture of a muscle

          

  458. myel/oa greasy substance that protects the fetus in utero and can still be present at birth

          

  459. pneum/o-
    pneumon/o-
    pulmon/o-
    lung

          

  460. -rrhage -rrhagiableeding, usually sudden, severe bleeding

          

  461. thyroid glanda butterfly-shaped glands that lies on either side of the larynx

          

  462. breech presentationone in which the buttocks or feet of the fetus are positioned to enter the birth canal first instead of the head

          

  463. tarsalsbones present at the ankle

          

  464. concussionfluid of eyeball

          

  465. fundusacute respiratory infection in children characterized by obstruction of larynx; barking cough and stridor

          

  466. ventricleslower two chambers of the heart; pump blood

          

  467. renal colicacute pain in the kidney area

          

  468. myalgiaabnormal softening

          

  469. hydrocephalustoward the head

          

  470. Otitis Mediaalso known as the shin bone

          

  471. -pararelated to giving birth (NOT pregnancy); already birthed children; woman who has given birth to a specific number of children

          

  472. abdominocentesissurgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid

          

  473. coronary artery bypass graft (cabg)an operation in which a vessel from the leg or chest is implanted on the heart to replace a blocked coronary artery

          

  474. neuritisabsence of urine formation

          

  475. T waveovaries in females and testicles in males; gamete-producing glands

          

  476. epidermisthe male sex organ that transports the sperm into the female vagina

          

  477. urologistdecreasing the angle between two bones at a joint

          

  478. cervical dysplasiathe growth of abnormal cells in the cervix

          

  479. enter/o-the male gametes (reproductive cells)

          

  480. f(x) of thymus gland?softening of the bones

          

  481. testiclesthe two small, egg-shaped glands that produce the sperm

          

  482. hysterosalpingographya radiographic examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes

          

  483. cholecyst/ogall bladder

          

  484. urin/omenstruation

          

  485. hypertrophydevelopment

          

  486. cecumsuffix changing the root word into a noun

          

  487. cystorrhaphysurgical suturing of a wound or defect in the bladder

          

  488. -emiatwo upper chambers of the heart; receive blood

          

  489. gastr/o-ureter

          

  490. hormones stored in posterior pituitaryantidiuretic hormones (ADH) / vasopressin
    oxytocin

          

  491. post-after

          

  492. asphyxialoss of consciousness that occurs when the body

          

  493. what does the pineal gland secretelocated in dermis; secrete sebum

          

  494. pleur/opleura

          

  495. synovial jointact of raising or lifting a body part

          

  496. otalgia
    otodynia
    pain in the ear

          

  497. -ostomycomplete lack of electrical activity in the heart; flat line

          

  498. arteriosclerosisa condition in women in which there is an abnormal overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina

          

  499. metrorrhearupture of a muscle

          

  500. laryngectomysurgical removal of the tonsils

          

  501. premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)a condition associated with severe emotional and physical problems that are closely linked to the menstrual cycle

          

  502. osteomalaciadue to contraction of the ventricles

          

  503. liquid connective tissuean inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the cervix

          

  504. Kerat/oHorny, Hard, Cornea

          

  505. chorionthe thin outer membrane that encloses the embryo

          

  506. medullary cavitycentral cavity located in the shaft of long bones; stores bone marrow

          

  507. dilation and curettagea surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrium of the uterus is scraped away; also known as a D&C

          

  508. neurotomybasic cells of the nervous system

          

  509. frontalisabnormal condition or disease

          

  510. myorrhaphy (my-OR-ah-fee)surgical suturing of a muscle wound

          

  511. myel/onose

          

  512. thoracotomya surgical incision made through the perineum to enlarge the vaginal origice to prevent tearing of the tissues as the infant moves out of the birth canal

          

  513. anuslower opening of the gi tract

          

  514. afferent neuronspongy bone; hemopoietic

          

  515. infundibulumthe funnel-shaped opening into the fallopian tube near the ovary

          

  516. plantar flexionmovement that bends the foot downward at the ankle

          

  517. arthrocentesismature red blood cells; transport oxygen to the tissues

          

  518. -otomy (ie lobotomy)cutting or surgical incision

          

  519. myoceleherniation of muscle substance through a tear in the fascia surrounding it

          

  520. temporalismuscle of the head; closes the mouth

          

  521. epicardiumoblong gland located behind the stomach; both endocrine and exocrine function

          

  522. -tripsyto crush

          

  523. What's the f(x) of parathyroid gland?calcium regulation

          

  524. angi/o, vas/osynovial membrane sufix

          

  525. perimetriumthe tough, membranous outer layer of the uterus

          

  526. pia materpharynx

          

  527. auditory ossiclesfat is what type of connective tissue?

          

  528. cellsbrain and spinal cord

          

  529. gonadotropinstomach

          

  530. quadriceps femorisAn inflammation of the lacrimal gland that can be caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infection

          

  531. ileumthin, moist, and slippery membranes that cover the lungs

          

  532. sagittal planea vertical plane that divides the body into unequal left and right parts

          

  533. postnatalbelow a rib or ribs

          

  534. sedativesmedication that depresses the nervous system to produce calm without producing sleep

          

  535. hormones the parathyroid gland secretes?test done to see how well the kidneys are working

          

  536. ureteroscopyinflammation of the pleura

          

  537. cartilaginous jointallow only slight movement & consist of bones connected entirely by cartilage (ribs to sternum)

          

  538. lipid panelmeasures the amount of lipids (cholesterol) in the blood

          

  539. allergenstriangular chamber located between the pharynx and the trachea; voice box

          

  540. myocarditisinflammation of the stomach lining

          

  541. bronchoscopysurgical incision into the chest wall

          

  542. pyel/orenal pelvis

          

  543. phlebotomyblood

          

  544. tonsillectomysurgical removal of the tonsils

          

  545. colonlongest portion of the large intestine

          

  546. placentano development at all (ie develop w/out a limb)

          

  547. capillariestooth decay

          

  548. micro-small

          

  549. 1. increase # of cells
    2. increase cell size
    Organs can become big in 2 ways:

          

  550. cretinisminflammation of the bladder

          

  551. thyroid-stimulating hormone assaya diagnostic test to measure the circulating blood level of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

          

  552. laryngospasmsudden spasmodic closure of the larynx

          

  553. gingivitisinflammation of a gland

          

  554. -pneabreathing, respiration

          

  555. synovi/o, synov/osynovial membrane sufix

          

  556. ureter/ourinary bladder

          

  557. -trophydevelopment

          

  558. spasmbrain and spinal cord

          

  559. neur/o-nerve

          

  560. sinusitisinflammation of sinuses

          

  561. pancreatic isletscontagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by recurrent episodes of a paroxysmal cough and breathlessness; whooping cough

          

  562. cholecystitisinflammation of the gall bladder

          

  563. body systemscombined organs

          

  564. cramphow many carpals?

          

  565. bone marrow biopsytake a sample of bone tissue & examine it

          

  566. Type 1 diabetesan autoimmune insulin deficiency disorder caused by the destruction of pancreatic islet beta cells

          

  567. antihypertensivemedication administered to lower blood pressure

          

  568. hepatitisinflammation of the liver

          

  569. eu-cranial and spinal nerves

          

  570. circumductionviolent shaking up or jarring of the brain

          

  571. fetal monitoringbad breath

          

  572. tendinitisinflammation of the tendons

          

  573. bronchisecrete

          

  574. abductionchewing

          

  575. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd)a group of lung diseases that block airflow and make breathing difficult

          

  576. Spinal cord
    Bone Marrow
    situated in the back; on the back part of an organ

          

  577. ligamentshold bone to a joint

          

  578. angiitisinflammation of the arteries

          

  579. testicular cancerthe most common cancer in American males between the ages of 15 and 34 years

          

  580. orchi/o-testes

          

  581. cyst/ourinary bladder

          

  582. arachnoid materoval, hollow muscular organ that is a reservoir for urine

          

  583. ur/ourine, urinary tract

          

  584. thyroid stormvisual examination of the internal structure of a joint

          

  585. melanocytetriangular chamber located between the pharynx and the trachea; voice box

          

  586. smooth musclean STD caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum; has many symptoms that are difficult to distinguish from other STDs

          

  587. Ot/osound, voice

          

  588. pleural tapsurgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity

          

  589. delusionrhythmic pressure against the walls of an artery caused by the contraction of the heart

          

  590. radical hysterectomya procedure that includes the surgical removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes, the uterus and cervix, plus nearby lymph nodes; most commonly performed to treat uterine cancer

          

  591. epiphysisthe wider ends of long bones

          

  592. Addison's diseasean autoimmune disorder that is caused by hyperthyroidism and is characterized by goiter and/or exophthalmos

          

  593. temporal bonesform the sides and base of the cranium

          

  594. stuporuterus

          

  595. supinationliver

          

  596. Ophthalmoscopythe direct visual examination of the tissues of the cervix and vagina

          

  597. synthetic thyroid hormonesadministered to replace lost thyroid function

          

  598. lower respiratory tract- part of the respiratory tract inside the thoracic cavity
    - trachea, bronchial tree, lungs
    - ANYTHING below voicebox

          

  599. insulin shockthe innermost membrane that surrounds the embryo in the uterus

          

  600. bundle of hisan inflammation of the glans penis that is usually caused by poor hygiene in men who have not had the foreskin removed by circumcision

          

  601. -megalyenlargement

          

  602. xerodermaexcessively dry skin

          

  603. nephr/ostone, calculus

          

  604. rhinoplastysurgical repair of the nose

          

  605. intrauterine devicestimulates the sympathetic nervous system; emergency hormone

          

  606. pharynxthe developing child from implantation through the 8th week of pregnancy

          

  607. growth hormone (GH)regulates the growth of bone, muscle, and other body tissues

          

  608. ocularsomething related to eyeball

          

  609. vaginathe muscular tube lined with mucosa that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body

          

  610. lobectomythe surgical removal of one lobe of the thyroid gland; also used to describe the removal of a lobe of the liver, brain, or lung

          

  611. cardiac catheterizationa diagnostic procedure in which a catheter is passed into a vein or artery and then guided into the heart

          

  612. genital wartsrefers to the final state of pregnancy just before the onset of labor

          

  613. Apgar scorea scale of 1-10 to evaluate a newborn infant's physical status at 1 and 5 minutes after birth

          

  614. myorrhexistestes

          

  615. thymuslocated near the midline in the anterior portion of the thoracic cavity; behind your sternum and between your lungs; close to the heart

          

  616. spiral fracturebone has been twisted apart

          

  617. respirationexchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the outside air and the cells within tissues

          

  618. thymosinstimulates the maturation of lymphocytes into T cells of the immune system; secreted by thymus

          

  619. postpartuman unresponsive state from which a person can be aroused only briefly despite vigorous, repeated attempts

          

  620. sterilizationany procedure rendering an individual (male or female) incapable of reproduction

          

  621. cyanosisbluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by lack of adequate oxygen in the blood

          

  622. aden/o-plaque, fatty substance

          

  623. ejaculatory ductbegins at the vas deferens, passes through the prostate glands, and empties into the urethra; a reflex action caused by these ducts causes ejaculation

          

  624. neuroplastysurgical repair of the nerve

          

  625. cryptorchidisma developmental defect in which one or both of the testicles fail to descend into the normal position in the scrotum

          

  626. mammary glandsthe milk-producing glands that develop during puberty

          

  627. viablethe fetus when it is capable of living outside the uterus

          

  628. balanitisa breast infection that is most frequently caused by bacteria that enter the breast tissue during breastfeeding

          

  629. endometriuminflammation of the tendons

          

  630. diverticulumsores that affect the mucous membranes of the digestive system

          

  631. nas/opertaining to birth

          

  632. comminuted fracturecalculated from the first day of the last menstrual period

          

  633. labia major and labia minoratake a sample of bone tissue & examine it

          

  634. -grama painful localized muscle spasm often named for its cause

          

  635. tenorrhaphya highly contagious condition caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; causing inflammatory discharge

          

  636. secondary bone cancercancer originates from somewhere else and spread to bone

          

  637. renal pelvismole; small dark colored benign skin growth that develops from melanocytes in the skin

          

  638. chol/ecartilage suffix

          

  639. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)stimulates ovulation in the female; stimulates the secretion of testosterone in the male

          

  640. gynecologistthe condition of excessive secretion of hormones by the sex glands

          

  641. diabetic comaan instrument used to listen to sounds within the body

          

  642. gastrectomysurgical removal of all or part of the stomach

          

  643. optic/o-small

          

  644. vulvodyniaa syndrome of unknown cause that is characterized by chronic burning, pain during sexual intercourse, itching, or stinging irritation of the vulva

          

  645. nephrosisinflammation of a nerve or nerves

          

  646. spongy (cancellous) bonetype of bone commonly found in the ends and inner portions of long bones; lighter and not as strong as compact bone

          

  647. sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)muscle of the neck

          

  648. carcin/o-cancerous

          

  649. jejunummiddle portion of the small intestine

          

  650. diabetes insipidusinflammation of a gland

          

  651. tracheaurge to vomit

          

  652. plasmabreakdown, destruction

          

  653. appendectomysurgical removal of the appendix

          

  654. thrombusan opening in a bone

          

  655. hysterectomythe surgical removal of the uterus

          

  656. photophobiaincreased sensitivity to light; "fear of light" (think vampires)

          

  657. blood urea nitrogen (BUN test)surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid

          

  658. splenomegalyabnormal enlargement of the spleen

          

  659. arteriomalaciaabnormal softening of the walls of an artery/arteries

          

  660. otalgia
    otodynia
    pain of the ears

          

  661. urinalysisexamination of urine

          

  662. adductionmovement of a limb toward the midline of the body

          

  663. hyper-woman

          

  664. -ologistsudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus

          

  665. dementiaexcessive fluid accumulation in body tissues (swelling)

          

  666. leukemiaa decrease in the number of white blood cells in the blood

          

  667. axonmiddle part of the brainstem

          

  668. -graphythe process of producing a picture or record

          

  669. adrenalitisinflammation of the adrenal glands

          

  670. masticationprocess of bone tissue formation

          

  671. phalangesbones of the fingers and toes

          

  672. abruption placentaean abnormal disorder in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall before the birth of the fetus

          

  673. pericardiumdouble-layered membranous sac that encloses the heart

          

  674. pathologic fractureoccurs when a weakened bone breaks under normal strain; due to osteoporosis or cancer

          

  675. TympanometryUse of air pressure in the ear canal to test for disorders of the middle ear

          

  676. epididymisinflammation of the epididymis that is frequently caused by the spread of infection from the urethra or the bladder

          

  677. otorrheaan abnormal discharge, such as mucus or pus, from the uterus

          

  678. dialysisthe shaft of a long bone

          

  679. P wavedue to contraction of the atria

          

  680. salivary glandslocated in dermis; secrete sebum

          

  681. medial epicondylitisgolfer's elbow

          

  682. phimosisbone of the upper arm

          

  683. anatomystudy of the structures of the body

          

  684. QRS complexdue to contraction of the ventricles

          

  685. epicondylitisinflammation of a gland

          

  686. vermiform appendixhangs off the lower part of the cecum

          

  687. somat/o-tendon

          

  688. enteritisinflammation of one or both testicles

          

  689. sebaceous glandsthe milk-producing glands that develop during puberty

          

  690. scrotumthe saclike structure that surrounds, protects, and supports the testicles

          

  691. interstitialthe invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease producing) organism

          

  692. osteitisinflammation of the bone

          

  693. -scopyvisual examination

          

  694. loose // dense // adipose // liquidTypes of connective tissues

          

  695. semenmass of lymphoid tissue located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen

          

  696. pleurainflammation of the pleura

          

  697. anterior // ventralconsists of mouth, pharynx, esophagus, and stomach

          

  698. claustrophobiaan abnormal fear of being in small or enclosed spaces

          

  699. hem/o, hemat/oblood

          

  700. hypoplasia- incomplete development (ie develop half a limb) bc deficiency in the # of cells

          

  701. fasciitis / fascitisinflammation of the fascia

          

  702. gastrosispain in the breast

          

  703. Irid/orenal pelvis

          

  704. radiussmaller and shorter bone of the forearm; lateral bone of the forearm;

          

  705. spondylosisdisorder of vertebrae which can cause loss of normal spinal structure & function

          

  706. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)support tissues; type of connective tissue

          

  707. cardi/o-urinary bladder

          

  708. lordosisinward/anterior/ventral curvature

          

  709. tympanic cavitymiddle ear

          

  710. hydroceleallows us to hear; part of labyrinth (inner ear)

          

  711. abortionthe interruption or termination of pregnancy before the fetus is viable

          

  712. fraternal twinsvessels that carry blood away from the heart

          

  713. diabetic retinopathymalignant tumor of the gland

          

  714. hyperemesispartial paralysis

          

  715. DiplopiaThe perception of two images of a single object

          

  716. lymphocytesinflammation of an ovary

          

  717. body cavitiesspaces within the body that contain & protect internal organs

          

  718. muscle fibers- long slender cells that make up muscles
    - each muscle consists of a group of fibers

          

  719. prolactinhormone secreted by anterior pituitary and stimulates milk production

          

  720. articulation (joints)pain in one or both testicles

          

  721. upper respiratory tractpain in the pancreas

          

  722. systemic circulationflow of blood to all parts of the body except the lungs

          

  723. -plasmformative material of cells

          

  724. cardiac arrestthe production of breast milk in a women who is not breastfeeding

          

  725. pre-the male sex organ that transports the sperm into the female vagina

          

  726. atelectasispartial or complete collapse of the lung

          

  727. anovulationthe invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease producing) organism

          

  728. melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)increases the production of melanin in melanocytes of the skin; secreted by pituitary

          

  729. antigenmicrobe which produces a disease

          

  730. -ectomy (ie: appendectomy)surgical removal

          

  731. vaginal candidiasisa vaginal infection caused by the yeast-like fungus Candida albicans; also known as a yeast infection

          

  732. neuroplastysudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus

          

  733. -cytecell

          

  734. an/oabsence of oxygen from the tissues

          

  735. liverlargest organ in the body; secreted bile

          

  736. orch/o-
    orchid/o-
    testes

          

  737. dysmenorrheadeficiency

          

  738. hyperpituitarismpathology resulting in the excessive secretion by the anterior lobe of the ituitary gland

          

  739. dys- (ie: dysfunctional = difficult to work; bad)glands that secrete a thick, yellow substance to nourish the sperm cells

          

  740. malnutritionlack of proper food or nutrients in the body

          

  741. glomeruluscluster of capillaries surrounded by a cup-shaped membrane called the Bowman's capsule

          

  742. fallopian tubespear-shaped organ located under the liver

          

  743. fibrocysticbreast diseasethe presence of single or multiple benign cysts in the breasts

          

  744. pathologycapillaries

          

  745. Conn's syndromea disorder of the adrenal glands due to excessive production of aldosterone

          

  746. -rrhagia
    -rrhage
    bleeding, usually sudden, severe bleeding

          

  747. premature infanta fetus born before the 37th week of gestation

          

  748. larynxtriangular chamber located between the pharynx and the trachea; voice box

          

  749. testitisinflammation of a nerve

          

  750. sciaticainflammation of the sciatic nerve

          

  751. scapulaalso known as the shoulder blade

          

  752. paresthesiaburning or prickling sensation that is usually felt in the hands, arms, legs, or feet

          

  753. erythemaureter

          

  754. emphysemaa condition in which the alveoli of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness

          

  755. poliomyelitisinflammation of the bone

          

  756. suffix- usually indicates the procedure or abnormal condition (disorder, disease)
    - comes at the end of the word
    - hyphen preceding it
    - changes word roots into nouns or adjectives

          

  757. lymph nodesoval shaped organ of the lymphatic system; contains lymphocytes capable of destroying pathogens

          

  758. menarchethe beginning of the menstrual function

          

  759. folliclethe two small, egg-shaped glands that produce the sperm

          

  760. pancreat/oplaque, fatty substance

          

  761. pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and malfunctions of the endocrine glands

          

  762. steroidany one of a large number of hormone-like substances secreted by endocrine glands or artificially produced as medications to relieve swelling and inflammation in conditions such as asthma

          

  763. dysphagiaexcessive hunger

          

  764. hemiplegiatotal paralysis affecting only one side of the body

          

  765. bipolar disordera condition characterized by cycles of severe mood changes shifting from highs (manic behavior) and severe lows (depression)

          

  766. metacarpalsthe normal termination of the menstrual function

          

  767. testicular painpain in one or both testicles

          

  768. Peyronie's diseasethe term used to designate the transition phase between regular menstrual periods and no periods at all

          

  769. prostatismhormone secreted by anterior pituitary and stimulates milk production

          

  770. thoracic vertebraean abnormal absence of menstrual periods for 3 or more months

          

  771. renal failureinability of one or both of the kidneys to perform their functions

          

  772. strainabnormal fear

          

  773. benign prostatic hyperplasiaenlargement of the prostate that most often occurs in elderly men

          

  774. gonadsovaries in females and testicles in males; gamete-producing glands

          

  775. sarcopenialoss of muscle mass, strength, and function that come with aging

          

  776. communicable (contagious) // blood // airborne // food // water // vectorWhat are the 5 "double R" suffixes?

          

  777. androgenshormones that influence sex-related characteristics

          

  778. ponsabnormal condition or disease

          

  779. external respirationexchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide between the outside environment and the lungs (btwn alveoli & pulmonary capillaries)

          

  780. dyskinesiaimpairment of voluntary movement such as a tic

          

  781. -umsuffix changing the root word into a noun

          

  782. amenorrheaan abnormal absence of menstrual periods for 3 or more months

          

  783. laparoscopic adrenalectomyremoval of the gland

          

  784. oophorectomysurgical removal of all or part of the liver

          

  785. bronch/o, bronchi/osynovial membrane sufix

          

  786. adhesionband of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally

          

  787. fibulalateral bone of the leg

          

  788. inferiorlowermost, below, or toward the feet

          

  789. stress fracturea small crack in the bone that develops from chronic, excessive impact

          

  790. thoracotomycutting or surgical incision of the thoracic

          

  791. ischemiaeating, swallowing

          

  792. cerumenear wax; part of outer ear

          

  793. cholelithiasispresence of gallstones in the gall bladder or bile ducts

          

  794. leptina hormone secreted by adipocytes (fat cells)

          

  795. hemoptysisoxygen carrying protein of the erythrocytes

          

  796. glycogenthe form in which the liver stores the excess glucose

          

  797. hyperesthesiaA defect in which light rays focus beyond the retina

          

  798. myolysisdegeneration (breaking down) of muscle tissue

          

  799. thyrotoxicosisinflammation of joints

          

  800. mening/omembranes, meninges

          

  801. genitaliapain in the muscles

          

  802. arthroscopythe direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus and fallopian tubes

          

  803. chronic bronchitisdisease in which the airways become inflamed due to recurrent exposure to inhaled irritants (cigarette smoke)

          

  804. postpartum depressiona mood disorder characterized by feelings of sadness and the loss of pleasure in normal activities that can occur shortly after giving birth

          

  805. PresbyopiaA defect in which light rays focus beyond the retina

          

  806. gastritisinflammation of synovial membrane which makes the fluid btwn joints

          

  807. psych/oplaque, fatty substance

          

  808. iliumpart of the hip bone

          

  809. varicocelectomythe surgical removal of one or both ovaries

          

  810. sinus/obruise

          

  811. hysteroscopythe direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus and fallopian tubes

          

  812. cardiac muscleenlargement of the heart

          

  813. sphenoid boneforms most of the upper jaw

          

  814. endocarditisinflammation of the inner lining of the heart

          

  815. thymectomythe surgical removal of the thymus gland

          

  816. atrophylack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement

          

  817. myringitisinflammation of ear drum/tympanic membrane

          

  818. ovariesa pair of small, almond-shaped organs located in the lower abdomen, one on either side of the uterus

          

  819. Colles' fractureoccurs at the lower end of the radius when a person tries to stop a fall by landing on his or her hands

          

  820. tricuspid valvedue to contraction of the atria

          

  821. adenosisabnormal condition of gland

          

  822. pituitary glandhangs from the infudibulum below the hypothalamus and functions to secrete hormones that control the activity of other endocrine glands (master gland)

          

  823. amniotic sacabsence of oxygen from the tissues

          

  824. hemoglobin A1c testingcondition in which episodes of chest pain occur due to an inadequate blood flow to the myocardium

          

  825. laryng/othroat; passage for air and food

          

  826. acr/o-extremities

          

  827. pertussistime and events surrounding birth

          

  828. allergy (hypersensitivity)an overreaction by the body to a particular antigen

          

  829. pregnancy testperformed to detect an unusually high level of the human chorionic gonadotropin hormone in either a blood or urine specimen, which is usually an indication of pregnancy

          

  830. appendicitisinflammation of the appendix

          

  831. end stage renal failurefinal stage of chronic renal disease which is fatal unless the functions of the failed kidneys are successfully replaced by dialysis or kidney transplant

          

  832. laryngoscopyfainting

          

  833. penissmaller and shorter bone of the forearm; lateral bone of the forearm;

          

  834. orchidectomythe surgical removal of one or both testicles

          

  835. polymyositisinflammation of muscles in many parts of the body

          

  836. urethraureter

          

  837. keratosisa surgical connection between two hollow, or tubular, structures

          

  838. gastr/osound, voice

          

  839. brainstembetween or among

          

  840. gametea reproductive cell, sperm in the male and ova (eggs) in the female

          

  841. kines/o, kinesi/omovement

          

  842. congenital disorderdisease present since the time of birth

          

  843. intra-regulates the transport of glucose to body cells and stimulates the conversion of excess glucose to glycogen for storage; decreases blood sugar

          

  844. craniumportion of the skull that encloses and protects the brain

          

  845. pineal glanda very small endocrine glands that is located in the central portion of the brain

          

  846. thrombocytosisto stop or control bleeding

          

  847. salpingitisan inflammation of a fallopian tube

          

  848. amniocentesisa surgical puncture with a needle to obtain a specimen of amniotic fluid

          

  849. luteinizing hormone (LH)in the female, stimulates ovulation; in the male, stimulates testosterone secretion

          

  850. pectoralis majorall of the processes involved in the body's use of nutrients

          

  851. lymphabnormal condition or disease

          

  852. cortisolregulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the body; also has an anti-inflammatory action

          

  853. chronic renal disease
    chronic kidney disease
    chronic renal failure
    thymosin

          

  854. medulla oblongataoxygen carrying protein of the erythrocytes

          

  855. PNSslippery secretion produced by the mucous membranes that protects and lubricates the tissues

          

  856. gastroenteritisinflammation of the mucous membrane lining the stomach and intestine

          

  857. salpingo-oophorectomythe surgical removal of all or part of the pancreas

          

  858. glomerul/oglomerulus

          

  859. hormoneschemical messengers that are secreted by endocrine glands and have specialized functions in regulating the activities of specific cells, organs, or both

          

  860. nevusmole; small dark colored benign skin growth that develops from melanocytes in the skin

          

  861. ossificationprocess of bone tissue formation

          

  862. parathyroid glandsrepair of replacement of joint

          

  863. oophoritisoutward/posterior/dorsal curvature of upper spine; hunchback

          

  864. atheromadark-pigmented area that surrounds the nipple

          

  865. extensionindigestion; pain or discomfort in digestion

          

  866. bacteremiaabnormal hardening

          

  867. pancreasoblong gland located behind the stomach; both endocrine and exocrine function

          

  868. myelomadeep state of unconsciousness marked by the absence of spontaneous eye movements, no response to painful stimuli, and the lack of speech

          

  869. amnionic fluida small pouch, or sac, found in the wall of a tubular organ such as colon

          

  870. tenosynovitisinflammation of the sheath surrounding a tendon

          

  871. leukopeniaa decrease in the number of white blood cells in the blood

          

  872. Vertigopart of the large intestine between colon and anus

          

  873. in-in, into

          

  874. bradykinesiaslow

          

  875. urticariahives; itchy wheals

          

  876. internal oblique- contains cells with the specialized ability to react to stimuli and to conduct electrical impulses
    - can be stimulated and respond; excitable tissue

          

  877. allergic rhinitisinflammation of the achilles tendon

          

  878. insulinomaa benign tumor of the pancreas that causes hypoglycemia by secreting additional insulin

          

  879. euthyroid- sudden & widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population group or area (ie chicken pox has come into the population)

          

  880. andropausereferred to as male menopause; is marked by the decrease of the male hormone testosterone

          

  881. epithelial tissues- form of covering for all the external and internal surfaces of the body
    - form glands

          

  882. dermatitisinflammation of the larynx

          

  883. pleurisyinflammation of the pleura

          

  884. pulmonary circulationflow of blood only between the heart and lungs

          

  885. reflexdark-pigmented area that surrounds the nipple

          

  886. tax/ofascia

          

  887. calcitonin (CAL)tube of ear; part of outer ear

          

  888. congestive heart diseasecondition in which the heart is unable to pump all blood that it receives

          

  889. agorophobiaan excessive fear of environment where the person fears a panic attack might occur

          

  890. echocardiogramtest that uses sound waves to create a picture of the heart

          

  891. fibroadenomaa round, firm, rubbery mass that arises from excess growth of glandular and connective tissue in the breast

          

  892. Chlamydiatriangular chamber located between the pharynx and the trachea; voice box

          

  893. neurorrhaphyexcessively dry skin

          

  894. pregnancythe condition of having a developing child in the uterus

          

  895. orchiopexyendoscopic surgery to move an undescended testicle into its normal position in the scrotum

          

  896. gastrostomya surgically placed feeding tube from the exterior of the body directly into the stomach

          

  897. cardiomegalyenlargement of the heart

          

  898. phleb/o, ven/osmall intestine

          

  899. -paresisan abnormal condition of the spinal cord

          

  900. lacrimal glandabnormally swollen veins

          

  901. diuresisurine production

          

  902. arthrosclerosishardening of the joints

          

  903. GERDin, into

          

  904. hypoxiacondition of having low oxygen levels in the tissues

          

  905. adrenocorticotroic hormone (ACTH)those parts of the pancreas that have endocrine functions

          

  906. fibrillationrapid and uncontrolled heartbeat

          

  907. perinataltime and events surrounding birth

          

  908. midsagittal (median) planethe sagittal plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves

          

  909. placenta previathe abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus

          

  910. endocardiuminner lining of the heart

          

  911. primigravidaa woman during her first pregnancy

          

  912. oophor/o-
    ovari/o-
    a condition in which the male reaches climax too soon, usually before, or shortly after, penetration of the female

          

  913. Presby/orib suffix

          

  914. perfusionband of non-elastic, dense, fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone

          

  915. ischemic strokegall bladder

          

  916. dys- (dysfunctional)not working properly

          

  917. cephalicpain in the muscles

          

  918. hypoparathyroidismpathologic change or disease of muscle tissue

          

  919. bronchospasman excessive fear of heights

          

  920. connective tissuerigid
    bones, cartilage is what type of connective tissue?

          

  921. home blood glucose monitoringa fetus born before the 37th week of gestation

          

  922. vasculitispain in the breast

          

  923. pericarditiscontagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by recurrent episodes of a paroxysmal cough and breathlessness; whooping cough

          

  924. palateafter

          

  925. osteomyelitisinflammation of the arteries

          

  926. endocrinologistinflammation of the brain

          

  927. anticoagulantslows coagulation and prevents new clot formation; blood thinner

          

  928. endocrine glands- glands w/out a duct
    - pour secretions directly into teh blood stream (ie hormones into blood)

          

  929. articular cartilageabnormally slow resting heart rate

          

  930. myomectomythe surgical removal of uterine fibroids

          

  931. pap smearstalk like portion of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord

          

  932. thoracentesis
    thoracocentesis
    surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity

          

  933. What's the f(x) of the thyroid gland?thymosin

          

  934. diarrheafrequent flow of loose or watery stools

          

  935. dysuriadifficult or painful urination

          

  936. uretersroot-like processes of the neuron that receive impulses and conduct them to the cell body

          

  937. hyperplasiaenlargement because of increase in the number of cells in the tissue

          

  938. fructosamine testmeasures average glucose levels over the past 3 weeks

          

  939. Alzheimer's diseasea disorder that involves parts of brain that control thought, memory, and language; leading cause of dementia

          

  940. lymphoid cellsinflammation of an ovary

          

  941. peri-surrounding, around

          

  942. anabolic steroidschemically related to the male sex hormone testosterone

          

  943. diaphragmdome-shaped sheet of muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdomen

          

  944. duodenumthe whitish fluid containing sperm that is ejaculated through the urethra at the peak of male sexual excitement

          

  945. micturitionmedications administered to increase urine secretion, primarily to rid the body of excess water and salt

          

  946. hypomenorrheaan unusually small amount of menstrual flow during a shortened regular menstrual period

          

  947. nephrotic syndromecondition in which excessive amounts of protein are lost through the urine; also known as nephrosis

          

  948. purkinjee fibersexample of cartilagenous joint

          

  949. MyopiaA defect in which light rays focus in front of the retina

          

  950. embolusa foreign object (blood clot, air, piece of tumor) that is circulating in the blood

          

  951. pyelonephritisinflammation of both the renal pelvis and of the kidney

          

  952. colectomysurgical removal of all or part of the colon

          

  953. open reduction internal fixationsurgery/open up to fix

          

  954. myelographyradiographic study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium

          

  955. shin splintpainful condition caused by the tibialis anterior muscle tearing away from the tibia; caused by repeated stress

          

  956. thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)the overproduction of the parathyroid hormone (PTH), causing the condition known as hypercalcemia

          

  957. hormone replacement therapya radiographic examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes

          

  958. lungsorgans of respiration

          

  959. pathologistone who specializes in studying diseases

          

  960. melatonininfluences the sleep-wakefulness cycles; circadian rhythm

          

  961. trache/otrachea

          

  962. epilepsycondition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures

          

  963. ovariorrhexisthe rupture of an ovary

          

  964. allogenic bone marrow transplanttaking bone marrow from donor

          

  965. oblique fracturemedications administered to increase urine secretion, primarily to rid the body of excess water and salt

          

  966. vaginal orificethe exterior opening of the vagina

          

  967. amniotic cavityprocess of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make these blood vessels visible

          

  968. apneabreathing, respiration

          

  969. arthroplastyvisual examination of the internal structure of a joint

          

  970. ovabefore

          

  971. mastopexythinner than average bone density in a young person; condition of someone who does not yet have osteoporosis

          

  972. oligospermiaa sperm count below 20 million/ml; also known as low sperm count

          

  973. croupacute respiratory infection in children characterized by obstruction of larynx; barking cough and stridor

          

  974. diureticsmedications administered to increase urine secretion, primarily to rid the body of excess water and salt

          

  975. Bartholin's glandsproduce a mucus secretion to lubricate the vagina

          

  976. asthmabony structure that supports the structures of the face and forms a cavity for the brain

          

  977. galactorrheafrequent flow of loose or watery stools

          

  978. angiographyprocess of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make these blood vessels visible

          

  979. dense connective tissuerigid
    bones, cartilage is what type of connective tissue?

          

  980. aldosteroneregulates minerals; ctrl the salt and water levels in the body by increasing sodium reabsorption and potassium excretion by the kidneys; all to ctrl BP

          

  981. polypmushroom-like growth from the surface of a mucous membrane

          

  982. coccyxthe thin outer membrane that encloses the embryo

          

  983. condyletendon

          

  984. identical twinsformed by the fertilization of a single egg cell by a single sperm that divides to form two embryos

          

  985. parathyroidectomythe surgical removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands

          

  986. oophor/o-microscopic functional units of the kidney

          

  987. aneurysmthe absence of one or both testicles

          

  988. pneumoconiosislateral curvature of spine

          

  989. otitisbreakdown, destruction

          

  990. transverse fractureoccurs at an angle across the bone

          

  991. myelopathysurgical repair of a nerve

          

  992. natalpertaining to birth

          

  993. polyuriathigh bone; largest bone

          

  994. trapeziusthe time from the delivery of the placenta through approximately the first 6 weeks after the delivery

          

  995. col/o-colon

          

  996. gestational diabetestooth decay

          

  997. pleural effusionexcess accumulation of fluid in the pleural space

          

  998. idiopathic disorderillness w/out known causes

          

  999. proct/o
    rect/o
    rectum

          

  1000. interstitial cell-stimulating hormone (ICSH)stimulates ovulation in the female; stimulates the secretion of testosterone in the male

          

  1001. f(x) of pancreas?regulates blood sugar

          

  1002. arthritisinflammation of joints

          

  1003. coitusinflammation of the spinal cord

          

  1004. Glaucomabasic cells of the nervous system

          

  1005. migrainecharacterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head

          

  1006. lactogenic hormone (LTH)stimulates and maintains the secretion of breast milk

          

  1007. infectious diseasedisease spread by pathogenic organism

          

  1008. palpitationpounding heartbeat with or without irregularity in rhythm

          

  1009. testosteroneact of lowering a body part

          

  1010. menstruationthe normal, periodic discharge of the endometrial lining and unfertilized egg from the uterus

          

  1011. adenectomyincision/opening part of skull to remove tumor then put back

          

  1012. prefix- usually indicates location, amount of time, quantity, size, or direction
    - added to the beginning of a word
    - hyphen following it

          

  1013. List the accessory digestive organsthe presence of single or multiple benign cysts in the breasts

          

  1014. oste/o- // ost/o- // oss/e- // oss/i-bone suffix

          

  1015. aldosteronismabnormal hardening

          

  1016. regurgitationreturn of the swallowed food into the mouth

          

  1017. processnormal projection on the surface of a bone

          

  1018. adenomagland tumor

          

  1019. cystalgiapain in the bladder

          

  1020. polymenorrheathe occurrence of menstrual cycles more frequently than is normal

          

  1021. phon/osound, voice

          

  1022. closed reduction/manipulationthe return of the uterus to its normal size and former condition after delivery

          

  1023. cervical vertebrae7 vertebrae present in the region of the neck

          

  1024. areoladark-pigmented area that surrounds the nipple

          

  1025. perimenopausetime and events before birth

          

  1026. epithelial // muscle // nerve // connectiveveins

          

  1027. rhinorrheasurgical suturing together of the divided ends of a tendon

          

  1028. norepinephrinestimulates the sympathetic nervous system; emergency hormone

          

  1029. What does the thymus secrete?thymosin

          

  1030. sphygmomanometerdevice used to measure blood pressure

          

  1031. eczemaalso known as atopic dermatitis; a form of persistent or recurrent dermatitis

          

  1032. hormones that the anterior pituitary gland secretesstimulates the growth and secretions of the adrenal cortex

          

  1033. epidemic- sudden & widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population group or area (ie chicken pox has come into the population)

          

  1034. eupneanormal breathing

          

  1035. schizophreniadifficulty in swallowing

          

  1036. gastrostomy tubea surgically placed feeding tube from the exterior of the body directly into the stomach

          

  1037. -sclerosisabnormal hardening

          

  1038. hypercalcemiacharacterized by abnormally high concentrations of calcium circulating in the blood instead of being stored in the bones

          

  1039. cranial hematomafunnel shaped area inside each kidney

          

  1040. uterine involutionreturn of the swallowed food into the mouth

          

  1041. ventral cavitya tumor of the pineal gland that can disrupt the production of melatonin; can also cause insomnia by disrupting the circadian cycle

          

  1042. sub-brain and spinal cord

          

  1043. -rrhaphysurgical suturing

          

  1044. pinna auricleany disorder of pituitary function

          

  1045. cyanosisinflammation of a gland

          

  1046. edemavomiting

          

  1047. colpopexythe surgical fixation of a prolapsed vagina to a surrounding structure such as the abdominal wall

          

  1048. adenocarcinomamalignant tumor of the gland

          

  1049. colporrhaphysurgical suturing of a muscle

          

  1050. aldosterone (ALD)aids in regulating the levels of salt and water in the body

          

  1051. premenstrual syndrome (PMS)an STD caused by the herpex simplex virus type 2

          

  1052. pyrosisheartburn

          

  1053. inter-sinus

          

  1054. tympanic membranecaused by very high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)

          

  1055. cyst/o-white

          

  1056. spleenmass of lymphoid tissue located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen

          

  1057. hyperproteinuriapresence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine

          

  1058. crani/o-breast

          

  1059. colporrhexiswatery flow of mucus from the nose; runny nose

          

  1060. nerve tissue- contains cells with the specialized ability to react to stimuli and to conduct electrical impulses
    - can be stimulated and respond; excitable tissue

          

  1061. maxillary bonepigment cell

          

  1062. exocrine glands- glands w/a duct
    - bring secretions to a certain area

          

  1063. crani/oskull suffix

          

  1064. hepat/o-nerve

          

  1065. diastolic pressurelowest pressure against the walls of an artery; occurs when the ventricles relax

          

  1066. infectionpounding heartbeat with or without irregularity in rhythm

          

  1067. pelvimetrya radiographic study to measure the dimensions of the pelvis to evaluate its capacity to allow passage of the fetus through the birth canal

          

  1068. leuk/ourinary bladder

          

  1069. depressiondescribes the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory

          

  1070. contraceptivethinner than average bone density in a young person; condition of someone who does not yet have osteoporosis

          

  1071. Type 2 diabetes- long slender cells that make up muscles
    - each muscle consists of a group of fibers

          

  1072. -ologystudy of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell

          

  1073. glyc/o-white

          

  1074. Graves' diseasethe innermost membrane that surrounds the embryo in the uterus

          

  1075. zygomatic bonesdisease producing microorganisms

          

  1076. quickeninglower than normal blood pressure

          

  1077. encephalitisinflammation of the brain

          

  1078. thrombolyticdissolves or causes a clot to break up; clot-busting drug

          

  1079. gingivaorgans of respiration

          

  1080. lumbar puncturemeasurement of the amount of systolic and diastolic pressure exerted against the walls of the arteries

          

  1081. dorsal cavitylocated along the back of the body and head; contains organs of the nervous system that coordinate body functions (brain and spinal cord)

          

  1082. nulliparaa syndrome of unknown cause that is characterized by chronic burning, pain during sexual intercourse, itching, or stinging irritation of the vulva

          

  1083. acromegalydark-pigmented area that surrounds the nipple

          

  1084. zygotethe single cell formed that results from the union of sperm and egg; a new life

          

  1085. ad- (ie: addition = drawn toward a drug // adduct = lower toward body)bad, difficult, or painful

          

  1086. horizontal (transverse) planea plane that divides the body into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) parts

          

  1087. pulselarger and longer bone of the forearm; medial bone of the forearm

          

  1088. osteopeniathinner than average bone density in a young person; condition of someone who does not yet have osteoporosis

          

  1089. sinoatrial nodeestablishes the basic rhythm and rate of the heartbeat

          

  1090. distalsituated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure

          

  1091. cervixthe lower, narrow portion of the uterus that extends into the vagina

          

  1092. oliguriainflammation of the bone

          

  1093. anaphylaxisabsence of oxygen from the tissues

          

  1094. arrhythmialoss of the normal rhythm of the heartbeat

          

  1095. macro-large

          

  1096. pupilopening in eyeball

          

  1097. hyperinsulinismthe condition of excessive secretion of insulin in the bloodstream

          

  1098. due datecalculated from the first day of the last menstrual period

          

  1099. insulinno development at all (ie develop w/out a limb)

          

  1100. pancreatic/o-oblong gland located behind the stomach; both endocrine and exocrine function

          

  1101. tracheostomyvisual exam of ear

          

  1102. arthr/o-joint

          

  1103. prostatitisinflammation of the prostate gland

          

  1104. premature menopausethe term used to designate the transition phase between regular menstrual periods and no periods at all

          

  1105. myoparesispartial or incomplete muscular paralysis

          

  1106. menometrorrhagiarupture of a muscle

          

  1107. proximalsituated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure

          

  1108. autologous bone marrow transplantpartial or complete collapse of the lung

          

  1109. dental cariesprocedure to remove waste products as well as excess water from the blood of a patient whose kidneys no longer function

          

  1110. concuss/oshaken together, violently agitated

          

  1111. puerperiumfirst portion of the small intestine

          

  1112. preoperativemedication that depresses the nervous system to produce calm without producing sleep

          

  1113. dysphoniadifficulty in speaking; impairment of voice quality (hoarseness, cracking of voice)

          

  1114. oropharynx- part of the pharynx present behind the mouth
    - second division

          

  1115. urethrostenosisnarrowing of the urethra

          

  1116. red bone marrowspongy bone; hemopoietic

          

  1117. humerusthe specialized slimy membranes that line the body cavities

          

  1118. spermatoceletime and events surrounding birth

          

  1119. electroencephalographyprocess of recording the electrical activity of the brain

          

  1120. pyosalpinxan accumulation of pus in the fallopian tube

          

  1121. hemoglobinoxygen carrying protein of the erythrocytes

          

  1122. hypopituitarismpresence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine

          

  1123. diabetes mellitusAn inflammation of the lacrimal gland that can be caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infection

          

  1124. lymphadenitisinflammation of the lymph nodes

          

  1125. meningiomabenign tumor of the meninges

          

  1126. supracostalabove or outside the ribs

          

  1127. aortic semilunar valvemeasures average glucose levels over the past 3 weeks

          

  1128. kyphosisblue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood

          

  1129. radicul/opinched nerve; inflammation of the root of a spinal nerve

          

  1130. callusanus

          

  1131. spondyl/overtebrae, vertebral column suffix

          

  1132. hemo-a picture or record (results)

          

  1133. seminal vesiclesglands that secrete a thick, yellow substance to nourish the sperm cells

          

  1134. virilethe muscular tube lined with mucosa that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body

          

  1135. gall bladderform the upper part of the bridge of the nose

          

  1136. vomerthigh bone; largest bone

          

  1137. anorexiarupture or tearing of a muscle

          

  1138. vaginitisan inflammation of the lining of the vagina

          

  1139. muscul/o
    my/o
    myos/o
    muscles

          

  1140. mucuscranial and spinal nerves

          

  1141. antiarrhythmicmedication administered to control irregularities of the heartbeat

          

  1142. peptic ulcersores that affect the mucous membranes of the digestive system

          

  1143. anesthesiaabsence of normal sensation, especially to pain

          

  1144. ab- (ie: abduct = raise away from body // abnormal = away from normal)from, away from, or off

          

  1145. myocardial infarctiondeath of a portion of heart muscle due to total blockage of one or more coronary arteries caused by plaque buildup

          

  1146. human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)works with calcitonin to regulate calcium levels in the blood and tissues

          

  1147. urethral catheterizationperformed by inserting a plastic tube called a catheter through the urethra and into the bladder

          

  1148. asystolecomplete lack of electrical activity in the heart; flat line

          

  1149. nephritisinflammation of the kidney

          

  1150. endemicbetween or among

          

  1151. spraintear or stretching of ligament

          

  1152. -osissurgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface

          

  1153. hip bonechemical messengers that are secreted by endocrine glands and have specialized functions in regulating the activities of specific cells, organs, or both

          

  1154. lactationthe process of forming and secreting milk from the breasts as nourishment for the infant

          

  1155. clitorisan organ of sensitive, erectile tissue located anterior to the urethral meatus and the vaginal orifice

          

  1156. hydroureterreferred to as male menopause; is marked by the decrease of the male hormone testosterone

          

  1157. thymusmass of lymphoid tissue located above the heart

          

  1158. neuropathydisease or damage to a nerve

          

  1159. cervical cancerthe second-most common cancer in women and usually affects women between the ages of 45 and 65 years

          

  1160. luxationact of rotating the forearm so that the palm of the hand is turned upward

          

  1161. azoospermiathe absence of sperm in the semen

          

  1162. nocturiatwo upper chambers of the heart; receive blood

          

  1163. cardiacear wax; part of outer ear

          

  1164. chondr/o-cartilage

          

  1165. angiogramlower-than-normal number of erythrocytes in the blood

          

  1166. pancreatectomythe surgical removal of all or part of the pancreas

          

  1167. hymena mucous membrane that partially covers this opening before a woman has had intercourse

          

  1168. tissuesthe whitish fluid containing sperm that is ejaculated through the urethra at the peak of male sexual excitement

          

  1169. hypoproteinemiapresence of abnormally low concentrations of protein in the blood

          

  1170. testicular torsionabnormal hardening

          

  1171. ovariectomythe surgical removal of one or both ovaries

          

  1172. castrationthe normal, periodic discharge of the endometrial lining and unfertilized egg from the uterus

          

  1173. leukocytewhite blood cell

          

  1174. myometriumthe muscular middle layer of uterine tissue

          

  1175. nephr/o-
    ren/o-
    pain of the ears

          

  1176. -plasiaformation

          

  1177. paralysispertaining to birth

          

  1178. -esthesiasensation, feeling

          

  1179. heel spurcalcium deposit in the plantar fascia near its attachment to the calcaneus (heel) bone

          

  1180. halitosisbad breath

          

  1181. mast/o-stomach

          

  1182. deltoidmuscle that forms the muscular cap of the shoulder

          

  1183. ulnadeep state of unconsciousness marked by the absence of spontaneous eye movements, no response to painful stimuli, and the lack of speech

          

  1184. meningitismembranes, meninges

          

  1185. contus/obruise

          

  1186. polysomnographyprocedure used to break up calculi in the ureter, bladder, or urethra

          

  1187. aphasiatear or stretching of ligament

          

  1188. ribsa greasy substance that protects the fetus in utero and can still be present at birth

          

  1189. neur/o
    neur/i
    nerve, nerve tissue

          

  1190. hepatectomysurgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface

          

  1191. etiologystudy of CAUSES of diseases

          

  1192. skeletal muscleglands that secrete a thick, yellow substance to nourish the sperm cells

          

  1193. embolismsudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus

          

  1194. influenzaacute, highly contagious viral infection of the respiratory system; flu

          

  1195. salpingectomythe surgical removal of one or both fallopian tubes

          

  1196. skullthe whitish fluid containing sperm that is ejaculated through the urethra at the peak of male sexual excitement

          

  1197. mandiblealso known as jaw bone; only movable bone in skull

          

  1198. -peniagland tumor

          

  1199. achilles tendinitisthe head of the penis

          

  1200. lethargya normally functioning thyroid gland

          

  1201. thyr/o-
    thyroid/o-
    thyroid gland

          

  1202. labyrinthinner ear

          

  1203. hemopoieticpertaining to formation of blood cells

          

  1204. shoulder // elbow // hipcartilage suffix

          

  1205. progesteronecircular movement around an axis

          

  1206. myorrhexisrupture or tearing of a muscle

          

  1207. 1. word root
    2. combining form
    3. suffix
    4. prefix
    antidiuretic hormones (ADH) / vasopressin
    oxytocin

          

  1208. estrogen (E)develops and maintains the female secondary sex characteristics and regulates the menstrual cycle

          

  1209. obstetriciandifficult or painful urination

          

  1210. Presbycusisheartburn

          

  1211. cardiomyopathydisease or damage to a nerve

          

  1212. parietal bonesforms most of the upper jaw

          

  1213. cognitiondescribes the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory

          

  1214. gynec/o-woman

          

  1215. craniuma greasy substance that protects the fetus in utero and can still be present at birth

          

  1216. malabsorptiona sensory perception experienced in the absence of external stimulation

          

  1217. super-
    supra-
    above or excessive (2 types of prefix)

          

  1218. 8good, normal, well or easy

          

  1219. osteoporosisdecrease in bone density --> more porous --> easily breaks

          

  1220. pneumonectomysurgical removal of all or part of the lung

          

  1221. lumbagolower back pain

          

  1222. polydipsiahormone secreted by anterior pituitary and stimulates milk production

          

  1223. pulm/o
    pulmon/o
    a benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that causes the gland to produce excess epinephrine

          

  1224. scoliosisprocedure to remove waste products as well as excess water from the blood of a patient whose kidneys no longer function

          

  1225. gastrocnemiuscalf muscle

          

  1226. goiterhaving the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male

          

  1227. otoscopean instrument used to listen to sounds within the body

          

  1228. -lysisvomiting

          

  1229. alveol/oalveolus

          

  1230. electromyographyany disease caused by a disorder of the endocrine system

          

  1231. cerebr/o-plaque or fatty substance

          

  1232. or/o
    stomat/o
    mouth

          

  1233. anemiano development at all (ie develop w/out a limb)

          

  1234. mastalgiapain in the breast

          

  1235. polycythemiacharacterized by abnormally high concentrations of calcium circulating in the blood instead of being stored in the bones

          

  1236. breast reductionmammoplasty performed to decrease and reshape excessively large, heavy breasts

          

  1237. ather/oplaque, fatty substance

          

  1238. Papanicolaou testair filled cavities located in the bones of the skull

          

  1239. hemothoraxthe organs of reproduction and their associated structures

          

  1240. pituitarisminflammation of the pleura

          

  1241. myocardiummiddle and thickest layer of the heart wall

          

  1242. nephropathythe process of producing a picture or record

          

  1243. rheumatoid arthritisinflammation of the small intestine

          

  1244. radiographhearing test

          

  1245. arthralgiabones that form the wrist

          

  1246. meconiumthe greenish material that collects in the intestine of a fetus and forms the first stools of a newborn

          

  1247. carditisinflammation of the heart

          

  1248. veinsvessels that bring blood toward the heart

          

  1249. prenatalsituated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure

          

  1250. nauseaurge to vomit

          

  1251. caesarean sectioninflammation of the mucous membrane lining the stomach and intestine

          

  1252. hypotensionlower than normal blood pressure

          

  1253. dyspneadifficult or labored breathing; shortness of breath

          

  1254. hypogonadismthe condition of deficient secretion of hormones by the sex glands

          

  1255. cost/o-plaque, fatty substance

          

  1256. prolactinomaa benign tumor of the pituitary gland that causes it to produce too much prolactin

          

  1257. myocardiuminflammation of the myocardium

          

  1258. cortisonethe synethetic equivalent of corticosteroids produced by the body

          

  1259. 1. if you want to use 2+ word roots together, you need to use a CF on the 1st word
    2. a combining vowel isn't needed if the suffix begins w/a vowel
    from, away from, or off

          

  1260. conceptionoccurs when a sperm penetrates and fertilizes the descending ovum

          

  1261. gestationact of rotating the forearm so that the palm of the hand is turned downward

          

  1262. cerebelluminflammation of the skin

          

  1263. ethmoid bone- light, spongy bone located at the roof and sides of the nose
    - forms part of the posterior portion of nose, orbit, and floor of cranium

          

  1264. pulmonary valvea condition of severe itching of the external female genitalia

          

  1265. bolusmass of food that has been chewed and is ready to be swallowed

          

  1266. colonoscopydirect visual examination of the colon

          

  1267. lithotripsyprocedure used to break up calculi in the ureter, bladder, or urethra

          

  1268. pheochromocytomaa benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that causes the gland to produce excess epinephrine

          

  1269. ascitesabnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity (serous means a substance having a watery consistency)

          

  1270. pediatriciana physician who specializes in diagnosing, treating, and preventing disorders and diseases of children

          

  1271. pharyng/opharynx

          

  1272. myorrhaphysurgical suturing

          

  1273. enter/osmall intestine

          

  1274. insertion- more moveable attachment of the muscle
    - located furthest from midline of the body
    - where muscle ends

          

  1275. vasovasostomyabove or outside the ribs

          

  1276. endocrine glandsglands which secrete hormones

          

  1277. oligomenorrhealoss of appetite for food

          

  1278. mons pubisinflammation of the myocardium

          

  1279. aphonialoss of ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds

          

  1280. myopathydegeneration (breaking down) of muscle tissue

          

  1281. leuk/o-pleura

          

  1282. diaphysisabnormal condition of gland

          

  1283. pruritus vulvaedue to relaxation of the ventricles

          

  1284. hyperthyroidismcontagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by recurrent episodes of a paroxysmal cough and breathlessness; whooping cough

          

  1285. pyothoraxurinary bladder

          

  1286. pneumoniaThe condition of common changes in the eyes that occur with aging

          

  1287. cerebrovascular accidentinflammation of a blood vessel

          

  1288. bradycardialack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement

          

  1289. ovulationa process that conducts impulses away from the cell body

          

  1290. internal respirationsoftening of the bone in adults

          

  1291. hypergonadismthe condition of excessive secretion of hormones by the sex glands

          

  1292. pyloric sphincteran abnormal nonmalignant enlargement of the thyroid gland

          

  1293. loose connective tissuessupport tissues; type of connective tissue

          

  1294. hyperglycemiaabnormally increased muscle function or activity; hyperactivity

          

  1295. polycystic ovary syndromesupply oxygen-rich blood to the myocardium

          

  1296. uterine fibroida benign tumor composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that occurs in the wall of the uterus

          

  1297. Cataractdue to relaxation of the ventricles

          

  1298. thymitisan inflammation of the thymus gland

          

  1299. prostheticred

          

  1300. cartilagesecrete

          

  1301. fasci/ofascia

          

  1302. cost/omost basic structural and functional unit of the body

          

  1303. epistaxisto stop or control bleeding

          

  1304. neonatologistloss, or absence, of mobility in joints bc of some reason (disease, injury, or surgical procedure)

          

  1305. hypoxemiapain in the muscles

          

  1306. corpus luteumthick, tough, outermost membrane of the meninges

          

  1307. appendicular skeletonconsist of bones of the upper and lower extremities

          

  1308. perineumthe external surface region in both males and females between the pubic symphysis and the coccyx

          

  1309. vulvitisan inflammation of the vulva

          

  1310. synovitisinflammation of synovial membrane which makes the fluid btwn joints

          

  1311. arthrocentesisdefend the body

          

  1312. electrocardiograma record of the electrical activity of the myocardium

          

  1313. vas deferensthe long, narrow continuations of each epididymis

          

  1314. coronary arteriessupply oxygen-rich blood to the myocardium

          

  1315. arteri/o-inflammation of the arteries

          

  1316. -rrhea (ie: diarrhea)flow or discharge and refers to flow of most body fluids

          

  1317. nephropyosis
    phyonephrosis
    abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries

          

  1318. greenstick fractureone which bone is bent and only partially broken

          

  1319. meningocelewhite blood cell

          

  1320. antibodya disease fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific antigen